Author

# M. Narasimhan

Bio: M. Narasimhan is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topics: Radiation pattern & Conical surface. The author has an hindex of 10, co-authored 45 publications receiving 296 citations.

Topics: Radiation pattern, Conical surface, Horn antenna, Aperture, Paraboloid

##### Papers

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TL;DR: In this article, the radiation characteristics of corrugated E-plane sectoral horns are studied and a separable modal solution of fields in terms of TE to z modes is obtained for this geometry.

Abstract: A study of the radiation characteristics of corrugated E -plane sectoral horns is described. Assuming the corrugations to be infinitely thin and sufficiently close packed, impedance boundary conditions are imposed on the fields in the axial region of the horn and it is established that a separable modal solution of fields in terms of TE to z modes is possible for this geometry. The horn aperture field is determined in terms of cylindrical wave functions and the vector diffraction formula is used to analyze the far-field radiation patterns. Excellent agreement is obtained between the theoretically derived pattern with experimental results for horns supporting the balanced HE_{11} mode with small flare angles ( 2_{\alpha 0} \leq 30\deg ), designed using the theory presented. Bandwidth properties of the horn have been studied which may be used to advantage in designing a corrugated E -plane sectoral horn without much degradation of its radiation characteristics corresponding to the balanced HE_{11} made over a wide frequency bandwidth (1.5:1).

27 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a new technique of synthesis of near-field amplitude and phase patterns of linear, planar, of volume arrays of finite size or arrays located on a planar contour of a finite size is presented.

Abstract: A new technique of synthesis of near-field (NF) amplitude and phase patterns of linear, planar, of volume arrays of finite size or arrays located on a planar contour of finite size is presented The array could consist of point dipoles or directive elements The criterion for prescribing the NF (amplitude and phase) pattern information in the synthesis problem for unique determination of array excitation currents is also stated The proposed near-field synthesis technique is based on the potential integral solution of source currents, Nyquist sampling of the near-field data and the technique of linear least square approximation (LLSA) The NF pattern synthesis technique is illustrated to synthesize a variety of NF patterns with a number of array configurations Application of the proposed NF pattern synthesis technique to minimize distortion in far-field patterns of arrays mounted on a conducting platform and to realize array antennas with low sidelobes in the near and far field is also presented

17 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a new technique that significantly minimizes the aliasing error encountered in the conventional use of the fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithms for the efficient evaluation of Fourier transforms of spatially limited functions (such as those that occur in the radiation pattern analysis of reflector antennas and planar near field to far field (NF-FF) transformation) is presented.

Abstract: A new technique that significantly minimizes the aliasing error encountered in the conventional use of the fast Fourier transform (FFT) algorithms for the efficient evaluation of Fourier transforms of spatially limited functions (such as those that occur in the radiation pattern analysis of reflector antennas and planar near field to far field (NF-FF) transformation) is presented and illustrated through a typical example. Employing this technique and a discrete Fourier series (DFS) expansion for the integrand, a method for computing the radiation integrals of reflector antennas and planar NF-FF transformation integrals at arbitrary observation angles with optimum use of computer memory and time is also described.

17 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a technique of synthesizing or reconstructing the excitation currents of a planar array of aperture-type antennas from the known near-field patterns of the radiating source is presented.

Abstract: A technique of synthesizing or reconstructing the excitation currents of a planar array of aperture-type antennas from the known near-field patterns of the radiating source is presented. This technique uses an exact solution to the fields radiated by the aperture antenna without disregarding the source currents. Typical numerical computations have been carried out to validate the analytical technique developed. Sensitivity and stability of the numerical computations performed have been studied. The available iterative bandlimited signal extrapolation technique is used to reconstruct the aperture excitation currents only if the far-field patterns of the radiating source are known. Far-field patterns of aperture antennas measured in the laboratory were also used to reconstruct the aperture electric field distribution in the principal plane. >

16 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, an analysis of multiple scattering of electromagnetic (EM) waves by two loss-free dielectric spheres with radii greater than a wavelength and located in the bear field of a source of radiation is presented.

Abstract: An analysis of multiple scattering of electromagnetic (EM) waves by two loss-free dielectric spheres with radii greater than a wavelength and located in the bear field of a source of radiation is presented. The incident field is expressed in terms of spherical vector wave functions (SVWF). Translational and rotational addition theorems are employed to express the SVWF of the incident field in the coordinate system associated with the dielectric scatterer. Numerical computations are performed for obtaining the amplitude and phase patterns of fields multiply scattered by two loss-free dielectric spheres, whose centers are located on the boresight axis and in the nearfield of an open-ended circular cylindrical waveguide excited in its dominant mode. Numerically computed results show good agreement with measured results obtained from a systematic experimental study on forward scatter performed in the X -band.

15 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, an equivalent network for square and rectangular shaped microstrip radiating elements is derived, where the radiating element is considered as two slots separated by a transmission line of low characteristic impedance.

Abstract: An equivalent network for square and rectangular shaped microstrip radiating elements is derived. In order to simplify the problem the radiating element is considered as two slots separated by a transmission line of low characteristic impedance. The slots are characterized by their radiation pattern, directivity, and equivalent admittance. A design procedure for open circuit halfwave resonators and for arrays of such resonators is given. Finally, some antennas in the X band are designed and measured.

259 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, an electric field integral equation (EFIE) is developed to relate the near fields to the equivalent magnetic currents, and the method of moments is used to transform the integral equation into a matrix one.

Abstract: An alternative method is presented for computing far-field antenna patterns from near-field measurements. The method utilizes the near-field data to determine equivalent magnetic current sources over a fictitious planar surface that encompasses the antenna, and these currents are used to ascertain the far fields. Under certain approximations, the currents should produce the correct far fields in all regions in front of the antenna regardless of the geometry over which the near-field measurements are made. An electric field integral equation (EFIE) is developed to relate the near fields to the equivalent magnetic currents. The method of moments is used to transform the integral equation into a matrix one. The matrix equation is solved with the conjugate gradient method, and in the case of a rectangular matrix, a least-squares solution for the currents is found without explicitly computing the normal form of the equation. Near-field to far-field transformation for planar scanning may be efficiently performed under certain conditions. Numerical results are presented for several antenna configurations. >

234 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a method for computing near and far-field patterns of an antenna from its near-field measurements taken over an arbitrarily shaped geometry is presented, where the measured data need not satisfy the Nyquist sampling criteria and an electric field integral equation is developed to relate the near field to the equivalent electric current.

Abstract: Presented here is a method for computing near- and far-field patterns of an antenna from its near-field measurements taken over an arbitrarily shaped geometry. This method utilizes near-field data to determine an equivalent electric current source over a fictitious surface which encompasses the antenna. This electric current, once determined, can be used to ascertain the near and the far field. This method demonstrates the concept of analytic continuity, i.e., once the value of the electric field is known for one region in space, from a theoretical perspective, its value for any other region can be extrapolated. It is shown that the equivalent electric current produces the correct fields in the regions in front of the antenna regardless of the geometry over which the near-field measurements are made. In this approach, the measured data need not satisfy the Nyquist sampling criteria. An electric field integral equation is developed to relate the near field to the equivalent electric current. A moment method procedure is employed to solve the integral equation by transforming it into a matrix equation. A least-squares solution via singular value decomposition is used to solve the matrix equation. Computations with both synthetic and experimental data, where the near field of several antenna configurations are measured over various geometrical surfaces, illustrate the accuracy of this method.

211 citations

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TL;DR: Approximate boundary conditions are a means for simulating material and surface effects in scattering and propagation as discussed by the authors, and criteria for their validity are given for the validity of these conditions.

Abstract: Approximate boundary conditions are a means for simulating material and surface effects in scattering and propagation. A number of conditions are discussed, and criteria are given for their validity.

167 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a dual frequency circularly polarized feed for an offset reflector antenna was developed for a portable satellite ground terminal, which achieved good aperture efficiency and low sidelobes in both of the frequency bands.

Abstract: A millimeter-wave dual frequency circularly polarized feed for an offset reflector antenna is being developed for a portable satellite ground terminal. The two frequency bands are Q - and K -bands for transmit and receive, respectively. A compact feed design consisting of a single corrugated horn with two circular waveguide concentric openings at the horn throat is described. Good aperture efficiency and low sidelobes in both of the frequency bands are achieved.

163 citations