P. J. Holmes
Bio: P. J. Holmes is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Nonlinear Oscillations & Dynamical systems theory. The author has an hindex of 1, co-authored 1 publications receiving 12485 citations.
01 Jan 2015
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors introduce differential equations and dynamical systems, including hyperbolic sets, Sympolic Dynamics, and Strange Attractors, and global bifurcations.
Abstract: Contents: Introduction: Differential Equations and Dynamical Systems.- An Introduction to Chaos: Four Examples.- Local Bifurcations.- Averaging and Perturbation from a Geometric Viewpoint.- Hyperbolic Sets, Sympolic Dynamics, and Strange Attractors.- Global Bifurcations.- Local Codimension Two Bifurcations of Flows.- Appendix: Suggestions for Further Reading. Postscript Added at Second Printing. Glossary. References. Index.
TL;DR: This chapter describes the linking of two chaotic systems with a common signal or signals and highlights that when the signs of the Lyapunov exponents for the subsystems are all negative the systems are synchronized.
Abstract: Certain subsystems of nonlinear, chaotic systems can be made to synchronize by linking them with common signals. The criterion for this is the sign of the sub-Lyapunov exponents. We apply these ideas to a real set of synchronizing chaotic circuits.
TL;DR: A review of the main mathematical ideas and their concrete implementation in analyzing experiments can be found in this paper, where the main subjects are the theory of dimensions (number of excited degrees of freedom), entropy (production of information), and characteristic exponents (describing sensitivity to initial conditions).
Abstract: Physical and numerical experiments show that deterministic noise, or chaos, is ubiquitous. While a good understanding of the onset of chaos has been achieved, using as a mathematical tool the geometric theory of differentiable dynamical systems, moderately excited chaotic systems require new tools, which are provided by the ergodic theory of dynamical systems. This theory has reached a stage where fruitful contact and exchange with physical experiments has become widespread. The present review is an account of the main mathematical ideas and their concrete implementation in analyzing experiments. The main subjects are the theory of dimensions (number of excited degrees of freedom), entropy (production of information), and characteristic exponents (describing sensitivity to initial conditions). The relations between these quantities, as well as their experimental determination, are discussed. The systematic investigation of these quantities provides us for the first time with a reasonable understanding of dynamical systems, excited well beyond the quasiperiodic regimes. This is another step towards understanding highly turbulent fluids.
01 Oct 2006
TL;DR: This book explains the relationship of electrophysiology, nonlinear dynamics, and the computational properties of neurons, with each concept presented in terms of both neuroscience and mathematics and illustrated using geometrical intuition, providing a link between the two disciplines.
Abstract: This book explains the relationship of electrophysiology, nonlinear dynamics, and the computational properties of neurons, with each concept presented in terms of both neuroscience and mathematics and illustrated using geometrical intuition In order to model neuronal behavior or to interpret the results of modeling studies, neuroscientists must call upon methods of nonlinear dynamics This book offers an introduction to nonlinear dynamical systems theory for researchers and graduate students in neuroscience It also provides an overview of neuroscience for mathematicians who want to learn the basic facts of electrophysiology "Dynamical Systems in Neuroscience" presents a systematic study of the relationship of electrophysiology, nonlinear dynamics, and computational properties of neurons It emphasizes that information processing in the brain depends not only on the electrophysiological properties of neurons but also on their dynamical properties The book introduces dynamical systems starting with one- and two-dimensional Hodgkin-Huxley-type models and continuing to a description of bursting systems Each chapter proceeds from the simple to the complex, and provides sample problems at the end The book explains all necessary mathematical concepts using geometrical intuition; it includes many figures and few equations, making it especially suitable for non-mathematicians Each concept is presented in terms of both neuroscience and mathematics, providing a link between the two disciplines Nonlinear dynamical systems theory is at the core of computational neuroscience research, but it is not a standard part of the graduate neuroscience curriculum - or taught by math or physics department in a way that is suitable for students of biology This book offers neuroscience students and researchers a comprehensive account of concepts and methods increasingly used in computational neuroscience
TL;DR: Bendixson's theorem is extended to the case of Lipschitz continuous vector fields, allowing limit cycle analysis of a class of "continuous switched" systems.
Abstract: We introduce some analysis tools for switched and hybrid systems. We first present work on stability analysis. We introduce multiple Lyapunov functions as a tool for analyzing Lyapunov stability and use iterated function systems theory as a tool for Lagrange stability. We also discuss the case where the switched systems are indexed by an arbitrary compact set. Finally, we extend Bendixson's theorem to the case of Lipschitz continuous vector fields, allowing limit cycle analysis of a class of "continuous switched" systems.
TL;DR: In this article, a Task Force, set up jointly by the CIGRE Study Committee 38 and the IEEE Power System Dynamic Performance Committee, addresses the issue of stability definition and classification in power systems from a fundamental viewpoint and closely examines the practical ramifications.
Abstract: The problem of defining and classifying power system stability has been addressed by several previous CIGRE and IEEE Task Force reports. These earlier efforts, however, do not completely reflect current industry needs, experiences and understanding. In particular, the definitions are not precise and the classifications do not encompass all practical instability scenarios. This report developed by a Task Force, set up jointly by the CIGRE Study Committee 38 and the IEEE Power System Dynamic Performance Committee, addresses the issue of stability definition and classification in power systems from a fundamental viewpoint and closely examines the practical ramifications. The report aims to define power system stability more precisely, provide a systematic basis for its classification, and discuss linkages to related issues such as power system reliability and security.