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Janez Možina

Bio: Janez Možina is an academic researcher from University of Ljubljana. The author has contributed to research in topics: Laser & Ultrasonic sensor. The author has an hindex of 21, co-authored 113 publications receiving 1683 citations.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a Nd:YAG laser was used against 100Cr6 steel samples in order to produce well-defined surface micro-pores, which can act as lubricant reservoirs, micro-hydrodynamic bearings as well as traps for wear debris.

213 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors measured the oscillations of a cavitation bubble oscillating between a free surface and a rigid boundary using deflections of a laser beam as the optical probe.
Abstract: When a high-intensity laser pulse is focused into a liquid the energy is converted into mechanical energy via an optodynamic process. The conversion starts with plasma formation; this is followed by shock-wave propagation and the expansion of a cavitation bubble. A cavitation bubble developed near boundaries results in an asymmetrical collapse, with the generation of a liquid jet during the bubble’s rebound. In the case of a free surface this liquid jet is directed away from the surface and the oscillation times are prolonged. On the other hand, in the case of a rigid boundary, the liquid jet is directed toward the boundary and the oscillation times are shortened. We present measurements of a cavitation bubble oscillating between a free surface and a rigid boundary using deflections of a laser beam as the optical probe. Shadow photography was used simultaneously as a comparison during the experiments. With the beam-deflection probe we also measured the shortening of the oscillation times near a free surface as well as the prolongation of oscillation times near a rigid boundary. In order to explain this shortening of the cavitation-bubble oscillation times near a free surface, Rayleigh’s model was extended and compared with our experimental results.

92 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The influence of quadratures phase shift on the measured displacement error was experimentally investigated using a two-detector polarizing homodyne laser interferometer with a quadrature detection system and common nonlinearities were determined and effectively corrected by a robust data-processing algorithm.
Abstract: The influence of quadrature phase shift on the measured displacement error was experimentally investigated using a two-detector polarizing homodyne laser interferometer with a quadrature detection system. Common nonlinearities, including the phase-shift error, were determined and effectively corrected by a robust data-processing algorithm. The measured phase-shift error perfectly agrees with the theoretically determined phase-shift error region. This error is systematic, periodic and severely asymmetrical around the nominal displacement value. The main results presented in this paper can also be used to assess and correct the detector errors of other interferometric and non-interferometric displacement-measuring devices based on phase-quadrature detection.

76 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, specific textures on a tribological surface can contribute to friction reduction in sliding contacts, and micro-dimples can act as lubricant reservoirs capable of feeding lubricant directly into the contact and initiating micro elasto-hydrodynamic lubrication, as well as traps for wear debris.
Abstract: Introducing specific textures on a tribological surface can contribute to friction reduction in sliding contacts. Well defined micro-dimples can act as lubricant reservoirs capable of feeding lubricant directly into the contact and initiating micro elasto-hydrodynamic lubrication, as well as traps for wear debris. A lot of experimental work has been already carried out, but it is mostly based on trial and error approach when defining optimum textures for a given application.

73 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A novel method for rapid and flexible laser marking and engraving of tilted, curved and freeform work-piece surfaces based on integrating a three-dimensional laser measurement system into a 3D laser marking system is presented.

59 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It was found that the structure and morphology also affect the energy transport among tissue constituents and therefore the ablation efficiency of biological tissues is increased.
Abstract: Author(s): Vogel, Alfred; Venugopalan, Vasan | Abstract: The mechanisms of pulsed laser ablation of biological tissues were studied. The transiently empty space created between the fiber tip and the tissue surface improved the optical transmission to the target and thus increased the ablation efficiency. It was found that the structure and morphology also affect the energy transport among tissue constituents.

1,861 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the basic equations for nonlinear bubble oscillation in sound fields are given, together with a survey of typical solutions, and three stability conditions for stable trapping of bubbles in standing sound fields: positional, spherical and diffusional stability.
Abstract: Bubbles in liquids, soft and squeezy objects made of gas and vapour, yet so strong as to destroy any material and so mysterious as at times turning into tiny light bulbs, are the topic of the present report. Bubbles respond to pressure forces and reveal their full potential when periodically driven by sound waves. The basic equations for nonlinear bubble oscillation in sound fields are given, together with a survey of typical solutions. A bubble in a liquid can be considered as a representative example from nonlinear dynamical systems theory with its resonances, multiple attractors with their basins, bifurcations to chaos and not yet fully describable behaviour due to infinite complexity. Three stability conditions are treated for stable trapping of bubbles in standing sound fields: positional, spherical and diffusional stability. Chemical reactions may become important in that respect, when reacting gases fill the bubble, but the chemistry of bubbles is just touched upon and is beyond the scope of the present report. Bubble collapse, the runaway shrinking of a bubble, is presented in its current state of knowledge. Pressures and temperatures that are reached at this occasion are discussed, as well as the light emission in the form of short flashes. Aspherical bubble collapse, as for instance enforced by boundaries nearby, mitigates most of the phenomena encountered in spherical collapse, but introduces a new effect: jet formation, the self-piercing of a bubble with a high velocity liquid jet. Examples of this phenomenon are given from light induced bubbles. Two oscillating bubbles attract or repel each other, depending on their oscillations and their distance. Upon approaching, attraction may change to repulsion and vice versa. When being close, they also shoot self-piercing jets at each other. Systems of bubbles are treated as they appear after shock wave passage through a liquid and with their branched filaments that they attain in standing sound fields. The N-bubble problem is formulated in the spirit of the n-body problem of astrophysics, but with more complicated interaction forces. Simulations are compared with three-dimensional bubble dynamics obtained by stereoscopic high speed digital videography.

586 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The first reports of laser ablation of polymers were issued almost simultaneously by Kawamura et al. as discussed by the authors and R. Srinivasan et al., who coined the terms ablative photodecomposition, now in common use.
Abstract: In 1982, the first reports of laser ablation of polymers were issued almost simultaneously by Y. Kawamura et al.1 and R. Srinivasan et al.2 Srinivasan went on to become a leader in the field of polymer ablation. Srinivasan probably also coined the terms laser ablation and ablative photodecomposition, now in common use. The onset of material removal by laser ablation characteristically occurs at a well-defined laser fluence (energy per unit area). As the fluence is raised above this threshold, the ablation rate increases. The threshold fluence (F0 or Fth) is material and laser wavelength dependent and can vary from tens of mJ cm-2 to more than 1 J cm-2. The discovery of laser ablation of polymers sparked research in this field in many groups around the world. Many aspects of polymer ablation, and laser processing in general, are reviewed by Bauerle.3 Today, commercial applications of polymer laser ablation include the preparation of viaholes in polyimide for multichip modules at IBM4 and the production of inkjet printer nozzles (also polyimide).5 Considerable progress has been made in understanding polymer ablation since the last series of reviews a decade ago.6-8 New developments in polymer ablation include the application of femtosecond laser pulses, vacuum ultraviolet lasers (VUV), and free electron lasers (FEL). Some of these techniques have a great potential for the development of new applications and research tools. Much of this progress is discussed in this and other articles appearing in this special issue of Chemical Reviews. Current research on polymer ablation may be divided into two areas: (i) Applications of laser ablation, novel materials, and techniques. (ii) Studies of ablation mechanisms (databased modeling). The first area will be discussed in detail in this article, while the mechanistic aspects, especially the theoretical part, are discussed in other articles in this special issue. Many experimental methods and experimental polymers have been designed with a view toward improving our understanding of ablation mechanisms. It is often impossible to completely separate experiments designed to illuminate ablation mech† Paul Scherrer Institut. ‡ Washington State University. 453 Chem. Rev. 2003, 103, 453−485

307 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
03 Jun 2011-Wear
TL;DR: In this article, the effects of surface texturing on improving the tribological properties of sliding assemblies are analyzed, and the other influences of surface topography are mentioned in this paper, and various methods of their description are compared.

281 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a critical review of surface texturing over the past decades is presented, highlighting design, optimization and fabrication of surface texture, and their effects on tribological performance in terms of friction and load bearing capacity under different lubrication regimes.
Abstract: Surface texturing is a surface modification approach, resulting in an improvement in tribological performance such as friction and wear resistance. Surface texturing can be performed either as a protruded or recessed asperity, with the latter being more popular due to advantages in terms of micro-lubrication and ease of manufacturing. There are a number of ways of material preparation for surface texturing, with the laser surface texturing being the most popular because of its flexibility and high accuracy. The performance of textured surface depends on the geometrical characteristics of the surface texture and the operating condition of the bearing components. In hydrodynamic and mixed lubrication, microcavity in negative surface texture acts as a reservoir for fluid lubricant, while in boundary lubrication, it traps wear particles to reduce further abrasion. In the past, tremendous amount of research effort has been put into the study of surface texturing, with an aim to investigate the underlying effect of surface texturing on tribological performance. This paper presents a critical review of research and development on surface texturing over the past decades, highlighting design, optimization and fabrication of surface texture, and their effects on tribological performance in terms of friction and load bearing capacity under different lubrication regimes. Numerical modelling approaches involving Reynolds and Navier–Stokes equations employed to understand and determine the tribological behaviour are discussed and compared with respect to experimental investigations. Thin film coatings on textured surface have been found to be a promising means to further reduce friction and increase wear life.

212 citations