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Janak H. Patel

Bio: Janak H. Patel is an academic researcher from University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. The author has contributed to research in topics: Automatic test pattern generation & Fault coverage. The author has an hindex of 48, co-authored 168 publications receiving 9113 citations. Previous affiliations of Janak H. Patel include University of Manchester & Royal Free Hospital.


Papers
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Proceedings ArticleDOI
25 Feb 1991
TL;DR: HITEC is presented, a sequential circuit test generation package to generate test patterns for sequential circuits, without assuming the use of scan techniques or a reset state, and several new techniques are introduced to improve the performance of test generation.
Abstract: This paper presents HITEC, a sequential circuit test generation package to generate test patterns for sequential circuits, without assuming the use of scan techniques or a reset state Several new techniques are introduced to improve the performance of test generation A targeted D element technique is presented, which greatly increases the number of possible mandatory assignments and reduces the over-specification of state variables which can sometimes result when using a standard PODEM algorithm A technique to use the state knowledge of previously generated vectors for state justification, without the memory overhead of a state transition diagram is presented For faults that were aborted during the standard test generation phase, knowledge that was gained about fault propagation, by the fault simulator, is used These techniques, when used together, produce the best published results for the ISCAS89 sequential benchmark circuits

673 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
01 Jan 1984
TL;DR: This paper presents a cache coherence solution for multiprocessors organized around a single time-shared bus that aims at reducing bus traffic and hence bus wait time and increases the overall processor utilization.
Abstract: This paper presents a cache coherence solution for multiprocessors organized around a single time-shared bus. The solution aims at reducing bus traffic and hence bus wait time. This in turn increases the overall processor utilization. Unlike most traditional high-performance coherence solutions, this solution does not use any global tables. Furthermore, this coherence scheme is modular and easily extensible, requiring no modification of cache modules to add more processors to a system. The performance of this scheme is evaluated by using an approximate analysis method. It is shown that the performance of this scheme is closely tied with the miss ratio and the amount of sharing between processors.

531 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
01 Nov 1998
TL;DR: In this paper, two new algorithms, redundant vector elimination (RVE) and essential fault reduction (EFR), were proposed for generating compact test sets for combinational circuits under the single stuck at fault model.
Abstract: This paper presents two new algorithms, Redundant Vector Elimination (RVE) and Essential Fault Reduction (EFR), for generating compact test sets for combinational circuits under the single stuck at fault model, and a new heuristic for estimating the minimum single stuck at fault test set size. These algorithms together with the dynamic compaction algorithm are incorporated into an advanced ATPG system for combinational circuits, called MinTest. MinTest found better lower bounds and generated smaller test sets than the previously published results for the ISCAS85 and full scan version of the ISCAS89 benchmark circuits.

451 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide updated recommendations from CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) for the control of CRE or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in acute care (inpatient) facilities.
Abstract: Infection with carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae is emerging as an important challenge in health-care settings. Currently, carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) is the species of CRE most commonly encountered in the United States. CRKP is resistant to almost all available antimicrobial agents, and infections with CRKP have been associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality, particularly among persons with prolonged hospitalization and those who are critically ill and exposed to invasive devices (e.g., ventilators or central venous catheters). This report provides updated recommendations from CDC and the Healthcare Infection Control Practices Advisory Committee (HICPAC) for the control of CRE or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in acute care (inpatient) facilities. For all acute care facilities, CDC and HICPAC recommend an aggressive infection control strategy, including managing all patients with CRE using contact precautions and implementing Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines for detection of carbapenemase production. In areas where CRE are not endemic, acute care facilities should 1) review microbiology records for the preceding 6-12 months to determine whether CRE have been recovered at the facility, 2) if the review finds previously unrecognized CRE, perform a point prevalence culture survey in high-risk units to look for other cases of CRE, and 3) perform active surveillance cultures of patients with epidemiologic links to persons from whom CRE have been recovered. In areas where CRE are endemic, an increased likelihood exists for imporation of CRE, and facilities should consider additional strategies to reduce rates of CRE. Acute care facilities should review these recommendations and implement appropriate strategies to limit the spread of these pathogens.

403 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
15 Jun 1999
TL;DR: In this article, the authors proposed a parallel serial full scan (PSFS) technique for reducing the test application time for full scan embedded cores, which divides the scan chain into multiple partitions and shifts in the same vector to each scan chain through a single scan in input.
Abstract: We propose a new design for testability technique, Parallel Serial Full Scan (PSFS), for reducing the test application time for full scan embedded cores. Test application time reduction is achieved by dividing the scan chain into multiple partitions and shifting in the same vector to each scan chain through a single scan in input. The experimental results for the ISCAS890 circuits showed that PSFS technique significantly reduces both the test application time and the amount of test data for full scan embedded cores.

334 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI

[...]

08 Dec 2001-BMJ
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …

33,785 citations

Proceedings ArticleDOI
01 May 1995
TL;DR: This paper quantitatively characterize the SPLASH-2 programs in terms of fundamental properties and architectural interactions that are important to understand them well, including the computational load balance, communication to computation ratio and traffic needs, important working set sizes, and issues related to spatial locality.
Abstract: The SPLASH-2 suite of parallel applications has recently been released to facilitate the study of centralized and distributed shared-address-space multiprocessors. In this context, this paper has two goals. One is to quantitatively characterize the SPLASH-2 programs in terms of fundamental properties and architectural interactions that are important to understand them well. The properties we study include the computational load balance, communication to computation ratio and traffic needs, important working set sizes, and issues related to spatial locality, as well as how these properties scale with problem size and the number of processors. The other, related goal is methodological: to assist people who will use the programs in architectural evaluations to prune the space of application and machine parameters in an informed and meaningful way. For example, by characterizing the working sets of the applications, we describe which operating points in terms of cache size and problem size are representative of realistic situations, which are not, and which re redundant. Using SPLASH-2 as an example, we hope to convey the importance of understanding the interplay of problem size, number of processors, and working sets in designing experiments and interpreting their results.

4,002 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: These resistance traits have been identified among nosocomial and community-acquired infections and are being investigated for use in drug discovery and development.
Abstract: Carbapenemases increasingly have been reported in Enterobacteriaceae in the past 10 years. Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemases have been reported in the United States and then worldwide, with a marked endemicity at least in the United States and Greece. Metallo-enzymes (Verona integron–encoded metallo-β-lactamase, IMP) also have been reported worldwide, with a higher prevalence in southern Europe and Asia. Carbapenemases of the oxacillinase-48 type have been identified mostly in Mediterranean and European countries and in India. Recent identification of New Delhi metallo-β-lactamase-1 producers, originally in the United Kingdom, India, and Pakistan and now worldwide, is worrisome. Detection of infected patients and carriers with carbapenemase producers is necessary for prevention of their spread. Identification of the carbapenemase genes relies mostly on molecular techniques, whereas detection of carriers is possible by using screening culture media. This strategy may help prevent development of nosocomial outbreaks caused by carbapenemase producers, particularly K. pneumoniae.

2,044 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Substantial agreement was found among a large, interdisciplinary cohort of international experts regarding evidence supporting recommendations, and the remaining literature gaps in the assessment, prevention, and treatment of Pain, Agitation/sedation, Delirium, Immobility (mobilization/rehabilitation), and Sleep (disruption) in critically ill adults.
Abstract: Objective:To update and expand the 2013 Clinical Practice Guidelines for the Management of Pain, Agitation, and Delirium in Adult Patients in the ICU.Design:Thirty-two international experts, four methodologists, and four critical illness survivors met virtually at least monthly. All section groups g

1,935 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This survey covers rollback-recovery techniques that do not require special language constructs and distinguishes between checkpoint-based and log-based protocols, which rely solely on checkpointing for system state restoration.
Abstract: This survey covers rollback-recovery techniques that do not require special language constructs. In the first part of the survey we classify rollback-recovery protocols into checkpoint-based and log-based.Checkpoint-based protocols rely solely on checkpointing for system state restoration. Checkpointing can be coordinated, uncoordinated, or communication-induced. Log-based protocols combine checkpointing with logging of nondeterministic events, encoded in tuples called determinants. Depending on how determinants are logged, log-based protocols can be pessimistic, optimistic, or causal. Throughout the survey, we highlight the research issues that are at the core of rollback-recovery and present the solutions that currently address them. We also compare the performance of different rollback-recovery protocols with respect to a series of desirable properties and discuss the issues that arise in the practical implementations of these protocols.

1,772 citations