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Author

P. Alagusundaramoorthy

Other affiliations: University of Kentucky
Bio: P. Alagusundaramoorthy is an academic researcher from Indian Institute of Technology Madras. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): Flexural strength & Sandwich-structured composite. The author has an hindex of 12, co-authored 33 publication(s) receiving 437 citation(s). Previous affiliations of P. Alagusundaramoorthy include University of Kentucky.
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Their resistance to electro-chemical corrosion, high strength-to-weight ratio, larger creep strain, fatigue resistance, and nonmagnetic and nonmetallic properties make carbon fiber reinforced polym...

87 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) composite bridge deck panels are high-strength, corrosion resistant, weather resistant, etc., making them attractive for use in new construction or retrofit of existing bridges. This study evaluated the force-deformation responses of FRP composite bridge deck panels under AASHTO MS 22.5 (HS25) truck wheel load and up to failure. Tests were conducted on 16 FRP composite deck panels and four reinforced concrete conventional deck panels. The test results of FRP composite deck panels were compared with the flexural, shear, and deflection performance criteria per Ohio Department of Transportation specifications, and with the test results of reinforced concrete deck panels. The flexural and shear rigidities of FRP composite deck panels were calculated. The response of all panels under service load, factored load, cyclic loading, and the mode of failure were reported. The tested bridge deck panels satisfied the performance criteria. The safety factor against failure varies from 3 to 8.

84 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Unstiffened plates are integral part of ship structures, offshore oil platforms, lock gates and floating docks. Openings are provided in these plates for access and maintenance. Provision of opening influences the ultimate strength of plate elements. In this paper the effect of increase in the size of rectangular opening along the loading direction on the ultimate strength is determined using nonlinear finite element analysis. A general purpose finite element software ANSYS is used for carrying out the study. The software is validated for the ultimate strength of unstiffened plate under axial compression. A parametric study is done for different plate slenderness ratios and by varying the area ratio of opening to plate to determine the effect of ultimate strength on the size of rectangular opening. It is found that increase in area ratio along the loading direction decreases the ultimate strength. The variation in ultimate strength varies linearly for plate slenderness ratio less than 2.23 and varies nonlinearly for plate slenderness ratio beyond 2.23 for area ratio ranging between 0.02 - 0.18. Based on nonlinear regression analysis, a design equation is proposed for square plate with rectangular opening under axial compression. Keywords: Unstiffened Plate, Ultimate Strength, Rectangular Opening, Axial Compression, Design Equation DOI: 10.3329/jname.v4i1.913 Journal of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering 4(2007) 15-26

37 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The behavior of precast concrete sandwich panels consisting of two thin R/C layers (wythes) separated by an expanded polystyrene core is examined through experiments on prototype panels subjected to four-point bending, for different values of panel thickness and mesh size, with/without either shear-resistant ribs or conventional steel rebars (besides the wire mesh) in the bottom wythe. The test results indicate that all the panels behave as composite member until failure, and the panel behavior is similar to conventional R/C one-way slabs under flexural load. Due to the presence of wire mesh, cracking behavior in terms of number of cracks and crack spacing of concrete sandwich panels is similar to that of ferrocement cracking behavior. Volume ratio and specific surface of reinforcement affect the cracking behavior of concrete sandwich panels similar to that of ferrocement panels. The crack spacing based on predictive models for concrete slab reinforced with wire mesh agrees with the experimental results. Presence/absence of shear-resistant ribs and/or rebars in the bottom wythe significantly affects the flexural behavior of the panels. Presence of conventional rebars in the bottom wythe together with the wire mesh increases the ultimate flexural load capacity of the panels. The load-deflection response of the concrete sandwich panels exhibits trilinear behavior, and is similar to ferrocement behavior under flexural loading. Analytical study includes strength predictions based on conventional R/C beam analysis.

21 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Stiffened panels in ships and offshore oil platforms are provided with circular openings for repair, access and maintenance. This paper presents the numerical study carried out on the ultimate strength of stiffened panel with central circular opening subjected to axial load, lateral load and a combination of axial and lateral loads. Ultimate strength of the panel was evaluated considering both geometric and material non-linearities using FEA software ANSYS. Plates of varied widths and open section unequal angle stiffeners covering plate and column slenderness ratios in the practical range of 1.0–4.5 and 0.32–1.00, respectively, keeping the opening ratio equal to 1.0 are the parameters considered in this study. On the basis of the study, interaction curves were developed for normalised axial load and normalised lateral load. The developed interaction curves for stiffened panels with angle stiffeners and circular opening were found to be non-linear for lower plate slenderness ratio up to 2.0 and for the ran...

20 citations


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Journal ArticleDOI
12 Oct 2019-Polymers
TL;DR: An overview of a diverse range of fibers, their properties, functionality, classification, and various fiber composite manufacturing techniques is presented to discover the optimized fiber-reinforced composite material for significant applications.
Abstract: Composites have been found to be the most promising and discerning material available in this century. Presently, composites reinforced with fibers of synthetic or natural materials are gaining more importance as demands for lightweight materials with high strength for specific applications are growing in the market. Fiber-reinforced polymer composite offers not only high strength to weight ratio, but also reveals exceptional properties such as high durability; stiffness; damping property; flexural strength; and resistance to corrosion, wear, impact, and fire. These wide ranges of diverse features have led composite materials to find applications in mechanical, construction, aerospace, automobile, biomedical, marine, and many other manufacturing industries. Performance of composite materials predominantly depends on their constituent elements and manufacturing techniques, therefore, functional properties of various fibers available worldwide, their classifications, and the manufacturing techniques used to fabricate the composite materials need to be studied in order to figure out the optimized characteristic of the material for the desired application. An overview of a diverse range of fibers, their properties, functionality, classification, and various fiber composite manufacturing techniques is presented to discover the optimized fiber-reinforced composite material for significant applications. Their exceptional performance in the numerous fields of applications have made fiber-reinforced composite materials a promising alternative over solitary metals or alloys.

249 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: Unreinforced masonry (URM) buildings are common throughout Latin America, the Himalayan region, Eastern Europe, Indian subcontinent and other parts of Asia. It has been observed that these buildings cannot withstand the lateral loads imposed by an earthquake and often fails, in a brittle manner. Methods for retrofitting URM buildings to increase the time required for collapse and also to improve the overall strength widely vary. This review has collated information on various types of retrofitting methods either under research or early implementation. Furthermore, these methods are categorized and critically analyzed to help further understand which methods are most suitable for future research or application in developing countries. The comparison of the different methods is based on economy, sustainability and buildability and provides a useful insight. The study may provide useful guidance to policy makers, planners, designers, architects and engineers in choosing a suitable retrofitting methodology.

104 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The aim of this experimental investigation is to study the effect of the ratio of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) precured laminate length to shear span and different end plate anchorage systems on the flexural behavior of reinforced concrete (RC) beams cast with self-consolidating concrete (SCC). SCC with a grade of 54 MPa has been used throughout this research to ensure consistent high quality and high concrete compressive strength in all beams and to eliminate the need of any compaction. Ten RC beams strengthened with CFRP plate lengths to shear span ratio of 0, 25, 70, and 85% with and without end anchorages, were tested under monotonic loading. In particular, a single layer of U-wrap sheet and two layers of U-wrap sheets with one layer in the longitudinal direction and the other in the transverse direction were used as end anchorages (double wrap). The results were compared with each other and with those of the same test conducted on an unstrengthened control beam specimen. The load-deflection...

75 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Jun-Jie Zeng1, Jun-Jie Zeng2, Guan Lin2, Jinguang Teng2  +1 moreInstitutions (2)
Abstract: Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) jacketing has become an attractive technique for strengthening/retrofitting reinforced concrete (RC) columns. Extensive research has been conducted on FRP-confined rectangular columns under axial compression, leading to a significant number of stress-strain models for FRP-confined concrete in these columns. However, most of these models have been developed based on test results of small-scale columns, so their applicability to large FRP-confined rectangular RC columns has yet to be properly validated. To this end, the present paper first presents the test results of an experimental study consisting of nine large-scale rectangular RC columns, including eight FRP-confined RC columns and one RC column without FRP jacketing as the control specimen, tested under axial compression. The experimental program examined the sectional corner radius and the FRP jacket thickness as the key test variables. Five representative design-oriented stress-strain models for FRP-confined concrete in rectangular columns, identified from critical reviews of the existing literature, are then assessed using the test results to examine their validity for these large-scale columns.

74 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate three potential core alternatives for glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP) foam-core sandwich panels. The proposed system could reduce the initial production costs and the manufacturing difficulties while improving the system performance. Three different polyurethane foam configurations were considered for the inner core, and the most suitable system was recommended for further prototyping. These configurations consisted of high-density polyurethane foam (Type 1), a bidirectional gridwork of thin, interconnecting, GFRP webs that is in-filled with lowdensity polyurethane foam (Type 2), and trapezoidal-shaped, low-density polyurethane foam utilizing GFRP web layers (Type 3). The facings of the three cores consisted of three plies of bidirectional E-glass woven fabric within a compatible polyurethane resin. Several types of small-scale experimental investigations were conducted. The results from this study indicated that the Types 1 and 2 cores were very weak and flexible making their implementation in bridge deck panels less practical. The Type 3 core possessed a higher strength and stiffness than the other two types. Therefore, this type is recommended for the proposed sandwich system to serve as a candidate for further development. Additionally, a finite element model (FEM) was developed using software package ABAQUS for the Type 3 system to further investigate its structural behavior. This model was successfully compared to experimental data indicating its suitability for parametric analysis of panels and their design.

73 citations


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Performance
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Author's H-index: 12

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
20201
20194
20184
20172
20161
20151