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Maurizio Tosi

Bio: Maurizio Tosi is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Shadow (psychology) & Peninsula. The author has an hindex of 6, co-authored 8 publications receiving 124 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: L'evolution du peuplement des regions arides de la Peninsule arabique a l'Holocene presente des caracteristiques tres differentes de celle des regions avoisinantes, avec notamment l'apparente persistance, jusqu'au cours du quatrieme millenaire, d'une economie exclusivement fondee sur la chasse and the cueillette.
Abstract: L'evolution du peuplement des regions arides de la Peninsule arabique a l'Holocene presente des caracteristiques tres differentes de celle des regions avoisinantes, avec notamment l'apparente persistance, jusqu'au cours du quatrieme millenaire, d'une economie exclusivement fondee sur la chasse et la cueillette. La presente synthese, fondee sur des donnees encore partielles, tente d'analyser l'evolution de ce peuplement en le situant par rapport aux facteurs climatiques et environnementaux de l'Holocene, a savoir l'existence d'une periode plus humide a l'Holocene moyen dont les dates restent discutees, l'evolution des nappes phreatiques et, pour les zones cotieres, les fluctuations des niveaux marins. Elle vise a montrer que l'evolution du peuplement n'est pas le resultat de reponses directes a ces transformations, pas davantage qu'elle n'est un echo tardif de l'adaptation d'une economie neolithique dans les regions du Croissant fertile ou plus tard le produit direct des influences venues des societes urbaines de l'Orient ancien. Sans negliger ces facteurs, nous proposons les elements de l'analyse d'une evolution propre aux chasseurs-cueilleurs de l'Arabie Holocene, en fonction de leurs strategies d'adaptation aux milieux particulierement contraignants qu'elles exploitent.

51 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a re-examen systematique des documents archeologiques which temoignent d'interactions culturelles entre le Helmand and le bassin de l’Indus au cours du IIIe millenaire avant J.-C.
Abstract: Cet article propose un re-examen systematique des documents archeologiques qui temoignent d’interactions culturelles entre le Helmand et le bassin de l’Indus au cours du IIIe millenaire avant J.-C. Une serie d’objets, selon toute vraisemblance, importes du Baluchistan et de la vallee de l’Indus, trouves aussi bien a Shahr-i Sokhta que sur les sites avoisinants du Seistan iranien, sont discutes ici, en parallele avec d’autres, recueillis par la mission francaise a Mundigak (Kandahar, Afghanistan). D’autres artefacts ainsi que leurs technologies montrent clairement dans la culture protohistorique du Seistan l’adaptation de coutumes et de pratiques en provenance du Sud-Est. Alors que les objets qui peuvent etre dates des premiers siecles du IIIe millenaire avant J.-C. appartiennent a la «sphere domestique» et refletent des activites quotidiennes, dans les siecles qui suivent on observe un glissement vers des objets de luxe et vers des activites permettant d’afficher un statut social superieur ; on pourrait y voir le resultat d’une transformation generale des assemblages de Shahr-I Sokhta et des processus qui y ont preside.

15 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: La mission archeologique francaise de Mehrgarh represente l'un des plus anciens assemblages de perles en lapis lazuli d'Asie du sud et temoigne du role de the region de the plaine de Kachi dans the production ďornements de luxe depuis des periodes relativement anciennes.
Abstract: Cet article offre une description de l'industrie du lapis lazuli mise au jour par la mission archeologique francaise de Mehrgarh, en surface du site MR2 (4e millenaire av. J.-C). Cette decouverte represente l'un des plus anciens assemblages de perles en lapis lazuli d'Asie du sud et temoigne du role de la region de la plaine de Kachi dans la production ďornements de luxe depuis des periodes relativement anciennes. Il sera tente ici de dresser un tableau general des sequences de fabrication des perles et de donner une premiere evaluation des taux relatifs de perte - en termes de dechets de matiere premiere - rencontres tout au long des differentes etapes de la production.

14 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is argued that although recent progress has been impressive, the next decade will yield even more substantial insights not only into how domestication took place, but also when and where it did, and where and why it did not.
Abstract: It is difficult to overstate the cultural and biological impacts that the domestication of plants and animals has had on our species. Fundamental questions regarding where, when, and how many times domestication took place have been of primary interest within a wide range of academic disciplines. Within the last two decades, the advent of new archaeological and genetic techniques has revolutionized our understanding of the pattern and process of domestication and agricultural origins that led to our modern way of life. In the spring of 2011, 25 scholars with a central interest in domestication representing the fields of genetics, archaeobotany, zooarchaeology, geoarchaeology, and archaeology met at the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center to discuss recent domestication research progress and identify challenges for the future. In this introduction to the resulting Special Feature, we present the state of the art in the field by discussing what is known about the spatial and temporal patterns of domestication, and controversies surrounding the speed, intentionality, and evolutionary aspects of the domestication process. We then highlight three key challenges for future research. We conclude by arguing that although recent progress has been impressive, the next decade will yield even more substantial insights not only into how domestication took place, but also when and where it did, and where and why it did not.

555 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Vagheesh M. Narasimhan1, Nick Patterson2, Nick Patterson3, Priya Moorjani4, Nadin Rohland3, Nadin Rohland1, Rebecca Bernardos1, Swapan Mallick3, Swapan Mallick1, Swapan Mallick5, Iosif Lazaridis1, Nathan Nakatsuka6, Nathan Nakatsuka1, Iñigo Olalde1, Mark Lipson1, Alexander M. Kim1, Luca M. Olivieri, Alfredo Coppa7, Massimo Vidale8, James Mallory9, Vyacheslav Moiseyev10, Egor Kitov11, Egor Kitov10, Janet Monge12, Nicole Adamski1, Nicole Adamski5, Neel Alex4, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht5, Nasreen Broomandkhoshbacht1, Francesca Candilio13, Kimberly Callan1, Kimberly Callan5, Olivia Cheronet13, Olivia Cheronet14, Brendan J. Culleton15, Matthew Ferry1, Matthew Ferry5, Daniel Fernandes, Suzanne Freilich14, Beatriz Gamarra13, Daniel Gaudio13, Mateja Hajdinjak16, Eadaoin Harney5, Eadaoin Harney1, Thomas K. Harper15, Denise Keating13, Ann Marie Lawson5, Ann Marie Lawson1, Matthew Mah1, Matthew Mah3, Matthew Mah5, Kirsten Mandl14, Megan Michel5, Megan Michel1, Mario Novak13, Jonas Oppenheimer1, Jonas Oppenheimer5, Niraj Rai17, Niraj Rai18, Kendra Sirak19, Kendra Sirak13, Kendra Sirak1, Viviane Slon16, Kristin Stewardson5, Kristin Stewardson1, Fatma Zalzala1, Fatma Zalzala5, Zhao Zhang1, Gaziz Akhatov, Anatoly N. Bagashev, Alessandra Bagnera, Bauryzhan Baitanayev, Julio Bendezu-Sarmiento20, Arman A. Bissembaev, Gian Luca Bonora, T Chargynov21, T. A. Chikisheva10, Petr K. Dashkovskiy22, Anatoly P. Derevianko10, Miroslav Dobeš23, Katerina Douka24, Katerina Douka16, Nadezhda Dubova10, Meiram N. Duisengali, Dmitry Enshin, Andrey Epimakhov25, Alexey Fribus26, Dorian Q. Fuller27, Dorian Q. Fuller28, Alexander Goryachev, Andrey Gromov10, S. P. Grushin22, Bryan Hanks29, Margaret A. Judd29, Erlan Kazizov, Aleksander Khokhlov30, Aleksander P. Krygin, Elena Kupriyanova31, Pavel Kuznetsov30, Donata Luiselli32, Farhod Maksudov33, Aslan M. Mamedov, Talgat B. Mamirov, Christopher Meiklejohn34, Deborah C. Merrett35, Roberto Micheli, Oleg Mochalov30, Samariddin Mustafokulov33, Ayushi Nayak16, Davide Pettener32, Richard Potts36, Dmitry Razhev, Marina Petrovna Rykun37, Stefania Sarno32, Tatyana M. Savenkova, Kulyan Sikhymbaeva, Sergey Mikhailovich Slepchenko, Oroz A. Soltobaev21, Nadezhda Stepanova10, Svetlana V. Svyatko9, Svetlana V. Svyatko10, Kubatbek Tabaldiev, Maria Teschler-Nicola14, Maria Teschler-Nicola38, Alexey A. Tishkin22, Vitaly V. Tkachev, Sergey Vasilyev10, Petr Velemínský39, Dmitriy Voyakin, Antonina Yermolayeva, Muhammad Zahir16, Muhammad Zahir40, Valery S. Zubkov, A. V. Zubova10, Vasant Shinde41, Carles Lalueza-Fox42, Matthias Meyer16, David W. Anthony43, Nicole Boivin16, Kumarasamy Thangaraj18, Douglas J. Kennett15, Douglas J. Kennett44, Michael D. Frachetti45, Ron Pinhasi14, Ron Pinhasi13, David Reich 
06 Sep 2019-Science
TL;DR: It is shown that Steppe ancestry then integrated further south in the first half of the second millennium BCE, contributing up to 30% of the ancestry of modern groups in South Asia, supporting the idea that the archaeologically documented dispersal of domesticates was accompanied by the spread of people from multiple centers of domestication.
Abstract: By sequencing 523 ancient humans, we show that the primary source of ancestry in modern South Asians is a prehistoric genetic gradient between people related to early hunter-gatherers of Iran and Southeast Asia. After the Indus Valley Civilization's decline, its people mixed with individuals in the southeast to form one of the two main ancestral populations of South Asia, whose direct descendants live in southern India. Simultaneously, they mixed with descendants of Steppe pastoralists who, starting around 4000 years ago, spread via Central Asia to form the other main ancestral population. The Steppe ancestry in South Asia has the same profile as that in Bronze Age Eastern Europe, tracking a movement of people that affected both regions and that likely spread the distinctive features shared between Indo-Iranian and Balto-Slavic languages.

354 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: A wealth of recent studies, not previously synthesised, suggest that the peninsular littoral offered a rich resource base for thousands of years of human occupation in the region, and also that Arabia witnessed some of the world's earliest seafaring and maritime exchange activities, and played a role in Bronze Age maritime trade that has often been underestimated as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: The Arabian Peninsula occupies a critical position at the intersect of several major Old World landmasses. Inland aridity and a major coastal perimeter have long made maritime activities critical to Arabia’s cultural trajectory. A wealth of recent studies, not previously synthesised, suggest not only that the peninsular littoral offered a rich resource base for thousands of years of human occupation in the region, but also that Arabia witnessed some of the world’s earliest seafaring and maritime exchange activities, and played a role in Bronze Age maritime trade that has often been underestimated. Maritime activities were closely linked to developments in agriculture, which not only fuelled trade and exchange, but were also impacted on by the dispersal of domesticates along early maritime corridors. While regional specialisation has to some degree prevented consideration of the maritime prehistory of the peninsula as a whole, it is clear that there are interesting parallels, as well as important differences, between cultural trajectories in different parts of the peninsula.

205 citations

MonographDOI
24 Oct 2019
TL;DR: Beaujard as mentioned in this paper presents an ambitious and comprehensive global history of the Indian Ocean world, from the earliest state formations to 1500 CE, and shows how Asia and Africa dominated the economic and cultural landscape and the flow of ideas in the pre-modern world, leading to a trans-regional division of labor and an Afro-Eurasian world economy.
Abstract: Europe's place in history is re-assessed in this first comprehensive history of the ancient world, centering on the Indian Ocean and its role in pre-modern globalization. Philippe Beaujard presents an ambitious and comprehensive global history of the Indian Ocean world, from the earliest state formations to 1500 CE. Supported by a wealth of empirical data, full color maps, plates, and figures, he shows how Asia and Africa dominated the economic and cultural landscape and the flow of ideas in the pre-modern world. This led to a trans-regional division of labor and an Afro-Eurasian world economy. Beaujard questions the origins of capitalism and hints at how this world-system may evolve in the future. The result is a reorienting of world history, taking the Indian Ocean, rather than Europe, as the point of departure. Volume II provides in-depth coverage of the period from the seventh century CE to the fifteenth century CE.

130 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: These findings resolve the long-standing issue of the role of the Nubian wild ass in the domestication of the donkey, but raise new questions regarding the second ancestor for the donkey.
Abstract: Genetic data from extant donkeys (Equus asinus) have revealed two distinct mitochondrial DNA haplogroups, suggestive of two separate domestication events in northeast Africa about 5000 years ago. Without distinct phylogeographic structure in domestic donkey haplogroups and with little information on the genetic makeup of the ancestral African wild ass, however, it has been difficult to identify wild ancestors and geographical origins for the domestic mitochondrial clades. Our analysis of ancient archaeological and historic museum samples provides the first genetic information on the historic Nubian wild ass (Equus africanus africanus), Somali wild ass (Equus africanus somaliensis) and ancient donkey. The results demonstrate that the Nubian wild ass was an ancestor of the first donkey haplogroup. In contrast, the Somali wild ass has considerable mitochondrial divergence from the Nubian wild ass and domestic donkeys. These findings resolve the long-standing issue of the role of the Nubian wild ass in the domestication of the donkey, but raise new questions regarding the second ancestor for the donkey. Our results illustrate the complexity of animal domestication, and have conservation implications for critically endangered Nubian and Somali wild ass.

126 citations