Other affiliations: Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur
Bio: Kamlesh Tiwari is an academic researcher from Birla Institute of Technology and Science. The author has contributed to research in topics: Computer science & Biometrics. The author has an hindex of 11, co-authored 52 publications receiving 345 citations. Previous affiliations of Kamlesh Tiwari include Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur.
TL;DR: A complete coverage path planning model trained using deep blackreinforcement learning (RL) for the tetromino based reconfigurable robot platform called hTetro to simultaneously generate the optimal set of shapes for any pretrained arbitrary environment shape with a trajectory that has the least overall cost.
Abstract: Tiling robotics have been deployed in autonomous complete area coverage tasks such as floor cleaning, building inspection, and maintenance, surface painting. One class of tiling robotics, polyomino-based reconfigurable robots, overcome the limitation of fixed-form robots in achieving high-efficiency area coverage by adopting different morphologies to suit the needs of the current environment. Since the reconfigurable actions of these robots are produced by real-time intelligent decisions during operations, an optimal path planning algorithm is paramount to maximize the area coverage while minimizing the energy consumed by these robots. This paper proposes a complete coverage path planning (CCPP) model trained using deep blackreinforcement learning (RL) for the tetromino based reconfigurable robot platform called hTetro to simultaneously generate the optimal set of shapes for any pretrained arbitrary environment shape with a trajectory that has the least overall cost. To this end, a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) with Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) layers is trained using Actor Critic Experience Replay (ACER) reinforcement learning algorithm. The results are compared with existing approaches which are based on the traditional tiling theory model, including zigzag, spiral, and greedy search schemes. The model is also compared with the Travelling salesman problem (TSP) based Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) schemes. The proposed scheme generates a path with lower cost while also requiring lesser time to generate it. The model is also highly robust and can generate a path in any pretrained arbitrary environments.
TL;DR: A comprehensive review of multimodal human activity recognition methods where different types of sensors are being used along with their analytical approaches and fusion methods is presented in this paper, where the authors present classification and discussion of existing work within seven rational aspects.
Abstract: Human activity recognition (HAR) is one of the most important and challenging problems in the computer vision. It has critical application in wide variety of tasks including gaming, human–robot interaction, rehabilitation, sports, health monitoring, video surveillance, and robotics. HAR is challenging due to the complex posture made by the human and multiple people interaction. Various artifacts that commonly appears in the scene such as illuminations variations, clutter, occlusions, background diversity further adds the complexity to HAR. Sensors for multiple modalities could be used to overcome some of these inherent challenges. Such sensors could include an RGB-D camera, infrared sensors, thermal cameras, inertial sensors, etc. This article introduces a comprehensive review of different multimodal human activity recognition methods where different types of sensors being used along with their analytical approaches and fusion methods. Further, this article presents classification and discussion of existing work within seven rational aspects: (a) what are the applications of HAR; (b) what are the single and multi-modality sensing for HAR; (c) what are different vision based approaches for HAR; (d) what and how wearable sensors based system contributes to the HAR; (e) what are different multimodal HAR methods; (f) how a combination of vision and wearable inertial sensors based system contributes to the HAR; and (g) challenges and future directions in HAR. With a more and comprehensive understanding of multimodal human activity recognition, more research in this direction can be motivated and refined.
TL;DR: This paper investigates various feature-based automatic face recognition approaches in detail and provides a review of the facial recognition approaches individually dealing with issues of pose, illumination and expression.
Abstract: Face stands out as a preferable biometric trait for automatic human authentication as it is intuitive and non-intrusive. This paper investigates various feature-based automatic face recognition approaches in detail. High degree of freedom in head movement and human emotion leads a face recognition system to face critical challenges in terms of pose, illumination and expression. Human face also undergoes irreversible changes due to aging. These factors makes the process of face recognition non trivial and hard. This paper also provides a review of the facial recognition approaches individually dealing with these issues. Applications of face recognition in the forensic domain sometimes needs identification using a scanned facial image. The scenario is quite useful to get investigative leads. Important approaches for the same are also been discussed in the manuscript. Recent developments in the low-cost image capturing devices has flooded the facial image databases with a lot of images, at the same time availability of GPU based compute power has helped develop deep learning approaches to handle the face recognition at a very accurate and massive level. The same has also been surveyed and analyzed in the manuscript.
TL;DR: A finger-knuckle-print based authentication system by fusing multiple texture features, which contains new algorithms for extracting region of interest (ROI) with the help of curvature Gabor filters, image quality parameters, ROI enhancement using gradient based ordinal relationships, and dissimilarity measure for matching.
Abstract: This paper proposes a finger-knuckle-print based authentication system by fusing multiple texture features. It contains new algorithms for extracting region of interest (ROI) with the help of curvature Gabor filters, image quality parameters, ROI enhancement using gradient based ordinal relationships, and dissimilarity measure for matching. The proposed system has been tested on the largest publicly available finger-knuckle-print PolyU database consisting of 7920 finger-knuckle-print images obtained from 165 subjects in two sessions. It has shown good performance.
TL;DR: An efficient palmprint based automatic recognition system that uses local structure tensor to extract features from the palmprint and has been compared with two best known systems using PolyU database and has performed better than these two systems.
Abstract: This paper presents an efficient palmprint based automatic recognition system. It uses local structure tensor to extract features from the palmprint. Each enhanced palmprint image has been divided into sub-images and features are obtained based on local properties within the sub-image. Force field transformation is used to emphasize the texture of the palmprint and the chosen dominant orientation pixels are used for feature extraction to reduce the effect of noise. Structure tensor values of the dominant orientation pixels within a sub-image are averaged to form the tensor matrix for the sub-image. Eigen decomposition of each tensor matrix is used to generate the feature matrix. Euclidean distance between feature matrices of two palmprints has been used to make the decision on matching. The system has been tested on three databases viz. IITK, CASIA and PolyU and achieved high accuracy. It has also been compared with two best known systems using PolyU database and it has performed better than these two systems.
01 Jan 2007
TL;DR: In this article, Gabor et al. proposed a 3D face recognition method based on the LBP representation of the face and the texture of the textured part of the human face.
Abstract: Face Recognition.- Super-Resolved Faces for Improved Face Recognition from Surveillance Video.- Face Detection Based on Multi-Block LBP Representation.- Color Face Tensor Factorization and Slicing for Illumination-Robust Recognition.- Robust Real-Time Face Detection Using Face Certainty Map.- Poster I.- Motion Compensation for Face Recognition Based on Active Differential Imaging.- Face Recognition with Local Gabor Textons.- Speaker Verification with Adaptive Spectral Subband Centroids.- Similarity Rank Correlation for Face Recognition Under Unenrolled Pose.- Feature Correlation Filter for Face Recognition.- Face Recognition by Discriminant Analysis with Gabor Tensor Representation.- Fingerprint Enhancement Based on Discrete Cosine Transform.- Biometric Template Classification: A Case Study in Iris Textures.- Protecting Biometric Templates with Image Watermarking Techniques.- Factorial Hidden Markov Models for Gait Recognition.- A Robust Fingerprint Matching Approach: Growing and Fusing of Local Structures.- Automatic Facial Pose Determination of 3D Range Data for Face Model and Expression Identification.- SVDD-Based Illumination Compensation for Face Recognition.- Keypoint Identification and Feature-Based 3D Face Recognition.- Fusion of Near Infrared Face and Iris Biometrics.- Multi-Eigenspace Learning for Video-Based Face Recognition.- Error-Rate Based Biometrics Fusion.- Online Text-Independent Writer Identification Based on Stroke's Probability Distribution Function.- Arm Swing Identification Method with Template Update for Long Term Stability.- Walker Recognition Without Gait Cycle Estimation.- Comparison of Compression Algorithms' Impact on Iris Recognition Accuracy.- Standardization of Face Image Sample Quality.- Blinking-Based Live Face Detection Using Conditional Random Fields.- Singular Points Analysis in Fingerprints Based on Topological Structure and Orientation Field.- Robust 3D Face Recognition from Expression Categorisation.- Fingerprint Recognition Based on Combined Features.- MQI Based Face Recognition Under Uneven Illumination.- Learning Kernel Subspace Classifier.- A New Approach to Fake Finger Detection Based on Skin Elasticity Analysis.- An Algorithm for Biometric Authentication Based on the Model of Non-Stationary Random Processes.- Identity Verification by Using Handprint.- Reducing the Effect of Noise on Human Contour in Gait Recognition.- Partitioning Gait Cycles Adaptive to Fluctuating Periods and Bad Silhouettes.- Repudiation Detection in Handwritten Documents.- A New Forgery Scenario Based on Regaining Dynamics of Signature.- Curvewise DET Confidence Regions and Pointwise EER Confidence Intervals Using Radial Sweep Methodology.- Bayesian Hill-Climbing Attack and Its Application to Signature Verification.- Wolf Attack Probability: A New Security Measure in Biometric Authentication Systems.- Evaluating the Biometric Sample Quality of Handwritten Signatures.- Outdoor Face Recognition Using Enhanced Near Infrared Imaging.- Latent Identity Variables: Biometric Matching Without Explicit Identity Estimation.- Poster II.- 2^N Discretisation of BioPhasor in Cancellable Biometrics.- Probabilistic Random Projections and Speaker Verification.- On Improving Interoperability of Fingerprint Recognition Using Resolution Compensation Based on Sensor Evaluation.- Demographic Classification with Local Binary Patterns.- Distance Measures for Gabor Jets-Based Face Authentication: A Comparative Evaluation.- Fingerprint Matching with an Evolutionary Approach.- Stability Analysis of Constrained Nonlinear Phase Portrait Models of Fingerprint Orientation Images.- Effectiveness of Pen Pressure, Azimuth, and Altitude Features for Online Signature Verification.- Tracking and Recognition of Multiple Faces at Distances.- Face Matching Between Near Infrared and Visible Light Images.- User Classification for Keystroke Dynamics Authentication.- Statistical Texture Analysis-Based Approach for Fake Iris Detection Using Support Vector Machines.- A Novel Null Space-Based Kernel Discriminant Analysis for Face Recognition.- Changeable Face Representations Suitable for Human Recognition.- "3D Face": Biometric Template Protection for 3D Face Recognition.- Quantitative Evaluation of Normalization Techniques of Matching Scores in Multimodal Biometric Systems.- Keystroke Dynamics in a General Setting.- A New Approach to Signature-Based Authentication.- Biometric Fuzzy Extractors Made Practical: A Proposal Based on FingerCodes.- On the Use of Log-Likelihood Ratio Based Model-Specific Score Normalisation in Biometric Authentication.- Predicting Biometric Authentication System Performance Across Different Application Conditions: A Bootstrap Enhanced Parametric Approach.- Selection of Distinguish Points for Class Distribution Preserving Transform for Biometric Template Protection.- Minimizing Spatial Deformation Method for Online Signature Matching.- Pan-Tilt-Zoom Based Iris Image Capturing System for Unconstrained User Environments at a Distance.- Fingerprint Matching with Minutiae Quality Score.- Uniprojective Features for Gait Recognition.- Cascade MR-ASM for Locating Facial Feature Points.- Reconstructing a Whole Face Image from a Partially Damaged or Occluded Image by Multiple Matching.- Robust Hiding of Fingerprint-Biometric Data into Audio Signals.- Correlation-Based Fingerprint Matching with Orientation Field Alignment.- Vitality Detection from Fingerprint Images: A Critical Survey.- Optimum Detection of Multiplicative-Multibit Watermarking for Fingerprint Images.- Fake Finger Detection Based on Thin-Plate Spline Distortion Model.- Robust Extraction of Secret Bits from Minutiae.- Fuzzy Extractors for Minutiae-Based Fingerprint Authentication.- Coarse Iris Classification by Learned Visual Dictionary.- Nonlinear Iris Deformation Correction Based on Gaussian Model.- Shape Analysis of Stroma for Iris Recognition.- Biometric Key Binding: Fuzzy Vault Based on Iris Images.- Multi-scale Local Binary Pattern Histograms for Face Recognition.- Histogram Equalization in SVM Multimodal Person Verification.- Learning Multi-scale Block Local Binary Patterns for Face Recognition.- Horizontal and Vertical 2DPCA Based Discriminant Analysis for Face Verification Using the FRGC Version 2 Database.- Video-Based Face Tracking and Recognition on Updating Twin GMMs.- Poster III.- Fast Algorithm for Iris Detection.- Pyramid Based Interpolation for Face-Video Playback in Audio Visual Recognition.- Face Authentication with Salient Local Features and Static Bayesian Network.- Fake Finger Detection by Finger Color Change Analysis.- Feeling Is Believing: A Secure Template Exchange Protocol.- SVM-Based Selection of Colour Space Experts for Face Authentication.- An Efficient Iris Coding Based on Gauss-Laguerre Wavelets.- Hardening Fingerprint Fuzzy Vault Using Password.- GPU Accelerated 3D Face Registration / Recognition.- Frontal Face Synthesis Based on Multiple Pose-Variant Images for Face Recognition.- Optimal Decision Fusion for a Face Verification System.- Robust 3D Head Tracking and Its Applications.- Multiple Faces Tracking Using Motion Prediction and IPCA in Particle Filters.- An Improved Iris Recognition System Using Feature Extraction Based on Wavelet Maxima Moment Invariants.- Color-Based Iris Verification.- Real-Time Face Detection and Recognition on LEGO Mindstorms NXT Robot.- Speaker and Digit Recognition by Audio-Visual Lip Biometrics.- Modelling Combined Handwriting and Speech Modalities.- A Palmprint Cryptosystem.- On Some Performance Indices for Biometric Identification System.- Automatic Online Signature Verification Using HMMs with User-Dependent Structure.- A Complete Fisher Discriminant Analysis for Based Image Matrix and Its Application to Face Biometrics.- SVM Speaker Verification Using Session Variability Modelling and GMM Supervectors.- 3D Model-Based Face Recognition in Video.- Robust Point-Based Feature Fingerprint Segmentation Algorithm.- Automatic Fingerprints Image Generation Using Evolutionary Algorithm.- Audio Visual Person Authentication by Multiple Nearest Neighbor Classifiers.- Improving Classification with Class-Independent Quality Measures: Q-stack in Face Verification.- Biometric Hashing Based on Genetic Selection and Its Application to On-Line Signatures.- Biometrics Based on Multispectral Skin Texture.- Application of New Qualitative Voicing Time-Frequency Features for Speaker Recognition.- Palmprint Recognition Based on Directional Features and Graph Matching.- Tongue-Print: A Novel Biometrics Pattern.- Embedded Palmprint Recognition System on Mobile Devices.- Template Co-update in Multimodal Biometric Systems.- Continual Retraining of Keystroke Dynamics Based Authenticator.
01 Apr 2014
TL;DR: The analysis is provided on the basis of experience of hybrid war in Ukraine that have demonstrated the change of the target of military operations from military personnel and critical infrastructure to a human in general.
Abstract: The series "Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing" contains publications on theory, applications, and design methods of Intelligent Systems and Intelligent Computing. Virtually all disciplines such as engineering, natural sciences, computer and information science, ICT, economics, business, e-commerce, environment, healthcare, life science are covered. The list of topics spans all the areas of modern intelligent systems and computing such as: computational intelligence, soft computing including neural networks, fuzzy systems, evolutionary computing and the fusion of these paradigms, social intelligence, ambient intelligence, computational neuroscience, artificial life, virtual worlds and society, cognitive science and systems, Perception and Vision, DNA and immune based systems, self-organizing and adaptive systems, e-Learning and teaching, human-centered and human-centric computing, recommender systems, intelligent control, robotics and mechatronics including human-machine teaming, knowledge-based paradigms, learning paradigms, machine ethics, intelligent data analysis, knowledge management, intelligent agents, intelligent decision making and support, intelligent network security, trust management, interactive entertainment, Web intelligence and multimedia. The publications within "Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing" are primarily proceedings of important conferences, symposia and congresses. They cover significant recent developments in the field, both of a foundational and applicable character. An important characteristic feature of the series is the short publication time and world-wide distribution. This permits a rapid and broad dissemination of research results. Indexed by DBLP, EI Compendex, INSPEC, WTI Frankfurt eG, zbMATH, Japanese Science and Technology Agency (JST), SCImago. All books published in the series are submitted for consideration in Web of Science.
01 Jan 2016
TL;DR: The handbook of biometrics is universally compatible with any devices to read, and will help you to get the most less latency time to download any of the authors' books like this one.
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TL;DR: A unified framework is proposed to use a unified framework to classify palmprint images into four categories: 1) the contact-based; 2) contactless; 3) high-resolution; and 4) 3-D palm print images.
Abstract: Palmprint processes a number of unique features for reliable personal recognition. However, different types of palmprint images contain different dominant features. Instead, only some features of the palmprint are visible in a palmprint image, whereas the other features may not be notable. For example, the low-resolution palmprint image has visible principal lines and wrinkles. By contrast, the high-resolution palmprint image contains clear ridge patterns and minutiae points. In addition, the three dimensional (3-D) palmprint image possesses curvatures of the palmprint surface. So far, there is no work to summarize the feature extraction of different types of palmprint images. In this paper, we have an aim to completely study the feature extraction and recognition of palmprint. We propose to use a unified framework to classify palmprint images into four categories: 1) the contact-based; 2) contactless; 3) high-resolution; and 4) 3-D palmprint images. Then, we analyze the motivations and theories of the representative extraction and matching methods for different types of palmprint images. Finally, we compare and test the state-of-the-art methods via the widely used palmprint databases, and point out some potential directions for future research.
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: It is concluded that the problem of age-progression on face recognition (FR) is not unique to the algorithm used in this work, and the efficacy of this algorithm is evaluated against the variables of gender and racial origin.
Abstract: This paper details MORPH a longitudinal face database developed for researchers investigating all facets of adult age-progression, e.g. face modeling, photo-realistic animation, face recognition, etc. This database contributes to several active research areas, most notably face recognition, by providing: the largest set of publicly available longitudinal images; longitudinal spans from a few months to over twenty years; and, the inclusion of key physical parameters that affect aging appearance. The direct contribution of this data corpus for face recognition is highlighted in the evaluation of a standard face recognition algorithm, which illustrates the impact that age-progression, has on recognition rates. Assessment of the efficacy of this algorithm is evaluated against the variables of gender and racial origin. This work further concludes that the problem of age-progression on face recognition (FR) is not unique to the algorithm used in this work.