Bio: Marc Kuhn is an academic researcher from ETH Zurich. The author has contributed to research in topics: Relay & MIMO. The author has an hindex of 16, co-authored 60 publications receiving 1322 citations. Previous affiliations of Marc Kuhn include Swisscom & École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: A communication scheme that uses the power line to initialize and synchronize wireless amplify-and-forward relays and to broadcast information between the relays is considered, designed to optimally exploit the frequency diversity available on PLC channels.
Abstract: In this paper, we investigate the use of power line communication (PLC) to assist cooperative wireless relaying. We consider a communication scheme that uses the power line to initialize and synchronize wireless amplify-and-forward relays and to broadcast information between the relays. Starting from an analysis of transfer functions and noise measurements of PLC channels in office and residential environments, we propose a power line transmission scheme for the inter-relay-communication and assess the influence of this scheme on wireless relaying. This scheme is based on linear precoded orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing; it is designed to optimally exploit the frequency diversity available on PLC channels. The use of PLC leads to a very flexible way of enhancing wireless communications by plugging in additional relays where they are needed-without additional wiring.
••17 Jun 2007
TL;DR: This paper investigates and compares two different re-encoding schemes at the relay in a MIMO two-way decode-and-forward relaying scheme based on superposition coding and the bitwise XOR operation.
Abstract: Conventional half-duplex relaying schemes suffer from the loss in spectral efficiency due to the two channel uses required for the transmission from the source to the destination. Two-way relaying is an efficient means to reduce this loss in spectral efficiency by bidirectional simultaneous transmission of data between the two nodes. In this paper we study the impact of transmit channel state information at the relay in a MIMO two-way decode-and-forward relaying scheme. We investigate and compare two different re-encoding schemes at the relay. The first is based on superposition coding, whereas the second one is based on the bitwise XOR operation.
TL;DR: This article introduces three distributed network scenarios that differ in the amount of cooperation between nodes and presents coherent relaying solutions that offer a distributed spatial multiplexing gain even for single-antenna nodes.
Abstract: In this article we review an important class of wireless cooperation protocols known as amplify-and-forward relaying. One or more low-complexity relay nodes assist the communication between sources and destinations without having to decode the signal. This makes AF relaying transparent to modulation and coding of the source/destination communication protocol. It is therefore a highly flexible technology that also qualifies for application in heterogeneous networks comprising many nodes of different complexity or even standards. Recently, two-way relaying was introduced, which is readily combined with AF relaying. It is a spectrally efficient protocol that allows for bidirectional communication between sources and destinations. In order to investigate the potential of wireless AF relaying, we introduce three distributed network scenarios that differ in the amount of cooperation between nodes. New challenges arise in those networks, and we discuss approaches to overcome them. For the most general case of a completely distributed system, we present coherent relaying solutions that offer a distributed spatial multiplexing gain even for single-antenna nodes. Based on real-world experiments, we validate the feasibility of all schemes in our laboratory.
26 Sep 2004
TL;DR: It is shown that the right choice of the amplification gains is crucial to achieve high outage throughput and an optimal gain allocation is presented which results in a coherent combining of all signal contributions at the destination and maximizes the instantaneous throughput of the link.
Abstract: We consider a wireless network with one source/destination pair and several linear amplify-and-forward relays. The influence of the gain allocation at the relays on the performance in cooperative relay communication links is analyzed. We present an optimal gain allocation which results in a coherent combining of all signal contributions at the destination and maximizes the instantaneous throughput of the link. If the channel state information (CSI) at the relays is limited, cooperative diversity schemes can be used. We show that the right choice of the amplification gains is crucial to achieve high outage throughput.
11 Jul 2004
TL;DR: This work considers a wireless network with one source/destination pair and several linear amplify-and-forward relays and proposes time-variant and relay specific phase rotations induced at each relay to make the effective channel time- Variant.
Abstract: We consider a wireless network with one source/destination pair and several linear amplify-and-forward relays. All nodes are equipped with one single antenna. To achieve cooperative diversity we propose time-variant and relay specific phase rotations induced at each relay to make the effective channel time-variant. This transformation of spatial diversity into temporal diversity can be exploited by an appropriate outer code. Furthermore we show that the allocation of the amplification gains at the relays has great influence on the diversity performance and we give a low complexity extension to existing gain allocations.
TL;DR: Two new half-duplex relaying protocols are proposed that avoid the pre-log factor one-half in corresponding capacity expressions and it is shown that both protocols recover a significant portion of the half- duplex loss.
Abstract: We study two-hop communication protocols where one or several relay terminals assist in the communication between two or more terminals. All terminals operate in half-duplex mode, hence the transmission of one information symbol from the source terminal to the destination terminal occupies two channel uses. This leads to a loss in spectral efficiency due to the pre-log factor one-half in corresponding capacity expressions. We propose two new half-duplex relaying protocols that avoid the pre-log factor one-half. Firstly, we consider a relaying protocol where a bidirectional connection between two terminals is established via one amplify-and-forward (AF) or decode-and-forward (DF) relay (two-way relaying). We also extend this protocol to a multi-user scenario, where multiple terminals communicate with multiple partner terminals via several orthogonalize-and-forward (OF) relay terminals, i.e., the relays orthogonalize the different two-way transmissions by a distributed zero-forcing algorithm. Secondly, we propose a relaying protocol where two relays, either AF or DF, alternately forward messages from a source terminal to a destination terminal (two-path relaying). It is shown that both protocols recover a significant portion of the half-duplex loss
01 Jan 2006
TL;DR: It is shown that at reasonable power levels the selection AF scheme maintains full diversity order, and has significantly better outage behavior and average throughput than the conventional scheme or that with optimal power allocation.
TL;DR: A practical algorithm is proposed which allows cooperation between cognitive users in random networks and develops sufficient conditions for agility gain when the cognitive population is arbitrarily large.
Abstract: In cognitive radio networks, cognitive (unlicensed) users need to continuously monitor spectrum for the presence of primary (licensed) users. In this paper, we illustrate the benefits of cooperation in cognitive radio. We show that by allowing the cognitive users operating in the same band to cooperate we can reduce the detection time and thus increase the overall agility. We first consider a two-user cognitive radio network and show how the inherent asymmetry in the network can be exploited to increase the agility. We show that our cooperation scheme increases the agility of the cognitive users by as much as 35%. We then extend our cooperation scheme to multicarrier networks with two users per carrier and analyze asymptotic agility gain. In Part II of our paper , we investigate multiuser single carrier networks. We develop a decentralized cooperation protocol which ensures agility gain for arbitrarily large cognitive network population.
TL;DR: In this article, two power allocation schemes are proposed to minimize the system outage probability, based on complete channel state information and channel statistics, respectively, and a selection scheme where only one "best" relay node is chosen to assist in the transmission is proposed.
Abstract: -We consider an Amplify-and-Forward cooperative diversity system where a source node communicates with a destination node with the help of one or more relay nodes The conventional system model assumes all relay nodes participate, with the available channel and power resources equally distributed over all nodes This approach being clearly sub-optimal, we first present two power allocation schemes to minimize the system outage probability, based on complete channel state information and channel statistics, respectively We further show that the proposed optimal power allocation methods minimize system symbol error rate as well Next, we propose a selection scheme where only one "best" relay node is chosen to assist in the transmission We show that the selection-AF scheme maintains full diversity order, and at reasonable power levels has significantly better outage behavior and average throughput than the conventional all-participate scheme or that with optimal power allocation Finally we combine power allocation and selection to further improve performance
TL;DR: Several SNR-suboptimal multiple relay selection schemes are proposed, whose complexity is linear in the number of relays and are proved to achieve full diversity.
Abstract: This paper is on relay selection schemes for wireless relay networks. First, we derive the diversity of many single-relay selection schemes in the literature. Then, we generalize the idea of relay selection by allowing more than one relay to cooperate. The SNR-optimal multiple relay selection scheme can be achieved by exhaustive search, whose complexity increases exponentially in the network size. To reduce the complexity, several SNR-suboptimal multiple relay selection schemes are proposed, whose complexity is linear in the number of relays. They are proved to achieve full diversity. Simulation shows that they perform much better than the corresponding single relay selection methods and very close to the SNR-optimal multiple relay selection scheme. In addition, for large networks, these multiple relay selection schemes require the same amount of feedback bits from the receiver as single relay selection schemes.