Other affiliations: University of Massachusetts Amherst, University of Delhi, University of Cambridge ...read more
Bio: Jane Humphries is an academic researcher from London School of Economics and Political Science. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Child labour & Wage. The author has an hindex of 36, co-authored 116 publication(s) receiving 4065 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Jane Humphries include University of Massachusetts Amherst & University of Delhi.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Aug 2009-The Economic History Review
TL;DR: A second Industrious Revolution? Appendix I.1. The transformation of consumer desire in the long eighteenth century 2. The origins of the Industrious revolution 3. The Industrial Revolution: the supply of labor 4. The industrial revolution: consumer demand 5. The breadwinner-homemaker household 6.
Abstract: 1. The transformation of consumer desire in the long eighteenth century 2. The origins of the Industrious Revolution 3. The Industrious Revolution: the supply of labor 4. The Industrious Revolution: consumer demand 5. The breadwinner-homemaker household 6. A second Industrious Revolution? Appendix I.
TL;DR: This paper argued that women and children were the primary exploiters of common rights and their loss led to changes in women's economic position within the family and more generally to increased dependence of whole families on wages and wage earners.
Abstract: This article argues against the mainstream view that eighteenth-century common rights were of little significance to working people. Markets in common rights and in their products provide an index of value, and when neither common rights nor derived products were bought and sold, values are imputed from the market prices of similar goods. Since women and children were the primary exploiters of common rights, their loss led to changes in women's economic position within the family and more generally to increased dependence of whole families on wages and wage earners.
01 Feb 1995-The Economic History Review
•24 Jun 2010
TL;DR: The authors found that there was an upsurge in child labour in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries with children's work entrenched in traditional sectors as well as spreading in newly mechanized factories and workshops and interpreted this rise in terms of the appearance of a new equilibrium in the early industrial economy with more and younger children at work.
Abstract: Quantitative and qualitative analysis of a large number of autobiographies by working men who lived through the industrial revolution has demonstrated that there was an upsurge in child labour in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries with children's work entrenched in traditional sectors as well as spreading in newly mechanized factories and workshops. I have interpreted this rise in terms of the appearance of a new equilibrium in the early industrial economy with more and younger children at work. The new equilibrium, in turn, was related to a number of co-incidental developments including: an increase in the relative productivity of children as a result of mechanization, new divisions of labour, and changes in the organization of work; the dynamics of competitive dependence linking labour market and families; high dependency ratios within families; stumbling male wages and pockets of poverty; family instability; and breadwinner frailty. The establishment of these links forges a new synchronization between revised views of the industrial revolution and a revisionist history of child labour.
TL;DR: This article argued that the resilience of the working-class family derives in part from workers' defence of an institution which affects their standard of living, class cohesion and ability to wage the class struggle.
Abstract: Marxist analyses have generally failed to explain the persistence of the working-class family as a central feature of capitalist social formations. The theoretical perspective of Marx and Engels denied that the kinship ties of the working class had any material basis, and led them to postulate the immanent decay of the traditional working-class family. More recently certain authors have attempted to remedy this deficiency and to explain the continued existence of the working-class family by directing attention to its role in the reproduction of labour-power. They emphasise that capital derives certain benefits from the existence of family structures, in the form of both additional surplus value and of political stability. From this they deduce that the family survives because it is in the interests of capital that it should do so. This is an unbalanced approach, for it assumes the power of capital to be unlimited and fails to recognise that capital's ability to transform existing social institutions, like the family, is circumscribed by the opposition of those concerned. The theme of this paper is that the resilience of the family derives in part from workers' defence of an institution which affects their standard of living, class cohesion and ability to wage the class struggle. The plan of the paper is as follows. The first section contains a brief critique of the perspective on the working-class family found in the writings of Marx and Engels. Marx is shown to abstract from issues crucial to an understanding of the material base of working-class kinship. The second section deals with attempts in the recent literature to develop a Marxist analysis of the role of domestic labour in the reproduction of labour-power, an issue not investigated by Marx himself. Criticism of this literature for its neglect of the possible benefits accruing to labour from kinship networks leads to the alternative hypothesis. The kinds of advantages appropriated by the working class are subsequently analysed in the specific context of early industrial capitalism in 19th-century England. The major conclusion is that the anti-family position of most Marxists is ill-informed, in that it ignores the connections between the material con ditions of the working class and familial relationships. The theoretical ideas presented
01 Jan 1990-Research Papers in Economics
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors provide a unified and comprehensive theory of structural time series models, including a detailed treatment of the Kalman filter for modeling economic and social time series, and address the special problems which the treatment of such series poses.
Abstract: In this book, Andrew Harvey sets out to provide a unified and comprehensive theory of structural time series models. Unlike the traditional ARIMA models, structural time series models consist explicitly of unobserved components, such as trends and seasonals, which have a direct interpretation. As a result the model selection methodology associated with structural models is much closer to econometric methodology. The link with econometrics is made even closer by the natural way in which the models can be extended to include explanatory variables and to cope with multivariate time series. From the technical point of view, state space models and the Kalman filter play a key role in the statistical treatment of structural time series models. The book includes a detailed treatment of the Kalman filter. This technique was originally developed in control engineering, but is becoming increasingly important in fields such as economics and operations research. This book is concerned primarily with modelling economic and social time series, and with addressing the special problems which the treatment of such series poses. The properties of the models and the methodological techniques used to select them are illustrated with various applications. These range from the modellling of trends and cycles in US macroeconomic time series to to an evaluation of the effects of seat belt legislation in the UK.
TL;DR: For instance, the Dictionnaire de la langue francaise in 1876 was, "On ne sait de quel genre il est, s'il est mile ou femelle, se dit d'un homnme tres-cache, dont on ne connait pas les sentiments" as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: TH1OSE WHO WOULD CODIFY THE MEANINGS OF WORDS fight a losing battle, for words, like the ideas and things they are mneant to signify, have a history. Neither Oxford dons nor the Academie FranUaise have been entirely able to stem the tide, to capture and fix mneanings free of the play of huinan invention and imagination. Mary Wortley Montagu added bite to her witty denunciation "of the fair sex" ("my only consolation for being of that gender has been the assurance of never being mnarried to any one among them") by deliberately misusing the grammatical reference. ' Through the ages, people have made figurative allusions by employing gramnmnatical termns to evoke traits of character or sexuality. For example, the usage offered by the Dictionnaire de la langue francaise in 1876 was, "On ne sait de quel genre il est, s'il est mile ou femelle, se dit d'un homnme tres-cache, dont on ne connait pas les sentiments."2 And Gladstone made this distinction in 1878: "Athene has nothing of sex except the gender, nothing of the woman except the form."3 Most recently-too recently to find its way into dictionaries or the Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences-feminists have in a imore literal and serious vein begun to use "gender" as a way of referring to the social organization of the relationship between the sexes. The connection to grammar is both explicit and full of unexamined possibilities. Explicit because the grammatical usage involves formal
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyzed the sources of growth in the period 1964-1973 for a group of semi-industrialized less developed countries and developed an analytical framework, incorporating the possibility that marginal factor productivities are not equal in the export and non-export sectors of the economy.
Abstract: This paper analyzes the sources of growth in the period 1964-1973 for a group of semi-industrialized less developed countries. An analytical framework is developed, incorporating the possibility that marginal factor productivities are not equal in the export and non-export sectors of the economy. Econometric analyzis utilizing this framework indicates that marginal factor productivities are significantly higher in the export sector. The difference seems to derive, in part, from inter-sectoral beneficial externalities generated by the export sector. The conclusion is therefore that growth can be generated not only by increases in the aggregate levels of labor and capital, but also by the reallocation of existing resources from the less efficient non-export sector to the higher productivity export sector.
•14 Apr 2003
TL;DR: Rising Tide as discussed by the authors analyzes how modernization has changed cultural attitudes towards gender equality and analyzes the political consequences of this process, concluding that women and men's lives have been altered in a two-stage modernization process consisting of (i) the shift from agrarian to industrialized societies and (ii) the move from industrial towards post industrial societies.
Abstract: The twentieth century gave rise to profound changes in traditional sex roles. However, the force of this 'rising tide' has varied among rich and poor societies around the globe, as well as among younger and older generations. Rising Tide sets out to understand how modernization has changed cultural attitudes towards gender equality and to analyze the political consequences of this process. The core argument suggests that women and men's lives have been altered in a two-stage modernization process consisting of (i) the shift from agrarian to industrialized societies and (ii) the move from industrial towards post industrial societies. This book is the first to systematically compare attitudes towards gender equality worldwide, comparing almost 70 nations that run the gamut from rich to poor, agrarian to postindustrial. Rising Tide is essential reading for those interested in understanding issues of comparative politics, public opinion, political behavior, political development, and political sociology.
01 May 1981-Philosophical Topics
TL;DR: Rorty's philosophy and the mirror of nature brings to light the deep sense of crisis within the profession of academic philosophy which is similar to the paralyzing pluralism in contemporary theology and the inveterate indeterminacy of literary criticism as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Richard Rorty's Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature brings to light the deep sense of crisis within the profession of academic philosophy which is similar to the paralyzing pluralism in contemporary theology and the inveterate indeterminacy of literary criticism. Richard Rorty's provocative and profound meditations impel philosophers to examine the problematic status of their discipline— only to discover that modern European philosophy has come to an end. Rorty strikes a deathblow to modern European philosophy by telling a story about the emergence, development and decline of its primary props: the correspondence theory of truth, the notion of privileged representations and the idea of a self-reflective transcendental subject. Rorty's fascinating tale—his-story —is regulated by three fundamental shifts which he delineates in detail and promotes in principle: the move toward anti-realism or conventionalism in ontology, the move toward the demythologizing of the Myth of the Given or anti-foundationalism in epistemology, and the move toward detranscendentalizing the subject or dismissing the mind as a sphere of inquiry. The chief importance of Rorty's book is that it brings together in an original and intelligible narrative the major insights of the patriarchs of postmodern American philosophy—W. V. Quine, Wilfred Sellars, and Nelson Goodman— and persuasively presents the radical consequences of their views for contemporary philosophy. Rorty credits Wittgenstein, Heidegger and Dewey for having "brought us into a period of 'revolutionary' philosophy" by undermining the prevailing Cartesian and Kantian paradigms and advancing new conceptions of philosophy. And these monumental figures surely inspire Rorty. Yet, Rorty's philosophical debts—the actual sources of his particular anti-Cartesian and antiKantian arguments—are Quine's holism, Sellars' anti-foundationalism, and Goodman's pluralism. In short, despite his adamant attack on analytical philosophy—the last stage of modern European philosophy—Rorty feels most comfortable with the analytical form of philosophical argumentation (shunned by Wittgenstein and Heidegger). From the disparate figures of Wittgenstein, Heidegger, and Dewey, Rorty gets a historicist directive: to eschew the quest for certainty and the search for foundations.