Author

# Jun-ichi Inoguchi

Other affiliations: Yamagata University, Utsunomiya University, Chonnam National University ...read more

Bio: Jun-ichi Inoguchi is an academic researcher from University of Tsukuba. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Curvature & Mean curvature. The author has an hindex of 22, co-authored 123 publication(s) receiving 1580 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Jun-ichi Inoguchi include Yamagata University & Utsunomiya University.

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TL;DR: In this paper, the fundamental equations of spacelike surfaces were reformulated in terms of split-quaternion numbers, and the main tool of this reformulation was the use of split quaternions.

Abstract: Since the discovery of constant mean curvature tori in Euclidean 3-space, methods in the theory of integrable systems (or soliton theory) have been applied frequently in differential geometry. In particular, surfaces of constant mean or Gaussian curvature in Euclidean 3-space have been studied extensively [2], [3]. On the other hand, the geometry of surfaces in Minkowski 3-space has been a subject ofwide interest [9], [10]. For example, a Kenmotsu-type representation formula for spacelike surfaces with prescribed mean curvature has been obtained by K. Akutagawa and S. Nishikawa, and M. A. Magid [9] has obtained such a representation formula for timelike surfaces. L. McNertney studied spacelike maximal surfaces, timelike extremal surfaces and timelike surfaces of constant positive Gaussian curvature by classical methods [10]. In our previous paper [5], we have studied spacelike surfaces with constant mean or Gaussian curvature in Minkowski 3-space via the theory of finite-type harmonic maps. To adapt the methods in the theory of integrable systems for our purposes, namely to study the geometry of surfaces, we reformulated the fundamental equations of spacelike surfaces. This allowed us to considerably simplify the computations in the study of such spacelike surfaces. The main tool of this reformulation was our use of split-quaternion numbers. In addition we obtained representation formulae for immersions in terms of loop group theory [5]. The purpose of this paper is to develop a corresponding setting for timelike surfaces of constant mean curvature in Minkowski 3-space. In contrast to the case of spacelike surfaces or timelike extremal surfaces, no systematic theory exists for timelike constant (nonzero) mean curvature surfaces. For this reason, we shall devote Section 1 to preliminary materials. The reformulation of the fundamental equations will be carried out in Section 2. As a result we obtain a

63 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors studied curves and surfaces in 3-dimensional contact manifolds whose mean curvature vector is in the kernel of certain elliptic dieren tial operators.

Abstract: Biharmonic or polyharmonic curves and surfaces in 3-dimensional contact manifolds are investigated. Introduction. This paper concerns curves and surfaces in 3-dimen- sional contact manifolds whose mean curvature vector eld is in the kernel of certain elliptic dieren tial operators. First we study submanifolds whose mean curvature vector eld is in the kernel of the Laplacian (submanifolds with harmonic mean curvature vector elds). The study of such submanifolds is inspired by a conjecture of Bang-yen Chen (14):

58 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors construct explicit solutions to continuous motion of discrete plane curves described by a semi-discrete potential modified KdV equation in terms of the \tau$ function.

Abstract: We construct explicit solutions to continuous motion of discrete plane curves described by a semi-discrete potential modified KdV equation. Explicit formulas in terms the $\tau$ function are presented. Backlund transformations of the discrete curves are also discussed. We finally consider the continuous limit of discrete motion of discrete plane curves described by the discrete potential modified KdV equation to motion of smooth plane curves characterized by the potential modified KdV equation.

56 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors study Lancret type problems for curves in Sasakian 3-manifolds and prove that a curve in Euclidean 3-space is of constant slope if and only if its ratio of curvature and torsion is constant.

Abstract: A classical theorem by Lancret says that a curve in Euclidean 3-space is of constant slope if and only if its ratio of curvature and torsion is constant. In this paper we study Lancret type problems for curves in Sasakian 3-manifolds.

55 citations

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08 Dec 2004

TL;DR: In this article, the Darboux transformation is applied to the 2-dimensional Gelfand-Dickey system and the result is that the transformation is invariant to the dimension of the system.

Abstract: Preface.- 1. 1+1 Dimensional Integrable Systems.- 1.1 KdV equation, MKdV equation and their Darboux transformations. 1.1.1 Original Darboux transformation. 1.1.2 Darboux transformation for KdV equation. 1.1.3 Darboux transformation for MKdV equation. 1.1.4 Examples: single and double soliton solutions. 1.1.5 Relation between Darboux transformations for KdV equation and MKdV equation. 1.2 AKNS system. 1.2.1 2 x 2 AKNS system. 1.2.2 N x N AKNS system. 1.3 Darboux transformation. 1.3.1 Darboux transformation for AKNS system. 1.3.2 Invariance of equations under Darboux transformations. 1.3.3 Darboux transformations of higher degree and the theorem of permutability. 1.3.4 More results on the Darboux matrices of degree one. 1.4 KdV hierarchy, MKdV-SG hierarchy, NLS hierarchy and AKNS system with u(N) reduction. 1.4.1 KdV hierarchy. 1.4.2 MKdV-SG hierarchy. 1.4.3 NLS hierarchy. 1.4.4 AKNS system with u(N) reduction. 1.5 Darboux transformation and scattering, inverse scattering theory. 1.5.1 Outline of the scattering and inverse scattering theory for the 2 x 2 AKNS system . 1.5.2 Change of scattering data under Darboux transformations for su(2) AKNS system. 2. 2+1 Dimensional Integrable Systems.- 2.1 KP equation and its Darboux transformation. 2.2 2+1 dimensional AKNS system and DS equation. 2.3 Darboux transformation. 2.3.1 General Lax pair. 2.3.2 Darboux transformation of degree one. 2.3.3 Darboux transformation of higher degree and the theorem of permutability. 2.4 Darboux transformation and binary Darboux transformation for DS equation. 2.4.1 Darboux transformation for DSII equation. 2.4.2 Darboux transformation and binary Darboux transformation for DSI equation. 2.5 Application to 1+1 dimensional Gelfand-Dickey system. 2.6 Nonlinear constraints and Darboux transformation in 2+1 dimensions. 3. N + 1 Dimensional Integrable Systems.- 3.1 n + 1 dimensional AKNS system. 3.1.1 n + 1 dimensional AKNS system. 3.1.2Examples. 3.2 Darboux transformation and soliton solutions. 3.2.1 Darboux transformation. 3.2.2 u(N) case. 3.2.3 Soliton solutions. 3.3 A reduced system on Rn. 4. Surfaces of Constant Curvature, Backlund Congruences.- 4.1 Theory of surfaces in the Euclidean space R3. 4.2 Surfaces of constant negative Gauss curvature, sine-Gordon equation and Backlund transformations. 4.2.1 Relation between sine-Gordon equation and surface of constant negative Gauss curvature in R3. 4.2.2 Pseudo-spherical congruence. 4.2.3 Backlund transformation. 4.2.4 Darboux transformation. 4.2.5 Example. 4.3 Surface of constant Gauss curvature in the Minkowski space R2,1 and pseudo-spherical congruence. 4.3.1 Theory of surfaces in the Minkowski space R2,1. 4.3.2 Chebyshev coordinates for surfaces of constant Gauss curvature. 4.3.3 Pseudo-spherical congruence in R2,1. 4.3.4 Backlund transformation and Darboux transformation for surfaces of constant Gauss curvature in R2,1. 4.4 Orthogonal frame and Lax pair. 4.5 Surface of constant mean curvature. 4.5.1 Parallel surface in Euclidean space. 4.5.2 Construction of surfaces. 4.5.3 The case in Minkowski space. 5. Darboux Transformation and Harmonic Map.- 5.1 Definition of harmonic map and basic equations. 5.2 Harmonic maps from R2 or R1,1 to S2, H2 or S1,1. 5.3 Harmonic maps from R1,1 to U(N). 5.3.1 Riemannian metric on U(N). 5.3.2 Harmonic maps from R1,1 to U(N). 5.3.3 Single soliton solutions. 5.3.4 Multi-soliton solutions. 5.4 Harmonic maps from R2 to U(N). 5.4.1 Harmonic maps from R2 to U(N) and their Darboux transformations. 5.4.2 Soliton solutions. 5.4.3 Uniton. 5.4.4 Darboux transformation and singular Darboux transformation for unitons. 6. Generalized Self-Dual Yang-Mills and Yang-Mills-Higgs Equations.- 6.1 Generalized self-dual Yang-Mills flow. 6.1.1 Generalized self-dual Yang-Mills flow. 6.1.2 Darboux transformation. 6.1.3 Example. 6.1.4 Relation with AKNS system. 6.2 Yang-Mills-Higgs

235 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a natural generalization of harmonic maps and minimal immersions can be given by considering the functionals obtained integrating the square of the norm of the tension field or of the mean curvature vector field, respectively.

Abstract: and the corresponding Euler-Lagrange equation is H = 0, where H is the mean curvature vector field. If φ : (M, g) → (N, h) is a Riemannian immersion, then it is a critical point of the bienergy in C∞(M,N) if and only if it is a minimal immersion [26]. Thus, in order to study minimal immersions one can look at harmonic Riemannian immersions. A natural generalization of harmonic maps and minimal immersions can be given by considering the functionals obtained integrating the square of the norm of the tension field or of the mean curvature vector field, respectively. More precisely: • biharmonic maps are the critical points of the bienergy functional E2 : C∞(M,N) → R, E2(φ) = 12 ∫

178 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the Confluent Hypergeometric Functions (CGF) are used to express the hypergeometric functions of a given hypergeometrical function in the form of a convex polygon.

Abstract: Confluent Hypergeometric Functions By Dr L J Slater Pp ix + 247 (Cambridge: At the University Press, 1960) 65s net

167 citations

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TL;DR: The concept of Null Cartan Curves (unique existence theorem) was introduced in this paper. But the concept of null Cartan curves has not yet been applied in 3D and 4D Mechanical Systems and 3D Null Curves Lightlike Hypersurfaces.

Abstract: The Concept of Null Curves Null Curves in Lorentzian Manifolds Null Curves in Semi-Riemannian Manifolds Geometry of Null Cartan Curves (Unique Existence Theorems) Applications: Null Soliton Solutions in 3D and 4D Mechanical Systems and 3D Null Curves Lightlike Hypersurfaces Geometry and Physics of Null Geodesics.

150 citations