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Nemesio Aldo

Bio: Nemesio Aldo is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Narrative & Reading (process). The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 4 citations.

Papers
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01 Jan 2008
TL;DR: The authors examined the way in which six characters are introduced in Italian novels by Gadda, Manzoni, Moravia, Svevo, Tarchetti and Vassalli.
Abstract: When a character is introduced in a narrative text, his/her aspect and personality are constructed by the reader on the basis both of information found in the text and of inferences actively produced by the readers. The first perception of a character is likely to change in the course of reading, as the reader encounters new information and activates relevant inferences: this changes in the state of the mind are components of reading pleasure. The type of the information given by the narrator depends on his/her priorities. Therefore, the reader receives information on the character and, at the same time, on the narrator's priorities. In the course of his/her act of reading, the reader activates, in his memory, material to be used in his concretization. In this way, s/he introduces new information; what is not explicitly described may be concretized differently by different readers. At the same time, the act of reading is very selective, removing information that is considered irrelevant. If the reader is then asked about information which has not been maintained in memory, s/he may be unable to recover it in full and may be forced to draw inferences that lead to results that are different from the text's surface. In this paper we examine the way in which six characters are introduced in Italian novels by Gadda, Manzoni, Moravia, Svevo, Tarchetti and Vassalli. Participants were asked to read passages from the texts where the characters were presented for the first time and then summarize the passages and answer some questions. In our examination of the answers, every time we find information that was not given in the texts, we have evidence of material coming from the readers' inferences and world knowledge. This study shows how characters can be concretized differently by different readers, particularly in relation to gender and education.

4 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
Karen Seago1
20 Dec 2017
TL;DR: Hard-nosed female investigators Sara Lund and Saga Noren from the extraordinarily successful Scandinavian TV crime series The Killing and The Bridge are the latest examples of female hard-boiled detectives.
Abstract: Hard-nosed female investigators Sara Lund and Saga Noren from the extraordinarily successful Scandinavian TV crime series The Killing and The Bridge are the latest examples of female hard-boiled detectives – dysfunctional loners who solve crimes where no one else succeeds. This article looks at the character construct of the hard-boiled male detective, maps these tropes against social expectations of gender norms and then considers how Sara Paretsky constructs an explicitly feminist “tough guy” private eye in V.I. Warshawski. It then analyses how Paretsky’s negotiation and partial subversion of the tropes of the hard-boiled genre are handled in translation, drawing on the German translation of Indemnity Only.

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This paper examined the first introduction of four female characters in Italian novels and found that readers tended to concretize traits that were not explicitly stated in the text, with high values of the Gini index, showing different concretizations in different readers.
Abstract: When we read the description of a character, we receive explicit information and construct a semantic representation of his/her aspect and personality. This constructive process also involves inferential processes based on the elaboration of explicit information. In this article we examined the first introduction of four female characters in Italian novels. When readers reported information that was not given in the texts, we had evidence of their constructive processes based on their inferences and world knowledge. In our study readers tended to concretize traits that were not explicitly stated in the text, with high values of the Gini index, showing different concretizations in different readers. This tendency was quite pervasive among readers, regardless of gender, academic education and interest in the text read; such constructive process seems to be intrinsic to the act of reading itself.

4 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jun 2012
TL;DR: The authors explored a labyrinth of Borges labyrinth, searching for the transcultural aspects of literary reading, and found that Borges szovege alkalmas volt, hogy az un. naiv (nem szakertő) olvasok megertesenek kozos modjait tarjuk fel, and hogy megszemelyesitseitsek a hősoket es a cselekmenyt.
Abstract: Absztrakt A tanulmany a szerzők Traversing a Borges labyrinth: searching for the transcultural aspects of literary reading cimű munkajanak (Fictions, 2012, XI. 59–76.) magyar nyelvű valtozata. Borges Az elagazo osvenyek kertje cimű elbeszelesenek feldolgozasat vizsgaltuk amerikai, magyar es olasz egyetemi hallgatoknal, az affektiv reakcio, a szovegsajatossagok megitelese, a jelentestulajdonitas, a hős es a szerző jellemzese, valamint a k.sz.-ek kulturajatol egyarant elterő kultura kepviselőire iranyulo attitűd meghatarozasa reven. Borges szovege alkalmas volt, hogy az un. naiv (nem szakertő) olvasok megertesenek kozos modjait tarjuk fel. A tortenet a (poszt)modern fikcionak az a fajtaja, amelyik elkeruli a hagyomanyos pszichologiai elemeket es elszemelyteleniti az elbeszelest. Mindazonaltal a szoban forgo olvasok arra torekednek, hogy megszemelyesitsek a hősoket es a cselekmenyt. Adataink azt jelzik, hogy tekintet nelkul kulturajukra, az olvasok egyidejűleg a belső es a kulső vilaguk megertesere torekedne...