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Mitsuo Sawamoto

Bio: Mitsuo Sawamoto is an academic researcher from Chubu University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Polymerization & Radical polymerization. The author has an hindex of 68, co-authored 425 publications receiving 23236 citations. Previous affiliations of Mitsuo Sawamoto include University of Shiga Prefecture & Nagoya University.

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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Catalytic Solvents: Catalyst Disproportionation 4981 2.2.1.
Abstract: 2.1.6. Tacticity and Sequence: Advanced Control 4967 2.2. Transition Metal Catalysts 4967 2.2.1. Overviews of Catalysts 4967 2.2.2. Ruthenium 4967 2.2.3. Copper 4971 2.2.4. Iron 4971 2.2.5. Nickel 4975 2.2.6. Molybdenum 4975 2.2.7. Manganese 4976 2.2.8. Osmium 4976 2.2.9. Cobalt 4976 2.2.10. Other Metals 4976 2.3. Cocatalysts (Additives) 4977 2.3.1. Overview of Cocatalysts 4977 2.3.2. Reducing Agents 4977 2.3.3. Free Radical Initiators 4977 2.3.4. Metal Alkoxides 4977 2.3.5. Amines 4978 2.3.6. Halogen Source 4978 2.4. Initiators 4978 2.4.1. Overview of Initiators: Scope and Design 4978 2.4.2. Alkyl Halides 4978 2.4.3. Arenesulfonyl Halides 4979 2.4.4. N-Chloro Compounds 4979 2.4.5. Halogen-Free Initiators 4979 2.5. Solvents 4980 2.5.1. Overview of Solvents 4980 2.5.2. Catalyst Solubility and Coordination of Solvent 4981 2.5.3. Environmentally Friendly Solvents 4981 2.5.4. Water 4981 2.5.5. Catalytic Solvents: Catalyst Disproportionation 4981

1,131 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
09 Aug 2013-Science
TL;DR: This work reviews the progress that has been made in making sequence-controlled polymers of increasing length and complexity and proposes some strategies for controlling sequences in chain-growth and step-growth polymerizations.
Abstract: Background During the last few decades, progress has been made in manipulating the architecture of synthetic polymer materials. However, the primary structure—that is, the sequential arrangement of monomer units in a polymer chain—is generally poorly controlled in synthetic macromolecules. Common synthetic polymers are usually homopolymers, made of the same monomer unit, or copolymers with simple chain microstructures, such as random or block copolymers. These polymers are used in many areas but do not have the structural and functional complexity of sequence-defined biopolymers, such as nucleic acids or proteins. Indeed, monomer sequence regulation plays a key role in biology and is a prerequisite for crucial features of life, such as heredity, self-replication, complex self-assembly, and molecular recognition. In this context, developing synthetic polymers containing controlled monomer sequences is an important area for research. Precise molecular encoding of synthetic polymer chains. In most synthetic copolymers, monomer units (represented here as colored square boxes A, B, C, and D) are distributed randomly along the polymer chains (left). In sequence-controlled polymers, they are arranged in a specific order in all of the chains (right). Monomer sequence regularity strongly influences the molecular, supramolecular, andmacroscopic properties of polymer materials. Advances Various synthetic methods for controlling monomer sequences in polymers have been identified, and two major trends in the field of sequence-controlled polymers have emerged. Some approaches use biological concepts that have been optimized by nature for sequence regulation. For instance, DNA templates, enzymes, or even living organisms can be used to prepare sequence-defined polymers. These natural mechanisms can be adapted to tolerate nonnatural monomers. The other trend is the preparation of sequence-controlled polymers by synthetic chemistry. In the most popular approach, monomer units are attached one by one to a support, which is an efficient method but demanding in practice. Recently, some strategies have been proposed for controlling sequences in chain-growth and step-growth polymerizations. These mechanisms usually allow fast and large-scale synthesis of polymers. Specific kinetics and particular catalytic or template conditions allow sequence regulation in these processes. Outlook The possibility of controlling monomer sequences in synthetic macromolecules has many scientific and technological implications. Information can be controlled at the molecular level in synthetic polymer chains. This opens up interesting perspectives for the field of data storage. In addition, having power over monomer sequences could mean structural control of the resulting polymer, as it strongly influences macromolecular folding and self-assembly. For instance, functional synthetic assemblies that mimic the properties of globular proteins, such as enzymes and transporters, can be foreseen. Moreover, monomer sequence control influences some macroscopic properties. For example, bulk properties such as conductivity, rigidity, elasticity, or biodegradability can be finely tuned in sequence-controlled polymers. The behavior of polymers in solution, particularly in water, is also strongly dependent on monomer sequences. Thus, sequence regulation may enable a more effective control of structure-property relations in tomorrow’s polymer materials.

1,008 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, it was shown that the Fe(II) complex is effective in the homolytic and reversible cleavage of the carbon−halogen terminal originating from the halide initiators into a transient radical growing species to induce living MMA polymerization.
Abstract: Iron(II) bis(triphenylphosphine)dichloride [FeCl2(PPh3)2] induced living radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in conjunction with organic halides as initiators [R−X: CCl4, CHCl2COPh, (CH3)2CBrCO2C2H5, and CH3CBr(CO2C2H5)2] in the absence or presence of Al(OiPr)3 in toluene at 80 °C. The added aluminum compounds were not needed for the Fe(II)-mediated living polymerization unlike the RuCl2(PPh3)3-based counterpart. With CH3CBr(CO2C2H5)2 as initiator, the number-average molecular weights of polymers increased in direct proportion to monomer conversion, and the MWDs were narrow throughout the reactions (Mw/Mn = 1.1−1.3). The polymers possessed one initiator moiety at the α-end per one polymer chain. The tacticity was similar to that prepared by AIBN. These results indicate that the Fe(II) complex is effective in the homolytic and reversible cleavage of the carbon−halogen terminal originating from the halide initiators into a transient radical growing species to induce living MMA polymerization.

427 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, a review of recent mechanistic developments in the field of controlled/living radical polymerization (CRP) is presented, with particular emphasis on structure-reactivity correlations and "rules" for catalyst selection in ATRP, for chain transfer agent selection in reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization, and for the selection of an appropriate mediating agent in stable free radical polymerisation (SFRP), including organic and transition metal persistent radicals.

2,869 citations