Author

# Michael W. Schmidt

Other affiliations: Oak Ridge National Laboratory, United States Department of Energy, Air Force Research Laboratory ...read more

Bio: Michael W. Schmidt is an academic researcher from Iowa State University. The author has contributed to research in topics: GAMESS & Molecular orbital. The author has an hindex of 38, co-authored 92 publications receiving 26274 citations. Previous affiliations of Michael W. Schmidt include Oak Ridge National Laboratory & United States Department of Energy.

##### Papers published on a yearly basis

##### Papers

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TL;DR: A description of the ab initio quantum chemistry package GAMESS, which can be treated with wave functions ranging from the simplest closed‐shell case up to a general MCSCF case, permitting calculations at the necessary level of sophistication.

Abstract: A description of the ab initio quantum chemistry package GAMESS is presented. Chemical systems containing atoms through radon can be treated with wave functions ranging from the simplest closed-shell case up to a general MCSCF case, permitting calculations at the necessary level of sophistication. Emphasis is given to novel features of the program. The parallelization strategy used in the RHF, ROHF, UHF, and GVB sections of the program is described, and detailed speecup results are given. Parallel calculations can be run on ordinary workstations as well as dedicated parallel machines. © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

18,546 citations

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Yihan Shao, Zhengting Gan, Evgeny Epifanovsky

^{1}, Andrew T. B. Gilbert^{2}+153 more•Institutions (37)TL;DR: A summary of the technical advances that are incorporated in the fourth major release of the Q-Chem quantum chemistry program is provided in this paper, covering approximately the last seven years, including developments in density functional theory and algorithms, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) property evaluation, coupled cluster and perturbation theories, methods for electronically excited and open-shell species, tools for treating extended environments, algorithms for walking on potential surfaces, analysis tools, energy and electron transfer modelling, parallel computing capabilities, and graphical user interfaces.

Abstract: A summary of the technical advances that are incorporated in the fourth major release of the Q-Chem quantum chemistry program is provided, covering approximately the last seven years. These include developments in density functional theory methods and algorithms, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) property evaluation, coupled cluster and perturbation theories, methods for electronically excited and open-shell species, tools for treating extended environments, algorithms for walking on potential surfaces, analysis tools, energy and electron transfer modelling, parallel computing capabilities, and graphical user interfaces. In addition, a selection of example case studies that illustrate these capabilities is given. These include extensive benchmarks of the comparative accuracy of modern density functionals for bonded and non-bonded interactions, tests of attenuated second order Moller–Plesset (MP2) methods for intermolecular interactions, a variety of parallel performance benchmarks, and tests of the accuracy of implicit solvation models. Some specific chemical examples include calculations on the strongly correlated Cr_2 dimer, exploring zeolite-catalysed ethane dehydrogenation, energy decomposition analysis of a charged ter-molecular complex arising from glycerol photoionisation, and natural transition orbitals for a Frenkel exciton state in a nine-unit model of a self-assembling nanotube.

2,396 citations

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01 Jan 2005TL;DR: GAMESS as discussed by the authors is a suite of electronic structure and QM/MM methods (including open-and closed-shell Hartree-Fock which has been essentially ignored here) that can be run on virtually any computer, cluster, massively parallel system or for that matter a desktop Mac or PC.

Abstract: Publisher Summary
This chapter focuses on the new developments in electronic structure theory during the past decade. These developments include new methods in quantum mechanics, including approaches for extrapolating to the full CI and complete basis set limits, novel methods for CASSCF calculations, new coupled cluster techniques, methods for evaluating non-adiabatic and relativistic interactions, new approaches for distributed parallel computing, and QM/MM methods for describing solvent effects and surface science. It is useful to note in this regard that GAMESS is a general-purpose suite of electronic structure and QM/MM methods (including open-and closed-shell Hartree–Fock which has been essentially ignored here) that can be run on virtually any computer, cluster, massively parallel system, or for that matter a desktop Mac or PC. Indeed, GAMESS is used at many universities as an educational tool, making use of its graphical back end MacMolPlt. GAMESS and MacMolPlt can be downloaded at no cost from www.msg.ameslab.gov, with only a simple license required.

1,474 citations

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TL;DR: The multiconfiguration self-consistent field method offers the most general approach to the computation of chemical reactions and multiple electronic states and localized orbitals are convenient both for selection of the appropriate active space and for understanding the computed results.

Abstract: The multiconfiguration self-consistent field (MCSCF) method offers the most general approach to the computation of chemical reactions and multiple electronic states. This review discusses the design of MCSCF wavefunctions for treating these problems and the interpretation of the resulting orbitals and configurations. In particular, localized orbitals are convenient both for selection of the appropriate active space and for understanding the computed results. The computational procedures for optimizing these wavefunctions and the techniques for recovery of dynamical correlation energy are reviewed.

612 citations

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Australian National University

^{1}, Argonne National Laboratory^{2}, Scripps Health^{3}, Iowa State University^{4}, Western New England University^{5}, Michigan State University^{6}, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology^{7}, Microsoft^{8}, University of Colorado Denver^{9}, Oak Ridge National Laboratory^{10}, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory^{11}, University of Nebraska–Lincoln^{12}, Nanjing University^{13}, Sandia National Laboratories^{14}, Moscow State University^{15}, Kyocera^{16}, Cray^{17}, Purdue University^{18}, Old Dominion University^{19}, University of Rochester^{20}TL;DR: A discussion of many of the recently implemented features of GAMESS (General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System) and LibCChem (the C++ CPU/GPU library associated with GAMESS) is presented, which include fragmentation methods, hybrid MPI/OpenMP approaches to Hartree-Fock, and resolution of the identity second order perturbation theory.

Abstract: A discussion of many of the recently implemented features of GAMESS (General Atomic and Molecular Electronic Structure System) and LibCChem (the C++ CPU/GPU library associated with GAMESS) is presented. These features include fragmentation methods such as the fragment molecular orbital, effective fragment potential and effective fragment molecular orbital methods, hybrid MPI/OpenMP approaches to Hartree-Fock, and resolution of the identity second order perturbation theory. Many new coupled cluster theory methods have been implemented in GAMESS, as have multiple levels of density functional/tight binding theory. The role of accelerators, especially graphical processing units, is discussed in the context of the new features of LibCChem, as it is the associated problem of power consumption as the power of computers increases dramatically. The process by which a complex program suite such as GAMESS is maintained and developed is considered. Future developments are briefly summarized.

575 citations

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TL;DR: In this paper, a detailed study of correlation effects in the oxygen atom was conducted, and it was shown that primitive basis sets of primitive Gaussian functions effectively and efficiently describe correlation effects.

Abstract: In the past, basis sets for use in correlated molecular calculations have largely been taken from single configuration calculations. Recently, Almlof, Taylor, and co‐workers have found that basis sets of natural orbitals derived from correlated atomic calculations (ANOs) provide an excellent description of molecular correlation effects. We report here a careful study of correlation effects in the oxygen atom, establishing that compact sets of primitive Gaussian functions effectively and efficiently describe correlation effects i f the exponents of the functions are optimized in atomic correlated calculations, although the primitive (s p) functions for describing correlation effects can be taken from atomic Hartree–Fock calculations i f the appropriate primitive set is used. Test calculations on oxygen‐containing molecules indicate that these primitive basis sets describe molecular correlation effects as well as the ANO sets of Almlof and Taylor. Guided by the calculations on oxygen, basis sets for use in correlated atomic and molecular calculations were developed for all of the first row atoms from boron through neon and for hydrogen. As in the oxygen atom calculations, it was found that the incremental energy lowerings due to the addition of correlating functions fall into distinct groups. This leads to the concept of c o r r e l a t i o n c o n s i s t e n t b a s i s s e t s, i.e., sets which include all functions in a given group as well as all functions in any higher groups. Correlation consistent sets are given for all of the atoms considered. The most accurate sets determined in this way, [5s4p3d2f1g], consistently yield 99% of the correlation energy obtained with the corresponding ANO sets, even though the latter contains 50% more primitive functions and twice as many primitive polarization functions. It is estimated that this set yields 94%–97% of the total (HF+1+2) correlation energy for the atoms neon through boron.

26,705 citations

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University of Udine

^{1}, National Research Council^{2}, International School for Advanced Studies^{3}, Massachusetts Institute of Technology^{4}, University of Paris^{5}, Princeton University^{6}, University of Minnesota^{7}, ParisTech^{8}, University of Milan^{9}, International Centre for Theoretical Physics^{10}, University of Paderborn^{11}, ETH Zurich^{12}, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne^{13}TL;DR: QUANTUM ESPRESSO as discussed by the authors is an integrated suite of computer codes for electronic-structure calculations and materials modeling, based on density functional theory, plane waves, and pseudopotentials (norm-conserving, ultrasoft, and projector-augmented wave).

Abstract: QUANTUM ESPRESSO is an integrated suite of computer codes for electronic-structure calculations and materials modeling, based on density-functional theory, plane waves, and pseudopotentials (norm-conserving, ultrasoft, and projector-augmented wave). The acronym ESPRESSO stands for opEn Source Package for Research in Electronic Structure, Simulation, and Optimization. It is freely available to researchers around the world under the terms of the GNU General Public License. QUANTUM ESPRESSO builds upon newly-restructured electronic-structure codes that have been developed and tested by some of the original authors of novel electronic-structure algorithms and applied in the last twenty years by some of the leading materials modeling groups worldwide. Innovation and efficiency are still its main focus, with special attention paid to massively parallel architectures, and a great effort being devoted to user friendliness. QUANTUM ESPRESSO is evolving towards a distribution of independent and interoperable codes in the spirit of an open-source project, where researchers active in the field of electronic-structure calculations are encouraged to participate in the project by contributing their own codes or by implementing their own ideas into existing codes.

19,985 citations

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TL;DR: A description of the ab initio quantum chemistry package GAMESS, which can be treated with wave functions ranging from the simplest closed‐shell case up to a general MCSCF case, permitting calculations at the necessary level of sophistication.

Abstract: A description of the ab initio quantum chemistry package GAMESS is presented. Chemical systems containing atoms through radon can be treated with wave functions ranging from the simplest closed-shell case up to a general MCSCF case, permitting calculations at the necessary level of sophistication. Emphasis is given to novel features of the program. The parallelization strategy used in the RHF, ROHF, UHF, and GVB sections of the program is described, and detailed speecup results are given. Parallel calculations can be run on ordinary workstations as well as dedicated parallel machines. © John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

18,546 citations

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TL;DR: Five practical examples involving a wide variety of systems and analysis methods are given to illustrate the usefulness of Multiwfn, a multifunctional program for wavefunction analysis.

Abstract: Multiwfn is a multifunctional program for wavefunction analysis. Its main functions are: (1) Calculating and visualizing real space function, such as electrostatic potential and electron localization function at point, in a line, in a plane or in a spatial scope. (2) Population analysis. (3) Bond order analysis. (4) Orbital composition analysis. (5) Plot density-of-states and spectrum. (6) Topology analysis for electron density. Some other useful utilities involved in quantum chemistry studies are also provided. The built-in graph module enables the results of wavefunction analysis to be plotted directly or exported to high-quality graphic file. The program interface is very user-friendly and suitable for both research and teaching purpose. The code of Multiwfn is substantially optimized and parallelized. Its efficiency is demonstrated to be significantly higher than related programs with the same functions. Five practical examples involving a wide variety of systems and analysis methods are given to illustrate the usefulness of Multiwfn. The program is free of charge and open-source. Its precompiled file and source codes are available from http://multiwfn.codeplex.com.

17,273 citations

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TL;DR: This paper presents a meta-modelling procedure called "Continuum Methods within MD and MC Simulations 3072", which automates the very labor-intensive and therefore time-heavy and expensive process of integrating discrete and continuous components into a discrete-time model.

Abstract: 6.2.2. Definition of Effective Properties 3064 6.3. Response Properties to Magnetic Fields 3066 6.3.1. Nuclear Shielding 3066 6.3.2. Indirect Spin−Spin Coupling 3067 6.3.3. EPR Parameters 3068 6.4. Properties of Chiral Systems 3069 6.4.1. Electronic Circular Dichroism (ECD) 3069 6.4.2. Optical Rotation (OR) 3069 6.4.3. VCD and VROA 3070 7. Continuum and Discrete Models 3071 7.1. Continuum Methods within MD and MC Simulations 3072

13,286 citations