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K Arockiam

Bio: K Arockiam is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Competence (human resources) & Apprenticeship. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 2 publications receiving 2 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors have undertaken a descriptive research study among the engineering Graduates (Fresh BE., and B.Tech.,) selected for one year Graduate Apprenticeship at a Heavy Engineering and Manufacturing Public Sector.
Abstract: The authors having an industrial / academic experience for more than 3 decades in various capacities and functions both in technical and as well managerial (HRM / HRD) is able to clearly gauge the required technical competecny , practical and behavioural skills of the executing personnel to drive the organization in an expected profitable zone amidst the prevailing competitive business scenario. The authors find huge gap between the expected and existing competency among the industrial aspirants. Also the authors believe that the location of Engineering Colleges have much impact on the development of competencies among industrial aspirants and hence this study. The authors have undertaken the present Descriptive Research study among the Engineering Graduates (Fresh BE., and B.Tech.,) selected for one year Graduate Apprenticeship at a Heavy Engineering and Manufacturing Public Sector. The sample size was 149 having the mixture of major discipline in Engineering and passed out from different colleges in Tamilnadu. Data were collected at the time of their joining by using census sampling procedure through a pre-designed interview schedule. Appropriate statistical tools have been used for analysis and the results. Keywords-Technical Competency, Practical and Behavioral skills, Industrial Aspirants

2 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Mar 2022
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors examined the possible relationships between social support, psychological well-being and the quality of life of retired pensioners and found that there exists a strong positive relationship among social support.
Abstract: The employees working in the government sector retire from the service once they cross the age of superannuation and generally remain as the elderly population in society with the privilege of availing benefits of social security such as provident fund, gratuity and pension. There is a tendency among the people in our society that economic privileges of the retired elderly community enjoy better social support, enhanced psychological wellbeing and greater quality of life rather than a common elder who is not a retired pensioner from government service. Many studies have been conducted among the elderly population but very few among retired pensioners. Apart from the economic privileges, the retired pensioners also remain as generic elders. This study attempts to examine the possible relationships between social support, psychological well-being and the quality of life of pensioners. The study included 150 retired pensioners from a pensioner’s association in Madurai by using descriptive research design and self-structured tool. The results reveal that there exists a strong positive relationship among social support, psychological well-being and quality of life of retired pensioners. The developed model, which examined the relationship and influence among perceived social support, psychological well-being and quality of life, resulted in a good fit model. The study also disproves the notion that economic variables such as a monthly pension, employment engagement activities after retirement and secondary income sources apart from the pension are not the contributing factors of quality of life of the retired pensioner.

1 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors have undertaken a Descriptive Research study among the Engineering Graduates (Fresh BE., and B.Tech.,) selected for one year Graduate Apprenticeship at a Heavy Engineering and Manufacturing Public Sector.
Abstract: Latest Aspiring Minds National Employability Report reveals that only 20 per cent of the engineering graduates are employable. Career aspirations measure the strength of an aspirants’ intention to be active in a particular career field. Our notion of career aspiration shows similarities with the notion of 'career anchors' from Schein (Schein, 1977; Schein, 1994), who differentiates between managerial competence, technical competence, security, creativity, and autonomy / independence. Furthermore, career aspirations represent a type of mental self selection. This assumption is supported by the so-called “Person-Job-Fit-Theory“, relying on the hypothesis of a “congruence between person and working environment” (Weinert, 1998), according to which there is an agreement between the expectations, needs and values of the individual on the one hand and the circumstances, opportunities, parental income, education and chances, with which certain carrier fields can fulfill these aspirations on the other hand. Holland builds his theory of “vocational choice“(Holland, 1973, 1985) on a similar premise: There is an interaction between personality and behavioral characteristics and one’s vocational choices, so that people tend to move into career fields that are congruent with their personal qualities. Thus our concept works as a so-called “matching-model” (Hall, 1987b) that focuses on the match or fit between the personality traits and the career field. In the present paper the researchers do believe and bring out the influence of the Income and Education of the parents on the Career Aspirations of Industrial Aspirants. The authors have undertaken the present Descriptive Research study among the Engineering Graduates (Fresh BE., and B.Tech.,) selected for one year Graduate Apprenticeship at a Heavy Engineering and Manufacturing Public Sector. The sample size was 149 having the mixture of major discipline in Engineering and passed out from different colleges in Tamilnadu. Data were collected at the time of their joining by using census sampling procedure through a pre-designed interview schedule. Appropriate statistical tools have been used for analysis and the results. Keywords: Career Aspirations, Technical Competency, Practical and Behavioral skills, Industrial Aspirants, Income and Education of the parents.
Journal ArticleDOI
22 Jul 2022
TL;DR: In this article , the authors investigated the impact of socio-economic factors on knowledge management (KM) practice and concluded that the socioeconomic profile of the respondents has a prominent influence on the KM process by the chi-square test and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT).
Abstract: SMEs have a vital role in modern economies, as they are the primary source of entrepreneurial skills, innovation and employment. SMEs account for over 90% of enterprises worldwide, 50% of GDP and 60% of employment in many countries, implying that small businesses play a vital social and political role in national economic development. Despite their importance to many economies, however, SMEs are frequently locked in a cycle of low productivity and restricted expansion options. This article investigates the impact of socio-economic factors on knowledge management (KM) practice. The researcher has followed a non-experimental descriptive research design with a systematic sampling method. The sample size for this study is—164 employees from 3 companies in the Tiruchirappalli district with a total number of 822 employees. By using a payroll list in the companies, every fifth employee is considered as a sample for this study. This research has concluded that the socio-economic profile of the respondents has a prominent influence on the KM process by the chi-square test and Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT).

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Journal ArticleDOI
12 Oct 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors present an empirical study on the effects of the graduates' attributes on the readiness for employability and justified with existing theories in the higher educational institutes in Oman.
Abstract: The Omani higher education system has enlarged noticeably since 1970 both in the number of students and in the infrastructure. As a result, there has been a big investment to provide quality higher educational institutes capable of providing suitable graduates to fulfill the requirements of the labor. The mean purpose of the higher education system is to provide the nation with the quality education that meets the requirements of the 21st century with graduates having readiness for employability skills and competencies. However, The skills gap between HEIs graduates and industrial requirements in Oman and other regional Gulf countries is seen as one of the most important factors that affect the employment of graduates in the private sector because the graduate readiness for employability did not consider the graduate attributes factors which influence graduate readiness for employability. Therefore, the main objective of the current study is to determine the effects of the graduates’ attributes on the readiness for employability and justified with existing theories in the higher educational institutes in Oman. Specifically, this study intends to determine the influencing factors that contribute to the readiness of Engineering Graduates for Employability in the Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) in Oman. The study reviews the current literature on the effects of graduates’ attributes on the readiness for employability especially for Omani engineering graduates as the main source of information. The study is designed to determine and analyze graduates’ attributes factors and elements. The literature utilized for this study covers the latest literature (from 2013 to 2019) extracted from Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Scopus. The four main keywords used were ‘higher education’, ‘graduate attributes ‘or ‘readiness for employability, and ‘skills gap and justify with most relevant theories in the particular area’. The study summarized the empirical review on the graduate attributes which analyses the effects of graduate attributes on the graduates’ readiness for employability that will be considered as an empirical study on the graduates of the engineering colleges in Oman. The study explored review findings on the graduate readiness for employability framework from different graduates’ attributes and provisions perspectives. The results of the study will fill the gap in understanding the main graduate attributes factors affecting the attainment of graduates’ readiness for employability skills which has justified with most relevant theories in the particular. The study also recommends a policy guideline for ensuring of readiness of engineering graduates for employability in the HEIs in Oman.

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
27 Apr 2023
TL;DR: In this paper , the main quality-of-life indicators for older people in various European countries, considering sociological factors, were analyzed, and the results of the research are applied to establish the quality of life process as a dynamic, open and everevolving reality.
Abstract: The relevance of the study is that, in a healthy modern society, the economic and social development of pensioners is coordinated and synchronised with welfare, providing a solid material foundation for continuous improvement in living standards and quality of life. The social security system performs an irreplaceable role in promoting the coordinated and synchronised development of the economy and society. It is confirmed by the experience of European countries that have established and improved social security systems for people of the “third age”. The purpose of the study is to analyse the main quality-of-life indicators for older people in various European countries, considering sociological factors. To achieve the research purposes were used the following methods: comparative, deductive and survey. The fundamental problem in operationalising the concept of quality of life is to properly define the different aspects that constitute it. Efforts at description and classification cannot conceal the fact that all requirements are deeply interconnected, thus, establishing any type of hierarchy for satisfaction has counterproductive consequences as it ignores the interdependent relationships between different requirements. The results of the work have determined that inequalities indeed have a very adverse impact on the welfare and hence the quality of life of this population, and those mitigation mechanisms, whether public services or solidarity networks of the informal economy, improve this situation. In addition to quantitative proof, this comparison demonstrates that increasing the dimensions studied more accurately describes reality and provides nuances that cannot be ignored. The results of the research are applied to establish the quality of life process as a dynamic, open and ever-evolving reality. The practical relevance is in identifying and measuring the parameters that should be introduced into the concept of quality of life and include both objective and subjective aspects 
Journal ArticleDOI
14 Oct 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors developed a conceptual framework for the graduate readiness for employability and incorporated the graduate attributes including human capital attributes including social capital attributes, individual attributes, institution-related attributes, and active learning attributes moderated by gender, career, and moral mindset among Engineering Graduate in Oman.
Abstract: The Omani higher education system has enlarged noticeably since 1970 both in the number of students and in the infrastructure. As a result, there has been a wide investment to provide quality higher educational institutes capable of providing suitable graduates to fulfill the requirements of both public and private sectors with a focus on females to assure equal gender educational and career opportunities chances. Therefore, graduates’ readiness for employability has become a major issue for Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) in Oman due to the growing concern from governments and industries on the quality of the graduates. Therefore, the main objective of the current study is to develop a conceptual framework for the graduate readiness for employability and incorporates the graduate attributes including human capital attributes, social capital attributes, individual attributes, institution-related attributes, and active learning attributes moderated by gender, career, and moral mindset among Engineering Graduate in Oman. The study uses available sources of existing literature based on the four main keywords ‘higher education’, ‘graduate attributes ‘or ‘readiness for employability, and ‘skills gaps in Oman’. The study also justified by the following theories which are human capital; education and economy development; behavior theory; and motivation theory. The literature utilized for this study covers the latest literature (from 2013 to 2020) extracted from Google Scholar, ProQuest, and Scopus, and other online resources. Based on the summary findings, the study develops a framework that analyses the effects of influential factors on the graduate readiness for employability that will be considered as an empirical study on the graduates of the engineering colleges in Oman. Moreover, the study also concluded that there are moderating effects of gender, moral mindset, and career mindset on the influence factors and the graduate readiness for employability among Omani engineering colleges’ students. The results of the study will fill the gap in understanding the main factors affecting the attainment of graduates’ readiness for employability skills in Oman. The study recommends justifying this conceptual framework by empirical data from the Engineering Graduate in the Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) and draw a policy guideline for ensuring of readiness of engineering graduates for employability in the HEIs in Oman.