Author

# Larus Thorlacius

Other affiliations: Royal Institute of Technology, Princeton University, University of California, Santa Barbara ...read more

Bio: Larus Thorlacius is an academic researcher from University of Iceland. The author has contributed to research in topics: Black hole & Extremal black hole. The author has an hindex of 35, co-authored 122 publications receiving 5415 citations. Previous affiliations of Larus Thorlacius include Royal Institute of Technology & Princeton University.

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TL;DR: Three postulates asserting the validity of conventional quantum theory, semiclassical general relativity, and the statistical basis for thermodynamics are introduced as a foundation for the study of black-hole evolution are explained.

Abstract: Three postulates asserting the validity of conventional quantum theory, semiclassical general relativity, and the statistical basis for thermodynamics are introduced as a foundation for the study of black-hole evolution. We explain how these postulates may be implemented in a "stretched horizon" or membrane description of the black hole, appropriate to a distant observer. The technical analysis is illustrated in the simplified context of (1+1)-dimensional dilaton gravity. Our postulates imply that the dissipative properties of the stretched horizon arise from a course graining of microphysical degrees of freedom that the horizon must possess. A principle of black-hole complementarity is advocated. The overall viewpiont is similar to that poineered by 't Hooft but the detailed implementation is different.

1,186 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a model of 3+1 dimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant coupled to abelian gauge fields has been proposed as a gravity dual for Lifshitz like critical phenomena in 2+1 dimensions.

Abstract: A model of 3+1 dimensional gravity with negative cosmological constant coupled to abelian gauge fields has been proposed as a gravity dual for Lifshitz like critical phenomena in 2+1 dimensions. The finite temperature behavior is described by black holes that are asymptotic to the Lifshitz fixed point geometry. There is a one-parameter family of charged black holes, where the magnitude of the charge is uniquely determined by the black hole area. These black holes are thermodynamically stable and become extremal in the limit of vanishing size. The theory also has a discrete spectrum of localized objects described by non-singular spacetime geometries. The finite temperature behavior of Wilson loops is reminiscent of strongly coupled gauge theories in 3+1 dimensions, including screening at large distances.

273 citations

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TL;DR: Analysis of several gedanken experiments indicates that black hole complementarity cannot be ruled out on the basis of known physical principles and experiments designed by outside observers to disprove the existence of a quantum-mechanical stretched horizon require knowledge of Planck-scale effects.

Abstract: Analysis of several gedanken experiments indicates that black hole complementarity cannot be ruled out on the basis of known physical principles Experiments designed by outside observers to disprove the existence of a quantum-mechanical stretched horizon require knowledge of Planck-scale effects for their analysis Observers who fall through the event horizon after sampling the Hawking radiation cannot discover duplicate information inside the black hole before hitting the singularity Experiments by outside observers to detect baryon number violation will yield significant effects well outside the stretched horizon

256 citations

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TL;DR: Evidence is presented that degrees of freedom inside a black hole should not be viewed as independent from those outside the event horizon, and commutators of spacelike separated operators corresponding to ordinary low-energy observers in Minkowski space are strongly suppressed in string theory.

Abstract: The evaporation of a large mass black hole can be described throughout most of its lifetime by a low-energy effective theory defined on a suitably chosen set of smooth spacelike hypersurfaces. The conventional argument for information loss rests on the assumption that the effective theory is a local quantum field theory. We present evidence that this assumption fails in the context of string theory. The commutator of operators in light-front string theory, corresponding to certain low-energy observers on opposite sides of the event horizon, remains large even when these observers are spacelike separated by a macroscopic distance. This suggests that degrees of freedom inside a black hole should not be viewed as independent from those outside the event horizon. These nonlocal effects are only significant under extreme kinematic circumstances, such as in the high-redshift geometry of a black hole. Commutators of spacelike separated operators corresponding to ordinary low-energy observers in Minkowski space are strongly suppressed in string theory. \textcopyright{} 1995 The American Physical Society.

242 citations

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TL;DR: The formation and semi-classical evaporation of two-dimensional black holes is studied in an exactly solvable model where infalling matter is reflected from a time-like naked singularity and all information is recovered at spatial infinity.

Abstract: The formation and semi-classical evaporation of two-dimensional black holes is studied in an exactly solvable model. Above a certain threshold energy flux, collapsing matter forms a singularity inside an apparent horizon. As the black hole evaporates the apparent horizon recedes and meets the singularity in a finite proper time. The singularity emerges naked and future evolution of the geometry requires boundary conditions to be imposed there. There is a natural choice of boundary conditions which match the evaporated black hole solution onto the linear dilaton vacuum. Below the threshold energy flux no horizon forms and boundary conditions can be imposed where infalling matter is reflected from a time-like naked singularity. All information is recovered at spatial infinity in this case.

217 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a sedimentological core and petrographic characterisation of samples from eleven boreholes from the Lower Carboniferous of Bowland Basin (Northwest England) is presented.

Abstract: Deposits of clastic carbonate-dominated (calciclastic) sedimentary slope systems in the rock record have been identified mostly as linearly-consistent carbonate apron deposits, even though most ancient clastic carbonate slope deposits fit the submarine fan systems better. Calciclastic submarine fans are consequently rarely described and are poorly understood. Subsequently, very little is known especially in mud-dominated calciclastic submarine fan systems. Presented in this study are a sedimentological core and petrographic characterisation of samples from eleven boreholes from the Lower Carboniferous of Bowland Basin (Northwest England) that reveals a >250 m thick calciturbidite complex deposited in a calciclastic submarine fan setting. Seven facies are recognised from core and thin section characterisation and are grouped into three carbonate turbidite sequences. They include: 1) Calciturbidites, comprising mostly of highto low-density, wavy-laminated bioclast-rich facies; 2) low-density densite mudstones which are characterised by planar laminated and unlaminated muddominated facies; and 3) Calcidebrites which are muddy or hyper-concentrated debrisflow deposits occurring as poorly-sorted, chaotic, mud-supported floatstones. These

9,929 citations

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Rutgers University

^{1}, Harvard University^{2}, University of California, Berkeley^{3}, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory^{4}, CERN^{5}TL;DR: In this paper, the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory is discussed, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string theory on anti-de Sitter spaces and conformal field theories.

5,610 citations

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TL;DR: The Bekenstein-Hawking area entropy relation S BH = A 4 was derived for a class of five-dimensional extremal black holes in string theory by counting the degeneracy of BPS solition bound states.

3,497 citations

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TL;DR: The first part is an introduction to conformal field theory and string perturbation theory and the second part deals with the search for a deeper answer to the question posed in the title as discussed by the authors.

Abstract: The first part is an introduction to conformal field theory and string perturbation theory. The second part deals with the search for a deeper answer to the question posed in the title. Contents:
1. Conformal Field Theory
2. String Theory
3. Vacua and Dualities
4. String Field Theory or Not String Field Theory
5. Matrix Models

3,106 citations

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TL;DR: The Bekenstein-Hawking area-entropy relation for extremal black holes in string theory was derived in this paper by counting the degeneracy of BPS soliton bound states.

Abstract: The Bekenstein-Hawking area-entropy relation $S_{BH}=A/4$ is derived for a class of five-dimensional extremal black holes in string theory by counting the degeneracy of BPS soliton bound states.

2,410 citations