Bio: Michael Isaacson is an academic researcher from University of British Columbia. The author has contributed to research in topics: Boundary value problem & Free surface. The author has an hindex of 23, co-authored 109 publications receiving 3330 citations.
Papers published on a yearly basis
01 Jan 1981
TL;DR: Raudkivi et al. as discussed by the authors studied the physical processes involved in the interaction between air or liquid flow and the solid boundaries of its movement, showing how the properties of each material affect the dynamics between them.
Abstract: Loose Boundary Hydraulics-Arved J. Raudkivi 1998-01-01 Sediment transport, two-phase flow and loose boundary hydraulics are some of the problems of interaction between fluid flow (water or air) and boundaries that may be non-cohesive (alluvial) or cohesive. Unlike in classical hydraulics, these boundaries can change their shape and texture with changing flow conditions. Some of the material from the boundaries may be entrained into the flow, or sediment may be added to the flow, sometimes by tributaries as suspended matter. One instance is the transport of granular material in pipelines Since the changing boundaries are the central feature of most flow processes in nature, the term loose boundary hydraulics is here introduced. Examines the physical processes involved in the interaction between air or liquid flow and the solid boundaries of its movement, showing how the properties of each material affect the dynamics between them.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors presented a numerical model of wave interactions with a thin vertical slotted barrier extending from the water surface to some distance above the seabed, and described laboratory tests undertaken to assess the numerical model.
Abstract: The present paper outlines the numerical calculation of wave interactions with a thin vertical slotted barrier extending from the water surface to some distance above the seabed, and describes laboratory tests undertaken to assess the numerical model. The numerical model is based on an eigenfunction expansion method and utilizes a boundary condition at the barrier surface that accounts for energy dissipation within the barrier. Numerical results compare well with previous predictions for the limiting cases of an impermeable barrier and a permeable barrier extending down to the seabed. Comparisons with experimental measurements of the transmission, reflection, and energy dissipation coefficients for a partially submerged slotted barrier show good agreement provided certain empirical coefficients of the model are suitably chosen, and indicate that the numerical method is able to account adequately for the energy dissipation by the barrier. The effects of porosity, relative wave length, wave steepness, and irregular waves are discussed and the choice of suitable parameters needed to model the permeability of the breakwater is described.
TL;DR: In this paper, three methods involving the use of two and three fixed probes are described and developed so as to provide explicit solutions for the incident wave height, reflection coefficient, and the phase of the reflected wave train.
Abstract: The present paper describes the measurement of regular wave reflection. Three methods involving the use of two and three fixed probes are described and developed so as to provide explicit solutions for the incident wave height, reflection coefficient, and the phase of the reflected wave train. Extensions of the methods to the case of oblique wave reflection are described. A comparison is made of the range of application and accuracy of the methods. A method involving a least‐squares fit to measurements from three fixed probes is found to be the most accurate, whereas a method involving three height measurements is found to be generally unsuitable except under certain conditions. For methods involving the use of three probes, recommendations are made for the relative probe spacing so as to avoid conditions at which the methods fail or become inaccurate.
TL;DR: In this article, a third-generation numerical wave model to compute random, short-crested waves in coastal regions with shallow water and ambient currents (Simulating Waves Nearshore (SWAN)) has been developed, implemented, and validated.
Abstract: A third-generation numerical wave model to compute random, short-crested waves in coastal regions with shallow water and ambient currents (Simulating Waves Nearshore (SWAN)) has been developed, implemented, and validated. The model is based on a Eulerian formulation of the discrete spectral balance of action density that accounts for refractive propagation over arbitrary bathymetry and current fields. It is driven by boundary conditions and local winds. As in other third-generation wave models, the processes of wind generation, whitecapping, quadruplet wave-wave interactions, and bottom dissipation are represented explicitly. In SWAN, triad wave-wave interactions and depth-induced wave breaking are added. In contrast to other third-generation wave models, the numerical propagation scheme is implicit, which implies that the computations are more economic in shallow water. The model results agree well with analytical solutions, laboratory observations, and (generalized) field observations.
•01 Oct 2013
TL;DR: In this paper, the fundamental physical processes involved in bubble dynamics and the phenomenon of cavitation are described and explained, and a review of the free streamline methods used to treat separated cavity flows with large attached cavities is provided.
Abstract: This book describes and explains the fundamental physical processes involved in bubble dynamics and the phenomenon of cavitation. It is intended as a combination of a reference book for those scientists and engineers who work with cavitation or bubble dynamics and as a monograph for advanced students interested in some of the basic problems associated with this category of multiphase flows. A basic knowledge of fluid flow and heat transfer is assumed but otherwise the analytical methods presented are developed from basic principles. The book begins with a chapter on nucleation and describes both the theory and observations of nucleation in flowing and non-flowing systems. The following three chapters provide a systematic treatment of the dynamics of the growth, collapse or oscillation of individual bubbles in otherwise quiescent liquids. Chapter 4 summarizes the state of knowledge of the motion of bubbles in liquids. Chapter 5 describes some of the phenomena which occur in homogeneous bubbly flows with particular emphasis on cloud cavitation and this is followed by a chapter summarizing some of the experiemntal observations of cavitating flows. The last chapter provides a review of the free streamline methods used to treat separated cavity flows with large attached cavities.
08 Apr 2011
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a survey of the latest tools for analysis and design of advanced guidance, navigation and control systems and present new material on underwater vehicles and surface vessels.
Abstract: The technology of hydrodynamic modeling and marine craft motion control systems has progressed greatly in recent years. This timely survey includes the latest tools for analysis and design of advanced guidance, navigation and control systems and presents new material on underwater vehicles and surface vessels. Each section presents numerous case studies and applications, providing a practical understanding of how model-based motion control systems are designed.
•19 May 2005
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present a detailed review of liquid sloshing dynamics in rigid containers, including linear forced and non-linear interaction under external and parametric excitations.
Abstract: Preface Introduction 1. Fluid field equations and modal analysis in rigid containers 2. Linear forced sloshing 3. Viscous damping and sloshing suppression devices 4. Weakly nonlinear lateral sloshing 5. Equivalent mechanical models 6. Parametric sloshing (Faraday's waves) 7. Dynamics of liquid sloshing impact 8. Linear interaction of liquid sloshing with elastic containers 9. Nonlinear interaction under external and parametric excitations 10. Interactions with support structures and tuned sloshing absorbers 11. Dynamics of rotating fluids 12. Microgravity sloshing dynamics Bibliography Index.
TL;DR: In this article, a three-dimensional model of a vertical circular pile exposed to a steady current is studied numerically and experimentally, which is applicable to cases where the Froude number is small (Fr < 0(0.2)).
Abstract: The flow around a vertical circular pile exposed to a steady current is studied numerically and experimentally. The numerical model is a three-dimensional model. The model validation was achieved against new experimental data (which include two-component laser-Doppler anemometry (LDA) flow measurements and the hot-film bed shear stress measurements, and reported in the present paper) and the data of others, and a k-w turbulence model was used for closure. The model does not have a free-surface facility and therefore is applicable only to cases where the Froude number is small (Fr < 0(0.2)). The flow model was used to study the horseshoe vortex and lee-wake vortex flow processes around the pile. The influence on the horseshoe vortex of three parameters, namely the boundary-layer thickness, the Reynolds number and the bed roughness, was investigated. In the latter investigation, the steady solution of the model was chosen. A study of the influence of the unsteady solution on the previously mentioned flow processes was also carried out. The ranges of the parameters covered in the numerical simulations are: The boundary-layer-thickness-to-pile-diameter ratio is varied from 2 x 10 -2 to 10 2 , the pile Reynolds number from 10 2 to 2 × 10 6 , and the pile diameter-to-roughness ratio from 2 to about 10 3 . The amplification of the bed shear stress around the pile (including the areas under the horseshoe vortex and the lee-wake region) was obtained for various values of the previously mentioned parameters. The steady-state flow model was coupled with a morphologic model to calculate scour around a vertical circular pile exposed to a steady current in the case of non-cohesive sediment. The morphologic model includes (i) a two-dimensional bed load sediment-transport description, and (ii) a description of surface-layer sand slides for bed slopes exceeding the angle of repose. The results show that the present numerical simulation captures all the main features of the scour process. The equilibrium scour depth obtained from the simulation agrees well with the experiments for the upstream scour hole. Some discrepancy (up to 30 %) was observed, however, for the downstream scour hole. The calculations show that the amplification of the bed shear stress around the pile in the equilibrium state of the scour process is reduced considerably with respect to that experienced at the initial stage where the bed is plane.