José A. Ferrari
Other affiliations: Simón Bolívar University
Bio: José A. Ferrari is an academic researcher from University of the Republic. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Interferometry & Image processing. The author has an hindex of 19, co-authored 132 publication(s) receiving 1297 citation(s). Previous affiliations of José A. Ferrari include Simón Bolívar University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Nov 2010-Optics Letters
TL;DR: This work presents a sinusoidal fringe generation technique that utilizes slightly defocused binary fringe projection, a spatial version of the well-known pulse-width modulation (PWM) technique of electrical engineering that allows it to overcome the gamma problem in the output light intensity.
Abstract: Shape measurements by fringe projection methods require high-quality sinusoidal fringes. We present a sinusoidal fringe generation technique that utilizes slightly defocused binary fringe projection. The proposed method is a spatial version of the well-known pulse-width modulation (PWM) technique of electrical engineering. PWM is easy to implement using off-the-shelf projectors, and it allows us to overcome the gamma problem (i.e., the nonlinear projector response) in the output light intensity. We will demonstrate that, with a small defocusing level--lower than with other techniques proposed in the literature--a high-quality sinusoidal pattern is obtained. Validation experiments using a commercial video projector are presented.
01 Jan 1999-American Journal of Physics
TL;DR: In this paper, the 2D integration is reduced to a 1D parametric integration over the perimeter of the aperture, similar to the Rubinowicz representation of the Kirchhoff diffraction integral.
Abstract: Diffraction patterns of apertures on screens uniformly illuminated are standard calculations in undergraduate optics and acoustics courses. These calculations imply two-dimensional (2-D) integrations which are often performed in the far zone, at moderate angles of diffraction, i.e., using Fresnel and Fraunhofer approximations. In this note, the 2-D integration is reduced to a 1-D parametric integration over the perimeter of the aperture—resembling the Rubinowicz’s representation of the Kirchhoff diffraction integral—which allows numerical evaluation with few computational resources. The proposed formula allows mathematically exact calculation of the near-field, in the context of scalar wave theory. Explicit calculations for circular and elliptical apertures are shown.
15 Nov 2007-Optics Communications
TL;DR: In this article, a beam-splitter cube is used to produce two interferograms with a relative phase shift of π (rad) for spatial-carrier interferometry and flexible writing of fiber Bragg gratings.
Abstract: A very simple and stable interferometer using a single optical element – a beam-splitter cube – is presented. The device resembles a two-arm interferometer in which the arms are together in one collimated beam, and the two beam halves interfere with the help of the beam-splitter cube. The proposed device produces simultaneously two interferograms with a relative phase-shift of π (rad). Since the period of straight interference fringes can be stably controlled, the device has potential application in spatial-carrier interferometry and for flexible writing of fiber Bragg gratings.
20 Oct 2015-Applied Optics
TL;DR: The simulations and experimental results show that the proposed generalized phase-shifting algorithm with arbitrary phase-shift values can significantly reduce the influence of the color crosstalk.
Abstract: In order to overcome the limitations of the sequential phase-shifting fringe pattern profilometry for dynamic measurements, a color-channel-based approach is presented. The proposed technique consists of projecting and acquiring a colored image formed by three sinusoidal phase-shifted patterns. Therefore, by using the conventional three-step phase-shifting algorithm, only one color image is required for phase retrieval each time. However, the use of colored fringe patterns leads to a major problem, the color crosstalk, which introduces phase errors when conventional phase-shifting algorithms with fixed phase-shift values are utilized to retrieve the phase. To overcome the crosstalk issue, we propose the use of a generalized phase-shifting algorithm with arbitrary phase-shift values. The simulations and experimental results show that the proposed algorithm can significantly reduce the influence of the color crosstalk.
01 May 2000-Applied Optics
TL;DR: A simple method for visualization of phase objects placed between a printed two-dimensional periodic pattern and a CCD camera that has potential application for detection of gas leaks in industrial environments.
Abstract: We describe a simple method for visualization of phase objects The phase object is placed between a printed two-dimensional periodic pattern and a CCD camera The ray deflection that is due to the phase object distorts the image of the pattern This image is subtracted from a reference image and then, by squaring and low-pass filtering, a measurement of the two-dimensional refractive-index changes is obtained Because the optical system does not require special alignment or illumination, the method presented has potential application for detection of gas leaks in industrial environments
TL;DR: In this paper, a selfconsistent density functional method using standard norm-conserving pseudopotentials and a flexible, numerical linear combination of atomic orbitals basis set, which includes multiple-zeta and polarization orbitals, was developed and implemented.
Abstract: We have developed and implemented a selfconsistent density functional method using standard norm-conserving pseudopotentials and a flexible, numerical linear combination of atomic orbitals basis set, which includes multiple-zeta and polarization orbitals. Exchange and correlation are treated with the local spin density or generalized gradient approximations. The basis functions and the electron density are projected on a real-space grid, in order to calculate the Hartree and exchange-correlation potentials and matrix elements, with a number of operations that scales linearly with the size of the system. We use a modified energy functional, whose minimization produces orthogonal wavefunctions and the same energy and density as the Kohn-Sham energy functional, without the need for an explicit orthogonalization. Additionally, using localized Wannier-like electron wavefunctions allows the computation time and memory required to minimize the energy to also scale linearly with the size of the system. Forces and stresses are also calculated efficiently and accurately, thus allowing structural relaxation and molecular dynamics simulations.
01 Feb 2009
TL;DR: This Secret History documentary follows experts as they pick through the evidence and reveal why the plague killed on such a scale, and what might be coming next.
Abstract: Secret History: Return of the Black Death Channel 4, 7-8pm In 1348 the Black Death swept through London, killing people within days of the appearance of their first symptoms. Exactly how many died, and why, has long been a mystery. This Secret History documentary follows experts as they pick through the evidence and reveal why the plague killed on such a scale. And they ask, what might be coming next?
01 Jan 1998-SPIE milestone series
TL;DR: In this article, a fast Fourier transform method of topography and interferometry is proposed to discriminate between elevation and depression of the object or wave-front form, which has not been possible by the fringe-contour generation techniques.
Abstract: A fast-Fourier-transform method of topography and interferometry is proposed. By computer processing of a noncontour type of fringe pattern, automatic discrimination is achieved between elevation and depression of the object or wave-front form, which has not been possible by the fringe-contour-generation techniques. The method has advantages over moire topography and conventional fringe-contour interferometry in both accuracy and sensitivity. Unlike fringe-scanning techniques, the method is easy to apply because it uses no moving components.
01 Jan 1991-SPIE milestone series
TL;DR: In this article, a self-scanned 1024 element photodiode array and a minicomputer are used to measure the phase (wavefront) in the interference pattern of an interferometer to lambda/100.
Abstract: A self-scanned 1024 element photodiode array and minicomputer are used to measure the phase (wavefront) in the interference pattern of an interferometer to lambda/100. The photodiode array samples intensities over a 32 x 32 matrix in the interference pattern as the length of the reference arm is varied piezoelectrically. Using these data the minicomputer synchronously detects the phase at each of the 1024 points by a Fourier series method and displays the wavefront in contour and perspective plot on a storage oscilloscope in less than 1 min (Bruning et al. Paper WE16, OSA Annual Meeting, Oct. 1972). The array of intensities is sampled and averaged many times in a random fashion so that the effects of air turbulence, vibrations, and thermal drifts are minimized. Very significant is the fact that wavefront errors in the interferometer are easily determined and may be automatically subtracted from current or subsequent wavefrots. Various programs supporting the measurement system include software for determining the aperture boundary, sum and difference of wavefronts, removal or insertion of tilt and focus errors, and routines for spatial manipulation of wavefronts. FFT programs transform wavefront data into point spread function and modulus and phase of the optical transfer function of lenses. Display programs plot these functions in contour and perspective. The system has been designed to optimize the collection of data to give higher than usual accuracy in measuring the individual elements and final performance of assembled diffraction limited optical systems, and furthermore, the short loop time of a few minutes makes the system an attractive alternative to constraints imposed by test glasses in the optical shop.
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: Two-dimensional phase unwrapping algorithms applied to feminist theory crime and social justice theoretical conscience volume 4 dr-caloriez henry and the paper route cafebr chapter 3 what is money mishkin cafebr.
Abstract: two–dimensional phase unwrapping. theory, algorithms, and two dimensional phase unwrapping theory algorithms and two dimensional phase unwrapping theory algorithms and two-dimensional phase unwrapping using neural networks two-dimensional phase unwrapping: theory, algorithms, and (size 43,32mb) link download two dimensional phase phase unwrapping: project liverpool john moores university pixel-wise absolute phase unwrapping using geometric 2d phase unwrapping on fpgas and gpus phase unwrapping producing bright bands if phase unwrapping and affine transformations using cuda phase unwrapping on reconfigurable hardware ll.mit absolute three-dimensional shape measurement using coded fast twodimensional simultaneous phase unwrapping and low unwrapping differential x-ray phase-contrast images connections between transport of intensity equation and space geodesy seminar sio 239 scripps institution of experiment of phase unwrapping algorithm in interferometric reference documents esa 3d shape measurement technique for multiple rapidly moving phase unwrapping for large sar interferograms: statistical superfast phaseshifting method for 3-d shape measurement space geodesy seminar sio 239 scripps institution of off-axis quantitative phase imaging processing using cuda angular phase unwrapping of optically thick objects with a a comparison of phase unwrapping techniques in synthetic noise robust linear dynamic system for phase unwrapping fast phase processing in off-axis holography by cuda cat d2 dozer manual fiores fourier analysis of rgb fringe-projection profilometry and dynamic quantitative phase imaging for biological objects twowavelength quantitative phase unwrapping of dynamic comparison of phase unwrapping algorithms applied to feminist theory crime and social justice theoretical conscience volume 4 dr-caloriez henry and the paper route cafebr chapter 3 what is money mishkin cafebr