June Teufel Dreyer
Bio: June Teufel Dreyer is an academic researcher from University of Miami. The author has contributed to research in topics: China & Politics. The author has an hindex of 14, co-authored 81 publications receiving 827 citations. Previous affiliations of June Teufel Dreyer include Miami University & Ursinus College.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 1996
TL;DR: The role of the military, education, and quality-of-life issues in the political system of the Chinese Republic of China are discussed in this paper, with a focus on the role of ethnic minorities.
Abstract: Introduction - The Chinese Tradition - Reformers, Warlords, and Communists - The Communist Road to Power - PRC Politics Under Mao: 1949-1976 - PRC Politics Under Deng: 1976-1995 - The Politics of the Economy - Crime and Punishment: The Legal System of the PRC - The Role of the Military - Education - Quality-of-Life Issues: Health, Demography, and the Environment - Conformity and Dissent: The Politics of the Arts and Journalism - Ethnic Minorities and National Integration - Minorities Policy in Practice - Foreign Policy - Conclusions
TL;DR: In this article, a study of past and present policies of the People's Republic of China towards its numerous and varied minority groups, a subject about which there is scant information in the West, is presented.
Abstract: This book is a study of past and present policies of the People's Republic of China towards its numerous and varied minority groups, a subject about which there is scant information in the West. It examines the impact of Chinese culture on these diverse groups and China's attempt to bring them into the mainstream of Han life. The impact of the Cultural Revolution on the minority peoples, the future of Tibet, and the implications of Chinese minorities policies for Sino-Soviet relations are among the topics discussed in this book.
TL;DR: In the Tibet Autonomous region of China, the average Tibetan is better fed and clothed than in the past as mentioned in this paper, but economic rates of return are low and dropping, raising fears that the TAR is becoming more dependent on external aid.
Abstract: After 20 years of central government efforts that include generous state subsidies, the Tibet Autonomous Region remains China's poorest administrative unit. Growth rates over the past decade have exceeded the national average, while the average Tibetan is better fed and clothed than in the past. However, development has been extensive, resulting from higher subsidies, rather than intensive. Economic rates of return are low and dropping, raising fears that the TAR is becoming more dependent on external aid. There are also questions about the distribution of benefits between both Han versus Tibetans and urban versus rural dwellers; the impact of development projects on the environment; and their deleterious effects on traditional Tibetan culture.
01 Jan 1976
•01 Jan 2009
TL;DR: A survey of the literature and institutions of International Security Studies (ISS) can be found in this paper, along with a detailed institutional account of ISS in terms of its journals, departments, think tanks and funding sources.
Abstract: International Security Studies (ISS) has changed and diversified in many ways since 1945. This book provides the first intellectual history of the development of the subject in that period. It explains how ISS evolved from an initial concern with the strategic consequences of superpower rivalry and nuclear weapons, to its current diversity in which environmental, economic, human and other securities sit alongside military security, and in which approaches ranging from traditional Realist analysis to Feminism and Post-colonialism are in play. It sets out the driving forces that shaped debates in ISS, shows what makes ISS a single conversation across its diversity, and gives an authoritative account of debates on all the main topics within ISS. This is an unparalleled survey of the literature and institutions of ISS that will be an invaluable guide for all students and scholars of ISS, whether traditionalist, ‘new agenda’ or critical. • The first book to tell the post-1945 story of International Security Studies and offer an integrated historical sociology of the whole field • Opens the door to a long-overdue conversation about what ISS is and where it should be going • Provides a detailed institutional account of ISS in terms of its journals, departments, think tanks and funding sources
TL;DR: Using a new biographical database of Central Committee members, a previously overlooked feature of CCP reporting, and a novel Bayesian method that can estimate individual-level correlates of partially observed ranks, the authors found no evidence that strong growth performance was rewarded with higher party ranks at any of the postreform party congresses.
Abstract: Spectacular economic growth in China suggests the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has somehow gotten it right. A key hypothesis in both economics and political science is that the CCP's cadre evaluation system, combined with China's geography-based governing logic, has motivated local administrators to compete with one another to generate high growth. We raise a number of theoretical and empirical challenges to this claim. Using a new biographical database of Central Committee members, a previously overlooked feature of CCP reporting, and a novel Bayesian method that can estimate individual-level correlates of partially observed ranks, we find no evidence that strong growth performance was rewarded with higher party ranks at any of the postreform party congresses. Instead, factional ties with various top leaders, educational qualifications, and provincial revenue collection played substantial roles in elite ranking, suggesting that promotion systems served the immediate needs of the regime and its leaders, rather than encompassing goals such as economic growth.
•01 Jan 2000
TL;DR: Xinzhong Yao as mentioned in this paper presents Confucianism as a tradition with many dimensions and as an ancient tradition with contemporary appeal, and draws together the many strands of Confucians in a style accessible to students, teachers, and general readers interested in one of the world's major religious traditions.
Abstract: Taking into account the long history and wide range of Confucian Studies, this book introduces Confucianism - initiated in China by Confucius (551 BC–479 BC) - primarily as a philosophical and religious tradition. It pays attention to Confucianism in both the West and the East, focussing on the tradition's doctrines, schools, rituals, sacred places and terminology, but also stressing the adaptations, transformations and new thinking taking place in modern times. Xinzhong Yao presents Confucianism as a tradition with many dimensions and as an ancient tradition with contemporary appeal. This gives the reader a richer and clearer view of how Confucianism functioned in the past and of what it means in the present. A Chinese scholar based in the West, he draws together the many strands of Confucianism in a style accessible to students, teachers, and general readers interested in one of the world's major religious traditions.
•01 Jan 2005
TL;DR: In this article, the authors argue that differences in these factors give rise to four major syndromes of corruption: Influence Markets, Elite Cartels, Oligarchs and Clans, and Official Moguls.
Abstract: Corruption is a threat to democracy and economic development in many societies. It arises in the ways people pursue, use and exchange wealth and power, and in the strength or weakness of the state, political and social institutions that sustain and restrain those processes. Differences in these factors, Michael Johnston argues, give rise to four major syndromes of corruption: Influence Markets, Elite Cartels, Oligarchs and Clans, and Official Moguls. In this 2005 book, Johnston uses statistical measures to identify societies in each group, and case studies to show that the expected syndromes do arise. Countries studied include the United States, Japan and Germany (Influence Markets); Italy, Korea and Botswana (Elite Cartels); Russia, the Philippines and Mexico (Oligarchs and Clans); and China, Kenya, and Indonesia (Offical Moguls). A concluding chapter explores reform, emphasising the ways familiar measures should be applied - or withheld, lest they do harm - with an emphasis upon the value of 'deep democratisation'.
Abstract: Part 1 Muslim nationalism in China - a fourth tide: Qing Zhen - expressions of Hui identity state power and the evolution of an ethnonym the problem - who are the Hui? sociocultural diversity among the Hui three tides of Islam in China the fourth tide - ethnic nationalism in an age of nation-states. Part 2 Ethnographic research and the Chinese state: theoretical perspectives on Hui identity the rise of the nation-state and the invention of ethnicity Han nationalism and the creation of nationalities in China derivative discourses and Chinese traditional nationalism the ethnogenesis of the Hui - from Muslim to minority nationality the research - in search of the Hui the unity and diversity of Hui identity - four communities in flux. Part 3 Ethnoreligious resurgence in a northwestern Sufi community: a fundamentalist revivial in Na homestead? the rerooting of identity in Na homestead ethnoreligious roots the socioeconomic context local government policies and Na national identity truth within purity - expressions of Na identity. Part 4 Ethnic identity in Oxen Street - the urban experience: making Hui in the city - the urban problem Oxen street, an urban Hui enclave recurring texts in Oxen Street the socioeconomic context of Oxen Street Hui identity government policy and urban strategies the culture of purity - Hui identity in the city. Part 5 The other great wall - ethnic endogamy and exclusivity in a Hui autonomous village: ethnohistorical origins of a Hui autonomous village ethnic coherence and Changying identity Changying traditions of rural entrepreneurship ethnoreligious marriage traditions in Changying preserving purity through ethnic endogamy - ethnoreligious strategies and government policy in Changying. Part 6 Ethnic invention and state intervention in a southeastern lineage: no pigs for these ancestors - the memory of Muslim ancestry in Chendai the cultural basis for Chendai Hui identity socioeconomic factors in Chendai Hui identity ethnic identity and national policy - the \"Taiwanese Muslims\" public policy and ethnic revitalization in Chendai becoming ethnic in China purity within truth - Hui identity among southeastern lineages. Part 7 Conclusion - national identity in the Chinese nation-state: the people of the People's Republic - finally in the vanguard? the social life of labels objectified ethnonyms in the northwest the hardening of ethnonyms in the southwest \"sub-ethnic\" identities and the question of Han ethnicity the rise of \"united nationalities\" ethnic pluralism in Chinese society the dialectics of nationality policy and Hui identity ethnicity and nationalism in the People's Republic. Appendices: Hui Islamic orders in China a select glossary of Hui Islamic terms.