01 Jan 2011
TL;DR: There is an urgency of comprehensive health research among the tribal populations of India, where tribal people are known to have sexual practices that differ from those of mainstream cultures and a high prevalence of HIV and AIDS have been reported.
Abstract: ENGLISH/ ABSTRACT (ENGLISH/ ABSTRACT (ENGLISH/ ABSTRACT (ENGLISH/ ANGLAIS India is the second largest concentration of tribal population in the World. Indian tribes constitute around 8.3 percent of nation's total population. There are 635 tribes located in India. Present, health is a prerequisite for human development and is an essential component for the well being of the mankind. India is characterized by the presence of a large number of endogamous castes, tribes and religious communities with several types of marriage practices and the age at which the girl gets married will depended on social values. Tribal people are known to have sexual practices that differ from those of mainstream cultures and a high prevalence of HIV and AIDS have been reported. Lack of data is a constraint when it comes to tracking the health indicators of the tribal population. Tribal communities in general and primitive groups in particular are highly disease prone. Maternal malnutrition which is quite common among the tribal women is also a serious problem, especially for those having quite a few pregnancies too closely spaced, and reflected the complex socio- economic factors that affects their overall situation. Hence, there is an urgency of comprehensive health research among the tribal populations of India.
TL;DR: Overall knowledge regarding cervical cancer among the surveyed women was poor, though they exhibited a positive attitude, and calls for a sustained health education and screening program to create awareness and improve the uptake of cervical cancer screening among these women.
Abstract: Cervical cancer continues to be a leading cancer among women in India. Despite availability of various screening techniques, majority of Indian women remain unscreened for cancer cervix. The increasing incidence could be attributed to the lack of awareness regarding cervical cancer screening and paucity of organized screening facilities in the country. This study assessed the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards cervical cancer screening among tribal women of coastal Karnataka, southern India. A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 1140 women aged 20–65 years from three tribes. Information on their KAP towards cervical cancer screening was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. Mean age of the participants was 39.8 ± 10.1 years. Although 82.9% of the participants reported to have heard of cervical cancer, 51% were aware that the disease could be prevented, and only 2.3% knew that it can be detected at an early stage. Over 75% of the participants did not have adequate knowledge regarding cervical cancer. However, majority of them (99.9%) had a favourable attitude towards cervical cancer screening. None of them had undergone cervical cancer screening prior to the study. The knowledge scores were significantly associated with age group, marital status, education level, socioeconomic status and tribal community of the participants (p < 0.05). Overall knowledge regarding cervical cancer among the surveyed women was poor, though they exhibited a positive attitude. This calls for a sustained health education and screening program to create awareness and improve the uptake of cervical cancer screening among these women.
13 Dec 2014
TL;DR: The outcome of this study will give an authentic view about the Santals current health status and will draw the attention of the authority in order to make the available public health intervention and medical care available for not only them but also for other vulnerable tribal communities.
Abstract: Purpose: There is lack of evidence based information particularly in Bangladesh about the status of health and disease condition of different tribal community, especially about Santals. The study was performed so that the critical aspect and condition of health of the Santals along with their socio-demographic status has been revealed. Methods: Study was conducted at the Rajshahi Division, in the Naogaon district in six different village where the Santals lives from their ancestors. Information on their socio-demography, health, disease condition and others related matters has been collected through a pre-planned questionnaire and the collected data were analyzed to reveal the desire status through Excel and SPSS analysis. Result: On the basis of critical analysis, the highest age of the participants were 86 and the lowest were 15, and the mean (±SD) age of the participants were 38.25 (±15.313) years. The percentage of male and female participants were 45.9% and 54.1% respectively. There dependency on their hand made alcohol were notable 39.8%, and smoking were 43.2%, among them percent female alcoholic were 14.5%. Maximum participants were having high blood pressure 73.7% whereas the percent among male and female were 80% and 67.8% accordingly. The prevalence of diabetes were 34.1%, where the percent of male and female were 52.56% and 47.44%. In addition, percentage and frequency of other disease and disorder of Eye, Oral, Respiratory, Gastrointestinal, Genitourinary, Musculoskeletal were 31.4% (72), 22.2% (51), 24.1% (55), 41.8% (96), 31% (71), 62% (142) respectively. About 52.4% (120) were immunized and among them 13.1% were single vaccinated and 39.3% were multiple vaccinated. From 87.8% (201) married participants 35% (70) were having birth control methods, whereas most of them were dependent on pills 55.6%. On the side of female participants only, 9.7% (12) were pregnant, 16% (20) were reported painful period and 3.5% (8) were noted for breast discharge. Conclusion: The outcome of this study will give an authentic view about the Santals current health status and will draw the attention of the authority in order to make the available public health intervention and medical care available for not only them but also for other vulnerable tribal communities.
Sexuality in the Time of AIDS: Contemporary Perspectives from Communities in IndiaVerma,Ravi K.Pelto,Pertti J.SchensulStephen L. and JoshiArchana (eds), Sexuality in the Time of AIDS: Contemporary Perspectives from Communities in India,New Delhi, Sage Publications,2004;431 pages; Rs 450.00 (paperback).
TL;DR: The tribal populations of Purulia suffers from very poor conditions in terms of hygiene, poverty, and lack of safe drinking water, resulting in major health problems such as diarrhoea, malaria, filarial, TB, anaemia, and others, which compound Purulia's health and development problems.
Abstract: The tribal populations are is recognised as socially and economically vulnerable. Their lifestyles and food habits are different from that of their rural neighbours. They depend on minor forest produce and manual labour for livelihood. They may not have adequate income. Their food consumption pattern is dependent on the vagaries of nature and varies from extreme deprivation (in the lean seasons) to high intakes (in the post-harvest period). About 21% of them are scheduled castes and 24% are tribes. Purulia suffers from very poor conditions in terms of hygiene, poverty, and lack of safe drinking water, resulting in major health problems such as diarrhoea, malaria, filarial, TB, anaemia, and others. Poor child birth and nutrition standards lead to high IMR and MMR. Open defecation, lack of sanitary latrines, poor educational standards for girl children, and poor awareness of HIV/AIDS also compound Purulia's health and development problems. Tribal people are known to have sexual practices that vary from those of mainstream cultures. Less or nothing is known about the prevalence of HIV and AIDS among tribal people in India, except perhaps in some of the tribal states of the North-East of India as these have high prevalence of drug use. HIV and AIDS has become the fourth largest killer worldwide, and in Asian counterpart which is scattering at an alarming rate. In developing countries, it was estimated that at least half of the non-pregnant and two thirds of the pregnant Women are anaemic. Maternal malnutrition which was quite common among the tribal women was also a serious health problem especially for those having numerous pregnancies too closely spaced and reflected the complex socio-economic factors that affected their overall condition.