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Joan R. Casas

Other affiliations: ETSI
Bio: Joan R. Casas is an academic researcher from Polytechnic University of Catalonia. The author has contributed to research in topics: Structural health monitoring & Bridge (interpersonal). The author has an hindex of 24, co-authored 147 publications receiving 2259 citations. Previous affiliations of Joan R. Casas include ETSI.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
23 May 2016-Sensors
TL;DR: The latest developments related with the improvement of these products are presented by presenting a wide range of laboratory experiments as well as an extended review of their diverse applications in civil engineering structures.
Abstract: The application of structural health monitoring (SHM) systems to civil engineering structures has been a developing studied and practiced topic, that has allowed for a better understanding of structures’ conditions and increasingly lead to a more cost-effective management of those infrastructures In this field, the use of fiber optic sensors has been studied, discussed and practiced with encouraging results The possibility of understanding and monitor the distributed behavior of extensive stretches of critical structures it’s an enormous advantage that distributed fiber optic sensing provides to SHM systems In the past decade, several R & D studies have been performed with the goal of improving the knowledge and developing new techniques associated with the application of distributed optical fiber sensors (DOFS) in order to widen the range of applications of these sensors and also to obtain more correct and reliable data This paper presents, after a brief introduction to the theoretical background of DOFS, the latest developments related with the improvement of these products by presenting a wide range of laboratory experiments as well as an extended review of their diverse applications in civil engineering structures

572 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview of the intensity modulated and spectrometric fiber optic sensors and techniques to assess the condition of existing structures in order to enhance the durability of the new bridges, increasing lifetime and reliability and decreasing maintenance activities is provided.
Abstract: Advances in the production of optical fibers made possible the recent development of innovative sensing systems for the health monitoring of civil structures. The main reasons for this development are the reduced weight and dimensions of fiber optic sensors, the strong immunity to electromagnetic interference, the improved environmental resistance and the scale flexibility for small-gauge and long-gauge measurements. These systems can provide high-resolution and measurement capabilities that are not feasible with conventional technologies. In addition, they can be manufactured at a low cost and they offer a number of key advantages, including the ability to multiplex an appreciable number of sensors along a single fiber and interrogate such systems over large distances. For these reasons, it is evident that fiber optic sensors will change the instrumentation industry in the same way fiber optics has revolutionized communications. This paper provides an overview of the intensity modulated and spectrometric fiber optic sensors and techniques to assess the condition of existing structures in order to enhance the durability of the new bridges, increasing lifetime and reliability and decreasing maintenance activities. Application of these sensors to monitoring strain, temperature, inclination, acceleration, load measurements, ice detection, vehicles speeds and weights, and corrosion and cracking of reinforced and prestressed concrete structures will be described.

205 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The use of optical backscatter reflectometer (OBR) sensors is a promising measurement technology for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) as it offers the possibility of continuous monitoring of strain and temperature along the fiber.

148 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
05 Mar 2021-Sensors
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a comprehensive collection of recently published research articles on Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) campaigns performed by means of Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors (DOFS).
Abstract: The present work is a comprehensive collection of recently published research articles on Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) campaigns performed by means of Distributed Optical Fiber Sensors (DOFS). The latter are cutting-edge strain, temperature and vibration monitoring tools with a large potential pool, namely their minimal intrusiveness, accuracy, ease of deployment and more. Its most state-of-the-art feature, though, is the ability to perform measurements with very small spatial resolutions (as small as 0.63 mm). This review article intends to introduce, inform and advise the readers on various DOFS deployment methodologies for the assessment of the residual ability of a structure to continue serving its intended purpose. By collecting in a single place these recent efforts, advancements and findings, the authors intend to contribute to the goal of collective growth towards an efficient SHM. The current work is structured in a manner that allows for the single consultation of any specific DOFS application field, i.e., laboratory experimentation, the built environment (bridges, buildings, roads, etc.), geotechnical constructions, tunnels, pipelines and wind turbines. Beforehand, a brief section was constructed around the recent progress on the study of the strain transfer mechanisms occurring in the multi-layered sensing system inherent to any DOFS deployment (different kinds of fiber claddings, coatings and bonding adhesives). Finally, a section is also dedicated to ideas and concepts for those novel DOFS applications which may very well represent the future of SHM.

98 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a review of the current state-of-the-art developments in vibration-based damage detection in small to medium span bridges with particular focus on the utilization of advanced computational methods that avoid traditional damage detection pitfalls.
Abstract: Overtime, the structural condition of bridges tends to decline due to a number of degradation processes, such as creep, corrosion and cyclic loading, among others. Considerable research has been conducted over the years to assess and monitor the rate of such degradation with the aim of reducing structural uncertainty. Traditionally, vibration-based damage detection techniques in bridges have focused on monitoring changes to modal parameters and subsequently comparing them to numerical models. These traditional techniques are generally time consuming and can often mistake changing environmental and operational conditions as structural damage. Recent research has seen the emergence of more advanced computational techniques that not only allow the assessment of noisier and more complex data, but also allow research to veer away from monitoring changes in modal parameters alone. This paper presents a review of the current state-of-the-art developments in vibration based damage detection in small to medium span bridges with particular focus on the utilization of advanced computational methods that avoid traditional damage detection pitfalls. A case study of the S101 Bridge is also presented to test the damage sensitivity a chosen methodology.

85 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI

1,604 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
23 May 2016-Sensors
TL;DR: The latest developments related with the improvement of these products are presented by presenting a wide range of laboratory experiments as well as an extended review of their diverse applications in civil engineering structures.
Abstract: The application of structural health monitoring (SHM) systems to civil engineering structures has been a developing studied and practiced topic, that has allowed for a better understanding of structures’ conditions and increasingly lead to a more cost-effective management of those infrastructures In this field, the use of fiber optic sensors has been studied, discussed and practiced with encouraging results The possibility of understanding and monitor the distributed behavior of extensive stretches of critical structures it’s an enormous advantage that distributed fiber optic sensing provides to SHM systems In the past decade, several R & D studies have been performed with the goal of improving the knowledge and developing new techniques associated with the application of distributed optical fiber sensors (DOFS) in order to widen the range of applications of these sensors and also to obtain more correct and reliable data This paper presents, after a brief introduction to the theoretical background of DOFS, the latest developments related with the improvement of these products by presenting a wide range of laboratory experiments as well as an extended review of their diverse applications in civil engineering structures

572 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The proposed TLS method allows measurement of the entire bridge's deformed shape, and thus a realistic solution for monitoring structures at both structure and member level, and can be used to create a 3-D finite element model of a structural member or the entire structure at any point in time automatically.
Abstract: This paper presents a new approach for the health monitoring of structures using terrestrial laser scanning (TLS). 3-D coordinates of a target structure acquired using TLS can have maximum errors of about 10 mm, insufficient for health monitoring of structures. A displacement measurement model to improve the accuracy of the measurement is offered. The model is tested experimentally on a simply supported steel beam. Measurements were made using 3 different techniques: 1) linear variable displacement transducers (LVDTs), 2) electric strain gages, and 3) a long gage fiber optic sensor. The maximum deflections estimated by the TLS model are less than 1 mm and within 1.6% of those measured directly by LVDT. Although GPS methods allow measurement of displacements only at the GPS receiver antenna location, the proposed TLS method allows measurement of the entire bridge's deformed shape, and thus a realistic solution for monitoring structures at both structure and member level. Furthermore, it can be used to create a 3-D finite element model of a structural member or the entire structure at any point in time automatically. Through periodic measurement of deformations of a structure/structural member and performing inverse structural analyses with measured 3-D displacements, a structure's health can be monitored continuously.

533 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Apart from the traditional composites for wind turbine blades, natural composites, hybrid and nanoengineered composites are discussed and their testing and modelling approaches are reviewed.
Abstract: A short overview of composite materials for wind turbine applications is presented here. Requirements toward the wind turbine materials, loads, as well as available materials are reviewed. Apart from the traditional composites for wind turbine blades (glass fibers/epoxy matrix composites), natural composites, hybrid and nanoengineered composites are discussed. Manufacturing technologies for wind turbine composites, as well their testing and modelling approaches are reviewed.

366 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a non-probabilistic fuzzy approach and a probabilistic Bayesian approach for model updating for non-destructive damage assessment is presented. But the model updating problem is an inverse problem prone to ill-posedness and ill-conditioning.

338 citations