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Author

M. Van Bladel

Bio: M. Van Bladel is an academic researcher from Ghent University. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Time division multiple access & Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing. The author has an hindex of 4, co-authored 7 publication(s) receiving 1848 citation(s).
Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this contribution the transmission of M-PSK and M-QAM modulated orthogonal frequency division multiplexed (OFDM) signals over an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel is considered and the degradation of the bit error rate is evaluated.
Abstract: In this contribution the transmission of M-PSK and M-QAM modulated orthogonal frequency division multiplexed (OFDM) signals over an additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channel is considered. The degradation of the bit error rate (BER), caused by the presence of carrier frequency offset and carrier phase noise is analytically evaluated. It is shown that for a given BER degradation, the values of the frequency offset and the linewidth of the carrier generator that are allowed for OFDM are orders of magnitude smaller than for single carrier systems carrying the same bit rate. >

1,796 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Marc Moeneclaey1, M. Van Bladel1, Hikmet Sari2Institutions (2)
TL;DR: It is pointed out that the signal-to-jammer power ratio at the decision device input is in fact identical for both multiple-access techniques, but the amplitude distribution of the jammer term at the threshold detector input is more favorable to TDMA, which turns out to be more robust in terms of bit-error rate.
Abstract: This paper investigates the sensitivity of several multiple-access techniques to narrow-band interference. The analysis covers time-division multiple access (TDMA), code-division multiple access (CDMA), and orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA). The study is carried out under the assumption that all the considered multiple-access systems occupy the same total bandwidth, and the bit rates of all active users are identical. A major finding of this study is that CDMA with pseudonoise spreading sequences is more sensitive to narrow-band interference than TDMA. We point out that the signal-to-jammer power ratio at the decision device input is in fact identical for both multiple-access techniques, but the amplitude distribution of the jammer term at the threshold detector input is more favorable to TDMA, which turns out to be more robust in terms of bit-error rate. Another finding is that in terms of sensitivity to narrow-band interference, orthogonal CDMA (OCDMA) is closer to TDMA than to CDMA with pseudonoise sequences, because the degradation is not the same for all users. Finally, we discuss the relationship of OCDMA and TDMA and highlight the superiority, in terms of capacity over the narrow-band interference channel, of TDMA to the other multiple-access techniques considered in this paper.

37 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
29 Sep 1998
TL;DR: The results indicate that contrary to a common belief, CDMA with pseudo-noise spreading sequences is more sensitive to narrowband interference than is TDMA, and the results confirm the superiority of OFDMA to all other multiple access techniques in this environment.
Abstract: This paper presents a comparison of several multiple access techniques in the presence of narrow-band interference. The analysis covers time-division multiple access (TDMA), code-division multiple access (CDMA), and orthogonal frequency-division multiple access (OFDMA). The results indicate that contrary to a common belief, CDMA with pseudo-noise spreading sequences is more sensitive to narrowband interference than is TDMA. Another finding is that orthogonal CDMA behaves similarly to OFDMA in the sense that the degradation is not the same for all users. Finally, the results confirm the superiority of OFDMA to all other multiple access techniques in this environment.

9 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: An investigation is made on the compatibility of the video formats, standard TV (625/50/2:1/4:3), EDTV (625/50/1:1/16:9), HDTVint (1250/50/2:1/16:9) and HDTVpro (1250/50/1:1/16:9) in three-dimensional subband coding. A hierarchical method is proposed leading to a more reasonable joint solution for the issues of digital transmission evolution and interlace-to-progressive scanning conversion in the frame work of bit rate compression. Conventional HDTVint with the diamond shaped spectrum is proposed to be replaced by a kind of "switching" HDTVint signal which consists of three components and motion detection bits (MDB). The first component and the MDB represent TV. The first plus the second component and the MDB represent EDTV. HDTVpro is split into switching HDTVint and an extra component. The switching threshold and the length of temporal filter banks are discussed. Rearranging the pixels in subbands is recommended. Based on the proposed method, the transmission system can evolve through four steps: TV, EDTV, HDTVint, and HDTVpro. Results of bit rate compression are also presented. TV, EDTV, HDTVint, and HDTVpro are compressed to approximately 40, 80, 128, and 256 Mb/s, respectively. Interlace scanning has drawbacks such as line flicker and line crawling as the eye follows the line structure in the picture. Progressive version switching TV and HDTVint could be reconstructed using one frame memory without the problems of handling temporal-vertical diamond shaped spectra of conventional TV and HDTVint based on one-frame memory algorithm in the receiver. >

4 citations


Proceedings ArticleDOI
07 Jun 1998
TL;DR: This paper deals with the derivation and comparison of some promising TDMA and OFDM/CDMA receiver structures for communication over the return path channel of the cable TV (CATV) network and shows that the performance substantially improves by using equalization.
Abstract: This paper deals with the derivation and comparison of some promising TDMA and OFDM/CDMA receiver structures for communication over the return path channel of the cable TV (CATV) network. Regarding TDMA, it is shown that the performance substantially improves by using equalization. Given the slowly varying, frequency selective nature of the ingress noise, OFDM seems an interesting possible access technique to employ. Here it is considered in combination with CDMA. With respect to the performance in terms of the SNR at the input of the decision device, the TDMA structure gives better results than the OFDM/CDMA schemes. Also with respect to the design complexity TDMA seems more interesting.

1 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
T.M. Schmidl1, Donald C. Cox2Institutions (2)
TL;DR: A rapid synchronization method is presented for an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system using either a continuous transmission or a burst operation over a frequency-selective channel.
Abstract: A rapid synchronization method is presented for an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system using either a continuous transmission or a burst operation over a frequency-selective channel. The presence of a signal can be detected upon the receipt of just one training sequence of two symbols. The start of the frame and the beginning of the symbol can be found, and carrier frequency offsets of many subchannels spacings can be corrected. The algorithms operate near the Cramer-Rao lower bound for the variance of the frequency offset estimate, and the inherent averaging over many subcarriers allows acquisition at very low signal-to-noise ratios (SNRs).

3,348 citations


Proceedings Article
01 Jan 1991
TL;DR: It is concluded that properly augmented and power-controlled multiple-cell CDMA (code division multiple access) promises a quantum increase in current cellular capacity.
Abstract: It is shown that, particularly for terrestrial cellular telephony, the interference-suppression feature of CDMA (code division multiple access) can result in a many-fold increase in capacity over analog and even over competing digital techniques. A single-cell system, such as a hubbed satellite network, is addressed, and the basic expression for capacity is developed. The corresponding expressions for a multiple-cell system are derived. and the distribution on the number of users supportable per cell is determined. It is concluded that properly augmented and power-controlled multiple-cell CDMA promises a quantum increase in current cellular capacity. >

2,951 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This article surveys frequency domain equalization (FDE) applied to single-carrier (SC) modulation solutions and discusses similarities and differences of SC and OFDM systems and coexistence possibilities, and presents examples of SC-FDE performance capabilities.
Abstract: Broadband wireless access systems deployed in residential and business environments are likely to face hostile radio propagation environments, with multipath delay spread extending over tens or hundreds of bit intervals. Orthogonal frequency-division multiplex (OFDM) is a recognized multicarrier solution to combat the effects of such multipath conditions. This article surveys frequency domain equalization (FDE) applied to single-carrier (SC) modulation solutions. SC radio modems with frequency domain equalization have similar performance, efficiency, and low signal processing complexity advantages as OFDM, and in addition are less sensitive than OFDM to RF impairments such as power amplifier nonlinearities. We discuss similarities and differences of SC and OFDM systems and coexistence possibilities, and present examples of SC-FDE performance capabilities.

2,442 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: We present the joint maximum likelihood (ML) symbol-time and carrier-frequency offset estimator in orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems. Redundant information contained within the cyclic prefix enables this estimation without additional pilots. Simulations show that the frequency estimator may be used in a tracking mode and the time estimator in an acquisition mode.

2,189 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Jean Armstrong1Institutions (1)
Abstract: Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) is a modulation technique which is now used in most new and emerging broadband wired and wireless communication systems because it is an effective solution to intersymbol interference caused by a dispersive channel. Very recently a number of researchers have shown that OFDM is also a promising technology for optical communications. This paper gives a tutorial overview of OFDM highlighting the aspects that are likely to be important in optical applications. To achieve good performance in optical systems OFDM must be adapted in various ways. The constraints imposed by single mode optical fiber, multimode optical fiber and optical wireless are discussed and the new forms of optical OFDM which have been developed are outlined. The main drawbacks of OFDM are its high peak to average power ratio and its sensitivity to phase noise and frequency offset. The impairments that these cause are described and their implications for optical systems discussed.

1,581 citations


Network Information
Related Authors (3)
B. De Canne

2 papers, 5 citations

89% related
Serge Simon

2 papers, 5 citations

87% related
Marc Moeneclaey

436 papers, 9K citations

72% related
Performance
Metrics

Author's H-index: 4

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
20011
19982
19952
19941
19921