Other affiliations: University of British Columbia, Zhengzhou University, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay ...read more
Bio: Ling Guan is an academic researcher from Ryerson University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Feature extraction & Image retrieval. The author has an hindex of 35, co-authored 438 publications receiving 5952 citations. Previous affiliations of Ling Guan include University of British Columbia & Zhengzhou University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A globally optimal scheduling Scheme and a locally optimal scheduling scheme for EV charging and discharging which is not only scalable to a large EV population but also resilient to the dynamic EV arrivals are proposed.
Abstract: The vehicle electrification will have a significant impact on the power grid due to the increase in electricity consumption. It is important to perform intelligent scheduling for charging and discharging of electric vehicles (EVs). However, there are two major challenges in the scheduling problem. First, it is challenging to find the globally optimal scheduling solution which can minimize the total cost. Second, it is difficult to find a distributed scheduling scheme which can handle a large population and the random arrivals of the EVs. In this paper, we propose a globally optimal scheduling scheme and a locally optimal scheduling scheme for EV charging and discharging. We first formulate a global scheduling optimization problem, in which the charging powers are optimized to minimize the total cost of all EVs which perform charging and discharging during the day. The globally optimal solution provides the globally minimal total cost. However, the globally optimal scheduling scheme is impractical since it requires the information on the future base loads and the arrival times and the charging periods of the EVs that will arrive in the future time of the day. To develop a practical scheduling scheme, we then formulate a local scheduling optimization problem, which aims to minimize the total cost of the EVs in the current ongoing EV set in the local group. The locally optimal scheduling scheme is not only scalable to a large EV population but also resilient to the dynamic EV arrivals. Through simulations, we demonstrate that the locally optimal scheduling scheme can achieve a close performance compared to the globally optimal scheduling scheme.
TL;DR: A computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for the automatic detection of clustered microcalcifications in digitized mammograms gives quite satisfactory detection performance.
Abstract: Clusters of microcalcifications in mammograms are an important early sign of breast cancer. This paper presents a computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) system for the automatic detection of clustered microcalcifications in digitized mammograms. The proposed system consists of two main steps. First, potential microcalcification pixels in the mammograms are segmented out by using mixed features consisting of wavelet features and gray level statistical features, and labeled into potential individual microcalcification objects by their spatial connectivity. Second, individual microcalcifications are detected by using a set of 31 features extracted from the potential individual microcalcification objects. The discriminatory power of these features is analyzed using general regression neural networks via sequential forward and sequential backward selection methods. The classifiers used in these two steps are both multilayer feedforward neural networks. The method is applied to a database of 40 mammograms (Nijmegen database) containing 105 clusters of microcalcifications. A free-response operating characteristics (FROC) curve is used to evaluate the performance. Results show that the proposed system gives quite satisfactory detection performance. In particular, a 90% mean true positive detection rate is achieved at the cost of 0.5 false positive per image when mixed features are used in the first step and 15 features selected by the sequential backward selection method are used in the second step. However, one must be cautious when interpreting the results, since the 20 training samples are also used in the testing step.
TL;DR: A novel multiclassifier scheme is proposed to boost the recognition performance of human emotional state from audiovisual signals based on a comparative study of different classification algorithms and specific characteristics of individual emotion.
Abstract: Machine recognition of human emotional state is an important component for efficient human-computer interaction. The majority of existing works address this problem by utilizing audio signals alone, or visual information only. In this paper, we explore a systematic approach for recognition of human emotional state from audiovisual signals. The audio characteristics of emotional speech are represented by the extracted prosodic, Mel-frequency Cepstral Coefficient (MFCC), and formant frequency features. A face detection scheme based on HSV color model is used to detect the face from the background. The visual information is represented by Gabor wavelet features. We perform feature selection by using a stepwise method based on Mahalanobis distance. The selected audiovisual features are used to classify the data into their corresponding emotions. Based on a comparative study of different classification algorithms and specific characteristics of individual emotion, a novel multiclassifier scheme is proposed to boost the recognition performance. The feasibility of the proposed system is tested over a database that incorporates human subjects from different languages and cultural backgrounds. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed system. The multiclassifier scheme achieves the best overall recognition rate of 82.14%.
01 Jul 2021
TL;DR: A comprehensive survey of deep learning applications for object detection and scene perception in autonomous vehicles examines the theory underlying self-driving vehicles from deep learning perspective and current implementations, followed by their critical evaluations.
Abstract: This article presents a comprehensive survey of deep learning applications for object detection and scene perception in autonomous vehicles. Unlike existing review papers, we examine the theory underlying self-driving vehicles from deep learning perspective and current implementations, followed by their critical evaluations. Deep learning is one potential solution for object detection and scene perception problems, which can enable algorithm-driven and data-driven cars. In this article, we aim to bridge the gap between deep learning and self-driving cars through a comprehensive survey. We begin with an introduction to self-driving cars, deep learning, and computer vision followed by an overview of artificial general intelligence. Then, we classify existing powerful deep learning libraries and their role and significance in the growth of deep learning. Finally, we discuss several techniques that address the image perception issues in real-time driving, and critically evaluate recent implementations and tests conducted on self-driving cars. The findings and practices at various stages are summarized to correlate prevalent and futuristic techniques, and the applicability, scalability and feasibility of deep learning to self-driving cars for achieving safe driving without human intervention. Based on the current survey, several recommendations for further research are discussed at the end of this article.
TL;DR: An optimization algorithm, which can provide a schedule for smart home appliance usage, is proposed based on the mixed-integer programming technique and shows that adding a PV system in the home results in the reduction of electricity bills and the export of energy to the national grid in times when solar energy production is more than the demand of the home.
Abstract: In this paper, we propose a solution to the problem of scheduling of a smart home appliance operation in a given time range. In addition to power-consuming appliances, we adopt a photovoltaic (PV) panel as a power-producing appliance that acts as a micro-grid. An appliance operation is modeled in terms of uninterruptible sequence phases, given in a load demand profile with a goal of minimizing electricity cost fulfilling duration, energy requirement, and user preference constraints. An optimization algorithm, which can provide a schedule for smart home appliance usage, is proposed based on the mixed-integer programming technique. Simulation results demonstrate the utility of our proposed solution for appliance scheduling. We further show that adding a PV system in the home results in the reduction of electricity bills and the export of energy to the national grid in times when solar energy production is more than the demand of the home.
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: Probability distributions of linear models for regression and classification are given in this article, along with a discussion of combining models and combining models in the context of machine learning and classification.
Abstract: Probability Distributions.- Linear Models for Regression.- Linear Models for Classification.- Neural Networks.- Kernel Methods.- Sparse Kernel Machines.- Graphical Models.- Mixture Models and EM.- Approximate Inference.- Sampling Methods.- Continuous Latent Variables.- Sequential Data.- Combining Models.
TL;DR: The editors have done a masterful job of weaving together the biologic, the behavioral, and the clinical sciences into a single tapestry in which everyone from the molecular biologist to the practicing psychiatrist can find and appreciate his or her own research.
Abstract: I have developed "tennis elbow" from lugging this book around the past four weeks, but it is worth the pain, the effort, and the aspirin. It is also worth the (relatively speaking) bargain price. Including appendixes, this book contains 894 pages of text. The entire panorama of the neural sciences is surveyed and examined, and it is comprehensive in its scope, from genomes to social behaviors. The editors explicitly state that the book is designed as "an introductory text for students of biology, behavior, and medicine," but it is hard to imagine any audience, interested in any fragment of neuroscience at any level of sophistication, that would not enjoy this book. The editors have done a masterful job of weaving together the biologic, the behavioral, and the clinical sciences into a single tapestry in which everyone from the molecular biologist to the practicing psychiatrist can find and appreciate his or
••01 May 1975
TL;DR: The Fundamentals of Queueing Theory, Fourth Edition as discussed by the authors provides a comprehensive overview of simple and more advanced queuing models, with a self-contained presentation of key concepts and formulae.
Abstract: Praise for the Third Edition: "This is one of the best books available. Its excellent organizational structure allows quick reference to specific models and its clear presentation . . . solidifies the understanding of the concepts being presented."IIE Transactions on Operations EngineeringThoroughly revised and expanded to reflect the latest developments in the field, Fundamentals of Queueing Theory, Fourth Edition continues to present the basic statistical principles that are necessary to analyze the probabilistic nature of queues. Rather than presenting a narrow focus on the subject, this update illustrates the wide-reaching, fundamental concepts in queueing theory and its applications to diverse areas such as computer science, engineering, business, and operations research.This update takes a numerical approach to understanding and making probable estimations relating to queues, with a comprehensive outline of simple and more advanced queueing models. Newly featured topics of the Fourth Edition include:Retrial queuesApproximations for queueing networksNumerical inversion of transformsDetermining the appropriate number of servers to balance quality and cost of serviceEach chapter provides a self-contained presentation of key concepts and formulae, allowing readers to work with each section independently, while a summary table at the end of the book outlines the types of queues that have been discussed and their results. In addition, two new appendices have been added, discussing transforms and generating functions as well as the fundamentals of differential and difference equations. New examples are now included along with problems that incorporate QtsPlus software, which is freely available via the book's related Web site.With its accessible style and wealth of real-world examples, Fundamentals of Queueing Theory, Fourth Edition is an ideal book for courses on queueing theory at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels. It is also a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners who analyze congestion in the fields of telecommunications, transportation, aviation, and management science.
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors discuss human emotion perception from a psychological perspective, examine available approaches to solving the problem of machine understanding of human affective behavior, and discuss important issues like the collection and availability of training and test data.
Abstract: Automated analysis of human affective behavior has attracted increasing attention from researchers in psychology, computer science, linguistics, neuroscience, and related disciplines. However, the existing methods typically handle only deliberately displayed and exaggerated expressions of prototypical emotions despite the fact that deliberate behaviour differs in visual appearance, audio profile, and timing from spontaneously occurring behaviour. To address this problem, efforts to develop algorithms that can process naturally occurring human affective behaviour have recently emerged. Moreover, an increasing number of efforts are reported toward multimodal fusion for human affect analysis including audiovisual fusion, linguistic and paralinguistic fusion, and multi-cue visual fusion based on facial expressions, head movements, and body gestures. This paper introduces and surveys these recent advances. We first discuss human emotion perception from a psychological perspective. Next we examine available approaches to solving the problem of machine understanding of human affective behavior, and discuss important issues like the collection and availability of training and test data. We finally outline some of the scientific and engineering challenges to advancing human affect sensing technology.
TL;DR: The various applications of neural networks in image processing are categorised into a novel two-dimensional taxonomy for image processing algorithms and their specific conditions are discussed in detail.
Abstract: We review more than 200 applications of neural networks in image processing and discuss the present and possible future role of neural networks, especially feed-forward neural networks, Kohonen feature maps and Hopfield neural networks. The various applications are categorised into a novel two-dimensional taxonomy for image processing algorithms. One dimension specifies the type of task performed by the algorithm: preprocessing, data reduction/feature extraction, segmentation, object recognition, image understanding and optimisation. The other dimension captures the abstraction level of the input data processed by the algorithm: pixel-level, local feature-level, structure-level, object-level, object-set-level and scene characterisation. Each of the six types of tasks poses specific constraints to a neural-based approach. These specific conditions are discussed in detail. A synthesis is made of unresolved problems related to the application of pattern recognition techniques in image processing and specifically to the application of neural networks. Finally, we present an outlook into the future application of neural networks and relate them to novel developments.