Bio: Łukasz Samoliński is an academic researcher from Medical University of Warsaw. The author has contributed to research in topics: Evidence-based practice & Cronbach's alpha. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 10 publications receiving 20 citations.
TL;DR: The Polish version of the EBP2Q is comparable in terms of psychometry to the original English version, and can be used to assess knowledge, attitudes, and skills concerning EBP among students and practicing professional nurses and midwives.
Abstract: Decisions about patient care in clinical practice should be made based on proven scientific evidence of efficacy and safety (i.e., evidence-based practice [EBP]). Currently, there are no available tools in Poland for assessing the knowledge and attitudes of specialists in health sciences towards EBP. Therefore, by validating the Polish version of the original English Evidence-Based Practice Profile Questionnaire (EBP2Q), we may provide an appropriate instrument for assessing EBP. The validation group consisted of 1,362 people, including nurses and midwives taking the specialization exam, second-degree students in nursing/midwifery, and staff of selected municipal and clinical hospitals in Warsaw, Pruszkow, and Chelm. The study was conducted from March to June 2014. The following psychometric properties of the EBP2Q were assessed: reliability (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient, and test-retest), validity (exploratory factor analysis, Spearman’s r correlation coefficient, and assessment of inter-group differences), as well as unidimensionality of domains (principal component analysis). All domains of the EBP2Q were characterized by high reliability (Cronbach’s alpha ranging from 0.800 to 0.972). The Polish version showed a strong similarity of factor structure with the original English EBP2Q, indicating that the condition for theoretical validity is fulfilled. Maintenance of the theoretical and discriminative validity and unidimensionality of five domains of the EBP2Q was confirmed. The Polish version of the EBP2Q is comparable in terms of psychometry to the original English version. This questionnaire can be used to assess knowledge, attitudes, and skills concerning EBP among students and practicing professional nurses and midwives. The future validation of the EBP2Q in other groups of specialists in health sciences may increase the scope of applicability of this tool.
TL;DR: Criteria of admissions with total score of MCQs exam and Bachelor’s studies GPA can be successfully used for selection of the candidates for Master's degree studies in Public Health and confirms the validity of the adopted admission policy at MUW.
Abstract: Evaluation of the predictive validity of selected sociodemographic factors and admission criteria for Master’s studies in Public Health at the Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw (MUW). For the evaluation purposes recruitment data and learning results of students enrolled between 2008 and 2012 were used (N = 605, average age 22.9 ± 3.01). The predictive analysis was performed using the multiple linear regression method. In the proposed regression model 12 predictors were selected, including: sex, age, professional degree (BA), the Bachelor’s studies grade point average (GPA), total score of the preliminary examination broken down into five thematic areas. Depending on the tested model, one of two dependent variables was used: first-year GPA or cumulative GPA in the Master program. The regression model based on the result variable of Master’s GPA program was better matched to data in comparison to the model based on the first year GPA (adjusted R2 0.413 versus 0.476 respectively). The Bachelor’s studies GPA and each of the five subtests comprising the test entrance exam were significant predictors of success achieved by a student both after the first year and at the end of the course of studies. Criteria of admissions with total score of MCQs exam and Bachelor’s studies GPA can be successfully used for selection of the candidates for Master’s degree studies in Public Health. The high predictive validity of the recruitment system confirms the validity of the adopted admission policy at MUW.
TL;DR: This study produced real-world data from a COVID-19 screening study and confirmed the usefulness of the rapid antigen test (Panbio™ CO VID-19 Ag Rapid Test Device nasal) for on-campus COVID -19 screening prior to practical classes.
Abstract: Background Education was significantly affected by the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Online learning affects the quality of learning as well as the mental health status of students. Regular screening for COVID-19 may be crucial to provide practical classes during the pandemic. The present study aimed to analyze the usefulness of rapid antigen tests for on-campus COVID-19 screening in real-life conditions at a medical university in Poland. Material/Methods This screening study was carried out among students attending practical classes at the Medical University of Warsaw, Poland between November 15 and December 10, 2021, during which a series of rapid antigen tests (Panbio™ COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test Device, nasal) were performed by healthcare professionals (nurses). Out of 104 student groups selected for the study (n=1847 students), 423 individuals from 63 student groups were tested at least once (22.9% response rate). A total of 2295 samples were collected. Results Among the participants, 3.4% (n=15) had positive test results. Out of 15 COVID-19 cases, 14 were vaccinated. At least 1 positive COVID-19 case was detected in 8 student groups. In 3 student groups, we observed ≥2 infections that occurred at intervals, which may suggest student-to-student SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Conclusions This study produced real-world data from a COVID-19 screening study and confirmed the usefulness of the rapid antigen test (Panbio™ COVID-19 Ag Rapid Test Device nasal) for on-campus COVID-19 screening prior to practical classes. Maintaining a high percentage of participants is crucial to ensuring the effectiveness of on-campus COVID-19 screening.
30 Jun 2017
01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: Evaluated intercorrelation of learning outcomes for individual subjects shows that for eight analysed subjects, there are positive intercorrelations between students’ learning outcomes in individual areas of Public Health.
Abstract: In order to evaluate intercorrelation of learning outcomes for individual subjects, r-Pearson’s linear correlation coefficient was used. In order to determine trends in assessing students in consecutive years, Kruskal-Wallis’ non-parametre ANOVA test of ranges was applied as well as Leven’s homogeneity of variance test. For comparative analysis of dependent variables, Friedman’s nonparametre test was used with Kendall’s coefficient of concordance. For all analyses, the a priori level of significance was established at 0.05. Results Evaluation of intercorrelation shows that for eight analysed subjects, there are positive intercorrelations between students’ learning outcomes in individual areas of Public Health. r-Pearson’s correlation coefficient remained within 0.09 and 0.44. Only in the case of Public Health in Practice there was no statistical differences in intercorrelation in the results that students obtained in two subjects (Organisation and Management in Health Care and Health Care Law), and where relevance was maintained, r-Pearson’s coefficients were significantly lower than for other analysed subjects. Analysis of internal consistency in assessing students in individual subjects in consecutive years showed that for none of the studied subjects homogeneity was observed when analysing students’ achievements (no homogeneity of variance, Leven’s test, P< 0.001 and ANOVA test of Kruskal-Wallis’ ranges, P< 0.001). Moreover, combined comparative analysis of average marks obtained by students in individual subjects between the years 2007-2012 shows that the area of knowledge that was worstrated, was Biostatistics (average of marks 3.0 ± 0.55), whereas the best-rated one was Forms of Health Care (average of marks 4.3 ± 0.49). For the rest of subjects, students’ average marks remained within the range of 3.6 and 4.0, which points out to an average level of concordance (Kendall’s
TL;DR: Key themes, revealed through the visual mind maps and discussion, included the following: IPE should lead to and enhance patient-centred care; student involvement is key to IPE success; faculty development and incentives can facilitate adoption and implementation of IPE.
Abstract: Interprofessional collaborative care (IPC) is defined as working within and across healthcare disciplines and is considered essential to achieve a more inclusive, patient-centred care, provide a means to support patient safety and address global healthcare provider shortages. Interprofessional education (IPE) provides the knowledge and experience students need to achieve these goals. ADEE/ADEA held a joint international meeting 8-9 May 2017, with IPE being one of four topic areas discussed. The highly interactive workshop format, where "everyone was an expert," supported discussion, sharing and creative problem-solving of over seventy-one participants from twenty-nine countries. IPE participants broke out into five groups over a two-day period discussing three main areas: challenges and barriers to implementing IPE within their institution or country; discussion of successful models of introducing and assessing IPE initiatives, and exploring best practices and next steps for implementation for each group member. A mind-mapping model was used to graphically display participants' thoughts and suggestions. Key themes, revealed through the visual mind maps and discussion, included the following: IPE should lead to and enhance patient-centred care; student involvement is key to IPE success; faculty development and incentives can facilitate adoption and implementation of IPE; the role of a "champion" and leadership structure and commitment is important to move IPE forward; and IPE must be tailored to the unique issues found in each country. Overall, there was a high level of interest to continue both collaboration and discussion to learn from others beyond the London meeting.
TL;DR: This study confirmed that the COVID-19 pandemic has worsened access to health services in Poland and provided patients' perspectives on barriers to accessing health services that may be used by policymakers to reduce health inequalities.
Abstract: Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic has significant socio-economic implications for numerous industries, including healthcare. Disruptions of essential health services were reported by nearly all countries around the world. A detailed assessment of the healthcare uptake is necessary to estimate the potential health effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the population. This study aimed to assess the prevalence of barriers to accessing health services during the COVID-19 pandemic in Poland as well as to identify factors associated with the disturbed access to healthcare during the pandemic. Methods This cross-sectional survey was carried out among Internet users in Poland using the computer-assisted web interview technique. Data were collected between October and December 2021. The questionnaire included 32 questions on sociodemographic characteristics, the COVID-19 pandemic, health status, daily habits as well as the use of healthcare during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results Data were obtained from 102928 adults, the mean age was 48.0 ± 14.2 years, and 57.2% were females. Most of the respondents had visited a doctor during the past 12 months (70.4%). Almost half of adults in Poland (49.7%) reported barriers to access health services in the past 12 months. Out of 51,105 respondents who had experienced barriers to accessing health services during the COVID-19 pandemic, only 54.3% had visited a doctor in the past 12 months. Long waiting time (39.5%) and temporary closure of healthcare facilities/transformation into a COVID-19 dedicated center (28.8%) were the most common barriers indicated by the respondents. In multivariable logistic regression, female gender, age 18–49 years, lack of higher education, living in cities between 51,000 and 200,000 residents or above 500,000 residents, and having at least one chronic disease were significantly (p < 0.05) associated with higher odds of experiencing barriers to accessing health services during the COVID-19 pandemic. Conclusions This study confirmed that the COVID-19 pandemic has worsened access to health services in Poland. During the pandemic, new barriers to accessing health services, such as the temporary closure of healthcare facilities for non-COVID patients were revealed. Findings from this study provided patients' perspectives on barriers to accessing health services in Poland that may be used by policymakers to reduce health inequalities.
TL;DR: Knowledge of normative scores of the HS-EBP questionnaire and identification of different predictors of Spanish osteopaths’ EBP enable a comprehensive evaluation of the EBP of osteopathic professionals and can also be useful for developing and implementing formative intervention programs for improving EBP practice in osteopathic practice.
Abstract: The main goal of this study was to obtain normative data of the scores of the Health-Sciences Evidence Based Practice (HS-EBP) questionnaire, and to analyse evidence-based practice (EBP) among potential clusters of osteopathy professionals in Spain. An online descriptive cross-sectional study has been applied. A total number of 443 Spanish practicing osteopaths answered a survey including the 5 dimensions of the HS-EBP questionnaire and sociodemographic, training, and practice variables using the "LimeSurvey" online platform. Results point out that the median scores for each five HS-EBP questionnaire dimensions were 95.00, 86.00, 78.00, 84.00 and 62.00 considering that the range of possible scores in each of the dimensions was: from 12 to 120 in dimensions 1, 4 and 5; from 14-140 in dimension 2; and from 10-100 in dimension 3. A clustering algorithm extracted 6 different profiles across the five HS-EBP latent dimensions: low scores in all dimensions (cluster 1); low scores in all dimensions but with medium scores in dimension 1 (cluster 2); mixed pattern of scores, low in dimensions 2 and 5 and medium in the rest of the dimensions; medium scores in all dimensions (cluster 4); high scores in all dimensions and low scores in dimension 5 (cluster 5); and high scores in all dimensions (cluster 6). Significant relationship was found among the response patterns in the clusters and: academic degree level, EBP training and training level, and work time invested in healthcare activity, research and teaching activity. These results allow a description of the actual level of EBP and differential profiles of Osteopathy care practice in Spain. Knowledge of normative scores of the HS-EBP questionnaire and identification of different predictors of Spanish osteopaths' EBP, e.g., academic degree, EBP training and training level, work time invested in healthcare activity, research, and teaching activity, and having a working relationship with an accredited educational centre, enable a comprehensive evaluation of the EBP of osteopathic professionals and can also be useful for developing and implementing formative intervention programs for improving EBP practice in osteopathic practice.
TL;DR: It is recommended that organizational and nursing educational support were needed to improve nurse’s attitude, skills and utilization of knowledge source for implementation of evidence based practice through providing training, creating awareness, and enhancing nurses’ abilities for utilization and implementation ofevidence based practice.
Abstract: Background: Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is one of the nursing professional roles that can lead them to provide the best and more effective quality patient care. However, little studies are available across china on registered nurses’ attitude, skills and utilization of knowledge source for implementation of evidence based practice. Due to this the extent to which evidence based practice being utilized and implemented in nursing practice is still in its infancy across China. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the attitude, skills and source of knowledge on implementation of EBP among registered nurses working at selected teaching hospitals. Method: A descriptive institutional based cross-sectional study was conducted to assess nurses’ attitude, skills and utilization of knowledge source for implementation of EBP. A total of 366 RN were participated in filling self-administered questionnaire. The descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was performed by using SPSS version 20. The cut point for level of statistical significance was set at < 0.05 and all tests were 2-sided. Result: Overall, registered nurses who were participated in this study had a positive attitudes towards utilization of evidence based practice (M = 3.53, SD = 0.97). However, the level of skill in performing different EBP activities (M = 2.82 SD = 1.34) and the use of knowledge source to support daily care practice (M = 3.01, SD = 0.98) were found to be low. Similarly, participants indicated that they use more human and printed resources than electronic resources for supporting their practice (mean = 3.69, SD = 1.01; mean = 2.88, SD = 0.80; and mean = 2.57, SD = 1.05) respectively. Conclusion: It is recommended that organizational and nursing educational support were needed to improve this gap through providing training, creating awareness, and enhancing nurses’ abilities for utilization and implementation of evidence based practice. Additionally, it is recommended that further research is needed to identify the influence of individual and organizational factors on implementation of evidence based nursing practice.
26 Dec 2019
TL;DR: The study demonstrates that nurses are facing a multitude of limitations due to procedures, the lack of equipment, and personnel issues, and the ability to make critical assessments and synthesize evidence should be improved.
Abstract: BackgroundThe emphasis on Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is taking on new importance as the profession of nursing strives to meet the challenge of defining the direction of health care, promoting op...