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Author

Lei Chen

Bio: Lei Chen is an academic researcher from Hefei University of Technology. The author has contributed to research in topics: Curtain wall & Flame spread. The author has co-authored 1 publications.

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TL;DR: In this paper, the effects of parallel curtain walls on the characteristics and mass loss rate of the upward flame spread over polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) have been experimentally studied.
Abstract: The effects of parallel curtain walls on the characteristics and mass loss rate of the upward flame spread over polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) have been experimentally studied. The experimental research variables were the sample size and separation distance of the curtain wall. In the experimental setup, a PMMA plate was attached to one of the curtain walls. The results were analyzed to assess the effect of the curtain wall separation distance on the flame height. The special condition of two curtain walls with only a small distance between them was also analyzed. Analysis of experiments with systematically varied distances between the curtain walls has provided insight into factors such as air entrainment and the chimney effect. The results show the flame height evolution trend with the separation distance, and a new correlation to predict the global mass loss rate of the PMMA plate under the influence of parallel curtain walls, which can potentially be used in curtain wall design through optimization of the separation distance given fire safety requirements and practical needs.

2 citations


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TL;DR: In this paper , a series of experiments are performed using a vertical array of thin discrete fuels separated by heat absorbing inert materials of different thicknesses, and an existing model for flame spread rate is updated by incorporating the heat absorbing effects of the gaps.
Abstract: Flame spread over discrete solid fuels has been of key research interest in the past few decades. Most studies considered an array of discrete fuels separated by air gaps or heat-insulating inert materials. The effects of heat loss due to the discrete configuration are not well understood. The present study aims to bridge this knowledge gap. A series of experiments are performed using a vertical array of thin discrete fuels separated by heat-absorbing inert materials of different thicknesses. For comparisons, experiments are also performed using discrete fuels separated by air gaps and using continuous fuel. The flame base spread rate is found to be generally higher in discrete fuel than in continuous fuel configurations, due to a reduced fuel load per unit length. It is also found that the air and inert gaps have opposite effects on the solid burning rates. The air gaps break the no-slip boundary, allowing the laterally entrained buoyancy flow (normal to the sample surface) to push the flame closer to the samples. This leads to an enhanced heat flux on the sample surface and an increased solid burning rate. On the other hand, the inert materials retain the flow boundary profile and act as a heat sink during flame spread, thereby reducing the solid burning rate. As the inert thickness increases, flame spread rate and solid burning rate decrease. Based on these observations, an existing model for flame spread rate is updated by incorporating the heat-absorbing effects of the gaps. The correlation is validated using the experimental data.
Journal ArticleDOI
17 Mar 2023-Fire
TL;DR: In this article , the combustion behavior of thermoplastic materials is theoretically analyzed based on the empirical formulas and heat balance equations, such as the pyrolysis kinetics, ignition time, melting and dripping, flame, burning rate and mass loss rate, temperature and heat flow, gas products, and influencing factors.
Abstract: As thermoplastic materials are widely used in buildings, the fire hazards of thermoplastic materials are increasingly becoming a central issue in fire safety research due to their unique pyrolysis and melting mechanisms. In this paper, the features and common types of thermoplastic materials are introduced first. Then, the combustion behavior of thermoplastic materials is theoretically analyzed based on the empirical formulas and heat balance equations, such as the pyrolysis kinetics, ignition time, melting and dripping, flame, burning rate and mass loss rate, temperature and heat flow, gas products, and influencing factors. The influencing factors basically include the sample properties (width, incline angle, and thickness, etc.), the façade structure (sidewalls, curtain wall, etc.), the ambient conditions (altitude, pressure, and gravity, etc.), and the flame retardant treatment. Similarly, this study also illustrates the vertical and horizontal flame spread behavior of the thermoplastic materials and the influencing factors. The utilized methods include the experimental methods, the analytical methodologies, and the approaches for numerical simulation. Finally, the problems encountered at this stage and worthy of further study in the future are presented.