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Marcella Frangipane

Bio: Marcella Frangipane is an academic researcher from Sapienza University of Rome. The author has contributed to research in topics: Bronze Age & Chalcolithic. The author has an hindex of 18, co-authored 47 publications receiving 696 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
28 May 2020-Cell
TL;DR: It is found that 6th millennium BCE populations of North/Central Anat Turkey and the Southern Caucasus shared mixed ancestry on a genetic cline that formed during the Neolithic between Western Anatolia and regions in today's Southern Caucasus/Zagros.

66 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors presented the first archaeomagnetic results from five different mounds in southeast Turkey, the northern part of Mesopotamia, and compared the results with the global geomagnetic field models (CALS7k.2, ARCH3k_cst.1 and CALS3k.4).

61 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A detailed comparison of the Halaf culture of northern Mesopotamia and eastern Anatolia with the Samarra and Ubaid cultures of central and southern Mesopotmia, examining settlement pattern, economy and burial customs, reveals the ways the vectors of egalitarianism in these two contrasting systems and enables key variables determining the nature and distribution of equality to be distinguished.
Abstract: There is no single form that equality takes in past societies. Some societies, horizontal egalitarian systems, manifest absence of hierarchy, but in other societies (vertical egalitarian systems) privileged status coexists with substantial equality. A detailed comparison of the Halaf culture of northern Mesopotamia and eastern Anatolia with the Samarra and Ubaid cultures of central and southern Mesopotamia, examining settlement pattern, economy and burial customs, reveals the ways the vectors of egalitarianism in these two contrasting systems and enables key variables determining the nature and distribution of equality to be distinguished.

56 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Cet article rend compte de l'extraordinaire decouverte d'une tombe isolee faite a Arslantepe, en bordure de la grande aire publique (periode VI A), presente des dimensions imposantes, des caracteres de construction qui lui sont propres.
Abstract: Cet article rend compte de l'extraordinaire decouverte d'une tombe isolee faite a Arslantepe, en bordure de la grande aire publique (periode VI A). Cette tombe qui peut etre datee du tout, debut du 3e millenaire (periode VI B) presente des dimensions imposantes, des caracteres de construction qui lui sont propres, le temoignage d 'un rituel complexe, des offrandes funeraires tres riches qui semblent devoir etre faites a un personnage de haut rang. Le statut de l 'homme enterre dans cette tombe est renforce par la presence de quatre adolescents probablement sacrifies sur les dalles en pierre qui couvrent la tombe en ciste ou a. pris place le principal personnage. Divers specialistes donnent ici les resultats de leurs analyses (relations typologiques du materiel, caracteres anthropologiques et paleopathologiques, composition du metal, provenance geologique des dalles de pierre, identification des restes de bois ainsi que datations C14) ; cette recherche interdisciplinaire a permis de lancer le debat sur l 'identite culturelle et ethnique du defunt, les relations exterieures que met en evidence le materiel de la tombe et sa signification tant culturelle qu 'historique dans le developpement que connait le site. Le caractere inhabituel de cette tombe, sa datation qui permet de la situer lors de la, periode qui suit immediatement la chute du systeme palatial de type mesopotamien, la presence dans le materiel a la fois de poterie rouge-noire de Transcaucasie et de poterie claire faite au tour dans la tradition de la poterie locale de la periode VI A, ouvre le debat sur le role qu 'a pu jouer la, composante transcaucasienne et, dans la chute du puissant centre tant, religieux qu'administratif que representait Arslantepe au IVe millenaire et dans les changements radicaux que l'on observe dans les systemes politiques et socio-economiques des communautes ď Anatolie orientale au debut du 3e millenaire.

52 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyse the role of composantes locales in the developpement d'organisations politiques centralisees in Greater Mesopotamia, a region septentrionales de la Syrie et de l'Anatolie orientale.
Abstract: Nouvelle etude de la nature des rapports entretenus entre les communautes du Nord, et du Sud de la, « Greater Mesopotamia » au cours de l'Uruk recent, plus particulierement de l'influence que l'expansion de groupes venant du Sud a pu avoir, dans les regions septentrionales de la Syrie et de l'Anatolie orientale, sur la naissance et l'evolution des premieres formes de l'Etat. Sont mises en evidence aussi bien les racines historiques de l'unite culturelle qui caracterise la « Greater Mesopotamia » que l'importance des composantes locales et, le role que les unes et les autres jouerent dans le developpement d'organisations politiques centralisees. Les changements observes tant au niveau inter- regional qu 'au niveau des sites a cette epoque sont dus principalement aux changements structuraux qui prirent place, et dans les societes du nord et dans celles du sud. Cette analyse est fondee sur le cas exemplaire que nous offre le site d'Arslan Tepe (Malatya) ou la richesse des donnees provenant d'une vaste zone d'edifices publics a permis de proposer une reconstruction d'une proto-organisation d'un Etat avant de fortes interactions avec les societes du Sud, mais qui, en meme temps, reposait sur le developpement de structures tout a fait locales.

50 citations


Cited by
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Book ChapterDOI
31 Jul 2017

181 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Gobekli Tepe is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of modern times, pushing back the origins of monumentality beyond the emergence of agriculture as discussed by the authors, and it has been considered to be a significant archaeological site.
Abstract: Gobekli Tepe is one of the most important archaeological discoveries of modern times, pushing back the origins of monumentality beyond the emergence of agriculture. We are pleased to present a summary of work in progress by the excavators of this remarkable site and their latest thoughts about its role and meaning. At the dawn of the Neolithic, hunter-gatherers congregating at Gobekli Tepe created social and ideological cohesion through the carving of decorated pillars, dancing, feasting—and, almost certainly, the drinking of beer made from fermented wild crops.

173 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Jason Ur1
TL;DR: A review of recent data from excavations and surveys in northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, and southeastern Turkey with particular attention to how they are used to construct models of early urban polities is presented in this paper.
Abstract: The intensification of fieldwork in northern Mesopotamia, the upper region of the Tigris-Euphrates basin, has revealed two cycles of expansion and reduction in social complexity between 4400 and 2000 BC. These cycles include developments in social inequality, political centralization, craft production and economic specialization, agropastoral land use, and urbanization. Contrary to earlier assessments, many of these developments proceeded independently from the polities in southern Mesopotamia, although not in isolation. This review considers recent data from excavations and surveys in northern Iraq, northeastern Syria, and southeastern Turkey with particular attention to how they are used to construct models of early urban polities.

165 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors argue that we now need to reintegrate culturally specific analyses within a modified comparative/generalizing perspective on complexity, and argue that cultural specific analyses need to be reintegrated into the general comparative explanatory paradigm of the 1970s.
Abstract: Recent research on Old World chiefdoms and states has largely retreated from the general comparative explanatory paradigm of the 1970s and has focused instead on more historically oriented analyses of culture-specific developmental trajectories. Both theoretical and empirical work tend to emphasize a heterogeneous, conflict-based model of complex society and political economy. This analytical framework has been quite successful in documenting variation and historically determined patterning in the organization of urbanism, craft production, specialization, and exchange. I present an overview of this research and argue that we now need to reintegrate culturally specific analyses within a modified comparative/generalizing perspective on complexity.

154 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Predynastic of Egypt, spanning an interval from ca. 4000 to 3050 B.C., was an eventful period as discussed by the authors, which was the time when the identity of Egyptian society was forged.
Abstract: The Predynastic of Egypt, spanning an interval from ca. 4000 to 3050 B.C., was an eventful period. After the inception of food production in the Nile Valley at least a millennium before, it was the time when the identity of Egyptian society was forged. Egypt was settled by refugees from the deserts of the eastern Sahara and the southern Levant, fleeing from mid-Holocene droughts, and became a melting pot of indigenous Nilotes and desert herders, part-time cultivators, and hunters. Within a millennium, an increasing dependence on agriculture led to sedentary life and, in some cases, to the development of sizable communities. By 4000 B.C., the settled communities had also developed a distinct division of labor between men and women and ritual and religious beliefs in which women, grain, fertility, and death were salient and interrelated elements. The Predynastic communities were also faced by the most destabilizing factor of agricultural economy, namely, fluctuations of yield. Attempts to dampen the fluctuations through interregional integration led to the emergence of community representatives and eventually chiefs. Legitimation of the status of chiefs through affiliation with the traditional and supernatural power associated with women, fertility, and death and the acquisition of exotic goods stimulated trade and an industry in funerary goods. Enlargement of economic units through alliances, with occasional incidences of fighting, especially after 3600 B.C., led to the rise of a state society governed by supreme rulers. The wedding of the funerary cult of Late Predynastic Egypt with political power and military might was the basis for the most fascinating aspects of Ancient Egypt—religion and kingship.

146 citations