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Jennifer Carlson

Bio: Jennifer Carlson is an academic researcher from University of Arizona. The author has contributed to research in topics: Masculinity & Poison control. The author has an hindex of 11, co-authored 28 publications receiving 436 citations. Previous affiliations of Jennifer Carlson include University of California, Berkeley & University of Toronto.

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Abstract: I analyze women’s flat-track amateur roller derby by asking: how do derby skaters negotiate the requirements associated with emphasized femininity? By drawing on Hebdige’s (1979) analysis of punk, I develop the term female signifiant to argue that roller derby is an aggressive contact sport with a theatrical edge. It provides a rich, adventurous space to satirize athletic and feminine norms. Specifically, skaters’ sport participation is characterized by an interrogation of emphasized femininity without necessarily undermining the masculine/feminine gender binary. Dans cet article, j’analyse le roller derby amateur feminin en demandant : comment les patineuses de roller derby negocient-elles les exigences associees a l’hyperfeminite ? En empruntant aux analyses d’Hebdige (1979) sur le phenomene punk, je developpe le terme « signifiant feminin » pour avancer que le roller derby est un sport de contact agressif avec un aspect theâtral. Il constitue un espace riche qui permet une satire des normes feminines et sportives. Plus specifiquement, la participation des patineuses est caracterisee par une remise en question de l’hyperfeminite sans necessairement miner le binaire masculin/feminin. In Drew Barrymore’s Whip It! (2009), Bliss Cavendar evades her mother’s pressure to win the Miss Blue Bonnet beauty pageant by joining a local roller derby league. Cavendar found herself in a world of fast-paced skating, hard hits, tattoos, short skirts, and “bad” attitudes that sharply contrast with the beauty-pageant ideals of femininity she rejects in the film. In this article, I argue that real-life roller derby indeed provides an aggressive, high-contact environment in which to interrogate femininity. Played on indoor oval tracks, derby bouts (or games) draw anywhere from a few hundred to upwards of one thousand spectators and are designed to be fast-paced and hard-hitting. At the beginning of each jam (derby-speak for play), blockers from each team line up to form an eight-person pack; fifteen feet behind them, a jammer from each team lines up. Jammers speed-skate around the track; after their first pass through the pack, jammers gain points every time they pass a member of the opposing team. Blockers, who cannot earn points, assist their jammer through the pack and prevent the opposing jammer from passing. Although fist-fighting and elbowing incur penalties, skaters may move in front of other skaters (“body-” or

74 citations

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TL;DR: This article used in-depth interviews and participant observation with gun carriers in Michigan to examine how socioeconomic decline shapes the appropriation of guns by men of diverse class and race backgrounds, arguing that men use guns not simply to instrumentally address the threat of crime but also to negotiate their own position within a context of socioeconomic decline by emphasizing their role as protector.
Abstract: This study uses in-depth interviews and participant observation with gun carriers in Michigan to examine how socioeconomic decline shapes the appropriation of guns by men of diverse class and race backgrounds. Gun carriers nostalgically referenced the decline of Mayberry America—a version of America characterized by the stable employment of male breadwinners and low crime rates. While men of color and poor and working-class men bear the material brunt of these transformations, this narrative of decline impacts how both privileged and marginalized men think of themselves as men because of the ideological centrality of breadwinning to American masculinity. Using Young’s (2003) “masculine protectionism” framework, I argue that against this backdrop of decline, men use guns not simply to instrumentally address the threat of crime but also to negotiate their own position within a context of socioeconomic decline by emphasizing their role as protector.

55 citations

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TL;DR: The authors suggest that looking at the ways in which subjects relate to and internalise gender norms is a fruitful way to explore socially constructed differences between masculinity and feminin... and suggest that examining how subjects relate and internalize gender norms can be useful in exploring the differences between men and women.
Abstract: This article suggests that looking at the ways in which subjects relate to and internalise gender norms is a fruitful way to explore socially constructed differences between masculinity and feminin...

41 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article revisited the Weberian presumption of the state's monopoly on legitimate violence and conducted interviews with police chiefs in Arizona, Michigan, and New Mexico to investigate the role of race in police violence.
Abstract: Focusing on police chiefs in three states, this study revisits the Weberian presumption of the state’s monopoly on legitimate violence. Seventy-nine interviews with police chiefs in Arizona, Michig...

41 citations


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3,074 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: GARLAND, 2001, p. 2, the authors argues that a modernidade tardia, esse distintivo padrão de relações sociais, econômicas e culturais, trouxe consigo um conjunto de riscos, inseguranças, and problemas de controle social that deram uma configuração específica às nossas respostas ao crime, ao garantir os altos custos das
Abstract: Nos últimos trinta trinta anos, houve profundas mudanças na forma como compreendemos o crime e a justiça criminal. O crime tornou-se um evento simbólico, um verdadeiro teste para a ordem social e para as políticas governamentais, um desafio para a sociedade civil, para a democracia e para os direitos humanos. Segundo David Garland, professor da Faculdade de Direito da New York University, um dos principais autores no campo da Sociologia da Punição e com artigo publicado na Revista de Sociologia e Política , número 13, na modernidade tardia houve uma verdadeira obsessão securitária, direcionando as políticas criminais para um maior rigor em relação às penas e maior intolerância com o criminoso. Há trinta anos, nos EUA e na Inglaterra essa tendência era insuspeita. O livro mostra que os dois países compartilham intrigantes similaridades em suas práticas criminais, a despeito da divisão racial, das desigualdades econômicas e da letalidade violenta que marcam fortemente o cenário americano. Segundo David Garland, encontram-se nos dois países os “mesmos tipos de riscos e inseguranças, a mesma percepção a respeito dos problemas de um controle social não-efetivo, as mesmas críticas da justiça criminal tradicional, e as mesmas ansiedades recorrentes sobre mudança e ordem sociais”1 (GARLAND, 2001, p. 2). O argumento principal da obra é o seguinte: a modernidade tardia, esse distintivo padrão de relações sociais, econômicas e culturais, trouxe consigo um conjunto de riscos, inseguranças e problemas de controle social que deram uma configuração específica às nossas respostas ao crime, ao garantir os altos custos das políticas criminais, o grau máximo de duração das penas e a excessivas taxas de encarceramento.

2,183 citations

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TL;DR: Governing through crime: How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of FearCriminal Justice Theory, Volume 26, 2019 as mentioned in this paper, Section 5.1.
Abstract: Governing through Crime in South AfricaWarum Nationen scheiternGoverning Immigration Through CrimeMafia-LebenScaleDer VorsorgestaatHandbuch JugendkriminalitätThe Crime ConundrumDie SicherheitsgesellschaftDurchbrüche ins Soziale eine Festschrift für Rudolph BauerKriminalitätskontrolle als IndustrieStrafanstalt als BesserungsmaschineDie Vielfalt des RegierensThe Social Sustainability of CitiesGoverning through Crime in South AfricaSurveillance and GovernanceGoverning Through CrimeOrganized crimeDemocratic Theory and Mass IncarcerationCheliax Imperium der Teufel11-SepDefinition und Grenzen der Vorverlagerung von StrafbarkeitMass Incarceration on TrialAlternative CriminologiesGoverning Through Crime : How the War on Crime Transformed American Democracy and Created a Culture of FearCriminal Justice Theory, Volume 26Governing through crime?Laws against strikes. The South African Experience in an international and Comparative PerspectiveIntroduction to critical criminologyGoverning Through Crime in the Northern Territory: Are Criminal Justice System Changes Contributing to Rising Indigenous Imprisonment?After the War on CrimeGoverning Through CrimeInterdisziplinäre RechtsforschungDer CSI-Effekt in DeutschlandThe Contested Politics of MobilityGoverning through Globalised CrimeNeue Theorien des RechtsGoverning Through Globalised CrimeCriminological PerspectivesThe Legal Process and the Promise of Justice

732 citations

Journal Article

599 citations