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Karim Manji

Bio: Karim Manji is an academic researcher from Teesside University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Context (language use) & Interface (computing). The author has an hindex of 6, co-authored 7 publications receiving 90 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper outlines some approaches to the realization of electronic book metaphors using optical media such as video disc and compact disc read‐only‐memory.
Abstract: SUMMARY An important requirement for effective learning is a student's ability to develop conceptual models that facilitate knowledge transfer within any particular domain of study. Learning metaphors offer a useful way of helping to achieve this objective. In this context, the electronic book metaphor is one which has been found particularly useful. This paper outlines some approaches to the realization of electronic book metaphors using optical media such as video disc and compact disc read‐only‐memory.

27 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Oct 1987
TL;DR: The findings suggest that this interface system is acceptable, sound, robust, easy to use and learn, and is sufficiently expressive.
Abstract: Human-computer interaction involves the movement of information between a human and a computer by means of suitably designed interface systems. Conventional interfaces for the transmission of text and other basic forms of data are now well established. Increasingly, various types of pictorial interface are being used to fabricate “user-friendly” dialogues with computers. This paper describes some approaches to human-computer communication via the use of conventional paper-based pictorial forms. Some attempts at evaluating ena-user reactions to the use of this type of interface are described. The results of the evaluation are very encouraging. Our findings suggest that this interface system is acceptable, sound, robust, easy to use and learn, and is sufficiently expressive.

19 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jul 1994
TL;DR: The universality of the book metaphor within modern culture and its relevance to many of the cognitive tasks involved in information delivery applications have provided the primary motivation for the adoption of this metaphor in much of the authors' work.
Abstract: Much of the success of iconic interfaces has occurred within application domains in which a consistent metaphor can be maintained. However, this approach can prove problematic when icons are designed for cross-cultural applications-where a generic metaphor can often prove elusive. Even when a suitable metaphor can be found the problem remains of developing icons (within a given metaphorical framework) for all the functionality that may be required. Within certain application domains this difficulty has been overcome by means of the parallel use of more than one metaphor. This is certainly true of iconic interfaces to information delivery applications (where ‘book’ and ‘travel’ metaphors are relatively common). The universality of the book metaphor within modern culture and its relevance to many of the cognitive tasks involved in information delivery applications have provided the primary motivation for our adoption of this metaphor in much of our work. However, we have also used multiple metaphor...

12 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Some approaches to using optical storage media for the creation of new types of interactive learning metaphor based upon the use of reactive media and the principle of surrogation are described.
Abstract: Advanced information technologies have made possible many new ways of storing, distributing, and accessing knowledge. Combined with appropriately designed user interfaces and suitable knowledge engineering techniques, optical storage media provide many new opportunities for instructional design. This paper describes some approaches to using these facilities for the creation of new types of interactive learning metaphor based upon the use of reactive media and the principle of surrogation. New types of instructional dialogue needed to support these metaphors are briefly outlined.

12 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper discusses some architectural blueprints for the creation of a successful courseware development centre and covers such topics as courseware engineering principles, authoring tools, media selection, workstation design, production strategies and the marketing of courseware products.

9 citations


Cited by
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Patent
13 Jun 2005
TL;DR: In this paper, a database search system that retrieves multimedia information in a flexible, user friendly system is presented, which uses a multimedia database consisting of text, picture, audio, and animated data.
Abstract: A database search system that retrieves multimedia information in a flexible, user friendly system. The search system uses a multimedia database consisting of text, picture, audio and animated data. That database is searched through multiple graphical and textual entry paths. Those entry paths include an idea search, a title finder search, a topic tree search, a picture explorer search, a history timeline search, a world atlas search, a researcher's assistant search, and a feature articles search.

232 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A model of teaching and learning that can be used as a basis for building new types of educational infrastructure based upon the use of web-based resources, peer group interaction and online tutoring is introduced.
Abstract: Many new ways are now becoming available for using computer-based communications technology to distribute and store online information. Such developments necessitate that we critically review the approaches that we employ for the realization of the educational infrastructures that are used for the support of teaching and learning activities. With this objective in mind, this paper introduces and discusses a model of teaching and learning that can be used as a basis for building new types of educational infrastructure based upon the use of web-based resources, peer group interaction and online tutoring. The special role that 'e-tutoring' plays within online courses is discussed and some of the implications of this activity for staff development are briefly outlined.

131 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors assess the impact of feedback, partner, and shared understanding in the course of problem solving and find that children who receive feedback improved significantly more than those who did not, but that the presence of a partner was only beneficial when children received no feedback.
Abstract: The goal of this research was to assess the impact of feedback, partner, and shared understanding in the course of problem solving. A sample of 180 6- to 9-year-olds was pretested to discover the children's "rule" for predicting the movement of a mathematical balance beam. For the treatment they either worked alone or with a partner who was equally, less, or more competent, with two-thirds receiving feedback from the materials. They subsequently participated in 2 individual posttests. The results revealed that children receiving feedback improved significantly more than those who did not, but that the presence of a partner was only beneficial when children received no feedback. Irrespective of feedback, those children whose partner exhibited higher-level reasoning were far more likely to benefit from collaboration than those whose partner did not, provided that the pair achieved shared understanding.

82 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A conceptual absorption of OL into KM is shown, which may enrich academic discussion and also provide some clarity to the conceptualization of these two fields, to jointly analyse the evolution of KM and OL.
Abstract: This paper aims to focus on research regarding organizational learning (OL) and knowledge management (KM), and to specifically investigate whether OL has been conceptually absorbed by KM.,This study is based on 16,185 articles from the Scopus and ISI Web of Science databases, using VantagePoint 10.0 software. The method used in this study is a systematic literature review covering KM and OL publications from the 1970s, when the OL field started to grow, up to 2016.,Nuclear processes of OL, creation and acquisition of knowledge, have been conceptually absorbed by KM literature in the past years.,Only two databases have been considered, Scopus and ISI Web of Science, because of their academic prestige. However, these databases include a large number of articles on KM and OL. Search terms used could exclude some relevant terms, although all major descriptive terms have been included.,This paper identifies thematic clusters in KM and OL, evolution of both fields, most cited authors and representative journals by topic.,This is the first paper to jointly analyse the evolution of KM and OL. This paper shows a conceptual absorption of OL into KM, which may enrich academic discussion and also provide some clarity to the conceptualization of these two fields.

81 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Assessment of the usability of menu items constructed of text, icons, and text-and-icons suggests that menus constructed of a mixed format result in the fewest number of incorrect selections by users.
Abstract: This paper presents a methodology and results of an experiment to assess the usability of menu items constructed of text, icons, and text-and-icons. Attributes of menu items are used to form a matrix which can be used to classify menu items for use in certain applications, tasks, or with users of particular experience levels. An experiment was conducted to validate a portion of the attribute matrix. Performance measures were accuracy of selection and time to make a selection. Results suggest that menus constructed of a mixed format (text and icons) result in the fewest number of incorrect selections by users. No significant differences in the time to make a selection were found.

65 citations