Bio: Mohammad Pour-Ghaz is an academic researcher from North Carolina State University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Moisture & Corrosion. The author has an hindex of 22, co-authored 85 publications receiving 1548 citations. Previous affiliations of Mohammad Pour-Ghaz include Carleton University & Purdue University.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: In this article, the influence of entrained air content on the rate of water absorption, the degree of saturation, and the relationship between the saturation level and freeze-thaw damage was examined.
Abstract: Fluid ingress is a primary factor that influences freeze-thaw damage in concrete. This paper discusses the influence of fluid ingress on freeze-thaw damage development. Specifically, this paper examines the influence of entrained air content on the rate of water absorption, the degree of saturation, and the relationship between the saturation level and freeze-thaw damage. The results indicate that whereas air content delays the time it takes for concrete to reach a critical degree of saturation it will not prevent the freeze-thaw damage from occurring. The results of the experiments show that when the degree of saturation exceeds 86–88%, freeze-thaw damage is inevitable with or without entrained air even with very few freeze-thaw cycles.
TL;DR: In this article, a large-area sensing skin for damage detection in concrete structures is proposed, consisting of a thin layer of electrically conductive copper paint that is applied to the surface of the concrete.
Abstract: This paper outlines the development of a large-area sensing skin for damage detection in concrete structures. The developed sensing skin consists of a thin layer of electrically conductive copper paint that is applied to the surface of the concrete. Cracking of the concrete substrate results in the rupture of the sensing skin, decreasing its electrical conductivity locally. The decrease in conductivity is detected with electrical impedance tomography (EIT) imaging. In previous works, electrically based sensing skins have provided only qualitative information on the damage on the substrate surface. In this paper, we study whether quantitative imaging of the damage is possible. We utilize application-specific models and computational methods in the image reconstruction, including a total variation (TV) prior model for the damage and an approximate correction of the modeling errors caused by the inhomogeneity of the painted sensing skin. The developed damage detection method is tested experimentally by applying the sensing skin to polymeric substrates and a reinforced concrete beam under four-point bending. In all test cases, the EIT-based sensing skin provides quantitative information on cracks and/or other damages on the substrate surface: featuring a very low conductivity in the damage locations, and a reliable indication of the lengths and shapes of the cracks. The results strongly support the applicability of the painted EIT-based sensing skin for damage detection in reinforced concrete elements and other substrates.
TL;DR: In this paper, the effect of temperature on the corrosion rate of steel corrosion in concrete is investigated through simulated polarization resistance experiments, which are based on the numerical solution of the Laplace's equation with predefined boundary conditions of the problem and have been designed to establish independent correlations among corrosion rate, temperature, kinetic parameters, concrete resistivity and limiting current density.
Abstract: The effect of temperature on the corrosion rate of steel corrosion in concrete is investigated through simulated polarization resistance experiments. The simulated experiments are based on the numerical solution of the Laplace’s equation with predefined boundary conditions of the problem and have been designed to establish independent correlations among corrosion rate, temperature, kinetic parameters, concrete resistivity and limiting current density for a wide range of possible anode/cathode (A/C) distributions on the reinforcement. The results, which successfully capture the resistance and diffusion control mechanisms of corrosion as well as the effect of temperature on the kinetic parameters and concrete/pore solution properties, have been used to develop a closed-form regression model for the prediction of the corrosion rate of steel in concrete.
TL;DR: In this article, a series of wetting and drying tests were performed on concrete using different aqueous solutions containing deicing salts, and it was found that the rate of fluid absorption was generally lower for aqueously solutions containing DEicing salts than it was for water.
Abstract: A series of wetting and drying tests were performed on concrete using different aqueous solutions containing deicing salts. The rate of fluid absorption was generally lower for aqueous solutions containing deicing salts than it was for water. In addition, less fluid was absorbed for samples exposed to aqueous solutions containing deicing salts than for samples exposed to water. The change in the rate of aqueous fluid absorption was proportional to the square root of the ratio of surface tension and viscosity of the absorbed fluid. Concrete that has been exposed to solutions containing deicing salts showed less mass loss during drying. Measures of equilibrium relative humidity over the salt solutions are used to interpret drying behavior. Experimental data indicates that concretes that had previously been exposed to deicing solutions can also exhibit reduced rate of absorption, even if water is the fluid being absorbed.
TL;DR: In this paper, electrical resistance tomography (ERT) was used to detect the moisture movement and to show approximately the shape and position of the water front even if the flow is non-uniform.
Abstract: Traditionally the electrically-based assessment of the moisture flow in cement-based materials relies on two- or four-point measurements. In this paper, imaging of moisture distribution with electrical resistance tomography (ERT) is considered. Especially, the aim is to study whether ERT could give information on unsaturated moisture flows in cases where the flow is non-uniform. In the experiment, the specimens are monitored with ERT during the water ingress. The ERT reconstructions are compared with neutron radiographs, which provide high resolution information on the 2D distribution of the moisture. The results indicate that ERT is able to detect the moisture movement and to show approximately the shape and position of the water front even if the flow is nonuniform.
31 Oct 2001
TL;DR: The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) as mentioned in this paper is an independent organization devoted to the development of standards for testing and materials, and is a member of IEEE 802.11.
Abstract: The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is an independent organization devoted to the development of standards.
11 Jun 2010
Abstract: The validity of the cubic law for laminar flow of fluids through open fractures consisting of parallel planar plates has been established by others over a wide range of conditions with apertures ranging down to a minimum of 0.2 µm. The law may be given in simplified form by Q/Δh = C(2b)3, where Q is the flow rate, Δh is the difference in hydraulic head, C is a constant that depends on the flow geometry and fluid properties, and 2b is the fracture aperture. The validity of this law for flow in a closed fracture where the surfaces are in contact and the aperture is being decreased under stress has been investigated at room temperature by using homogeneous samples of granite, basalt, and marble. Tension fractures were artificially induced, and the laboratory setup used radial as well as straight flow geometries. Apertures ranged from 250 down to 4µm, which was the minimum size that could be attained under a normal stress of 20 MPa. The cubic law was found to be valid whether the fracture surfaces were held open or were being closed under stress, and the results are not dependent on rock type. Permeability was uniquely defined by fracture aperture and was independent of the stress history used in these investigations. The effects of deviations from the ideal parallel plate concept only cause an apparent reduction in flow and may be incorporated into the cubic law by replacing C by C/ƒ. The factor ƒ varied from 1.04 to 1.65 in these investigations. The model of a fracture that is being closed under normal stress is visualized as being controlled by the strength of the asperities that are in contact. These contact areas are able to withstand significant stresses while maintaining space for fluids to continue to flow as the fracture aperture decreases. The controlling factor is the magnitude of the aperture, and since flow depends on (2b)3, a slight change in aperture evidently can easily dominate any other change in the geometry of the flow field. Thus one does not see any noticeable shift in the correlations of our experimental results in passing from a condition where the fracture surfaces were held open to one where the surfaces were being closed under stress.
01 Jan 2016
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