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Marco Felici

Bio: Marco Felici is an academic researcher from Sapienza University of Rome. The author has contributed to research in topics: Quantum dot & Band gap. The author has an hindex of 23, co-authored 89 publications receiving 1918 citations. Previous affiliations of Marco Felici include Radboud University Nijmegen & École Normale Supérieure.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a site-controlled InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots grown in inverted pyramids were used to achieve entanglement in polarization conditions without the application of electric, magnetic or strain fields.
Abstract: Entangled photons are efficiently generated from highly symmetric, site-controlled InGaAs/GaAs quantum dots grown in inverted pyramids. Fine-structure splitting of the intermediate exciton level is suppressed without the application of electric, magnetic or strain fields. Polarization entanglement is demonstrated by measurements of the two-photon density matrix and the confirmation of several entanglement criteria.

153 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: All investigated complexes display a rich and reversible electrochemical behavior that couples with excellent emission quantum yields and long lifetimes of the excited states, making all the investigated complexes highly promising for their effective use as ECL labels in bioanalytical applications.
Abstract: Cationic cyclometalated iridium complexes containing two anionic phenylpyridine (ppy) ligands and the neutral bidentate triazole-pyridine ligand, 2-(1-substituted-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine (pytl), were investigated. The complexes display a rich and reversible electrochemical behavior, upon investigations by cyclic voltammetry in strictly aprotic conditions, that couples with excellent emission quantum yields and long lifetimes of the excited states. Therefore, in organic media, all complexes have generated intense green electrochemiluminescence (ECL) through the so-called annihilation procedure and, importantly, a modulation of the emission energy (to blue) has been easily obtained by simple fluorination of the ppy ligand. Finally, taking advantage of their remarkable solubility in water, intense ECL was also obtained from aqueous buffer solutions using the co-reactant method, thus making all the investigated complexes highly promising for their effective use as ECL labels in bioanalytical applications.

106 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors demonstrate the deterministic coupling between a single, site-controlled InGaAs∕GaAs pyramidal quantum dot (QD) and a photonic crystal membrane cavity defect.
Abstract: The authors demonstrate the deterministic coupling between a single, site-controlled InGaAs∕GaAs pyramidal quantum dot (QD) and a photonic crystal membrane cavity defect. The growth of self-ordered pyramidal QDs in small (300nm base side) tetrahedral recesses etched on (111)B GaAs substrates was developed in order to allow their integration within the thin GaAs membranes. Accurate (better than 50nm) positioning of the QD with respect to the optical cavity mode is achieved reproducibly owing to the site control. Coupling of the dot emission with the cavity mode is evidenced in photoluminescence measurements. The deterministic positioning of the pyramidal QDs and the control of their emission spectrum opens the way for devices based on QDs integrated with coupled nanocavities.

102 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is demonstrated that the emission characteristics of site-controlled InGaAs/GaAs single quantum dots embedded in photonic crystal slab cavities correspond to single confined excitons coupled to cavity modes, unlike previous reports of similar systems based on self-assembled quantum dots.
Abstract: We demonstrate that the emission characteristics of site-controlled InGaAs/GaAs single quantum dots embedded in photonic crystal slab cavities correspond to single confined excitons coupled to cavity modes, unlike previous reports of similar systems based on self-assembled quantum dots. By using polarization-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy at different temperatures and a theoretical model, we show that the exciton-cavity interaction range is limited to the phonon sidebands. Photon-correlation and pump-power dependence experiments under nonresonant excitation conditions further establish that the cavity is fed only by a single exciton.

100 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Novel 2-(1-substituted-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine (pytl) ligands have been prepared by "click chemistry" and used in the preparation of heteroleptic complexes of Ru and Ir with bipyridine and phenylpyr residues, respectively, resulting in cyclometalating ligands.
Abstract: Novel 2-(1-substituted-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine (pytl) ligands have been prepared by "click chemistry" and used in the preparation of heteroleptic complexes of Ru and Ir with bipyridine (bpy) and phenylpyridine (ppy) ligands, respectively, resulting in [Ru(bpy)(2)(pytl-R)]Cl(2) and [Ir(ppy)(2)(pytl-R)]Cl (R=methyl, adamantane (ada), beta-cyclodextrin (betaCD)). The two diastereoisomers of the Ir complex with the appended beta-cyclodextrin, [Ir(ppy)(2)(pytl-betaCD)]Cl, were separated. The [Ru(bpy)(2)(pytl-R)]Cl(2) (R=Me, ada or betaCD) complexes have lower lifetimes and quantum yields than other polypyridine complexes. In contrast, the cyclometalated Ir complexes display rather long lifetimes and very high emission quantum yields. The emission quantum yield and lifetime (Phi=0.23, tau=1000 ns) of [Ir(ppy)(2)(pytl-ada)]Cl are surprisingly enhanced in [Ir(ppy)(2)(pytl-betaCD)]Cl (Phi=0.54, tau=2800 ns). This behavior is unprecedented for a metal complex and is most likely due to its increased rigidity and protection from water molecules as well as from dioxygen quenching, because of the hydrophobic cavity of the betaCD covalently attached to pytl. The emissive excited state is localized on these cyclometalating ligands, as underlined by the shift to the blue (450 nm) upon substitution with two electron-withdrawing fluorine substituents on the phenyl unit. The significant differences between the quantum yields of the two separate diastereoisomers of [Ir(ppy)(2)(pytl-betaCD)]Cl (0.49 vs. 0.70) are attributed to different interactions of the chiral cyclodextrin substituent with the Delta and Lambda isomers of the metal complex.

99 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the time dependence of ρ11, ρ22 and ρ12 under steady-state conditions was analyzed under a light field interaction V = -μ12Ee iωt + c.c.
Abstract: (b) Write out the equations for the time dependence of ρ11, ρ22, ρ12 and ρ21 assuming that a light field interaction V = -μ12Ee iωt + c.c. couples only levels |1> and |2>, and that the excited levels exhibit spontaneous decay. (8 marks) (c) Under steady-state conditions, find the ratio of populations in states |2> and |3>. (3 marks) (d) Find the slowly varying amplitude ̃ ρ 12 of the polarization ρ12 = ̃ ρ 12e iωt . (6 marks) (e) In the limiting case that no decay is possible from intermediate level |3>, what is the ground state population ρ11(∞)? (2 marks) 2. (15 marks total) In a 2-level atom system subjected to a strong field, dressed states are created in the form |D1(n)> = sin θ |1,n> + cos θ |2,n-1> |D2(n)> = cos θ |1,n> sin θ |2,n-1>

1,872 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The ability to address coherence, in addition to valley polarization, is a step forward towards achieving quantum manipulation of the valley index necessary for coherent valleytronics.
Abstract: As a consequence of degeneracies arising from crystal symmetries, it is possible for electron states at band-edges ('valleys') to have additional spin-like quantum numbers. An important question is whether coherent manipulation can be performed on such valley pseudospins, analogous to that implemented using true spin, in the quest for quantum technologies. Here, we show that valley coherence can be generated and detected. Because excitons in a single valley emit circularly polarized photons, linear polarization can only be generated through recombination of an exciton in a coherent superposition of the two valley states. Using monolayer semiconductor WSe2 devices, we first establish the circularly polarized optical selection rules for addressing individual valley excitons and trions. We then demonstrate coherence between valley excitons through the observation of linearly polarized luminescence, whose orientation coincides with that of the linearly polarized excitation, for any given polarization angle. In contrast, the corresponding photoluminescence from trions is not observed to be linearly polarized, consistent with the expectation that the emitted photon polarization is entangled with valley pseudospin. The ability to address coherence, in addition to valley polarization, is a step forward towards achieving quantum manipulation of the valley index necessary for coherent valleytronics.

1,322 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: An overview of the theoretical principles involved, as well as applications ranging from high-precision quantum electrodynamics experiments to quantum-information processing can be found in this paper.
Abstract: Quantum dots embedded in photonics nanostructures provide unprecedented control over the interaction between light and matter. This review gives an overview of the theoretical principles involved, as well as applications ranging from high-precision quantum electrodynamics experiments to quantum-information processing.

1,240 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The general principles of QD synthesis are summarized using InP as an example and applications of QDs and QD arrays in novel quantum dot PV cells, where multiple exciton generation from single photons could yield significantly higher PV conversion efficiencies are discussed.
Abstract: Here, we will first briefly summarize the general principles of QD synthesis using our previous work on InP as an example. Then we will focus on QDs of the IV-VI Pb chalcogenides (PbSe, PbS, and PbTe) and Si QDs because these were among the first QDs that were reported to produce multiple excitons upon absorbing single photons of appropriate energy (a process we call multiple exciton generation (MEG)). We note that in addition to Si and the Pb-VI QDs, two other semiconductor systems (III-V InP QDs(56) and II-VI core-shell CdTe/CdSe QDs(57)) were very recently reported to also produce MEG. Then we will discuss photogenerated carrier dynamics in QDs, including the issues and controversies related to the cooling of hot carriers and the magnitude and significance of MEG in QDs. Finally, we will discuss applications of QDs and QD arrays in novel quantum dot PV cells, where multiple exciton generation from single photons could yield significantly higher PV conversion efficiencies.

1,152 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The latest quantum dot-based single-Photon sources are edging closer to the ideal single-photon source, and have opened new possibilities for quantum technologies.
Abstract: Single photons are a fundamental element of most quantum optical technologies. The ideal single-photon source is an on-demand, deterministic, single-photon source delivering light pulses in a well-defined polarization and spatiotemporal mode, and containing exactly one photon. In addition, for many applications, there is a quantum advantage if the single photons are indistinguishable in all their degrees of freedom. Single-photon sources based on parametric down-conversion are currently used, and while excellent in many ways, scaling to large quantum optical systems remains challenging. In 2000, semiconductor quantum dots were shown to emit single photons, opening a path towards integrated single-photon sources. Here, we review the progress achieved in the past few years, and discuss remaining challenges. The latest quantum dot-based single-photon sources are edging closer to the ideal single-photon source, and have opened new possibilities for quantum technologies.

828 citations