Mohamed El Mansori
Bio: Mohamed El Mansori is an academic researcher from Arts et Métiers ParisTech. The author has contributed to research in topics: Machining & Machinability. The author has an hindex of 26, co-authored 133 publications receiving 2131 citations. Previous affiliations of Mohamed El Mansori include Texas A&M University & École Normale Supérieure.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this paper, a rigorous review concerning the state-of-the-art results and advances on drilling solutions of hybrid FRP/Ti composite was presented by referring to the wide comparisons among literature analyses.
Abstract: Hybrid composite stack, especially FRP/Ti assembly, is considered as an innovative structural configuration for manufacturing the key load-bearing components favoring energy saving in the aerospace industry. Several applications require mechanical drilling for finishing hybrid composite structures. The drilling operation of hybrid FRP/Ti composite, however, represents the most challenging task in modern manufacturing sectors due to the disparate natures of each constituent involved and the complexity to control tool–material interfaces during one single cutting shot. Special issues may arise from the severe subsurface damage, excessive interface consumption, rapid tool wear, etc. In this paper, a rigorous review concerning the state-of-the-art results and advances on drilling solutions of hybrid FRP/Ti composite was presented by referring to the wide comparisons among literature analyses. The multiple aspects of cutting responses and physical phenomena generated when drilling these materials were precisely addressed. A special focus was made on the material removal modes and tool wear mechanisms dominating the bi-material interface consumption (BIC) with respect of investigating strategies used. The key conclusions from the literature review were drawn to point out the potential solutions and limitations to be necessarily overcome for reaching both (i) enhanced control of drilling operation, and (ii) better finish quality of FRP/Ti parts.
TL;DR: The 3D printing of sand moulds, by binder jetting technology for rapid casting, plays a vital role in providing a better value for the more than 5000 years old casting industry by producing quality and economic sand molds as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: There are many 3D printing technologies available, and each technology has its strength and weakness. The 3D printing of sand moulds, by binder jetting technology for rapid casting, plays a vital role in providing a better value for the more than 5000 years old casting industry by producing quality and economic sand moulds. The parts of the mould assembly can be manufactured by precisely controlling the process parameters and the gas producible materials within the printed mould. A functional mould can be manufactured with the required gas permeability, strength, and heat absorption characteristics, and hence the process ensures a high success rate of quality castings with an optimised design for weight reduction. It overcomes many of the limitations in traditional mould design with a very limited number of parts in the mould assembly. A variety of powders, of different particle size or shape, and bonding materials can be used to change the thermal and physical properties of the mould and hence provide possibilities for casting a broad range of alloys. Limited studies have been carried out to understand the relationship between the characteristics of the printed mould, the materials used, and the processing parameters for making the mould. These deficiencies need to be addressed to support the numerical simulation of a designed part, to optimise the success rate and for economic as well as environmental reasons. Commonly used binders in this process, e.g. furan resins, are carcinogenic or hazardous, and hence there is a vital need for developing new or improved bonding materials.
TL;DR: In this article, the root mean square power (Prms) values were used to predict the remaining useful life (RUL) of tools using the neural network (NN) technique, and the results showed a good agreement between the predicted and true RUL of tools.
Abstract: Tool wear is an important limitation to machining productivity and part quality. In this paper, remaining useful life (RUL) prediction of tools is demonstrated based on the machine spindle power values using the neural network (NN) technique. End milling tests were performed on a stainless steel workpiece at different spindle speeds and spindle power was recorded. The NN curve fitting approach with different MATLAB™ training functions was applied to the root mean square power (Prms) values. Sample Prms growth curves were generated to take into account uncertainty. The Prms value in the time domain was found to be sensitive to tool wear. Results show a good agreement between the predicted and true RUL of tools. The proposed method takes into account the uncertainty in tool life and the percentage increase in nominal Prms value during the RUL prediction. Using MATLAB™ on an Intel i7 processor, the computation takes 0.5 s Thus, the method is computationally inexpensive and can be incorporated for real time RUL predictions during machining.
TL;DR: The comparison and analysis results indicate that the integrated framework is applicable to track the tool wear evolution and predict its RUL with the average prediction accuracy reaching up to 90%.
Abstract: This paper introduces a hybrid model that incorporates a convolutional neural network (CNN) with a stacked bi-directional and uni-directional LSTM (SBULSTM) network, named CNN-SBULSTM, to address sequence data in the task of tool remaining useful life (RUL) prediction. In the CNN-SBULSTM network, CNN is firstly utilized for local feature extraction and dimension reduction. Then SBULSTM network is designed to denoise and encode the temporal information. Finally, multiple fully connected layers are built on the top of the CNN-SBULSTM network to add non-linearity to the output, and one regression layer is utilized to generate the target RUL. The cyber-physical system (CPS) is used to collect the internal controller signals and the external sensor signals during milling process. The proposed hybrid model and several other published methods are applied to the datasets acquired from milling experiments. The comparison and analysis results indicate that the integrated framework is applicable to track the tool wear evolution and predict its RUL with the average prediction accuracy reaching up to 90%.
TL;DR: In this article, the authors highlight the features of tool-work interaction and machinability classification in the bi-material drilling, and the influences of different cutting sequences on CFRP/Ti drilling responses.
Abstract: Mechanical drilling has been frequently used for hole making of hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks in order to ensure excellent fastening assembly. Owing to their inhomogeneous behavior and poor machinability, drilling CFRP/Ti stacks in one-shot time has brought great challenges to the modern manufacturing community. Compared to the previous studies on drilling CFRP/Ti, this paper aims to highlight the following aspects: (i) the features of tool-work interaction and machinability classification in the bi-material drilling, (ii) the influences of different cutting sequences on CFRP/Ti drilling responses, and (iii) the effects of different tool geometries/materials on CFRP/Ti drilling performance. The experimental results have shown that the drill geometrical features, which ensure the cutting contacts of the stack combination, have a more significant effect on CFRP/Ti drilling output than tool material composition. The Ti → CFRP drilling strategy promotes higher quality of the machined hole surfaces (e.g., more consistent hole diameters and much better surface finish) with lower Ti burr extents, while the CFRP → Ti drilling strategy reduces only the induced delamination. The experiments discussed in this paper allow besides several recommendations for the cutting sequence selection and drill geometrical design when drilling hybrid CFRP/Ti stacks.
TL;DR: A comprehensive review of the main 3D printing methods, materials and their development in trending applications was carried out in this paper, where the revolutionary applications of AM in biomedical, aerospace, buildings and protective structures were discussed.
Abstract: Freedom of design, mass customisation, waste minimisation and the ability to manufacture complex structures, as well as fast prototyping, are the main benefits of additive manufacturing (AM) or 3D printing. A comprehensive review of the main 3D printing methods, materials and their development in trending applications was carried out. In particular, the revolutionary applications of AM in biomedical, aerospace, buildings and protective structures were discussed. The current state of materials development, including metal alloys, polymer composites, ceramics and concrete, was presented. In addition, this paper discussed the main processing challenges with void formation, anisotropic behaviour, the limitation of computer design and layer-by-layer appearance. Overall, this paper gives an overview of 3D printing, including a survey on its benefits and drawbacks as a benchmark for future research and development.
01 Jan 2009
TL;DR: In this paper, a comprehensive literature review on composite laminates is presented, which summarizes an up-to-date progress in mechanical drilling of composite materials reported in the literature, including conventional drilling, grinding, vibration assisted twist drilling, and high speed drilling.
Abstract: Composite laminates (CFRP, GFRP, and fiber metal composite laminates) are attractive for many applications (such as aerospace and aircraft structural components) due to their superior properties. Usually, mechanical drilling operation is an important final machining process for components made of composite laminates. However, composite laminates are regarded as hard-to-machine materials, which results in low drilling efficiency and undesirable drilling-induced delamination. Therefore, it is desirable to improve the cost-effectiveness of currently-available drilling processes and to develop more advanced drilling processes for composite laminates. Such improvement and development will benefit from a comprehensive literature review on drilling of composite laminates. This review paper summarizes an up-to-date progress in mechanical drilling of composite laminates reported in the literature. It covers drilling operations (including conventional drilling, grinding drilling, vibration-assisted twist drilling, and high speed drilling), drill bit geometry and materials, drilling-induced delamination and its suppressing approaches, thrust force, and tool wear. It is intended to help readers to obtain a comprehensive view on mechanical drilling of composite laminates.
TL;DR: A comprehensive review of literature on modeling of machining of composite materials with a focus on the process of turning can be found in this paper, where the focus is on glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymeric composites and long fiber reinforced metal matrix composites.
Abstract: This paper provides a comprehensive review of literature, mostly of the last 10–15 years, on modeling of machining of composite materials with a focus on the process of turning. The paper discusses modeling of both fiber reinforced and particle reinforced composites. Modeling studies include molecular dynamic simulations, 2-D and 3-D finite element models and the emerging field of multi-scale models. In fiber reinforced composites the focus is on glass and carbon fiber reinforced polymeric composites as well as long fiber reinforced metal matrix composites. On the other hand modeling of particulate composites is restricted to that of metal matrix composites (MMC). The paper includes recent modeling work to predict cutting forces, tool–particle interaction, cutting temperatures and machined sub-surface damage. A case study on the machining of the MMC A359 aluminum matrix composite reinforced with 20% by volume fraction silicon carbide particles is included to showcase the hierarchical multi-scale machining model.
TL;DR: A broad review of technologies and approaches that have been applied in Binder Jet printing and points towards opportunities for future advancement is presented in this article, where a wide variety of materials including polymers, metals, and ceramics have been processed successfully with Binder jet.
Abstract: Binder Jet printing is an additive manufacturing technique that dispenses liquid binding agent on powder to form a two-dimensional pattern on a layer. The layers are stacked to build a physical article. Binder Jetting (BJ) can be adapted to almost any powder with high production rates and the BJ process utilizes a broad range of technologies including printing tehniques, powder deposition, dynamic binder/powder interaction, and post-processing methods. A wide variety of materials including polymers, metals, and ceramics have been processed successfully with Binder Jet. However, developing printing and post-processing methods that maximize part performance is a remaining challenge. This article presents a broad review of technologies and approaches that have been applied in Binder Jet printing and points towards opportunities for future advancement.