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Krishnan Balasubramaniam

Bio: Krishnan Balasubramaniam is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Ultrasonic sensor & Lamb waves. The author has an hindex of 40, co-authored 486 publication(s) receiving 6266 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Krishnan Balasubramaniam include University of Colorado Boulder & Marshall Space Flight Center.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Thomas R. Metcalf, K. D. Leka, Graham Barnes, Bruce W. Lites1  +11 moreInstitutions (8)
23 Jul 2006-Solar Physics
Abstract: We report here on the present state-of-the-art in algorithms used for resolving the 180° ambiguity in solar vector magnetic field measurements. With present observations and techniques, some assumption must be made about the solar magnetic field in order to resolve this ambiguity. Our focus is the application of numerous existing algorithms to test data for which the correct answer is known. In this context, we compare the algorithms quantitatively and seek to understand where each succeeds, where it fails, and why. We have considered five basic approaches: comparing the observed field to a reference field or direction, minimizing the vertical gradient of the magnetic pressure, minimizing the vertical current density, minimizing some approximation to the total current density, and minimizing some approximation to the field's divergence. Of the automated methods requiring no human intervention, those which minimize the square of the vertical current density in conjunction with an approximation for the vanishing divergence of the magnetic field show the most promise.

303 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Functionalized graphene–polyvinylidene fluoride (f-G–PVDF) nanocomposite films were synthesized using a simple solvent casting technique. The investigation demonstrates the real time strain response of f-G–PVDF nanocomposites on the macro-scale under tensile loads and the use of this nanocomposite as strain sensor. This is ascribed to the variation of electrical properties of graphene–polymer upon mechanical deformation at the nanoscale.

168 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We use the chromospheric full-disk Hα observations to study the chirality of 2310 filaments from 2000-2001. For each filament, we identify the spine and its barbs and determine the filament chirality as fraction of dextral/sinistral barbs of the total number of barbs. We find that 80.2% (558 out of 696) of quiescent filaments in the northern hemisphere are dextral and 85.5% (633 out of 740) of filaments in southern hemisphere are sinistral, in agreement with the well-known hemispheric helicity rule. Our data also show that the active-region filaments follow the same rule, though the hemispheric dependence is weaker: 74.9% (338 out of 451) of active-region filaments in the northern hemisphere are dextral, and 76.7% (297 out of 387) of filaments in the southern hemisphere are sinistral. We show that quiescent filaments formed on leading and returning arms of the same switchback exhibit the same chirality. We also investigate a possible change in the hemispheric rule with polarity reversal of the polar field, and we find no such change.

138 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The interaction of an ultrasonic guided Lamb wave mode with delamination type defects in a quasi-isotropic laminated composite plate has been studied, using both simulations and experiments. In a laminated composite plate with a symmetric delamination, when the primary anti-symmetric mode, Ao, is incident at the entrance and exit of a delamination, it generates a new mode, So, that is confined only to sub-laminates and undergoes multiple reflections in the delaminated region. It was observed that only the incident and mode-converted Ao modes propagate in the main laminate. The two modes reverberate between the two ends of the delaminations while undergoing multiple mode conversions, leading to a trail of signals that is captured by the finite element model. The numerical observations were validated using experiments conducted using air coupled ultrasonic transducers.

110 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
21 Feb 2012-Nanoscale
TL;DR: The simultaneous reduction of graphite oxide, melting of the polymer and embedding of reducedgraphite oxide nanoflakes in polymer offer a new way of synthesizing conducting graphene/polymer composites.
Abstract: In situ reduction of graphite oxide in polymer powder has been implemented using focused solar electromagnetic radiation. The simultaneous reduction of graphite oxide, melting of the polymer and embedding of reduced graphite oxide nanoflakes in polymer offer a new way of synthesizing conducting graphene/polymer composites. An electromechanical application of the present reduced graphite oxide–PVDF nanocomposite has been proposed with a gauge factor of 12.1.

108 citations

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B. A. Calhoun1Institutions (1)
01 Sep 1955-
Abstract: In this chapter, we will restrict our attention to the ferrites and a few other closely related materials. The great interest in ferrites stems from their unique combination of a spontaneous magnetization and a high electrical resistivity. The observed magnetization results from the difference in the magnetizations of two non-equivalent sub-lattices of the magnetic ions in the crystal structure. Materials of this type should strictly be designated as “ferrimagnetic” and in some respects are more closely related to anti-ferromagnetic substances than they are to ferromagnetics in which the magnetization results from the parallel alignment of all the magnetic moments present. We shall not adhere to this special nomenclature except to emphasize effects, which are due to the existence of the sub-lattices.

2,654 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2012-Solar Physics
Abstract: The Helioseismic and Magnetic Imager (HMI) instrument and investigation as a part of the NASA Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) is designed to study convection-zone dynamics and the solar dynamo, the origin and evolution of sunspots, active regions, and complexes of activity, the sources and drivers of solar magnetic activity and disturbances, links between the internal processes and dynamics of the corona and heliosphere, and precursors of solar disturbances for space-weather forecasts. A brief overview of the instrument, investigation objectives, and standard data products is presented.

1,936 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: In this present review, the current status of the intrinsic mechanical properties of the graphene-family of materials along with the preparation and properties of bulk graphene-based nanocomposites is thoroughly examined. The usefulness of Raman spectroscopy for the characterization and study of the mechanical properties of graphene flakes and their composites is clearly exhibited. Furthermore, the preparation strategies of bulk graphene-based nanocomposites are discussed and the mechanical properties of nanocomposites reported in the literature are analysed. In particular, through the analyse of several hundred literature papers on graphene composites, we have found a unique correlation between the filler modulus, derived from the rule of mixtures, and the composite matrix. This correlation is found to hold true across a wide range of polymer matrices and thus suggests that the common assumption that the filler modulus is independent of the matric is incorrect, explaining the apparent under performance of graphene in some systems. The presence of graphene even at very low loadings can provide significant reinforcement to the final material, while the parameters that affect the nanocomposite strongly are thoroughly reviewed. Finally, the potential applications and future perspectives are discussed with regard to scale up capabilities and possible developments of graphene-based nanocomposite materials.

987 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Chaoyi Yan1, Jiangxin Wang1, Wenbin Kang1, Mengqi Cui1  +4 moreInstitutions (1)
01 Apr 2014-Advanced Materials
TL;DR: The stretchable graphene nanopaper is demonstrated for efficient human-motion detection applications and is fabricated for strain-sensor applications.
Abstract: Highly stretchable graphene-nanocellulose composite nanopaper is fabricated for strain-sensor applications. Three-dimensional macroporous nanopaper from crumpled graphene and nanocellulose is embedded in elastomer matrix to achieve stretchability up to 100%. The stretchable graphene nanopaper is demonstrated for efficient human-motion detection applications.

829 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Apr 1956-Nature
Abstract: The Foundations of Statistics By Prof. Leonard J. Savage. (Wiley Publications in Statistics.) Pp. xv + 294. (New York; John Wiley and Sons, Inc.; London: Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1954.) 48s. net.

784 citations

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Author's H-index: 40

No. of papers from the Author in previous years