João Batista Marques Novo
Bio: João Batista Marques Novo is an academic researcher from Federal University of Paraná. The author has contributed to research in topics: Luminescence & Monte Carlo method. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 8 publications receiving 11 citations.
TL;DR: In this article, a new procedure to find the limiting range of the photomultiplier linear response of a low-cost, digital oscilloscope-based time-resolved laser-induced luminescence spectrometer (TRLS) is presented.
Abstract: A new procedure to find the limiting range of the photomultiplier linear response of a low-cost, digital oscilloscope-based time-resolved laser-induced luminescence spectrometer (TRLS), is presented. A systematic investigation on the instrument response function with different signal input terminations, and the relationship between the luminescence intensity reaching the photomultiplier and the measured decay time are described. These investigations establish that setting the maximum intensity of the luminescence signal below 0.3V guarantees, for signal input terminations equal or higher than 99.7 ohm, a linear photomultiplier response.
TL;DR: In this article, 1,3,4-oxadiazole-pyridine ligands (L1, L2) were synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR, UV-Vis spectroscopy, electrochemistry and UV spectroelectrochemistry.
Abstract: Amphiphilic ruthenium bipyridine complexes based on 1,3,4-oxadiazole-pyridine ligands (L1, L2) were synthesized and characterized by 1H NMR, UV–Vis spectroscopy, electrochemistry and UV–Vis spectroelectrochemistry. The free ligands and the respective ruthenium(II) complexes exhibit an intraligand π−π∗ absorption band in the UV region that overlaps with the MLCT bands. The [Ru(bpy)2(L2)](PF6)2 complex with a bidentated L2 ligand did not form a stable monolayer in water-air interface demonstrating the relevance of coordination geometry on the molecular packing properties. In contrast, stable Langmuir-Blodgett films of the [Ru(bpy)2(L1)Cl]PF6 complex (RuL1) exhibiting reversible and fast spectroelectrochemical properties associated with the Ru(III/II) redox couple were obtained, where redox site inactivation become relevant above 20 monolayers where the current leveled up. Thin LB films were deposited on poly(bithiophene) to enhance its photoelectrochemical properties and realize photoresponsive AND and OR logic gate devices.
••01 Jun 2015
TL;DR: The use of the crystallographic Mercury freeware on Mineral Chemistry and Mineralogy teaching as mentioned in this paper has been used for three years as a teaching resource in the course CQ-029, offered by the Chemistry Department to Geology major students of UFPR (Federal University of Parana).
Abstract: The use of Mercury® Software on Mineral Chemistry and Mineralogy teaching. The crystallographic Mercury freeware, distributed in the internet by the CCDC, allows tridimensional visualization of mineral structures from CIF files, also permits: measurement of bond distances and angles and torsion angles; selection or exclusion of atoms; generation of X-ray powder diffraction diagrams; visualization of crystal hkl planes; of the unit cell and of selected portions of the crystal. It has been used for three years as a teaching resource in the course CQ-029, offered by the Chemistry Department to Geology major students of UFPR (Federal University of Parana). The impacts of this methodology have been significant to the students’ understanding of the different silicate structures, the different types of ion coordination, the origin (and assignment) of X-ray diffraction peaks and the various types of solid solution.
TL;DR: In this paper, a software based in the Monte Carlo method is developed aiming the teaching of important cases of mechanisms found in luminescence and in excited states decay kinetics, including: multiple decays, consecutive decays and coupled systems decays.
Abstract: A software based in the Monte Carlo method have been developed aiming the teaching of important cases of mechanisms found in luminescence and in excited states decay kinetics, including: multiple decays, consecutive decays and coupled systems decays. The Monte Carlo Method allows the student to easily simulate and visualize the luminescence mechanisms, focusing on the probabilities of the related steps. The software CINESTEX was written for FreeBASIC compiler; it assumes first-order kinetics and any number of excited states, where the pathways are allowed with probabilities assigned by the user.
TL;DR: In this paper, the time-resolved luminescence decays of intercalated compounds of hydrogen uranyl phosphate with p-toluidinium (HUPPT), benzylaminium(HUPBZ), α-methylbenzylaminant amines (HUPMBZ) and hydroxylaminant ammonium cation was studied, showing that the long-range and long-lifetime quenching is hindered.
Abstract: Time-resolved luminescence decays of intercalated compounds of hydrogen uranyl phosphate (HUP) with p-toluidinium (HUPPT), benzylaminium (HUPBZ), α–methylbenzylaminium (HUPMBZ) and hydroxylaminium (HUPHAM) were studied. The prepared compounds belong to the tetragonal P4/ncc space group and showed 00 l reflections shifted to lower angles relative to HUP, indicating that the intercalation increases the c parameter of the unit cell. The luminescence decays of the compounds with 100% of intercalation ratio (HUPHAM and HUPBZ) were analyzed by Global Analysis, assuming Lianos’ stretched exponential as the model function, which can be applied to compounds with restricted geometry and mobile donor and quencher molecules. It was remarkable that the luminescence decays showed that the quenching of the emission of the uranyl ions by the intercalated protonated amines is not restricted by low dimensionality of the host uranyl phosphate, and that a diffusion mechanism occurs. Benzylaminium cation efficiently quenches the excited energy of the uranyl ions at close distance, but the long-range and long-lifetime quenching is hindered. A different situation is found in the case of the small hydroxylaminium cation, where the long distance diffusion of the species is fast, playing an important role in the quenching of the excited uranyl ions at longer times.
01 Jan 2002
Abstract: A series of meso-phenylpyridylporphyrins and their respective supermolecular species obtained by the coordination of [Ru(bipy)2Cl]+ groups to the pyridyl substituents was synthesized and characterized. Their spectroscopic and electrochemical behavior were similar to that observed for the meso-tetra(4-pyridyl)porphyrin derivative, but the redox potential of the Ru(III/II) redox pair was about 70 mV more negative. The porphyrin centered fluorescence quantum yield exhibited a linear decrease as a function of the number of pyridyl substituents on the porphyrin ring. Efficient intramolecular energy transfer processes from the 3MLCT state of the ruthenium complexes to the porphyrin center were observed at 77K in ethanol glass.
TL;DR: In this paper, the most advanced methods for fabricating large-area molecular electronic devices are presented, highlighting their advantages and limitations, and special emphasis is focused on bottom-up methodologies for the fabrication of well-ordered and tightly-packed monolayers onto the bottom electrode, followed by a description of the top-contact deposition methods so far used.
Abstract: The societal impact of the electronics industry is enormous—not to mention how this industry impinges on the global economy. The foreseen limits of the current technology—technical, economic, and sustainability issues—open the door to the search for successor technologies. In this context, molecular electronics has emerged as a promising candidate that, at least in the short-term, will not likely replace our silicon-based electronics, but improve its performance through a nascent hybrid technology. Such technology will take advantage of both the small dimensions of the molecules and new functionalities resulting from the quantum effects that govern the properties at the molecular scale. An optimization of interface engineering and integration of molecules to form densely integrated individually addressable arrays of molecules are two crucial aspects in the molecular electronics field. These challenges should be met to establish the bridge between organic functional materials and hard electronics required for the incorporation of such hybrid technology in the market. In this review, the most advanced methods for fabricating large-area molecular electronic devices are presented, highlighting their advantages and limitations. Special emphasis is focused on bottom-up methodologies for the fabrication of well-ordered and tightly-packed monolayers onto the bottom electrode, followed by a description of the top-contact deposition methods so far used.
TL;DR: To quantify the influence of the non-linear behavior, experiments at similar light levels as those encountered in LII measurements are carried out, and errors propagated in two-color pyrometry-derived temperatures are determined.
Abstract: Photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) are widely used as detectors for laser-induced incandescence (LII), a diagnostics method for gas-borne particles that requires signal detection over a large dynamic range with nanosecond time resolution around the signal peak. Especially when more than one PMT is used (i.e., for pyrometric temperature measurements) even small deviations from the linear detector response can lead to significant errors. Reasons for non-linearity observed in other PMT measurement techniques are summarized and strategies to identify non-linear PMT operation in LII are outlined. To quantify the influence of the non-linear behavior, experiments at similar light levels as those encountered in LII measurements are carried out, and errors propagated in two-color pyrometry-derived temperatures are determined. As light sources, a calibrated broadband light source and light-emitting diodes (LEDs), centered at the bandpass filter wavelengths of the LII detectors, were used. The LEDs were operated in continuous and pulsed (<300 ns) mode, respectively, to simulate DC background radiation (e.g., from sooting flames) and similar pulsed signal traces as in typical LII measurements. A measured linearity deviation of up to 10% could bias the temperature determination by several hundred Kelvin. Guidelines are given for the design and the operation of LII setups, which allow users to identify and prevent errors.
01 Jan 2013
TL;DR: In this article, a series of experimental studies concerned with the characterization and treatment of various error sources during temperature calibration, signal detection and data evaluation is presented. But the authors do not consider the effect of the coating thickness on the accuracy of the measurements.
Abstract: Phosphor Thermometry is a term describing an optical measurement technique for remote temperature sensing. Its working principle is based on the temperature-sensitive emission characteristics of certain ceramic substances termed thermographic phosphors. These inorganic materials can either be coated on objects for surface thermometry or be seeded into the gas phase or into liquid flows as solid particles. After optical excitation, often achieved using pulsed laser systems, the phosphor emits an extended and typically red-shifted afterglow referred to as phosphorescence. As the temperature changes, either the temporal or the spectral composition of the phosphorescence emission can be used to determine temperatures through comparison with the results of temperature calibration, carried out earlier. In many applications, temperatures both at various points and in two-dimensional fields have been characterised with a high degree of temporal and spatial resolution by use of thermographic phosphors. The combined sensitivities of different phosphors span a temperature range extending from cryogenic temperatures up to approximately 2000 K. In the present study, the reader is introduced to the physical basis of phosphor luminescence and to utilization of the optical properties involved for temperature measurement. The thesis also examines various means of reducing measurement uncertainty in surface phosphor thermometry. This is done in a series of experimental studies concerned with the characterization and treatment of various error sources during temperature calibration, signal detection and data evaluation. A major factor considered here is that of the coating thickness. It appears to have an intrusive effect on surface temperatures in applications involving both high local and temporal thermal gradients. The effects of instrumentation on signal detection are also investigated. The measurement accuracy was found to depend very much upon the consistency, achieved in the reproduction of the operating conditions from the temperature calibrations carried out to the experiments. This can be attributed to non-linear signal transformations that occur during detection. Even two detectors nominally identical were shown to exhibit large differences in the linearity of the signal response. Unfortunately, the linear workspace of many detectors is confined to very low signal values, the measurement precision being comparably poor due to the low signal-to-noise ratios involved. In order to improve the measurement precision without reducing the accuracy of the results, higher signal levels could be accessed through measures to compensate for detector-specific non-linearities. The signal responses to variations in operating conditions of several different point detectors and imaging devices were characterized, providing a basis for effective means of signal correction. Interest in uncertainty reduction here also led to the investigation of means of signal processing enhancement. Temperature sensitivity was found to be a quantity which is not determined exclusively by the phosphor itself, it is also depending on the operator's choice of conditions for detection and evaluation. For evaluation schemes based on temporal decay transients, the proper choice of a time window for evaluation was found to play an important role. Finally, the versatility of phosphor thermometry as applied to surfaces was demonstrated in several industry-relevant applications, including a car engine, an aircraft turbine and a large-bore two-stroke diesel engine for marine vessels.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a well-documented calibration procedure for LII systems and quantifies the uncertainty in pyrometric temperatures introduced by this procedure, including corrections for: (1) signal baseline, (2) variable transmission through optical components, and (3) detector characteristics.
Abstract: Time-resolved laser-induced incandescence is used to infer the size distribution of gas-borne nanoparticles from time-resolved pyrometric measurements of the particle temperature after pulsed laser heating. The method is highly sensitive to aspects of the measurement strategy that are often not considered by practitioners, which often lead to discrepancies between measurements carried out under nominally identical conditions. This paper therefore presents a well-documented calibration procedure for LII systems and quantifies the uncertainty in pyrometric temperatures introduced by this procedure. Calibration steps include corrections for: (1) signal baseline, (2) variable transmission through optical components, and (3) detector characteristics (i.e., gain and spectral sensitivity). Candidate light sources are assessed for their suitability as a calibration reference and the uncertainty in calculated calibration factors is determined. The error analysis is demonstrated using LII measurements made on a sooting laminar diffusion flame. We present results for temperature traces of laser-heated particles determined using two- and multi-color detection techniques and discuss the temperature differences for various combinations of spectral detection channels. We also summarize measurement artifacts that could bias the LII signal processing and present strategies for error identification and prevention.