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Jeroen W.J. Verschuur

Bio: Jeroen W.J. Verschuur is an academic researcher from University of Twente. The author has contributed to research in topics: Laser & Free-electron laser. The author has an hindex of 9, co-authored 27 publications receiving 191 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of frequency variation (chirp) in an electromagnetic (EM) pulse on the pulse interaction with a charged particle and plasma is studied. And the amplitude of the wake wave generated in plasma by an EM pulse can be significantly higher when the pulse is chirped.
Abstract: The effect of frequency variation (chirp) in an electromagnetic (EM) pulse on the pulse interaction with a charged particle and plasma is studied. Various types of chirp and pulse envelopes are considered. In vacuum, a charged particle receives a kick in the polarization direction after interaction with a chirped EM pulse. Interaction of a one-dimensional chirped pulse with uniform plasma is considered. We found that the amplitude of the wake wave generated in plasma by an EM pulse can be significantly higher when the pulse is chirped.

48 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a paraxial optical propagation code that can be combined with various existing models of gain media, for example, Genesis 1.3 for FELs, is presented.
Abstract: Modeling free-electron laser (FEL) oscillators requires calculation of both the light-beam interaction within the undulator and the light propagation outside the undulator. We have developed a paraxial optical propagation code that can be combined with various existing models of gain media, for example, Genesis 1.3 for FELs, to model oscillators with full paraxial wave propagation within the resonator. A flexible scripting interface is used both to describe the optical resonator and to control the codes for propagation and amplification. To illustrate its capabilities, we numerically investigate two significantly different FEL oscillators: the free-electron laser for infrared experiments (FELIX) system and the vacuum-ultraviolet (VUV)-FEL oscillator of the proposed high-gain fourth generation light source. For the FELIX system, we find that diffraction losses are a considerable part of the single-pass cavity loss (at a wavelength of 40 µm). We also demonstrate that a resonator with hole coupling may be a viable alternative to a standard resonator with transmissive optics for the high gain VUV-FEL oscillator.

26 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a theoretical investigation on an experimental design of a laser wakefield accelerator in which electron bunches from a photocathode radio frequency linac are injected into a capillary discharge plasma channel just in front of a few tens of terawatt drive laser pulses.
Abstract: In this article we present a theoretical investigation on an experimental design of a laser wakefield accelerator in which electron bunches from a photocathode radio frequency linac are injected into a capillary discharge plasma channel just in front of a few tens of terawatt drive laser pulse. The electron bunch, with a kinetic energy of 2.9 MeV and an energy chirp imposed by the linac, is magnetically compressed by a factor of 8 to a duration of 250 fs, and is magnetically focused into the plasma channel where it matches the spot size of the drive laser ([approximate]30 µm). The dynamics of the bunch, starting from the photocathode, through the linac, along the beam transportation line, through the magnetic compressor, and its focusing into the plasma channel are comprehensively simulated with the general particle tracer code. Further, we use our three-dimensional numerical codes to calculate the laser wakefield and to determine and optimize the trapping and acceleration of the injected bunch in the wakefield. We show that, injecting a 5 pC electron bunch of 250 fs duration, the experiment should deliver an electron bunch of approximately 744 MeV energy, with 1.1% relative energy spread, and with an extremely short duration (6 fs), after acceleration in a 5.4 cm long plasma channel

17 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the photo-emissive properties of K-Te films were reported under ultrahigh vacuum conditions, and they were used as photocathodes for photoinjectors.
Abstract: In this letter the photoemissive properties of K–Te films produced under ultrahigh vacuum conditions are reported. K–Te photocathodes were fabricated by vapor deposition of Te and K onto a Mo substrate into the preparation chamber of the Free Electron Laser of the University of Twente. The highest quantum efficiency obtained at 259 nm was 11.1%, measured just after evaporation; this value decreased in a few minutes to a stable quantum efficiency of 8.3%. The reported results show that K–Te can be considered a promising material for the use as a photocathode in photoinjectors.

13 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a conceptual design of a laser wakefield acceleration experiment where a sub-picosecond electron bunch from a photo-cathode RF linac is injected into a plasma channel just before a laser pulse.
Abstract: We present a conceptual design of a laser wakefield acceleration experiment where a sub-picosecond electron bunch from a photo-cathode RF linac is injected into a plasma channel just before a laser pulse. The pulse overtakes the bunch which is then trapped, compressed and accelerated in the laser wakefield. This way ultra-relativistic bunches with a size of the order of a micron and relatively low energy spread can be generated. We show the results of our simulations and discuss the setup for a demonstration experiment.

13 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Electron acceleration by a chirped Gaussian laser pulse is investigated numerically. A linear and negative chirp is employed in this study. At first, a simple analytical description for the chirp effect on the electron acceleration in vacuum is provided in one-dimensional model. The chirp mechanism is then extended to the interaction of a femtosecond laser pulse and electron. The electron final energy is obtained as a function of laser beam waist, laser intensity, chirp parameter, and initial phase of the laser pulse. It is shown that the electron final energy depends strongly on the chirp parameter and the initial phase of the laser pulse. There is an optimal value for the chirp parameter in which the electron acceleration takes place effectively. The energy gain increases with laser beam waist and intensity. It is also shown that the electron is accelerated within a few degrees to the axial direction. Emphasis is on the important aspect of the chirp effect on the energy gained by an electron from the electromagnetic wave.

76 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a new injector based on a laser-driven RF gun was brought in operation at the TESLA Test Facility (TTF) linac at DESY, in order to produce the beam structure and quality required either by TeV collider and SASE FEL experiments.
Abstract: During the run 1998/1999 a new injector based on a laser-driven RF gun was brought in operation at the TESLA Test Facility (TTF) linac at DESY, in order to produce the beam structure and quality required either by TeV collider and SASE FEL experiments. High quantum efficiency cesium telluride photocathodes, prepared at Milano and transferred to DESY, have been successfully operated in the RF gun. A bunch charge of 50 nC, only limited by space charge effects, was achieved. The photocathodes have shown an operative lifetime of several months. A new cathode surface finishing has showed a promising decrease of the photocathode dark current. Measurements of dark current, quantum efficiency and lifetime are reported.

49 citations

01 Jan 2006

49 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a compendium of useful formulas giving relations between the laser and plasma target parameters allowing one to obtain basic dependences, e.g., the energy scaling of the electrons accelerated by the wake field excited in inhomogeneous media including multi-stage LWFA accelerators.
Abstract: Enhancement of the quality of laser wake-field accelerated (LWFA) electron beams implies the improvement and controllability of the properties of the wake waves generated by ultra-short pulse lasers in underdense plasmas. In this work we present a compendium of useful formulas giving relations between the laser and plasma target parameters allowing one to obtain basic dependences, e.g. the energy scaling of the electrons accelerated by the wake field excited in inhomogeneous media including multi-stage LWFA accelerators. Consideration of the effects of using the chirped laser pulse driver allows us to find the regimes where the chirp enhances the wake field amplitude. We present an analysis of the three-dimensional effects on the electron beam loading and on the unlimited LWFA acceleration in inhomogeneous plasmas. Using the conditions of electron trapping to the wake-field acceleration phase we analyse the multi-equal stage and multiuneven stage LWFA configurations. In the first configuration the energy of fast electrons is a linear function of the number of stages, and in the second case, the accelerated electron energy grows exponentially with the number of stages. The results of the two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations presented here show the high quality electron acceleration in the triple stage injection–acceleration configuration.

44 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a laser wakefield driven by an asymmetric laser pulse with/without chirp is investigated analytically and through two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations.
Abstract: A laser wakefield driven by an asymmetric laser pulse with/without chirp is investigated analytically and through two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. For a laser pulse with an appropriate pulse length compared with the plasma wavelength, the wakefield amplitude can be enhanced by using an asymmetric un-chirped laser pulse with a fast rise time; however, the growth is small. On the other hand, the wakefield can be greatly enhanced for both positively chirped laser pulse having a fast rise time and negatively chirped laser pulse having a slow rise time. Simulations show that at the early laser-plasma interaction stage, due to the influence of the fast rise time the wakefield driven by the positively chirped laser pulse is more intense than that driven by the negatively chirped laser pulse, which is in good agreement with analytical results. At a later time, since the laser pulse with positive chirp exhibits opposite evolution to the one with negative chirp when propagating in plasma, the wakefield in the latter case grows more intensely. These effects should be useful in laser wakefield acceleration experiments operating at low plasma densities.

36 citations