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Nikola Bošković

Bio: Nikola Bošković is an academic researcher from University of Kragujevac. The author has contributed to research in topics: Tourism & Sustainable tourism. The author has an hindex of 2, co-authored 4 publications receiving 7 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors argue that uncontrolled development of mass tourism has led to the over-exploitation of tourism resources in a short period of time, by insisting solely on the economic effects of development, tourism has irr...
Abstract: Uncontrolled development of mass tourism has led to the over-exploitation of tourism resources in a short period of time. By insisting solely on the economic effects of development, tourism has irr...

14 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyzed the sustainable tourism development level in the most developed and most visited regions in Serbia, namely, Sumadija and Western Serbia, by using five groups of the EU's comparative indicators: economic, social, cultural, environmental and tourist satisfaction indicators.
Abstract: Sustainable tourism, as an integral part of sustainable development, emerged as a logical outcome of preventing the uncontrolled and excessive use of tourism resources and attractions. This study analyzes whether mountain tourism development in Serbia can be sustainable and feasible in the long term. Given the heterogeneity of mountains in Serbia in terms of tourism development, the subject of this research is the achieved level of sustainable tourism development in mountains in the most developed and most visited region in Serbia — Sumadija and Western Serbia: Zlatibor, Kopaonik, Tara, Zlatar, Mokra Gora and Goc. The sustainable tourism development level was analyzed by using five groups of the EU’s comparative indicators: economic, social, cultural, environmental and tourist satisfaction indicators. The results showed that the development of tourism in the examined mountains is not fully aligned with sustainable development. The tourist satisfaction indicator has the most acceptable values, which is a good basis for further harmonization of tourism development on the principles of sustainability. Economic indicators, especially the ratio of overnight stays and accommodation capacities, show the most unacceptable values, which indicate the need for implementing changes in the process of tourism development in the coming period. The analysis of sustainable tourism in mountain areas in Sumadija and the Western Serbia undoubtfully points out that it is necessary to significantly change the current tourism product portfolio, which implies harmonizing mountain tourism development with global trends. Certainly, a comparative analysis that looks at the degree of sustainability of mountain tourism in some countries of the Alpine region, such as Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia, contributes to this. The more intensive development of tourism throughout the year would significantly improve indicators of sustainable tourism in all analyzed mountain areas of Sumadija and Western Serbia. This would improve the value of economic indicators, which are marked as the most unsustainable. The development of tourism in the summer season, especially recreational and adventure tourism, would improve the social and cultural component of sustainable tourism. Environmental dimension of sustainable tourism would be enhanced by the development of ecotourism. By connecting spatially close mountains (Zlatibor, Zlatar, Tara and Mokra Gora) into a unique and integrated tourism destination, synergistic effects would be achieved resulting in international recognition and making the region of Sumadija and Western Serbia competitive on the European market.

9 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2019
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors highlight the importance of institutional support to agriculture and tourism networking within the concept of sustainable development and highlight the necessity of a more creative use of agro-tourism resources.
Abstract: Sustainable development is one of global imperatives and it involves the harmonization of economic, environmental, and social development goals, with an appropriate institutional support. There are plenty of resources pertaining to the sustainable development of agriculture and tourism, as numerous studies and practical examples worldwide confirm. The paper highlights the example of the Republic of Serbia and can be of use for other countries with similar resource potentials and developmental constraints. Namely, agriculture and tourism in the Republic of Serbia are distinguished by abundant natural and cultural-historical resources, but what mostly lacks are funds for serious investment, as well as a modern and holistic approach to development, so the available resources are insufficiently used. Accordingly, the research aims to point to the necessity of a more creative use of agro-tourism resources, i.e. to the more promising directions of the integral development of agriculture and tourism on sustainable grounds. The paper results highlight the extreme importance of institutional support to agriculture and tourism networking within the concept of sustainable development.

5 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
01 Jan 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, the importance of demographic renewal of rural areas by introducing the concept of "smart villages" is highlighted. And the authors focus on the imperative to find new demographic solutions that would support the development of rural communities in the future, as well as that rural areas that have the ability to attract quality workforce have a great competitive advantage in terms of integrated sustainable rural development.
Abstract: This paper aims to call attention to the importance of demographic renewal of rural areas by introducing the concept of "smart villages". The vision of "smart villages" and their development integrates key factors of networking and creating benefits for rural communities, as well as finding practical solutions for the transformation of rural areas and their future development. Initiatives for the implementation of this concept involve the entire rural environment, clusters of rural settlements, small towns and connectedness with big cities. The research presented in this paper focuses on the imperative to find new demographic solutions that would support the development of rural communities in the future. The key hypothesis the paper builds on is that rural areas are of great importance in addressing the many socio-economic, demographic, environmental, innovatory and technological challenges, substantial for development of the economy and society. Another important point to note is the specific hypothesis assuming that the past rural development models and strategies have not significantly contributed to the demographic renewal of rural areas, despite their initial positive changes. The conclusion suggests that human capital is the foundation of the development of rural communities and their competitiveness, as well as that rural areas that have the ability to attract quality workforce have a great competitive advantage in terms of integrated sustainable rural development.

1 citations


Cited by
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Journal Article
01 Jan 2013-Tourism

204 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Liyun Zeng1
TL;DR: In this paper , the authors identified the most influential journal articles, researchers, and countries in mountain tourism research as indexed in the Web of Science (WoS) database during 2010-2020.
Abstract: Due to hectic city lives and the growing health concerns in light of the global pandemic, mountain tourism has become increasingly popular worldwide, which has increased the related research. Based on traditional bibliometric laws, such as those authored by Price, Bradford, Lotka, and Zipf, this study acquired 1413 mountain tourism journal articles via bibliometric analysis and identified the most influential journal articles, researchers, and countries in mountain tourism research as indexed in the Web of Science (WoS) database during 2010–2020. The keyword analysis revealed mountain tourism’s emerging research topics, including climate change, sustainable development, sustainability, sustainable tourism, protected areas, rural tourism, and conservation. The most influential journal was Sustainability in the mountain tourism. The research results showed that China, the U.S., and Romania produced the most significant mountain tourism articles indexed in the WoS. Most developed countries in Europe had the highest average and average normalized citations, which indicated that they may have more influence in this field as compared to other countries. Some developing countries, such as India, Nepal, and China, had higher citations, average citations, and/or average normalized citations than other countries. The main research trend was the sustainable development aspect of mountain-based tourism during the COVID-19 pandemic. We identified the research gap in WoS; although there is some research shedding light on tourism via bibliometrics, mountain tourism bibliometric analysis and science mapping via VOSViewer is scarce. The paper summarizes the critical aspects of the current discussion of sustainable mountain tourism, such as transport and coopetition (i.e., combing with cooperation and competition) in mountain tourism areas. The results indicated that government agencies and destination managers need to strike a balance between sustainable mountain tourism development and environment and natural landscape conservation after COVID-19.

20 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
Yi Xiao, Xiao Hua Tang, Jue Wang, Huan Huang, Lei Liu 
TL;DR: In this paper , the situation of tourism development, resource environment carrying capacity, and coupling coordination degree in the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) is analyzed based on the CCD model and dynamic DM model.

16 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors considered the potential for women empowerment through tourism and women's equality inherent in the green economy in the tourism sector in Serbia and showed that insufficient attention has been dedicated to this industry from the perspective of its benefits for women.
Abstract: The aim of our research is to consider the potential for women’s empowerment through tourism and women’s equality inherent in the green economy. In addition, our research should shed more light on the women’s dimensions of green growth, especially in the context of development of entrepreneurship in tourism. In line with this, our approach in the study combines a women’s perspective with green growth and entrepreneurship development in the tourism sector in Serbia. The research was carried out in the most important tourist centers in the country, such as Novi Sad, Nis, Zlatibor, Vrnjacka Banja, and Sokobanja. This study showed that insufficient attention has been dedicated to this industry from the perspective of its benefits for women. In addition, the research indicated that, in the field of tourism, women mostly prefer special programs of education that are adjusted to the job requirements that they have already been performing or to a similar job that they are just about to start. It is necessary to involve them more often in various projects that encourage their further empowerment. The research also discovered gaps in the supply of finance between the needs of green entrepreneurs in tourism and what the financial system is willing to provide to them. Firstly, there is a lack of appropriate lending products offered by the commercial banking sector. In particular, a combination of financial support and suitable financial tools to encourage women’s initiatives for start-ups in tourism is missing.

15 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyzed the sustainable tourism development level in the most developed and most visited regions in Serbia, namely, Sumadija and Western Serbia, by using five groups of the EU's comparative indicators: economic, social, cultural, environmental and tourist satisfaction indicators.
Abstract: Sustainable tourism, as an integral part of sustainable development, emerged as a logical outcome of preventing the uncontrolled and excessive use of tourism resources and attractions. This study analyzes whether mountain tourism development in Serbia can be sustainable and feasible in the long term. Given the heterogeneity of mountains in Serbia in terms of tourism development, the subject of this research is the achieved level of sustainable tourism development in mountains in the most developed and most visited region in Serbia — Sumadija and Western Serbia: Zlatibor, Kopaonik, Tara, Zlatar, Mokra Gora and Goc. The sustainable tourism development level was analyzed by using five groups of the EU’s comparative indicators: economic, social, cultural, environmental and tourist satisfaction indicators. The results showed that the development of tourism in the examined mountains is not fully aligned with sustainable development. The tourist satisfaction indicator has the most acceptable values, which is a good basis for further harmonization of tourism development on the principles of sustainability. Economic indicators, especially the ratio of overnight stays and accommodation capacities, show the most unacceptable values, which indicate the need for implementing changes in the process of tourism development in the coming period. The analysis of sustainable tourism in mountain areas in Sumadija and the Western Serbia undoubtfully points out that it is necessary to significantly change the current tourism product portfolio, which implies harmonizing mountain tourism development with global trends. Certainly, a comparative analysis that looks at the degree of sustainability of mountain tourism in some countries of the Alpine region, such as Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia, contributes to this. The more intensive development of tourism throughout the year would significantly improve indicators of sustainable tourism in all analyzed mountain areas of Sumadija and Western Serbia. This would improve the value of economic indicators, which are marked as the most unsustainable. The development of tourism in the summer season, especially recreational and adventure tourism, would improve the social and cultural component of sustainable tourism. Environmental dimension of sustainable tourism would be enhanced by the development of ecotourism. By connecting spatially close mountains (Zlatibor, Zlatar, Tara and Mokra Gora) into a unique and integrated tourism destination, synergistic effects would be achieved resulting in international recognition and making the region of Sumadija and Western Serbia competitive on the European market.

9 citations