Bio: Lingyin Meng is an academic researcher from Linköping University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Conductive polymer & PEDOT:PSS. The author has an hindex of 5, co-authored 9 publications receiving 89 citations.
TL;DR: This review tracks the evolution of affinity sensors from conventional lateral-flow test strips to wearable/implantable devices enabled by soft and flexible materials and explores the possibilities for implantable/injectablesoft and flexible material-based affinity sensors.
Abstract: Recent advances in biosensors and point-of-care (PoC) devices are poised to change and expand the delivery of diagnostics from conventional lateral-flow assays and test strips that dominate the market currently, to newly emerging wearable and implantable devices that can provide continuous monitoring. Soft and flexible materials are playing a key role in propelling these trends towards real-time and remote health monitoring. Affinity biosensors have the capability to provide for diagnosis and monitoring of cancerous, cardiovascular, infectious and genetic diseases by the detection of biomarkers using affinity interactions. This review tracks the evolution of affinity sensors from conventional lateral-flow test strips to wearable/implantable devices enabled by soft and flexible materials. Initially, we highlight conventional affinity sensors exploiting membrane and paper materials which have been so successfully applied in point-of-care tests, such as lateral-flow immunoassay strips and emerging microfluidic paper-based devices. We then turn our attention to the multifarious polymer designs that provide both the base materials for sensor designs, such as PDMS, and more advanced functionalised materials that are capable of both recognition and transduction, such as conducting and molecularly imprinted polymers. The subsequent content discusses wearable soft and flexible material-based affinity sensors, classified as flexible and skin-mountable, textile materials-based and contact lens-based affinity sensors. In the final sections, we explore the possibilities for implantable/injectable soft and flexible material-based affinity sensors, including hydrogels, microencapsulated sensors and optical fibers. This area is truly a work in progress and we trust that this review will help pull together the many technological streams that are contributing to the field.
TL;DR: An advanced processable and nanofibrous polyaniline:polystyrene-sulphonate (nano-PANI:PSS) as a functional ink for the fabrication of catalyst-free NH4+ sensors and enzyme-coupled urea biosensors, providing new advance on CP-based transducer materials in the emerging field of printed organic sensors and biosensor.
Abstract: Tailoring conducting polymers (CPs) such as polyaniline (PANI) to deliver the appropriate morphology, electrochemical properties and processability is essential for the development of effective polymer-based electrochemical sensors and biosensors. Composite PANI electrodes for the detection of ammonium (NH4+) have been previously reported, but have been limited by their reliance on the electrocatalytic reaction between NH4+ and a metal/nano-catalyst. We report an advanced processable and nanofibrous polyaniline:polystyrene-sulphonate (nano-PANI:PSS) as a functional ink for the fabrication of catalyst-free NH4+ sensors and enzyme-coupled urea biosensors. The PSS provides both a soft-template for nanofibre formation and a poly-anionic charge compensator, enabling the detection of NH4+ based on an intrinsic doping/de-doping mechanism. The nanostructured morphology, chemical characteristics and electrochemical properties of the nano-PANI:PSS were characterised. We fabricated 3D-hierarchical sensor interfaces composed of inter-connected nano-PANI:PSS fibres (diameter of ~50.3 ± 4.8 nm) for the detection of NH4+ with a wide linear range of 0.1–11.5 mM (R2 = 0.996) and high sensitivity of 106 mA M−1 cm−2. We further demonstrated the coupling of the enzyme urease with the nano-PANI:PSS to create a urea biosensor with an innovative biocatalytic product-to-dopant relay mechanism for the detection of urea, with a linear range of 0.2–0.9 mM (R2 = 0.971) and high sensitivity of 41 mA M−1 cm−2. Moreover, the nano-PANI:PSS-based sensors show good selectivity for the detection of NH4+and urea in a urine model containing common interfering molecules. This processable and fibrous nano-PANI:PSS provides new advance on CP-based transducer materials in the emerging field of printed organic sensors and biosensors.
TL;DR: The results demonstrate the feasibility of a simple and economic fabrication of a high density PEDot:COOH interface for chemical sensing, which also has the potential for coupling with other bio-recognition molecules via the carboxylic acid moieties for the development of a range of advanced PEDOT-based biosensors.
Abstract: The rapidly developing field of conducting polymers in organic electronics has many implications for bioelectronics. For biosensing applications, tailoring the functionalities of the conducting pol ...
TL;DR: Poly(ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) has attracted considerable attention as an advanced electrode material for electrochemical sensors and biosensors, due to its unique electrical and physicochemi...
Abstract: Poly(ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) has attracted considerable attention as an advanced electrode material for electrochemical sensors and biosensors, due to its unique electrical and physicochemi ...
TL;DR: The developed bio-Nano-PEDOT interface shows future potential for coupling with multi-biorecognition molecules via carboxylic acid groups for the development of a range of advanced all-polymer biosensors.
Abstract: Conducting polymers that possess good electrochemical properties, nanostructured morphology and functionality for bioconjugation are essential to realise the concept of all-polymer-based biosensors ...
01 Jan 2008
Abstract: The air electrode, which reduces oxygen (O2), is a critical component in energy generation and storage applications such as fuel cells and metal/air batteries. The highest current densities are achieved with platinum (Pt), but in addition to its cost and scarcity, Pt particles in composite electrodes tend to be inactivated by contact with carbon monoxide (CO) or by agglomeration. We describe an air electrode based on a porous material coated with poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT), which acts as an O2 reduction catalyst. Continuous operation for 1500 hours was demonstrated without material degradation or deterioration in performance. O2 conversion rates were comparable with those of Pt-catalyzed electrodes of the same geometry, and the electrode was not sensitive to CO. Operation was demonstrated as an air electrode and as a dissolved O2 electrode in aqueous solution.
01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this article, the ORR-corrected mixed potential (c-MP) is defined as the crossing point of linear potential sweeps in the positive direction for different rotation rates.
Abstract: Understanding the hydrogen peroxide electrochemistry on platinum can provide information about the oxygen reduction reaction mechanism, whether H(2)O(2) participates as an intermediate or not. The H(2)O(2) oxidation and reduction reaction on polycrystalline platinum is a diffusion-limited reaction in 0.1 M HClO(4). The applied potential determines the Pt surface state, which is then decisive for the direction of the reaction: when H(2)O(2) interacts with reduced surface sites it decomposes producing adsorbed OH species; when it interacts with oxidized Pt sites then H(2)O(2) is oxidized to O(2) by reducing the surface. Electronic structure calculations indicate that the activation energies of both processes are low at room temperature. The H(2)O(2) reduction and oxidation reactions can therefore be utilized for monitoring the potential-dependent oxidation of the platinum surface. In particular, the potential at which the hydrogen peroxide reduction and oxidation reactions are equally likely to occur reflects the intrinsic affinity of the platinum surface for oxygenated species. This potential can be experimentally determined as the crossing-point of linear potential sweeps in the positive direction for different rotation rates, hereby defined as the "ORR-corrected mixed potential" (c-MP).
TL;DR: A review of point-of-care (POC) diagnostics can be found in this paper, where the authors provide new insights and directions for the future development of POC diagnostics for the management of infectious diseases and contribute to the prevention and control of infectious pandemics like COVID-19.
Abstract: The current widespread of COVID-19 all over the world, which is caused by SARS-CoV-2 virus, has again emphasized the importance of development of point-of-care (POC) diagnostics for timely prevention and control of the pandemic Compared with labor- and time-consuming traditional diagnostic methods, POC diagnostics exhibit several advantages such as faster diagnostic speed, better sensitivity and specificity, lower cost, higher efficiency and ability of on-site detection To achieve POC diagnostics, developing POC detection methods and correlated POC devices is the key and should be given top priority The fast development of microfluidics, micro electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) technology, nanotechnology and materials science, have benefited the production of a series of portable, miniaturized, low cost and highly integrated POC devices for POC diagnostics of various infectious diseases In this review, various POC detection methods for the diagnosis of infectious diseases, including electrochemical biosensors, fluorescence biosensors, surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based biosensors, colorimetric biosensors, chemiluminiscence biosensors, surface plasmon resonance (SPR)-based biosensors, and magnetic biosensors, were first summarized Then, recent progresses in the development of POC devices including lab-on-a-chip (LOC) devices, lab-on-a-disc (LOAD) devices, microfluidic paper-based analytical devices (μPADs), lateral flow devices, miniaturized PCR devices, and isothermal nucleic acid amplification (INAA) devices, were systematically discussed Finally, the challenges and future perspectives for the design and development of POC detection methods and correlated devices were presented The ultimate goal of this review is to provide new insights and directions for the future development of POC diagnostics for the management of infectious diseases and contribute to the prevention and control of infectious pandemics like COVID-19
TL;DR: An overview of different hydrogels and the role they adopt in a range of applications can be found in this article, where the advantages and performance improvements are described, along with their limitations.
Abstract: Hydrogels play an important role in the field of biomedical research and diagnostic medicine. They are emerging as a powerful tool in the context of bioanalytical assays and biosensing. In this context, this review gives an overview of different hydrogels and the role they adopt in a range of applications. Not only are hydrogels beneficial for the immobilization and embedding of biomolecules, but they are also used as responsive material, as wearable devices, or as functional material. In particular, the scientific and technical progress during the last decade is discussed. The newest hydrogel types, their synthesis, and many applications are presented. Advantages and performance improvements are described, along with their limitations.
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors describe recent research progress related to the development and improvement of screen-printed electrodes (SPEs) and demonstrate the wide range of applications, also highlighting the market directions and the need for novel devices to be used by non-specialists.
Abstract: Portability is one of the essential keys in the development of modern analytical devices. Screen printing technology is an established technology for both chemical and biosensor development. Screen printing technology has been used to generate a variety of electronic sensors that are rapid, cost-effective, on-site, real-time, inexpensive, and practical for use in healthcare, environmental monitoring, industrial monitoring, and agricultural monitoring. This review aims to describe recent research progress related to the development and improvement of screen-printed electrodes (SPEs). We also demonstrate the wide range of applications, also highlighting the market directions and the need for novel devices to be used by non-specialists. Finally, we conclude and provide an overview of the constraints and future opportunities of SPEs in biosensor application.