Author

# Juris Hartmanis

Other affiliations: National Research Council, General Electric

Bio: Juris Hartmanis is an academic researcher from Cornell University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Structural complexity theory & Computational complexity theory. The author has an hindex of 46, co-authored 171 publication(s) receiving 10705 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Juris Hartmanis include National Research Council & General Electric.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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01 Jan 2001

TL;DR: Simplified variants that omit a quadratic function and a fixed rotation in RC6 are examined to clarify their essential contribution to the overall security of RC6.

Abstract: RC6 has been submitted as a candidate for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES). Two important features of RC6 that were absent from its predecessor RC5 are a quadratic function and a fixed rotation. By examining simplified variants that omit these features we clarify their essential contribution to the overall security of RC6.

1,487 citations

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01 Jun 1996

TL;DR: Using partial orders to tackle state explosion and persistent sets for verification of safety properties and model checking are used.

Abstract: Concurrent systems and semantics.- Using partial orders to tackle state explosion.- Persistent sets.- Sleep sets.- Verification of safety properties.- Model checking.- Experiments.- Conclusions.

1,050 citations

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01 Jan 1966

565 citations

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TL;DR: It is shown that complete sets in EXPTIME and EXPTAPE cannot be sparse and therefore they cannot be over a single letter alphabet, and the hardest context-sensitive languages can be sparse.

Abstract: If all $NP$ complete sets are isomorphic under deterministic polynomial time mappings (p-isomorphic) then $P
e NP$ and if all PTAPE complete sets are P-isomorphic then $P
e {\text{PTAPE}}$. We show that all $NP$ complete sets known (in the literature) are indeed p-isomorphic and so are the known PTAPE complete sets. This shows that, in spite of the radically different origins and attempted simplification of these sets, all the known $NP$ complete sets are identical but for simple isomorphic codings computable in deterministic polynomial time.Furthermore, if all $NP$ complete sets are p-isomorphic then they all must have similar densities and, for example, no language over a single letter alphabet can be $NP$ complete, nor can any sparse language over an arbitrary alphabet be $NP$ complete. We show that complete sets in EXPTIME and EXPTAPE cannot be sparse and therefore they cannot be over a single letter alphabet. Similarly, we show that the hardest context-sensitive languages cannot be sparse. We als...

478 citations

##### Cited by

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TL;DR: Machine learning addresses many of the same research questions as the fields of statistics, data mining, and psychology, but with differences of emphasis.

Abstract: Machine Learning is the study of methods for programming computers to learn. Computers are applied to a wide range of tasks, and for most of these it is relatively easy for programmers to design and implement the necessary software. However, there are many tasks for which this is difficult or impossible. These can be divided into four general categories. First, there are problems for which there exist no human experts. For example, in modern automated manufacturing facilities, there is a need to predict machine failures before they occur by analyzing sensor readings. Because the machines are new, there are no human experts who can be interviewed by a programmer to provide the knowledge necessary to build a computer system. A machine learning system can study recorded data and subsequent machine failures and learn prediction rules. Second, there are problems where human experts exist, but where they are unable to explain their expertise. This is the case in many perceptual tasks, such as speech recognition, hand-writing recognition, and natural language understanding. Virtually all humans exhibit expert-level abilities on these tasks, but none of them can describe the detailed steps that they follow as they perform them. Fortunately, humans can provide machines with examples of the inputs and correct outputs for these tasks, so machine learning algorithms can learn to map the inputs to the outputs. Third, there are problems where phenomena are changing rapidly. In finance, for example, people would like to predict the future behavior of the stock market, of consumer purchases, or of exchange rates. These behaviors change frequently, so that even if a programmer could construct a good predictive computer program, it would need to be rewritten frequently. A learning program can relieve the programmer of this burden by constantly modifying and tuning a set of learned prediction rules. Fourth, there are applications that need to be customized for each computer user separately. Consider, for example, a program to filter unwanted electronic mail messages. Different users will need different filters. It is unreasonable to expect each user to program his or her own rules, and it is infeasible to provide every user with a software engineer to keep the rules up-to-date. A machine learning system can learn which mail messages the user rejects and maintain the filtering rules automatically. Machine learning addresses many of the same research questions as the fields of statistics, data mining, and psychology, but with differences of emphasis. Statistics focuses on understanding the phenomena that have generated the data, often with the goal of testing different hypotheses about those phenomena. Data mining seeks to find patterns in the data that are understandable by people. Psychological studies of human learning aspire to understand the mechanisms underlying the various learning behaviors exhibited by people (concept learning, skill acquisition, strategy change, etc.).

12,323 citations

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01 Jan 1974

TL;DR: This text introduces the basic data structures and programming techniques often used in efficient algorithms, and covers use of lists, push-down stacks, queues, trees, and graphs.

Abstract: From the Publisher:
With this text, you gain an understanding of the fundamental concepts of algorithms, the very heart of computer science. It introduces the basic data structures and programming techniques often used in efficient algorithms. Covers use of lists, push-down stacks, queues, trees, and graphs. Later chapters go into sorting, searching and graphing algorithms, the string-matching algorithms, and the Schonhage-Strassen integer-multiplication algorithm. Provides numerous graded exercises at the end of each chapter.
0201000296B04062001

9,164 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, the authors considered factoring integers and finding discrete logarithms on a quantum computer and gave an efficient randomized algorithm for these two problems, which takes a number of steps polynomial in the input size of the integer to be factored.

Abstract: A digital computer is generally believed to be an efficient universal computing device; that is, it is believed able to simulate any physical computing device with an increase in computation time by at most a polynomial factor. This may not be true when quantum mechanics is taken into consideration. This paper considers factoring integers and finding discrete logarithms, two problems which are generally thought to be hard on a classical computer and which have been used as the basis of several proposed cryptosystems. Efficient randomized algorithms are given for these two problems on a hypothetical quantum computer. These algorithms take a number of steps polynomial in the input size, e.g., the number of digits of the integer to be factored.

7,427 citations

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25 Apr 2008

TL;DR: Principles of Model Checking offers a comprehensive introduction to model checking that is not only a text suitable for classroom use but also a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in the field.

Abstract: Our growing dependence on increasingly complex computer and software systems necessitates the development of formalisms, techniques, and tools for assessing functional properties of these systems. One such technique that has emerged in the last twenty years is model checking, which systematically (and automatically) checks whether a model of a given system satisfies a desired property such as deadlock freedom, invariants, and request-response properties. This automated technique for verification and debugging has developed into a mature and widely used approach with many applications. Principles of Model Checking offers a comprehensive introduction to model checking that is not only a text suitable for classroom use but also a valuable reference for researchers and practitioners in the field. The book begins with the basic principles for modeling concurrent and communicating systems, introduces different classes of properties (including safety and liveness), presents the notion of fairness, and provides automata-based algorithms for these properties. It introduces the temporal logics LTL and CTL, compares them, and covers algorithms for verifying these logics, discussing real-time systems as well as systems subject to random phenomena. Separate chapters treat such efficiency-improving techniques as abstraction and symbolic manipulation. The book includes an extensive set of examples (most of which run through several chapters) and a complete set of basic results accompanied by detailed proofs. Each chapter concludes with a summary, bibliographic notes, and an extensive list of exercises of both practical and theoretical nature.

4,450 citations

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Bell Labs

^{1}TL;DR: An overview of the design and structure of the verifier, its theoretical foundation, and an overview of significant practical applications are given.

Abstract: SPIN is an efficient verification system for models of distributed software systems. It has been used to detect design errors in applications ranging from high-level descriptions of distributed algorithms to detailed code for controlling telephone exchanges. The paper gives an overview of the design and structure of the verifier, reviews its theoretical foundation, and gives an overview of significant practical applications.

4,014 citations