M. E. Leonowicz
Bio: M. E. Leonowicz is an academic researcher from Mobil. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Molecular sieve & Mesoporous material. The author has an hindex of 4, co-authored 4 publication(s) receiving 10092 citation(s).
TL;DR: In this paper, the synthesis, characterization, and proposed mechanism of formation of a new family of silicatelaluminosilicate mesoporous molecular sieves designated as M41S is described.
Abstract: The synthesis, characterization, and proposed mechanism of formation of a new family of silicatelaluminosilicate mesoporous molecular sieves designated as M41S is described. MCM-41, one member of this family, exhibits a hexagonal arrangement of uniform mesopores whose dimensions may be engineered in the range of - 15 A to greater than 100 A. Other members of this family, including a material exhibiting cubic symmetry, have ken synthesized. The larger pore M41S materials typically have surface areas above 700 m2/g and hydrocarbon sorption capacities of 0.7 cc/g and greater. A templating mechanism (liquid crystal templating-LCT) in which surfactant liquid crystal structures serve as organic templates is proposed for the formation of these materials. In support of this templating mechanism, it was demonstrated that the structure and pore dimensions of MCM-41 materials are intimately linked to the properties of the surfactant, including surfactant chain length and solution chemistry. The presence of variable pore size MCM-41, cubic material, and other phases indicates that M41S is an extensive family of materials.
01 Jun 1996-Journal of Porous Materials
TL;DR: The nanoscale structure and synthesis mechanisms of the MCM-41 class of inorganic mesoporous materials have been investigated by small angle neutron scattering (SANS) measurements with solvents imbibed in the pores to vary the scattering contrast as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: The nanoscale structure and synthesis mechanisms of the MCM-41 class of inorganic mesoporous materials have been investigated by small angle neutron scattering (SANS). SANS measurements with solvents imbibed in the pores to vary the scattering contrast demonstrate that the low angle diffraction peaks from these materials are entirely due to the pore structure and that the pores are fully accessible to both aqueous and organic solvents. Static and shear flow SANS measurements on the concentrated cationic surfactant and silicate precursor solutions typically used in the synthesis of the mesopore materials indicate that the existence of preassembled supramolecular arrays that mimic the final pore structure is not essential for the synthesis of these materials.
TL;DR: The use of cationic surfactants as structure directing agents has resulted in the discovery of M41S, the first, ordered mesoporous molecular sieves as discussed by the authors, which exhibit hexagonal, cubic or lamellar structure.
Abstract: The use of cationic surfactants as structure directing agents has resulted in the discovery of M41S, the first, ordered mesoporous molecular sieves. Herein we describe the ability of the surfactant molecules to interact with silicate counterions resulting in the formation of organosilicate-surfactant composite arrays which exhibit hexagonal, cubic or lamellar structure.
01 Jan 2002
TL;DR: The M41S family of materials represent the first mesoporous molecular sieves as discussed by the authors, with high pore volumes and surface areas exhibiting an array of structures that are thermally stable inorganic analogs of organic, lyotropic liquid crystalline phases.
Abstract: The M41S family of materials represent the first mesoporous molecular sieves. This new family of materials with high pore volumes and surface areas exhibits an array of structures that are thermally stable inorganic analogs of organic, lyotropic liquid crystalline phases. The ability of the surfactant/aluminosilicate intermediate to assemble into stable extended structures results in mesoporous materials that are structurally diverse exhibiting hexagonal, cubic, and lamellar phases. The materials can be prepared with narrow pore size distributions at pore sizes ranging from 15 to greater than 100 A, varied elemental compositions and variable surface properties. This variability in physical properties has resulted in catalytic and sorption separation applications.
TL;DR: Use of amphiphilic triblock copolymers to direct the organization of polymerizing silica species has resulted in the preparation of well-ordered hexagonal mesoporous silica structures (SBA-15) with uniform pore sizes up to approximately 300 angstroms.
Abstract: Use of amphiphilic triblock copolymers to direct the organization of polymerizing silica species has resulted in the preparation of well-ordered hexagonal mesoporous silica structures (SBA-15) with uniform pore sizes up to approximately 300 angstroms. The SBA-15 materials are synthesized in acidic media to produce highly ordered, two-dimensional hexagonal (space group p6mm) silica-block copolymer mesophases. Calcination at 500°C gives porous structures with unusually large interlattice d spacings of 74.5 to 320 angstroms between the (100) planes, pore sizes from 46 to 300 angstroms, pore volume fractions up to 0.85, and silica wall thicknesses of 31 to 64 angstroms. SBA-15 can be readily prepared over a wide range of uniform pore sizes and pore wall thicknesses at low temperature (35° to 80°C), using a variety of poly(alkylene oxide) triblock copolymers and by the addition of cosolvent organic molecules. The block copolymer species can be recovered for reuse by solvent extraction with ethanol or removed by heating at 140°C for 3 hours, in both cases, yielding a product that is thermally stable in boiling water.
TL;DR: In this paper, a family of highly ordered mesoporous (20−300 A) structures have been synthesized by the use of commercially available nonionic alkyl poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) oligomeric surfactants and poly(alkylene oxide) block copolymers in acid media.
Abstract: A family of highly ordered mesoporous (20−300 A) silica structures have been synthesized by the use of commercially available nonionic alkyl poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) oligomeric surfactants and poly(alkylene oxide) block copolymers in acid media. Periodic arrangements of mescoscopically ordered pores with cubic Im3m, cubic Pm3m (or others), 3-d hexagonal (P63/mmc), 2-d hexagonal (p6mm), and lamellar (Lα) symmetries have been prepared. Under acidic conditions at room temperature, the nonionic oligomeric surfactants frequently form cubic or 3-d hexagonal mesoporous silica structures, while the nonionic triblock copolymers tend to form hexagonal (p6mm) mesoporous silica structures. A cubic mesoporous silica structure (SBA-11) with Pm3m diffraction symmetry has been synthesized in the presence of C16H33(OCH2CH2)10OH (C16EO10) surfactant species, while a 3-d hexagonal (P63/mmc) mesoporous silica structure (SBA-12) results when C18EO10 is used. Surfactants with short EO segments tend to form lamellar mesost...
01 Oct 1997-Chemical Reviews
TL;DR: Corma et al. as mentioned in this paper used the Dupont Award on new materials (1995), and the Spanish National Award “Leonardo Torres Quevedo” on Technology Research (1996) on technology research (1996), to recognize the performance of zeolites as catalysts for oil refining and petrochemistry.
Abstract: It is possible to say that zeolites are the most widely used catalysts in industry They are crystalline microporous materials which have become extremely successful as catalysts for oil refining, petrochemistry, and organic synthesis in the production of fine and speciality chemicals, particularly when dealing with molecules having kinetic diameters below 10 A The reason for their success in catalysis is related to the following specific features of these materials:1 (1) They have very high surface area and adsorption capacity (2) The adsorption properties of the zeolites can be controlled, and they can be varied from hydrophobic to hydrophilic type materials (3) Active sites, such as acid sites for instance, can be generated in the framework and their strength and concentration can be tailored for a particular application (4) The sizes of their channels and cavities are in the range typical for many molecules of interest (5-12 A), and the strong electric fields2 existing in those micropores together with an electronic confinement of the guest molecules3 are responsible for a preactivation of the reactants (5) Their intricate channel structure allows the zeolites to present different types of shape selectivity, ie, product, reactant, and transition state, which can be used to direct a given catalytic reaction toward the desired product avoiding undesired side reactions (6) All of these properties of zeolites, which are of paramount importance in catalysis and make them attractive choices for the types of processes listed above, are ultimately dependent on the thermal and hydrothermal stability of these materials In the case of zeolites, they can be activated to produce very stable materials not just resistant to heat and steam but also to chemical attacks Avelino Corma Canos was born in Moncofar, Spain, in 1951 He studied chemistry at the Universidad de Valencia (1967−1973) and received his PhD at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid in 1976 He became director of the Instituto de Tecnologia Quimica (UPV-CSIC) at the Universidad Politecnica de Valencia in 1990 His current research field is zeolites as catalysts, covering aspects of synthesis, characterization and reactivity in acid−base and redox catalysis A Corma has written about 250 articles on these subjects in international journals, three books, and a number of reviews and book chapters He is a member of the Editorial Board of Zeolites, Catalysis Review Science and Engineering, Catalysis Letters, Applied Catalysis, Journal of Molecular Catalysis, Research Trends, CaTTech, and Journal of the Chemical Society, Chemical Communications A Corma is coauthor of 20 patents, five of them being for commercial applications He has been awarded with the Dupont Award on new materials (1995), and the Spanish National Award “Leonardo Torres Quevedo” on Technology Research (1996) 2373 Chem Rev 1997, 97, 2373−2419
01 Jan 2008-Chemical Society Reviews
TL;DR: The state-of-the-art on hybrid porous solids, their advantages, their new routes of synthesis, the structural concepts useful for their 'design', aiming at reaching very large pores are presented.
Abstract: This critical review will be of interest to the experts in porous solids (including catalysis), but also solid state chemists and physicists. It presents the state-of-the-art on hybrid porous solids, their advantages, their new routes of synthesis, the structural concepts useful for their ‘design’, aiming at reaching very large pores. Their dynamic properties and the possibility of predicting their structure are described. The large tunability of the pore size leads to unprecedented properties and applications. They concern adsorption of species, storage and delivery and the physical properties of the dense phases. (323 references)
TL;DR: A relatively new method for preparing nanomaterials, membrane-based synthesis, is reviewed, which entails synthesis of the desired material within the pores of a nanoporous membrane.
Abstract: Materials with nanoscopic dimensions not only have potential technological applications in areas such as device technology and drug delivery but also are of fundamental interest in that the properties of a material can change in this regime of transition between the bulk and molecular scales. In this article, a relatively new method for preparing nanomaterials, membrane-based synthesis, is reviewed. This method entails synthesis of the desired material within the pores of a nanoporous membrane. Because the membranes used contain cylindrical pores of uniform diameter, monodisperse nanocylinders of the desired material, whose dimensions can be carefully controlled, are obtained. This "template" method has been used to prepare polymers, metals, semiconductors, and other materials on a nanoscopic scale.