Oscar E. Piro
Other affiliations: National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Bio: Oscar E. Piro is an academic researcher from National University of La Plata. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Crystal structure & Monoclinic crystal system. The author has an hindex of 31, co-authored 276 publication(s) receiving 3639 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Oscar E. Piro include National Scientific and Technical Research Council.
Papers published on a yearly basis
TL;DR: Results showed that structural modifications on the semicarbazone moiety could have a significant effect on the anti-tumor activity of the vanadium complexes, and no apparent correlation could be demonstrated between reduction potentials of the complexes and their anti-Tumor activities.
Abstract: As a contribution to the development of novel vanadium complexes with pharmacologically interesting moieties, new dioxovanadium(V) semicarbazone complexes with the formula cis-VO(2)L, where L=5-bromosalicylaldehyde semicarbazone and 2-hydroxynaphtalen-1-carboxaldehyde semicarbazone have been synthesized and characterized by (1)H and (13)C NMR, Raman and FTIR spectroscopies. Results were compared with those previously reported for other three analogous complexes of this series. The five complexes were tested in three different human tumor cell lines for bioactivity as potential anti-tumor agents, showing selective cytotoxicity on TK-10 cell line. Results showed that structural modifications on the semicarbazone moiety could have a significant effect on the anti-tumor activity of the vanadium complexes. In addition, the electrochemical behavior of all the complexes was studied. No apparent correlation could be demonstrated between reduction potentials of the complexes and their anti-tumor activities. The molecular structure of the novel [V(V)O(2)(5-bromosalicylaldehyde semicarbazone)] complex was solved by X-ray diffraction methods. The vanadium atom shows a distorted square pyramidal coordination sphere. The (VO(2))(+) cation is coordinated to a nearly planar (L)(-) anion acting as a tridentate ligand through both oxygen and one nitrogen atoms.
TL;DR: The interaction of lower rim calix(4)arene derivatives containing ester (1) and ketone (2) functional groups and bivalent (alkaline-earth, transition- and heavy-metal) cations has been investigated in various solvents and the selective behavior of 1 and 2 for bivalent cations is demonstrated for the first time.
Abstract: The interaction of lower rim calix(4)arene derivatives containing ester (1) and ketone (2) functional groups and bivalent (alkaline-earth, transition- and heavy-metal) cations has been investigated in various solvents (methanol, N,N-dimethylformamide, acetonitrile, and benzonitrile). Thus, 1 H NMR studies in CD 3 -OD, C 3 D 7 NO, and CD 3 CN show that the interaction of these ligands with bivalent cations (Mg 2+ , Ca 2+ , Sr 2+ , Ba 2+ , Hg 2+ , Pb 2+ , Cd 2+ ) is only observed in CD 3 CN. These findings are corroborated by conductance measurements in these solvents including benzonitrile, where changes upon the addition of the appropriate ligand (1 or 2) to the metal-ion salt only occur in acetonitrile. Thus, in this solvent, plots of molar conductance against the ligand/metal cation ratio reveal the formation of 1:1 complexes between these ligands and bivalent cations. Four metal-ion complex salts resulting from the interaction of 1 and 2 with cadmium and lead, respectively, were isolated and characterized by X-ray crystallography. All four structures show an acetonitrile molecule sitting in the hydrophobic cavity of the ligand. The mode of interaction of the neutral guest in the cadmium(II) complexes differs from each other and from that found in the lead(II) complexes and provides evidence of the versatile behavior of acetonitrile in binding processes involving calix(4)arene derivatives. The thermodynamics of complexation of these ligands and bivalent cations in acetonitrile is reported. Thus, the selective behavior of 1 and 2 for bivalent cations is for the first time demonstrated. The role of acetonitrile in the complexation process in solution is discussed on the basis of 1 H NMR and X-ray crystallographic studies. It is suggested that the complexation of 1 and 2 with bivalent cations is likely to involve the ligand-solvent adducts rather than the free ligand. Plots of complexation Gibbs energies against the corresponding data for cation hydration show a selectivity peak which is explained in terms of the predominant role played by cation desolvation and ligand binding energy in complex formation involving metal cations and macrocycles in solution. A similar peak is found in terms of enthalpy suggesting that for most cations (except Mg 2+ ) the selectivity is enthalpically controlled. The ligand effect on the complexation process is quantitatively assessed. Final conclusions are given highlighting the role of the solvent in complexation processes involving calix(4)arene derivatives and metal cations.
22 May 2001-Organometallics
TL;DR: The ground and excited state properties of the newly prepared complexes Re(CO)3(2,2'biquinoline)LS+, LS = pyrazine or 4,4'bipyridine, and Re( CO)3 (2, 2 'bipy)(2-pyrazinecarboxylate) were investigated by steady state and time-resolved spectroscopy as mentioned in this paper.
Abstract: Ground and excited state properties of the newly prepared complexes Re(CO)3(2,2‘-biquinoline)LS+, LS = pyrazine or 4,4‘-bipyridine, and Re(CO)3(2,2‘-bipy)(2-pyrazinecarboxylate) were investigated by steady state and time-resolved spectroscopy. The X-ray structure of the latter compound showed that the spectator ligand 2-pyrazinecarboxylate is coordinated through the carboxylate group to Re(I). A component of the complexes' luminescence was associated with long-lived Re to ligand, 2,2‘-biquinoline or 2,2‘-bipy, charge transfer, while a fast component of the emission was associated with intraligand excited states. Quenching of the luminescence by CuCl2 involved energy transfer via dynamic and static mechanisms. The complexes in their excited states were reduced by 2,2‘,2‘ ‘-nitrilotriethanol with the formation of Re(I) ligand-radical species. Similar products were generated by the pulse radiolytic reduction of the complexes. The photochemical properties of the 2,2‘-biquinoline complexes and Re(CO)3(1,10-phe...
TL;DR: In this article, the new dioxo(semicarbazone)vanadium(V) complexes cis-VO2L have been synthesized, characterized by 1H and 13C NMR and FTIR spectroscopy and tested for bioactivity as potential insulin mimetic agents.
Abstract: The new dioxo(semicarbazone)vanadium(V) complexes cis-VO2L, where L = salicylaldehyde semicarbazone (L1), salicylaldehyde 4-n-butylsemicarbazone (L2), or salicylaldehyde 4-(2-naphthyl)semicarbazone (L3), have been synthesized, characterized by 1H and 13C NMR and FTIR spectroscopy and tested for bioactivity as potential insulin-mimetic agents. All dioxovanadium(V) complexes exhibited essentially no in vitro insulin-mimetic activity, but the VO2L2 complex developed activity in the presence of ascorbic acid, similar to that of vanadyl sulfate. The molecular structure of the novel complex VO2L1 has been solved by X-ray diffraction methods. It crystallizes in the tetragonal space group P42/n with a = 12.7674(7), c = 11.5308(5) A, and Z = 8. The vanadium atom is in a distorted square-pyramidal coordination, with L1 acting as a tridentate ligand through its azomethyne nitrogen atom, carbonyl oxygen atom and deprotonated phenol oxygen atom. The coordination sphere is completed by two oxo ligands at cis positions. (© Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 69451 Weinheim, Germany, 2004)
20 Feb 2003-Inorganica Chimica Acta
TL;DR: In this article, the synthesis and characterization of a series of new Ru(II) complexes with different antitrypanosomal active compounds is presented, where ruthenium clotrimazole complexes are more active against Trypanosoma cruzi, causative agent of Chagas' disease, than the corresponding free ligand.
Abstract: Chagas' disease, considered incurable, is a major third world parasitosis that affects millions of people in Latin America. Previous work has shown that ruthenium clotrimazole complexes are more active against Trypanosoma cruzi, causative agent of Chagas' disease, than the corresponding free ligand. In this work, the synthesis and characterization of a series of new Ru(II) complexes with different antitrypanosomal active compounds is presented. Complexes of general formulae [RuIICl2(dmso)2L], where dmso=dimethylsulfoxide and L=5-nitro-2-furaldehyde semicarbazone (L1), N4-n-butyl-5-nitro-2-furaldehyde semicarbazone (L2) or 3-(5-nitrofuryl)acroleine semicarbazone (L3), were prepared in good yields by reaction of [RuIICl2(dmso)4] with L in ethanol or toluene solutions. Complexes were characterized by elemental analyses and electronic, FTIR, 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopies. Crystal and molecular structures of [RuCl2(dmso)2L1] and [RuCl2(dmso)2L2] were determined by X-ray diffraction methods. In both crystals the ruthenium metal atom is in a quite similar elongated octahedral environment, equatorially coordinated to the semicarbazone molecule, acting as a bidentate ligand through its azomethynic nitrogen and carbonylic oxygen atoms. The sixfold coordination is completed with the sulfur atoms of two dimethylsulfoxide ligands at cis positions and two chlorine ions at the axial positions. The proposed formula for L3 complex was supported by FTIR, NMR and theoretical studies. NOE–NMR experiments allowed to assign L3 spatial distribution in the complex.
TL;DR: This volume is keyed to high resolution electron microscopy, which is a sophisticated form of structural analysis, but really morphology in a modern guise, the physical and mechanical background of the instrument and its ancillary tools are simply and well presented.
Abstract: I read this book the same weekend that the Packers took on the Rams, and the experience of the latter event, obviously, colored my judgment. Although I abhor anything that smacks of being a handbook (like, \"How to Earn a Merit Badge in Neurosurgery\") because too many volumes in biomedical science already evince a boyscout-like approach, I must confess that parts of this volume are fast, scholarly, and significant, with certain reservations. I like parts of this well-illustrated book because Dr. Sj6strand, without so stating, develops certain subjects on technique in relation to the acquisition of judgment and sophistication. And this is important! So, given that the author (like all of us) is somewhat deficient in some areas, and biased in others, the book is still valuable if the uninitiated reader swallows it in a general fashion, realizing full well that what will be required from the reader is a modulation to fit his vision, propreception, adaptation and response, and the kind of problem he is undertaking. A major deficiency of this book is revealed by comparison of its use of physics and of chemistry to provide understanding and background for the application of high resolution electron microscopy to problems in biology. Since the volume is keyed to high resolution electron microscopy, which is a sophisticated form of structural analysis, but really morphology in a modern guise, the physical and mechanical background of The instrument and its ancillary tools are simply and well presented. The potential use of chemical or cytochemical information as it relates to biological fine structure , however, is quite deficient. I wonder when even sophisticated morphol-ogists will consider fixation a reaction and not a technique; only then will the fundamentals become self-evident and predictable and this sine qua flon will become less mystical. Staining reactions (the most inadequate chapter) ought to be something more than a technique to selectively enhance contrast of morphological elements; it ought to give the structural addresses of some of the chemical residents of cell components. Is it pertinent that auto-radiography gets singled out for more complete coverage than other significant aspects of cytochemistry by a high resolution microscopist, when it has a built-in minimal error of 1,000 A in standard practice? I don't mean to blind-side (in strict football terminology) Dr. Sj6strand's efforts for what is \"routinely used in our laboratory\"; what is done is usually well done. It's just that …
01 Jan 2016
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01 Jan 1999
TL;DR: Damascene copper electroplating for on-chip interconnections, a process that was conceived and developed in the early 1990s, makes it possible to fill submicron trenches and vias with copper without creating a void or a seam and has thus proven superior to other technologies of copper deposition as discussed by the authors.
Abstract: Damascene copper electroplating for on-chip interconnections, a process that we conceived and developed in the early 1990s, makes it possible to fill submicron trenches and vias with copper without creating a void or a seam and has thus proven superior to other technologies of copper deposition. We discuss here the relationship of additives in the plating bath to superfilling, the phenomenon that results in superconformal coverage, and we present a numerical model which accounts for the experimentally observed profile evolution of the plated metal.
08 Jan 2014-Chemical Reviews