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John Edwards

Bio: John Edwards is an academic researcher from St. Francis Xavier University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Sociolinguistics & Identity (social science). The author has an hindex of 26, co-authored 95 publications receiving 2775 citations. Previous affiliations of John Edwards include University of Edinburgh & Indiana University.


Papers
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Book
01 Jan 1985
TL;DR: The authors consider the rise of linguistic nationalism and the ways in which the assumption of a strong language-identity link has led to attempts to fortify and protect languages, making use of examples from around the world.
Abstract: Making use of examples from around the world, the book considers the rise of linguistic nationalism, and the ways in which the assumption of a strong language-identity link has led to attempts to fortify and protect languages. Considerable attention is also given to the real-life mechanics of language maintenance and shift, and the psychological evidence bearing on language attitudes and behaviour.

512 citations

Book ChapterDOI
11 Jan 2008

166 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article showed that given speech characteristics can indeed be related to differential social evaluations, and that the relationship between speech characteristics and social attitudes can be found in a large number of papers. But, they did not consider the impact of speech attributes on social attitudes.
Abstract: Social psychology, in its studies of language attitudes, has typically not related evaluative reactions to particular speech attributes. Sociolinguists, on the other hand—who have, of course, investigated these attribute—have not given sustained attention to social ratings. Obviously, some bridging is called for, and that is the purpose of the present collection. Here, I summarize the previous papers and attempt to establish the important generalities underlying the basic demonstration: that given speech characteristics can indeed be related to differential social evaluations.

145 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Dec 1986-Language

135 citations


Cited by
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Book
01 Jan 1983
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a typology of nationalisms in industrial and agro-literature societies, and a discussion of the difficulties of true nationalism in industrial societies.
Abstract: Series Editor's Preface. Introduction by John Breuilly. Acknowledgements. 1. Definitions. State and nation. The nation. 2. Culture in Agrarian Society. Power and culture in the agro-literature society. The varieties of agrarian rulers. 3. Industrial Society. The society of perpetual growth. Social genetics. The age of universal high culture. 4. The Transition to an Age of Nationalism. A note on the weakness of nationalism. Wild and garden culture. 5. What is a Nation. The course of true nationalism never did run smooth. 6. Social Entropy and Equality in Industrial Society. Obstacles to entropy. Fissures and barriers. A diversity of focus. 7. A Typology of Nationalisms. The varieties of nationalist experience. Diaspora nationalism. 8. The Future of Nationalism. Industrial culture - one or many?. 9. Nationalism and Ideology. Who is for Nuremberg?. One nation, one state. 10. Conclusion. What is not being said. Summary. Select bibliography. Bilbliography of Ernest Gellner's writing: Ian Jarvie. Index

2,912 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Assimilation, acculturation, alternation, multicultural, and fusion models that have been used to describe the psychological processes, social experiences, and individual challenges and obstacles of being bicultural are reviewed and summarized for their contributions and implications for investigations of the psychological impact of biculturalism.
Abstract: A vital step in the development of an equal partnership for minorities in the academic, social, and economic life of the United States involves moving away from assumptions of the linear model of cultural acquisition. In this article we review the literature on the psychological impact of being bicultural. Assimilation, acculturation, alternation, multicultural, and fusion models that have been used to describe the psychological processes, social experiences, and individual challenges and obstacles of being bicultural are reviewed and summarized for their contributions and implications for investigations of the psychological impact of biculturalism. Emphasis is given to the alternation model, which posits that an individual is able to gain competence within 2 cultures without losing his or her cultural identity or having to choose one culture over the other. Finally, a hypothetical model outlining the dimensions of bicultural competence is presented.

2,241 citations

Book
01 Jan 1986
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present a survey of the sociolinguistics and the Sociology of Language Methodological Concerns in the context of Pidgin to Creole and beyond.
Abstract: Preface. Acknowledgements. 1. Introduction Knowledge of Language Variation Language and Society Sociolinguistics and the Sociology of Language Methodological Concerns Overview Further Reading Part I: Languages and Communities: 2. Languages, Dialects, and Varieties Language or Dialect? Standardization Regional Dialects Social Dialects Styles, Registers, and Beliefs Further Reading 3. Pidgins and Creoles Lingua Francas Definitions Distribution and Characteristics Origins From Pidgin to Creole and Beyond Further Reading 4. Codes Diglossia Bilingualism and Multilingualism Code-Switching Accommodation Further Reading 5. Speech Communities Definitions Intersecting Communities Networks and Repertoires Further Reading Part II: Inherent Variety: 6. Language Variation Regional Variation The Linguistic Variable Social Variation Data Collection and Analysis Further Reading 7. Some Findings and Issues An Early Study New York City Norwich and Reading A Variety of Studies Belfast Controversies Further Reading 8. Change The Traditional View Some Changes in Progress The Process of Change Further Reading Part III: Words at Work: 9. Words and Culture Whorf Kinship Taxonomies Color Prototypes Taboo and Euphemism Further Reading 10. Ethnographies Varieties of Talk The Ethnography of Speaking Ethnomethodology Further Reading 11. Solidarity and Politeness Tu and Vous Address Terms Politeness Further Reading 12. Talk and Action Speech Acts Cooperation Conversation Further Reading Part IV: Understanding and Intervening: 13. Gender Differences Possible Explanations Further Reading 14. Disadvantage Codes Again African American English Consequences for Education Further Reading 15. Planning Issues A Variety of Situations Further Examples Winners and Losers Further Reading 16. Conclusion References Index

2,182 citations

Book
01 Jan 2000

1,762 citations