Other affiliations: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, École Polytechnique de Montréal, Université du Québec ...read more
Bio: Kamal Al-Haddad is an academic researcher from École de technologie supérieure. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Power factor & AC power. The author has an hindex of 61, co-authored 828 publication(s) receiving 21017 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Kamal Al-Haddad include Indian Institute of Technology Delhi & École Polytechnique de Montréal.
TL;DR: This paper presents a comprehensive review of active filter configurations, control strategies, selection of components, other related economic and technical considerations, and their selection for specific applications.
Abstract: Active filtering of electric power has now become a mature technology for harmonic and reactive power compensation in two-wire (single phase), three-wire (three phase without neutral), and four-wire (three phase with neutral) AC power networks with nonlinear loads. This paper presents a comprehensive review of active filter (AF) configurations, control strategies, selection of components, other related economic and technical considerations, and their selection for specific applications. It is aimed at providing a broad perspective on the status of AF technology to researchers and application engineers dealing with power quality issues. A list of more than 200 research publications on the subject is also appended for a quick reference.
TL;DR: This paper presents an exhaustive review of three-phase improved power quality AC-DC converters configurations, control strategies, selection of components, comparative factors, recent trends, their suitability, and selection for specific applications.
Abstract: Solid-state switch-mode rectification converters have reached a matured level for improving power quality in terms of power-factor correction (PFC), reduced total harmonic distortion at input AC mains and precisely regulated DC output in buck, boost, buck-boost and multilevel modes with unidirectional and bidirectional power flow. This paper deals with a comprehensive review of improved power quality converters (IPQCs) configurations, control approaches, design features, selection of components, other related considerations, and their suitability and selection for specific applications. It is targeted to provide a wide spectrum on the status of IPQC technology to researchers, designers and application engineers working on switched-mode AC-DC converters. A classified list of more than 450 research publications on the state of art of IPQC is also given for a quick reference.
•12 Dec 2014
TL;DR: Electrical Generation and Distribution Systems and Power Quality DisturbancesTerrorism and the Electric Power Delivery SystemPower Quality in Power Systems and Electrical MachinesAdvances in Electrical and Computer TechnologiesPower Quality Issues in Distributed GenerationPower QualityPower System HarmonicsUnderstanding Power Quality ProblemsPower Quality problems and Its Mitigation TechniquesPower Quality Problems and Mitigation Methods: Case Study at DBBFSignal Processing of Power QualitydisturbancesElectric Power QualityMicrogrid Architectures, Control and Protection MethodsPower Quality issues.
Abstract: Electrical Generation and Distribution Systems and Power Quality DisturbancesTerrorism and the Electric Power Delivery SystemPower Quality in Power Systems and Electrical MachinesAdvances in Electrical and Computer TechnologiesPower Quality Issues in Distributed GenerationPower QualityPower System HarmonicsUnderstanding Power Quality ProblemsPower Quality Problems and Its Mitigation TechniquesPower Quality Problems and Mitigation Methods: Case Study at DBBFSignal Processing of Power Quality DisturbancesElectric Power QualityMicrogrid Architectures, Control and Protection MethodsPower Quality IssuesComputing Algorithms with Applications in EngineeringICCCE 2020Renewable and Efficient Electric Power SystemsHandbook of Research on New Solutions and Technologies in Electrical Distribution NetworksGeomagnetic Disturbances Impacts on Power SystemsComputational Paradigm Techniques for Enhancing Electric Power QualityEmerging Trends in Electrical, Communications and Information TechnologiesPower Quality in Electrical SystemsElectric Power SystemsPower Quality in Modern Power SystemsPower System Protection in Smart Grid EnvironmentIntegration of Renewable Energy Sources with Smart Grid7th IEEE India International Conference on Power ElectronicsPower Electronics and Power QualityInstantaneous Power Theory and Applications to Power ConditioningElectrical Power Systems QualityHandbook on Battery Energy Storage SystemLoad Flow Optimization and Optimal Power FlowHandbook of Power QualityPower Quality in Power Systems and Electrical MachinesDistribution Reliability and Power QualityPower Quality Enhancement Using Custom Power DevicesPower System Harmonics Analysis, Effects and Mitigation Solutions for Power Quality ImprovementPower QualityBow Ties in Process Safety and Environmental ManagementPower System Control Under Cascading Failures
TL;DR: A computational control delay compensation method, which delaylessly and accurately generates the SAPF reference currents, is proposed, and various simulation and experimental results demonstrate the high performance of the nonlinear controller.
Abstract: This paper presents a nonlinear control technique for a three-phase shunt active power filter (SAPF). The method provides compensation for reactive, unbalanced, and harmonic load current components. A proportional-integral (PI) control law is derived through linearization of the inherently nonlinear SAPF system model, so that the tasks of current control dynamics and dc capacitor voltage dynamics become decoupled. This decoupling allows us to control the SAPF output currents and the dc bus voltage independently of each other, thereby providing either one of these decoupled subsystems a dynamic response that significantly slower than that of the other. To overcome the drawbacks of the conventional method, a computational control delay compensation method, which delaylessly and accurately generates the SAPF reference currents, is proposed. The first step is to extract the SAPF reference currents from the sensed nonlinear load currents by applying the synchronous reference frame method, where a three-phase diode bridge rectifier with R-L load is taken as the nonlinear load, and then, the reference currents are modified, so that the delay will be compensated. The converter, which is controlled by the described control strategy, guarantees balanced overall supply currents, unity displacement power factor, and reduced harmonic load currents in the common coupling point. Various simulation and experimental results demonstrate the high performance of the nonlinear controller.
Abstract: Fast acting static synchronous compensator (STATCOM), a representative of FACTS family, is a promising technology being extensively used as the state-of-the-art dynamic shunt compensator for reactive power control in transmission and distribution system. Over the last couple of decades, researchers and engineers have made path-breaking research on this technology and by virtue of which, many STATCOM controllers based on the self-commutating solid-state voltage-source converter (VSC) have been developed and commercially put in operation to control system dynamics under stressed conditions. Because of its many attributes, STATCOM has emerged as a qualitatively superior controller relative to the line commutating static VAR compensator (SVC). This controller is called with different terminologies as STATic COMpensator advanced static VAR compensator, advanced static VAR generator or static VAR generator, STATic CONdenser, synchronous solid-state VAR compensator, VSC-based SVC or self-commutated SVC or static synchronous compensator (SSC or S2C). The development of STATCOM controller employing various solid-state converter topologies, magnetics configurations, control algorithms, switching techniques and so on, has been well reported in literature with its versatile applications in power system. A review on the state-of-the-art STATCOM technology and further research potential are presented classifying more than 300 research publications.
TL;DR: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one, which seems an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality.
Abstract: There is, I think, something ethereal about i —the square root of minus one. I remember first hearing about it at school. It seemed an odd beast at that time—an intruder hovering on the edge of reality. Usually familiarity dulls this sense of the bizarre, but in the case of i it was the reverse: over the years the sense of its surreal nature intensified. It seemed that it was impossible to write mathematics that described the real world in …
Abstract: This paper reviews the current status and implementation of battery chargers, charging power levels, and infrastructure for plug-in electric vehicles and hybrids. Charger systems are categorized into off-board and on-board types with unidirectional or bidirectional power flow. Unidirectional charging limits hardware requirements and simplifies interconnection issues. Bidirectional charging supports battery energy injection back to the grid. Typical on-board chargers restrict power because of weight, space, and cost constraints. They can be integrated with the electric drive to avoid these problems. The availability of charging infrastructure reduces on-board energy storage requirements and costs. On-board charger systems can be conductive or inductive. An off-board charger can be designed for high charging rates and is less constrained by size and weight. Level 1 (convenience), Level 2 (primary), and Level 3 (fast) power levels are discussed. Future aspects such as roadbed charging are presented. Various power level chargers and infrastructure configurations are presented, compared, and evaluated based on amount of power, charging time and location, cost, equipment, and other factors.
Abstract: This work is devoted to review and analyze the most relevant characteristics of multilevel converters, to motivate possible solutions, and to show that we are in a decisive instant in which energy companies have to bet on these converters as a good solution compared with classic two-level converters. This article presents a brief overview of the actual applications of multilevel converters and provides an introduction of the modeling techniques and the most common modulation strategies. It also addresses the operational and technological issues.
Author's H-index: 61