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José Manuel Palma Herrera

Bio: José Manuel Palma Herrera is an academic researcher. The author has an hindex of 3, co-authored 4 publications receiving 19 citations.

Papers
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01 Jan 1999
TL;DR: In this article, a tesis doctoral titulada "Los delitos de blanqueo de capitales" aborda el estudio de this tipo de comportamientos desde su mas amplia perspective.
Abstract: La tesis doctoral titulada "Los delitos de blanqueo de capitales" aborda el estudio de este tipo de comportamientos desde su mas amplia perspectiva. Comprende, asi, dos partes bien diferenciadas dedicadas a los mecanismos administrativos que el legislador espanol ha previsto de cara a su prevencion, y al tratamiento penal que dichos comportamientos merecen en el Codigo penal. Todo ello, al amparo del analisis de la normativa de caracter internacional que ha ido surgiendo en la materia y que ha inspirado la labor de nuestro legislador. En la primera parte se aborda el estudio de la Ley 19/1993 de 23 de Diciembre sobre determinadas medidas de prevencion del blanqueo de capitales; se resaltan las dificultades que en su aplicacion encuentran las entidades de credito, principales destinatarias de la norma y, en general, cuantos sujetos resultan obligados por ella. Se proponen, ademas, una serie de medidas para sortear tales obstaculos y hacer mas efectiva la lucha contra este fenomeno criminal. En la segunda, y tras determinar la necesidad de la intervencion penal, se procede al analisis de los articulos 301 a 304 del Codigo penal, haciendo especial hincapie en el bien juridico protegido; destacando los errores e incongruencias de que adolecen tales preceptos, y proponiendo las reformas que se consideran necesarias. La Tesis incluye, asimismo, anexos con la normativa nacional e internacional mas importante en la materia.

10 citations

01 Jan 2004

3 citations

01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: The presente libro se enmarca en el Proyecto de Investigación DER2010-16569, "Procedimientos operativos estandarizados y responsabilidad penal de la persona juridica".
Abstract: El presente libro se enmarca en el Proyecto de Investigacion DER2010-16569, «Procedimientos operativos estandarizados y responsabilidad penal de la persona juridica».

1 citations


Cited by
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Dissertation
15 Nov 2019
TL;DR: The presente investigación se centra en el estudio de las resoluciones emanadas del Tribunal Supremo en la materia para tratar de aportar solucione a algunas de ellas as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: El denominador comun de la problematica que da lugar al presente trabajo no es otro que la aplicacion en sede judicial del tipo penal contenido en el articulo 301 de nuestro Codigo Penal. Las numerosas encrucijadas en las que el delito de blanqueo de capitales ha puesto a la doctrina y la jurisprudencia son conocidas por todos. Por ello la presente investigacion se centra en el estudio de las resoluciones emanadas del Tribunal Supremo en la materia para tratar de aportar soluciones a algunas de ellas. El objetivo principal consiste en el planteamiento de determinados parametros que permitan una interpretacion restrictiva y reduccionista de dicho tipo penal y que, en virtud del estudio conjunto de la doctrina y la casuistica, logren hacer del blanqueo de capitales un delito aplicable, util, necesario y acorde con las normas constitucionales y los principios generales que rigen el Derecho Penal en Espana. Para ello, y como venimos avanzando, tras el estudio detallado de la jurisprudencia de nuestro Tribunal Supremo en la materia, hemos extraido cinco aspectos especialmente problematicos que la literalidad del articulo 301 CP plantea en su aplicacion a casos concretos. El analisis de los hechos probados y como las teorias juridicas sobre el blanqueo se amoldan -no siempre con la misma flexibilidad- al supuesto, nos brinda una construccion del delito que no deja de plantear dudas y situaciones cuya solucion -como veremos- podria no ser la mas adecuada...

25 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examine new technologies, typologies, FATF recommendations and the last Spanish penal reform on money laundering, and analyze the amendments made recently in the Spanish Criminal Code regarding money laundering.
Abstract: Purpose – This paper attempts to examine new technologies, typologies, FATF recommendations and the last Spanish penal reform on money laundering.Design/methodology/approach – The paper describes the potential provided via internet and electronic transfers, prepaid cards and payment services with mobile phones for executing money laundering, and comments on the Spanish penal reform on this crime.Findings – The study finds that the new payment systems facilitate money launderers’ criminal activity. However, the development of technologies, including the internet, has unquestionable advantages involved, and even provides verification of identity or other duty of surveillance for the prevention of money laundering. Also, this paper analyzes the amendments made recently in the Spanish Criminal Code regarding money laundering.Originality/value – This paper would be beneficial to the legislature. Future development of measures for the prevention of money laundering should take into account all potential threats...

23 citations

DOI
S. Zorzetto1
16 Sep 2014
TL;DR: The lex specialis principle as discussed by the authors is one of the most typical criterion against legal antinomies and has a plain and clear meaning, but this common view is unsatisfactory in many aspects.
Abstract: The lex specialis principle according to which special rules derogate from general ones lies in the core of the Western legal tradition. In the eyes of jurists and legal philosophers this principle is one of the most typical criterion against legal antinomies and has a plain and clear meaning. Most theories are concerned only with its interferences with the lex posterior and the lex superior principles. But this common view is unsatisfactory in many aspects. In fact, the lex specialis principle may be applied and it is often used to solve redundancy in law, rather than legal antinomies, and so it is a tool to prevent the simultaneous application of special and general compatible rules. This use is prominent in criminal law but it is widespread even in the other fields of law. Moreover, in every fields of law, the lex specialis principle is a device to coordinate and integrate special and general rules to obtain a more complete regulation of a certain matter: this use is essential for legal systems. In this paper there will be distinguished and discussed three very general topics: the speciality of law, i.e. the genus-species relationship among legal concepts; the phenomena of total-partial antinomies and of concurrent and repetitive rules ; the derogation among special and general rules in the context of legal justification. Keywords: Lex specialis principle, legal reasoning, legal concepts, antinomies, redundancies in law. Resumen: La idea de lex specialis de acuerdo con la cual las reglas especiales derogan a las mas generales es central en la tradicion juridica occidental. Los juristas y filosofos del Derecho presentan la lex specialis fundamentalmente como un criterio para resolver las antinomias juridicas. Su significado a menudo es considerado sencillo y claro y la mayoria de las teorias se ocupan basicamente de sus interferencias con los principios lex posterior y lex superior . Creo que esta posicion es insatisfactoria. De hecho, el principio lex specialis con frecuencia es empleado para resolver las redundancias en el Derecho, es decir, la aplicacion simultanea de reglas especificas y generales compatibles. Este uso es patente en el Derecho penal, pero esta tambien extendido en otras areas del Derecho. Ademas, en todas las ramas juridicas, nuestro principio sirve para coordinar e integrar reglas especiales y generales para obtener una regulacion mas completa de determinados asuntos: la vinculacion de estas reglas constituye una herramienta fundamental de los sistemas juridicos. Por tanto, en este articulo intento distinguir tres cuestiones: la especialidad del Derecho, es decir, la relacion genero-especie entre los conceptos juridicos; el fenomeno de las antinomias total-parcial y las reglas concurrentes y reiterativas; la derogacion entre reglas especiales y generales en el contexto de la justificacion juridica. Palabras clave: Principio de lex specialis , razonamiento juridico, conceptos juridicos, antinomia, redundancias en el Derecho.

18 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
24 Jun 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, a concept of culpability for legal persons is proposed and a special consideration is given to compliance programs adopted before the commission of the crime or administrative offence, which coincides with the idea developed by German dogmatics and conceives it as organisational fault.
Abstract: The paper deals with a concept of culpability for legal persons To achieve this objective, special consideration is given to compliance programs adopted before the commission of the crime or administrative offense Essentially it coincides with the idea developed by German dogmatics and conceives it as organisational fault In that context, the role of compliance programs and their effectiveness in the determination of the specific sanction is examined The idea is defended that they can operate by attenuating and, exceptionally, excluding responsibility It goes beyond what has hitherto been the usual criterion, especially in the context of the law on competition

15 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The European Higher Education Area (EHE) has not only triggered changes in legal education in Spain but also in access to the legal professions as mentioned in this paper, and the main traits of the legal profession and legal education prior to 2011 are first presented, following which the new system is described and its strengths and weaknesses compared to the former system.
Abstract: The establishment of the European Higher Education Area has not only triggered changes in legal education in Spain but also in access to the legal professions. This paper briefly addresses the implementation of the new educational system in order to understand the scope of the modifications that the legal professions are undergoing. The new educational model has been viewed as a specific opportunity to tackle the lack of professional control of lawyers, which was considered an anomaly within the European Union. A new entry system was implemented in 2011, and this paper also discusses the risks and challenges that this poses. To this end, the main traits of the legal profession and legal education prior to 2011 are first presented, following which the new system is described and its strengths and weaknesses compared to the former system are highlighted. The change of model, accompanied as it is by the current economic downturn, is not only likely to produce a fall in the number of junior lawyers but also t...

11 citations