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María Elena Avila Guerrero

Bio: María Elena Avila Guerrero is an academic researcher from Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Morelos. The author has an hindex of 5, co-authored 8 publications receiving 53 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The authors compare a modelo explicativo del consumo de drogas ilegales in adolescentes escolarizados, considerando variables personales (autoestima academica, autoestima social and sintomatologia depresiva), familiares (funcionamiento familiar, comunicacion familiar madre y padre), escolares (expectativa academica) and sociales (integracion and participacion comunitaria).

27 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, a study of 42 progenitores victimas de violencia filio-parental (VFP;18 padres and 24 madres) seleccionados by muestreo intencional teorico of two contextos: un centro de reforma de menores and un centre privado especializado en terapia de violence intrafamiliar.
Abstract: Objetivo.Conocer las teorias implicitas que utilizan los padres victimas de la violencia de sus hijos para explicar su inicio. Metodo.Se ha llevado a cabo un estudio cualitativo exploratorio siguiendo el metodo propuesto por la Teoria Fundamentada. La informacion fue obtenida a partir de seis grupos de discusion guiados por entrevistas semiestructuradas y analizada mediante ATLAS.ti 5.0. En total, participaron 42 progenitores victimas de violencia filio-parental (VFP;18 padres y 24 madres) seleccionados por muestreo intencional teorico de dos contextos: un centro de reforma de menores y un centro privado especializado en terapia de violencia intrafamiliar. Resultados. Los progenitores mantienen tres teorias para explicar el inicio de la VFP: (a) la teoria del alumno ausente, que alude al absentismo escolar como predictor de la conducta violenta; (b) la teoria del alumno consumidor, en la que el consumo de sustancias (alcohol, cannabis y cocaina) seria el factor antecedente; y (c) la teoria de la acumulacion de la tension, en la que se plantea la presencia de unos factores previos que contribuirian a incrementar el malestar (“rabia”) que antecederia el consumo abusivo de drogas y, posteriormente, la violencia hacia los padres. Conclusion. Los progenitores senalan que la VFP coincide con el comienzo de la etapa de educacion secundaria. Un aspecto comun a las tres teorias emergentes es que son factores distales y relacionados con el entorno que rodea a los adolescentes los principales desencadenantes de la VFP, quedando al margen variables relacionadas con la dinamica familiar.

11 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
08 Jun 2015
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyzed the relationship between victimization status, fear of crime, and the rates at which respondents make changes to their routines, and found that women are more likely to make changes in their daily routines than men.
Abstract: espanolEl objetivo de este estudio es analizar las relaciones existentes entre la victimizacion, el miedo al delito y los cambios en las rutinas en funcion del genero. Participaron 8170 sujetos (49.9% mujeres y 50.1% hombres) con edades entre los 12 y los 60 anos, residentes del Estado de Morelos (Mexico), seleccionados a partir de un muestreo estratificado proporcional. El instrumento fue una adaptacion de la Encuesta Nacional de Victimizacion y Percepcion de Inseguridad (Mexico). Los resultados evidencian que los sujetos que han sido victima muestran mayores puntuaciones que aquellas que no han sido victima en miedo al delito, cambios en las rutinas y medidas de proteccion. En particular, los hombres victima perciben una mayor inseguridad, adoptan mas cambios en sus rutinas cotidianas y mas medidas de proteccion que las mujeres victima, lo cual, en conjunto, nos indica un mayor miedo al delito. Finalmente, se discuten las implicaciones de estos resultados. EnglishThe purpose of this study consist of analyzing the relationships between victimization status, fear of crime, and the rates at which respondents make changes to their routines. The sample consisted of 8170 subjects, living in the state of Morelos, Mexico. It was selected from a proportional stratified sampling and was composed of 49.9% women and 50.1% men, in a range of ages from 12 to 60 years old. The measurement instrument was adapted from the Encuesta Nacional de Victimizacion y Percepcion de Inseguridad (Mexico). Results show that victims present higher rates of fear of crime, make greater changes to daily routines, and take greater precautions to protect themselves than non-victims. These effects are higher in men than in women. Finally, implications of these results are discussed.

7 citations

19 Sep 2018
TL;DR: The manual as discussed by the authors compartió con la finalidad de profundizar en procesos involucrados en la metodologia cuantitativa de la investigación en ciencias sociales, en busca de una comprension de la victimizacion y la violencia that permita obtener indicadores solidos, confiables, and verificables.
Abstract: La violencia en Latinoamerica, y en particular en Mexico, constituye un problema de salud publica, pues mientras la injusticia social siga existiendo, los temas de salud publica y violencia no pueden ser abordados como mutuamente excluyentes. Durante el 2000, la Organizacion Mundial de la Salud establecio una tasa mundial de 8.8 muertes violentas por cada cien mil habitantes. Cada ano, mas de 1.6 millones de personas pierden la vida y muchas mas sufren lesiones no mortales como resultado de la violencia autoinfligida. Este manual se ha preparado con la finalidad de profundizar en procesos involucrados en la metodologia cuantitativa de la investigacion en ciencias sociales, en busca de una comprension de la victimizacion y la violencia que permita obtener indicadores solidos, confiables y verificables.

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors examined psychosocial factors related to the police and citizen interaction used to predict perceptions of trust and confidence in police forces in Mexico and found that the most important factor in predicting trust is honesty, followed by performance.
Abstract: The aim of the present study is to examine psychosocial factors related to the police and citizen interaction used to predict perceptions of trust and confidence in police forces in Mexico. Partici pants surveyed included 2792 citizens of the municipality of Cuernavaca, Mexico of both sexes (57% female, 43% male) ranging from 18 to 60 years old. Factorial analyses were completed and a logistical regression model was calculated. The results demonstrate that the most important factor in predicting trust is honesty, followed by performance. Finally, the results obtained and their practical implications are discussed.

5 citations


Cited by
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Book
01 Jan 1995
TL;DR: The fear of crime interpreting victimization risk is universally compatible later any devices to read, allowing the most less latency epoch to download any of the authors' books subsequent to this one.
Abstract: Rather than enjoying a good PDF next a cup of coffee in the afternoon, otherwise they juggled past some harmful virus inside their computer. fear of crime interpreting victimization risk is comprehensible in our digital library an online right of entry to it is set as public appropriately you can download it instantly. Our digital library saves in multipart countries, allowing you to acquire the most less latency epoch to download any of our books subsequent to this one. Merely said, the fear of crime interpreting victimization risk is universally compatible later any devices to read.

776 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Gutmann as discussed by the authors presents a study of machismo in Mexico City, showing how Mexican men see themselves, parent their children, relate to women, and talk about sex, and how they relate to each other.
Abstract: In this compelling study of machismo in Mexico City, Matthew Gutmann overturns many stereotypes of male culture in Mexico and offers a sensitive and often surprising look at how Mexican men see themselves, parent their children, relate to women, and talk about sex. This tenth anniversary edition features a new preface that updates the stories of the book's key protagonists.

360 citations

DOI
31 Dec 2017

103 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors analyzed the relationship between child-to-parent violence and parental socialization styles with the problematic use of social networking sites, alexithymia and attitude towards institutional authority in adolescents.

31 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examined how walkers perceive elements of the built environment and how those elements elicit emotions, affecting people's travel behavior, by considering self-reported walking experiences of local residents of different socioeconomic backgrounds, ages and genders.
Abstract: Walking is important as a sustainable and healthy transport mode Yet, walking is strongly influenced by the built environment and the socio-cultural characteristics of the walker However, the impact of the built environment on walking and “walkers” has scarcely been studied in a Latin American context, such as Chile This research explores which elements of the built environment ease and, contrarily, which elements hinder walking in six pericentral neighbourhoods in Santiago, Chile, according to self-reported walking experiences of local residents of different socioeconomic backgrounds, ages and genders Through “walking interviews” with one hundred and twenty residents conducted during spring 2018, this article examines how walkers perceive elements of the built environment and how those elements elicit emotions, affecting people's travel behaviour Self-reports from walkers reveal that the presence of trees, wide sidewalks and active uses ease walking, eliciting wellbeing and happiness On the contrary, residents declare that traffic noise, motorized traffic, narrow and deteriorated sidewalks, and difficult crossings hinder walking, especially for older adults and women, causing them stress, fear and anger Finally, this article reflects upon how walking can be promoted through a more pedestrian-friendly design of the built environment, by considering self-reported walking experiences of local residents

31 citations