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Montserrat López Melero

Bio: Montserrat López Melero is an academic researcher from Universidad Internacional de La Rioja. The author has contributed to research in topics: Prison & Fundamental rights. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 6 publications receiving 22 citations.

Papers
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01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this article, a history of the prision has been used for reflexionar sobre the situación actual en Espana and the teoria general de los derechos fundamentales.
Abstract: La historia de la prision ha servido para reflexionar sobre la situacion actual en Espana y la teoria general de los derechos fundamentales, para considerar a los presos como sujetos de derechos fundamentales. Las principales lineas estan relacionadas con la transformacion del Estado social y democratico de Derecho, dando lugar a un cambio en las Instituciones penitenciarias y en las relaciones de esta con la sociedad. Tales relaciones han estado basadas en la primacia del Estado sobre las Instituciones penitenciarias, concretandose este interes vigente por los derechos de los presos en un reflejo del movimiento general en defensa de los derechos humanos. Esta primacia se ha venido manifestando al atribuir al Estado el monopolio del ejercicio legitimo del poder y de la creacion del Derecho, incorporando en la Constitucion, a traves de los derechos fundamentales, un sistema de valores superiores que han de constituir el orden de convivencia politica ademas de informar al ordenamiento juridico

15 citations

Dissertation
01 Jan 2011
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors focus on the fundamental role of prisoners' human rights in terms of what has come to be known as victimology in deterioration of a more watchful eye on the offender.
Abstract: espanolLa investigacion centra su atencion en el papel de los derechos fundamentales de los presos. Tomamos como base las Reglas Minimas para el Tratamiento de reclusos y las Reglas Penitenciarias Europeas de 1973, con la finalidad de respetar los derechos de los reclusos y reforzar el cumplimiento del principio de legalidad en la ejecucion penitenciaria. Es decir, considerando al preso como sujeto perteneciente de la sociedad y no como sujeto excluido, titular de derechos reconocidos constitucionalmente y de derechos que nacen de la relacion penitenciaria, como es el caso del tratamiento penitenciario. Los derechos de los presos vienen reconocidos en las principales Declaraciones de derechos humanos mediante el reconocimiento implicito de una serie de derechos, los cuales son tambien aplicables a las personas que estan en situacion de prision. En este sentido, antes de analizar la concepcion de los derechos de los presos se estudia la prision hasta nuestros dias, existiendo un considerable avance. A continuacion, se prosigue con el analisis de los derechos fundamentales de nuestra Constitucion que son mas representativos en cuanto a su vulneracion en los Centros Penitenciarios. Asimismo se estudian aquellos derechos que pueden suponer la consecucion del fin primordial de las prisiones, reconocido constitucionalmente, que no es otro que la reeducacion y reinsercion social de los presos. Es decir, se trata de analizar la relacion entre los derechos fundamentales tanto del ciudadano como del recluso, englobando derechos individuales y libertades publicas, derechos que pertenecen al individuo de una forma natural e innata, reconocidos y protegidos por el Estado a traves de la Constitucion. EnglishThe research that we propose focus its attention on the fundamental role of prisoners'human rights in terms of the following: detainments, charges, prosecutions and imprisonment. The goal is to understand a situation that occurs daily between citizens. This proposed research begins with the accusation, that is, with someone accused of a crime becoming a remand prisoner or prisoner who undergoes a change in social status and results in the accused becoming a second-class citizen. Based on its last fundaments, the concept and themi of the problems surrounding the prisons and jails has come to be understood as a center for the care of those who have been punished by the law, to an institution of punishment in which the value of freedom itself is if not reduced, yet limited. The current importance of rehabilitation and reeducation in prisons in order to return offenders to society and live in full freedom, necessarily involves the fundamental principle of respect for the person of the detained. Criminology has been debating this issue with great intensity in recent years, however, there Is a lack of parallel, studies from the perspective of philosophy of law; there are only references to philosophical questions related to Criminology. Philosophical-critical analysis can clarify elements that criminology does not address. It's clear that the field of penal science, especially in the last ten years, has demonstrated a growing interest in what has come to be known as victimology in deterioration of a more watchful eye on the offender. The empirical-sociological perspective may also contribute, as a useful need for philosophical reflection in an attempt to bring the government and especially to the society, to the world of prisons and prisoners. We take as a starting point the Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners and the European Prison Rules 1973, both of which have a goal of protecting the human rights of prisoners and reinforce compliance with the principle of legality in penal execution, that is, consider the prisoner as a person belonging to society rather than excluded from society, holder of constitutionally recognized rights and duties arising from the prison relationship, as in the treatment of prisoners. Prisoners' rights are recognized in major international declarations of human rights through an implicit recognition of certain rights, which are also applicable to people who are in pretrial, of which we have been analyzing, the explicit recognition of prisoners rights being different from the fundamental rights, all under the recognition of the general right to equality. In the course of our study is in our specific interests that the fundamental rights and specially the right of freedom seems a contradiction with the inmates, not being so, as it has been deprived of liberty as established by the Article 17 of the Spanish Constitution and in the cases and the way prescribed by law. Thus, the doctrine states that we have a constitutional right but not legal. All these issues will be analyzed. Consequently, before analyzing the conception of prisoners' rights one must examine what was seen in the history of prison leading up to today, there is considerable progress and worthy of remembering, as a basis for understanding the same, and the foundation of human rights to its positivization as fundamental rights. Note the need for protection of fundamental rights of all human beings, including, therefore, those of prisoners. It is for this reason, since the basis and root of all rights and values of the person and in particular, the inmate, as is the dignity of the human person, showed a series of rights, based on the application in prisons that can be violated as a result, in most cases, in the embodiment of order, discipline and prison security, which may take precedence over the rights. Is analyzed, in short, the fundamental rights of our Constitution more representative in terms of their violation in prisons also those who are likely to achieve the primary goal of prisons, constitutional recognition, which is none other than the rehabilitation and reintegration of social prisoners. That is, we try to analyze the relationship between the fundamental rights of both the citizen as well as the prisoner, encompassing individual rights and freedom of the public, rights which belong to the individual in a natural and innate way, recognized and protected by the State through the Constitution. To get a detailed analysis of the fundamental rights of prisoners, we take as reference the consideration of the prison population as a distinct group. After analyzing the most important rights, and under differen doctrinal thesis about the penalty, the sanction and punishment, analyzes the recognition of the right to social reintegration, clarifying whether there is a fundamental right or a purpose to achieve; and at the same time, to know if prison is the ideal place to reinsert the prison treatment programs. Work items will be needed for this study, we can obtain from the Prison Service, in particular the reports issued annually by the Prisons General Directorate. On the other hand, as a starting point the Spanish Constitution the prison rules, that is, the General Penitentiary Law and the regulations that develop it, and the Minimum Standard Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners and the European Prison Rules. Not forgetting the international texts of particular relevance to the topics. However, the difficulties we face when collecting and obtaining such data will prevent and will decide the fate and the content of the present work, as well as books of well known philosophers and criminologists. The working method, therefore, is deductive of few general terms to get to the point ie one of the general human rights to become a specific right for the inmate. On the other hand the method is analytical, and is followed by systematic study of the particularity of the concept of the fundamental right to the position to make comparisons that lead to a conclusion by similarity, ie from the configuration of fundamental rights such as life, physical integrity and privacy to get to rights claimed by the society due to its development. Therefore, we must not confuse the purpose of the sentences with the rights for a prisoner as a human being.

2 citations

01 Jan 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, a coherent model based on prison reintegration of prisoners and more in line with constitutional principles is proposed. But it is necessary that both the criminal intervention as prison rules, methods and claims to offer more suitable for a greater recognition of the fundamental rights of prisoners as people who still belong to the society, since the idea was a big step in recognizing, by society, rights to everyone regardless of status who were deprived of their liberty.
Abstract: It should open a debate on the issue of prisoners and, on the main objective to be pursued by the prison, resulting in the issue of reintegration. We must design a coherent model based prison reintegration of prisoners and more in line with constitutional principles. It is necessary that both the criminal intervention as prison rules, methods and claims to offer more suitable for a greater recognition of the fundamental rights of prisoners as people who still belong to the society. Therefore, the idea of rehabilitation and social reintegration should not be rejected, since the idea was a big step in recognizing, by society, rights to everyone regardless of status who were deprived of their liberty.

1 citations


Cited by
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30 Jun 2012
TL;DR: In this paper, el autor se da a la tarea de demostrar la imposibilidad de analizar el proceso neoconstitucional colombiano bajo la misma optica empleada en el estudio de Europol.
Abstract: El neoconstitucionalismo se constituye en uno de los temas de mayor interes dentro de la teoria juridica actual. Asumido en terminos simples como las transformaciones teoricas y practicas generadas con la incorporacion de constituciones con un fuerte caracter normativo vinculante, el autor se da a la tarea de demostrar la imposibilidad de analizar el proceso neoconstitucional colombiano bajo la misma optica empleada en el estudio del proceso neoconstitucional europeo.

35 citations

01 Jan 2012

16 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
19 Dec 2018
TL;DR: Even though our Constitutional Court and a section of the Spanish public law doctrine continue to support that Article 25.2 contains only an instruction directed to the legislator in criminal and penitentiary matters, we could affirm that this aforementioned precept contains a real fundamental right to the reintegration of the prisoner, which is subject to constitutional protection.
Abstract: Even though our Constitutional Court and a section of the Spanish public law doctrine continue to support that Article 25.2 contains only an instruction directed to the legislator in criminal and penitentiary matters, we could affirm that this aforementioned precept contains a real fundamental right to the reintegration of the prisoner, which is subject to constitutional protection. In the same way, the true sense that should be granted to the re-socialization, avoiding the de-socialization of the prisoners, will be allowed to conclude that they have the same rights as men in freedom, with the exception of the triad of article 25.2: contents of condemnatory ruling, sense of punishment and penitentiary law.

10 citations

Posted ContentDOI
20 Aug 2021
TL;DR: García et al. as mentioned in this paper address Islamist violent radicalization from different angles: the nature of violent radicalisation in the context of Spain, a comparison between European, North American and Indian violent radicalizations, the need to refine territorial radicalization indexes within a context of preventing violent radicalizing, and the relation between Islamist radicalization and other forms of violence in Europe.
Abstract: This paper is the first of a series of papers which aims to address Islamist violent radicalization from different angles: the nature of violent radicalization in the context of Spain, a comparison between European, North American and Indian violent radicalization, the need to refine territorial radicalization indexes within the context of preventing violent radicalization and the relation between Islamist violent radicalization and other forms of violent radicalization in Europe. This set of articles builds upon the general theoretical framework set by the author on two previous works (García, 2018; 2019). These works are framed under the known conception of three layers of micro, meso and macro factors contributing to violent radicalization processes (McCauley, Moskalenko, 2017). The paper starts by defining Islamist violent radicalization, then it explores different theoretical explanations and finally proposes an explanatory hypothesis that is tested against, on the one hand, data proceeding from different institutional sources in Spain and, on the other, some initial conversations which will become life stories and a in depth interviews to Spanish security officials and people who whether radicalized and regretted or lived very close to others that did it.

7 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2020
TL;DR: In this article, the authors explore the progressive penitentiary system in Colombia, taking into account the stipulations of articles 142, 143, and 144 of Law 65 of 1993.
Abstract: The objective of this study is to explore the progressive penitentiary system in Colombia, taking into account the stipulations of articles 142, 143, and 144 of Law 65 of 1993. In view of this context, this article examines whether the progressive system, introduced into criminal legislation on 1936, has been effective, or whether it should be reconsidered. The research methodology is documentary and aims, by means of consulting the doctrines, jurisprudence, norms, and reports of the inpec, to collect information relative to this topic which underpins the research in order to make an approximation analysis to the subject matter and conclude on its ineffectiveness. Among the findings, it failure stands out.

7 citations