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Jessie Grace S. Martin

Bio: Jessie Grace S. Martin is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Higher education & Criminal law. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 2 publications receiving 8 citations.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors determined the agreement on the integration of Kalinga indigenous laws in the implementation of modern criminal law in the City of Tabuk, Kalingas.
Abstract: In all societies, it is common for people to look to shared substantive norms to resolve problems rather than to resort to legal norms, whether or not there is also a strong formal system of law. The operations of both formal and informal justice systems should ideally be complementary. In the mountains of Cordillera, the Kalinga “Bodong” institution governs the lives of the Kalinga ethno linguistic group. This paper determined the agreement on the integration of Kalinga indigenous laws in the implementation of modern criminal law in the City of Tabuk, Kalinga. The study was conducted among the Personnel of the Philippine National Police stationed in Tabuk City during the period 2011-2012. Descriptive Statistics were used to analyze the research data. Interviews were also conducted to validate the data collected. The study revealed that the PNP Personnel strongly agreed on the integration of Kalinga indigenous law in the implementation of modern criminal law in Tabuk City but there are still problems that must be resolved in order to attain full integration. Based on the results of the study, it is recommended that some provisions should be amended to become relevant and complementary with the provisions of the laws of the land. Keywords - Social Sciences, Indigenous Laws, Kalinga Bodong, Northern Philippines

4 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this article, the authors trace the 2009-2013 Bachelor of Arts in History graduates from their school of origin to their place of employment or self employment to obtain the needed information, and determine the extent by which factors affect the employment status of the graduates.
Abstract: In many countries a new demand is emerging: higher education institutions should provide empirical evidence regarding the professional relevance of their study Programs. This study intended to trace the 2009–2013 Bachelor of Arts in History graduates from their school of origin to their place of employment or self employment to obtain the needed information. It also determined the extent by which factors affect the employment status of the graduates. The data collected were carefully tabulated, organized, analyzed and interpreted using frequency and percentages. Weighted Mean was used to describe the extent of effect of factors on the status of the AB History graduates. The study determined that the AB History graduates are much affected by the identified factors. The study recommends that On the Job Training in large companies/organizations should be arranged for graduates to so that they can gain work experience. Moreover, the code of professional ethics should be incorporated in the curriculum to develop sound work ethics, values and professionalism among the graduates in preparation for their integration to mainstream society. Finally, it is further recommended that curriculum planning and development in higher education should place greater emphasis on multiple and practical skills acquisition or practice oriented study.

4 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors made use of mixed design, employing both quantitative approach for the use of a survey questionnaire and qualitative approach through a series of key-informant interviews held with beneficiaries', community leaders and members, and persons directly involved in the program implementation.
Abstract: Background/Objectives: In the Philippines, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) is a Conditional Cash Transfer (CCT) that aims to help the poor by providing cash grants to beneficiaries. Methods/Statistical analysis: This study made use of mixed design, employing both quantitative approach for the use of a survey questionnaire and qualitative approach through a series of key-informant interviews held with beneficiaries’, community leaders and members, and persons directly involved in the program’s implementation. Focused group discussions were also conducted to assess the extent of community-driven development, women empowerment, and happiness wellbeing of the sample households. Findings: The study reveals that the respondents perceived that the CCT-4Ps program has a moderate impact on their lives and the identified weaknesses were perceived as moderately serious. For Kalinga’s low-income families, the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program has a lot of compelling objectives, goals, and rewards. The 4Ps are an excellent illustration of how the government may improve its ability to allocate the country’s resources to people who need them. It is evident that the mentioned program will benefit a large number of underprivileged families. The program meets fundamental requirements that would otherwise go unmet, and it mirrors the government’s efforts to promote social mobility and equality. The 4Ps theory, according to the academics, states that well-fed and educated persons are essential for a prosperous country and society. The CCT-4Ps, on the other hand, is undeniably not the ideal solution. There are a number of flaws in the program that could cause it to fail in the long run. In the Kalinga, the 4Ps will undoubtedly require more adjustments and research in the future. Novelty: The study is a significant information to improve the implementation, specifically the selection, monitoring and improvement, of the 4Ps program in Kalinga Province. Keywords: Conditional Cash Transfer; Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program; Kalinga Women; Randomized Survey; Philippines

Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Path dependency in marketing systems occurs when what has happened at an earlier time affects the possible outcomes of a sequence of events occurring at a later point in time (Sewell 1996).
Abstract: Path dependency in marketing systems occurs when what has happened at an earlier time affects the possible outcomes of a sequence of events occurring at a later point in time (Sewell 1996). Unlike ...

41 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors explore how changed patterns of UN membership affected the prospects for UN Security Council institutional reform and propose a theoretical framework based on path dependency, veto player analysis and social choice theory.
Abstract: The article explores how changed patterns of UN membership affected the prospects for UN Security Council institutional reform. First, we outline a theoretical framework based on path dependency, veto player analysis and social choice theory. Second, we offer calculations of decision probability and show that a higher voting threshold lowers chances of winning coalitions in a non-linear fashion. Third, we explore the specific decision-making procedures for UNSC reform and which actors can block reform. We conclude that not only diverging preferences, but that hurdles established early on combined with membership growth have ‘locked in’ the current institutional arrangement.

20 citations

19 Oct 2019
TL;DR: Unikama needs to know the quality of graduates produced through tracer study to its graduates as discussed by the authors, this study conducted was a descriptive quantitative design and only uses one cohort which uses the same graduation (exit cohort) who graduate in 2017, it was 1545 graduates.
Abstract: Unikama needs to know the quality of graduates produced through tracer study to its graduates. Tracer Study is useful for evaluating and can be used to improve the quality. This study conducted was a descriptive quantitative design and only uses one cohort which uses the same graduation (exit cohort) who graduate in 2017, it was 1545 graduates. The questionnaire adopted the Ristekdikti Tracer Study Questionnaire. Data Were Analyzed By Descriptive Method. During the 3 months of the implementation, Team obtained 50% Gross Response Rate and 90% Net Response Rate. Results Showed that 63% graduated on time, 9% graduated faster and 29% of graduated more slowly. Unikama Graduates mostly have worked with the duration of getting the first job is 3 months before and after graduation. How to find work, namely through relations and the internet. Unikama graduates work at jobs with an education level and the same study program that has been taken. Graduates competencies and the contribution of University are internet skills, computer skills, working in teams / collaborating with others, tolerance, adaptability, loyalty, ability to hold responsibility, initiative, and the ability to continue lifelong learning. While the low is time management.

4 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the effectiveness of the Bodong as an alternative dispute resolution that reflects the peace framework of the community in dealing with crimes and tribal-related offenses in the province of Kalinga, Philippines.
Abstract: Bodong, a peace pact, evolves from the customs and traditions of the Kalingas. It discloses indigenous people's cultural identity, heritage and integrity that were painstakingly developed with the passing of the time. This study investigated the effectiveness of bodong as an alternative dispute resolution that reflects the peace framework of the community in dealing with crimes and tribal-related offenses in the province of Kalinga, Philippines. With 305 respondents composed of local officials, court employees, law enforcers and tribal leaders, findings significantly confirm bodong as an effective system of enforcing peace because it does not in a way oppose to the realms of existing laws. Thus, for bodong system to sustainably advance social security and economic stability of culturally diverse tribes, key stakeholders should constitute bolder steps in coming up with success indicators on the intensive education campaign regarding the provisions of pagta not only to binodngans but also to non-binodngans.

2 citations