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Margel Parra Fernández

Bio: Margel Parra Fernández is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Quality (business) & Planned change. The author has an hindex of 3, co-authored 8 publications receiving 52 citations.

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01 Jun 2019
TL;DR: In this article, the authors investigated the relationship between the quality of the communication and the attitude of the employees towards processes of organizational change and found that the group of participants exposed to a communication with high quality arguments showed less resistance to organizational change than the group that were exposed to low quality arguments.
Abstract: It has been confirmed that the organizations have faced various changes and challenges generated in the market, which have originated a new focus of study focused on people to execute the processes, emphasizing the creation of work methodologies that support the efforts of the employees to generate the changes, in such a way that the organizations can become global, flexible, productive, in addition to generate strategies oriented to the employee and the strategy to the client. In this sense, it is necessary to apply methods or techniques that allow optimizing the development of prod-uction processes, as well as the administration of organizations, by virtue of improving work activities and production processes. In this context, for the execution of organizational processes, a human talent is required that is committed and identified with the culture of the company, which is why the role played by the individual within any organization is highlighted. generate attitudes that promote communication, as a promoter of the functioning of the activities inherent to organizational change.The main of this research was to determine the relationship between the quality of the communication and the attitude of the employees towards processes of organizational chang. This objetive is proposed because some organizations treat all the changes as nonplanned change; that involves organizational change product of proactive and purposeful activities; inside in the business environment the human being define the attitudes as a process in which more is obtained than expected; adjusting the work, the objectives, purposes and goals established in the company. In this context, the organizational success or failure is caused by the employees do at the organization, the attitudes that they assume, the planned change that employees propose, also how they deal with the individuals and groups behavior. According to what has been said, make this research in relevant because it contributes to the scientific knowledge in the organizational change area. The study was carried out under an experimental design applying the resistance to change scale of Oreg (2006) in a sample collected online (n = 174) and composed of two random groups. To carry out this re- search, it was necessary to establish the sample criterion: we worked from an integrated sample with a total of 174 people, which were randomly selected, through social networks and the virtual campus of a distance university in Germany. The stratification of the sample was made up of women (53%) and men (47%), employees with ages mainly between 21 and 40 years of age (60%), between 40 and 60 years of age (36%) and others (4%). Regarding the level of education, we found that 70% of the participants had a bachelor's degree, 26% had a university degree and 4% others. The majority of the participants (68%) had a time of belonging to the company from 1 to 5 years and 32% had more than 10 years.In this research, a scale was used that differentiates three dimensions of resistance to change (affective, cognitive and behavioral). To investigate the possible links between the quality of the arguments (strong or weak) and the three dimensions of resistance to change, a Student's t test was carried out for each of the dimensions. Because multiple comparisons were made, the likelihood of committing type I error increased. In order to adjust the statistical results, the Bonferroni correction was applied (Buhner & Ziegler, 2009). The results confirm that the group of participants exposed to a communication with high quality arguments showed less resistance to organizational change than the group of participants exposed to a communication with low quality arguments. Finally, the importance of the findings for future research and practical implications for the management of organizational changes are discussed.

10 citations


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Journal Article
TL;DR: The Social Psychology of Groups as discussed by the authors is a seminal work in the field of family studies, where the authors introduced, defined, and illustrated basic concepts in an effort to explain the simplest of social phenomena, the two-person relationship.
Abstract: The Social Psychology of Groups. J. W Thibaut & H. H. Kelley. New York: alley, 1959. The team of Thibaut and Kelley goes back to 1946 when, after serving in different units of the armed services psychology program, the authors joined the Research Center for Group Dynamics, first at M.LT and then at the University of Michigan. Their continued association eventuated in appointments as fellows at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, 19561957. It is during these years that their collaboration resulted in the publication of The Social Psychology of Groups. The book was designed to "bring order and coherence to present-day research in interpersonal relations and group functioning." To accomplish this aim, the authors introduced, defined, and illustrated basic concepts in an effort to explain the simplest of social phenomena, the two-person relationship. These basic principles and concepts were then employed to illuminate larger problems and more complex social relationships and to examine the significance of such concepts as roles, norm, power, group cohesiveness, and status. The lasting legacy of this book is derived from the fact that the concepts and principles discussed therein serve as a foundation for one of the dominant conceptual frameworks in the field of family studies today-the social exchange framework. Specifically, much of our contemporary thinking about the process of interpersonal attraction and about how individuals evaluate their close relationships has been influenced by the theory and concepts introduced in The Social Psychology of Groups. Today, as a result of Thibaut and Kelley, we think of interpersonal attraction as resulting from the unique valence of driving and restraining forces, rewards and costs, subjectively thought to be available from a specific relationship and its competing alternatives. We understand, as well, that relationships are evaluated through complex and subjectively based comparative processes. As a result, when we think about assessing the degree to which individuals are satisfied with their relationships, we take into consideration the fact that individuals differ in terms of the importance they attribute to different aspects of a relationship (e.g., financial security, sexual fulfillment, companionship). We also take into consideration the fact that individuals differ in terms of the levels of rewards and costs that they believe are realistically obtainable and deserved from a relationship. In addition, as a result of Thibaut and Kelley's theoretical focus on the concept of dependence and the interrelationship between attraction and dependence, there has evolved within the field of family studies a deeper appreciation for the complexities and variability found within relationships. Individuals are dependent on their relationships, according to Thibaut and Kelley, when the outcomes derived from the existing relationship exceed those perceived to be available in competing alternatives. Individuals who are highly dependent on their relationships are less likely to act to end their relationships. This dependence and the stability it engenders may or may not be voluntary, depending on the degree to which individuals are attracted to and satisfied with their relationships. When individuals are both attracted to and dependent on their relationships, they can be thought of as voluntarily participating in their relationship. That is, they are likely to commit themselves to the partner and relationship and actively work for its continuance. Thibaut and Kelley termed those relationships characterized by low levels of satisfaction and high levels of dependence "nonvoluntary relationships. …

1,894 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This book is altogether unlike any other sociological treatise on the family, but neither is it in any sense a popular, practical manual for the guidance of youth in pursuit of marital bliss.
Abstract: This book is altogether unlike any other sociological treatise on the family. There are two generally recognized types of books on marriage and the family. One, theoretical in nature, deals with the family as a social institution. The other deals with the problems of courtship, marriage and parenthood—more or less as a manual for youths in contemporary society. The book at hand does not structure the family as a social institution, but neither is it in any sense a popular, practical manual for the guidance of youth in pursuit of marital bliss!

501 citations

22 Sep 2016
TL;DR: This intervention addresses individual factors by emphasizing the importance of retention in care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence; behavioral factors related to HIV care and adherence by promoting self-efficacy, goal setting, and problem solving; and socialenvironmental factors by promoting social support and trusting relationships with peer navigators and clinicians.
Abstract: Brief Description LINK LA (Linking Inmates to Care in Los Angeles) is a 12-session, 24-week peer-navigation intervention for people with HIV who are scheduled to be released from jail. LINK LA addresses individual factors by emphasizing the importance of retention in care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence; behavioral factors related to HIV care and adherence by promoting self-efficacy, goal setting, and problem solving; and socialenvironmental factors by promoting social support and trusting relationships with peer navigators and clinicians. The intervention also teaches skills to overcome social stigma and discrimination, and facilitates access to care through appointment scheduling, reminders, transportation assistance, and meeting competing subsistence needs. Lay peer navigators are trained to act as role models to assist participants through each stage of the HIV continuum of care (e.g., linkage or re-engagement, retention, and antiretroviral adherence). Prior to the participants’ release from jail, peer navigators meet with participants in a private conference room for 1-2 hours to deliver intervention content. After release, navigators meet with participants in private community settings and provide counseling on retention and adherence behaviors while accompanying participants to 2 HIV care appointments up to 24 weeks after release.

75 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: A nivel mundial, las ITS ocupan el segundo lugar por orden de importancia en la morbilidad general de las mujeres entre 15 y 44 años.
Abstract: Las infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) constituyen una epidemia en la mayor parte de los países del mundo. Las y los adolescentes y jóvenes constituyen la población más vulnerable para padecer y transmitir las ITS. A nivel mundial, las ITS ocupan el segundo lugar por orden de importancia en la morbilidad general de las mujeres entre 15 y 44 años. S egún la OMS en el año 2016, más de 1 millón de personas contraen una ITS cada día(1). Unos 357 millones de personas contraen al año alguna de las 4 ITS siguientes: clamydias, gonorrea, sífilis o tricomoniasis. Se estima que 500 millones de personas son portadoras del virus herpes 2 causantes de úlceras genitales. Alrededor de 290 millones de mujeres están infectadas con el virus del papiloma humano (VPH). Las ITS pueden tener consecuencias graves y secuelas a largo plazo para quien las padece y para su descendencia.

40 citations