Author

# Pablo Barenbaum

Other affiliations: University of Paris, National University of Quilmes, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales

Bio: Pablo Barenbaum is an academic researcher from University of Buenos Aires. The author has contributed to research in topics: Lambda calculus & Abstract machine. The author has an hindex of 5, co-authored 19 publications receiving 148 citations. Previous affiliations of Pablo Barenbaum include University of Paris & National University of Quilmes.

##### Papers

More filters

••

19 Aug 2014

TL;DR: The distillation process unveils that abstract machines in fact implement weak linear head reduction, a notion of evaluation having a central role in the theory of linear logic, and shows that the LSC is a complexity-preserving abstraction of abstract machines.

Abstract: It is well-known that many environment-based abstract machines can be seen as strategies in lambda calculi with explicit substitutions (ES). Recently, graphical syntaxes and linear logic led to the linear substitution calculus (LSC), a new approach to ES that is halfway between small-step calculi and traditional calculi with ES. This paper studies the relationship between the LSC and environment-based abstract machines. While traditional calculi with ES simulate abstract machines, the LSC rather distills them: some transitions are simulated while others vanish, as they map to a notion of structural congruence. The distillation process unveils that abstract machines in fact implement weak linear head reduction, a notion of evaluation having a central role in the theory of linear logic. We show that such a pattern applies uniformly in call-by-name, call-by-value, and call-by-need, catching many machines in the literature. We start by distilling the KAM, the CEK, and a sketch of the ZINC, and then provide simplified versions of the SECD, the lazy KAM, and Sestoft's machine. Along the way we also introduce some new machines with global environments. Moreover, we show that distillation preserves the time complexity of the executions, i.e. the LSC is a complexity-preserving abstraction of abstract machines.

77 citations

••

29 Aug 2017

TL;DR: A call-by-need strategy for computing strong normal forms of open terms (reduction is admitted inside the body of abstractions and substitutions, and the terms may contain free variables), which guarantees that arguments are only evaluated when needed and at most once.

Abstract: We present a call-by-need strategy for computing strong normal forms of open terms (reduction is admitted inside the body of abstractions and substitutions, and the terms may contain free variables), which guarantees that arguments are only evaluated when needed and at most once. The strategy is shown to be complete with respect to β-reduction to strong normal form. The proof of completeness relies on two key tools: (1) the definition of a strong call-by-need calculus where reduction may be performed inside any context, and (2) the use of non-idempotent intersection types. More precisely, terms admitting a β-normal form in pure lambda calculus are typable, typability implies (weak) normalisation in the strong call-by-need calculus, and weak normalisation in the strong call-by-need calculus implies normalisation in the strong call-by-need strategy. Our (strong) call-by-need strategy is also shown to be conservative over the standard (weak) call-by-need.

25 citations

••

[...]

30 Nov 2015

TL;DR: This paper introduces a machine for the simplest form of strong evaluation, leftmost-outermost (call-by-name) evaluation to normal form, proving it correct, complete, and bounding its overhead.

Abstract: machines for the strong evaluation of \(\lambda \)-terms (that is, under abstractions) are a mostly neglected topic, despite their use in the implementation of proof assistants and higher-order logic programming languages. This paper introduces a machine for the simplest form of strong evaluation, leftmost-outermost (call-by-name) evaluation to normal form, proving it correct, complete, and bounding its overhead. Such a machine, deemed Strong Milner Machine, is a variant of the KAM computing normal forms and using just one global environment. Its properties are studied via a special form of decoding, called a distillation, into the Linear Substitution Calculus, neatly reformulating the machine as a standard micro-step strategy for explicit substitutions, namely linear leftmost-outermost reduction, i.e. the extension to normal form of linear head reduction. Additionally, the overhead of the machine is shown to be linear both in the number of steps and in the size of the initial term, validating its design. The study highlights two distinguished features of strong machines, namely backtracking phases and their interactions with abstractions and environments.

16 citations

•

[...]

TL;DR: The Strong Milner Machine as discussed by the authors is a variant of the KAM computing normal forms and using just one global environment, and its properties are studied via a special form of decoding, called a distillation, into the Linear Substitution Calculus.

Abstract: machines for the strong evaluation of lambda-terms (that is, under abstractions) are a mostly neglected topic, despite their use in the implementation of proof assistants and higher-order logic programming languages. This paper introduces a machine for the simplest form of strong evaluation, leftmost-outermost (call-by-name) evaluation to normal form, proving it correct, complete, and bounding its overhead. Such a machine, deemed Strong Milner Machine, is a variant of the KAM computing normal forms and using just one global environment. Its properties are studied via a special form of decoding, called a distillation, into the Linear Substitution Calculus, neatly reformulating the machine as a standard micro-step strategy for explicit substitutions, namely linear leftmost-outermost reduction, i.e., the extension to normal form of linear head reduction. Additionally, the overhead of the machine is shown to be linear both in the number of steps and in the size of the initial term, validating its design. The study highlights two distinguished features of strong machines, namely backtracking phases and their interactions with abstractions and environments.

15 citations

••

03 Sep 2018TL;DR: Weak normalisation for a type-erased lambda calculus for the Calculus of Inductive Construction (λe), as introduced by Gregoire and Leroy, is characterized to prove the completeness of a strong call-by-need strategy for λe.

Abstract: Resource types are types that statically quantify some aspect of program execution. They come in various guises; this paper focusses on a manifestation of resource types known as non-idempotent intersection types. We use them to characterize weak normalisation for a type-erased lambda calculus for the Calculus of Inductive Construction (λe), as introduced by Gregoire and Leroy. The λe calculus consists of the lambda calculus together with constructors, pattern matching and a fixed-point operator. The characterization is then used to prove the completeness of a strong call-by-need strategy for λe. This strategy operates on open terms: rather than having evaluation stop when it reaches an abstraction, as in weak call-by-need, it computes strong normal forms by admitting reduction inside the body of abstractions and substitutions. Moreover, argument evaluation is by-need: arguments are evaluated when needed and at most once. Such a notion of reduction is of interest in areas such as partial evaluation and proof-checkers such as Coq.

8 citations

##### Cited by

More filters

••

01 Jan 2002

TL;DR: This chapter presents the basic concepts of term rewriting that are needed in this book and suggests several survey articles that can be consulted.

Abstract: In this chapter we will present the basic concepts of term rewriting that are needed in this book. More details on term rewriting, its applications, and related subjects can be found in the textbook of Baader and Nipkow [BN98]. Readers versed in German are also referred to the textbooks of Avenhaus [Ave95], Bundgen [Bun98], and Drosten [Dro89]. Moreover, there are several survey articles [HO80, DJ90, Klo92, Pla93] that can also be consulted.

501 citations

••

TL;DR: Term Rewriting and All That is a self-contained introduction to the field of term rewriting and covers all the basic material including abstract reduction systems, termination, confluence, completion, and combination problems.

Abstract: Term Rewriting and All That is a self-contained introduction to the field of term rewriting. The book starts with a simple motivating example and covers all the basic material including abstract reduction systems, termination, confluence, completion, and combination problems. Some closely connected subjects, such as universal algebra, unification theory, Grobher bases, and Buchberger's algorithm, are also covered.

99 citations

••

19 Aug 2014

TL;DR: The distillation process unveils that abstract machines in fact implement weak linear head reduction, a notion of evaluation having a central role in the theory of linear logic, and shows that the LSC is a complexity-preserving abstraction of abstract machines.

Abstract: It is well-known that many environment-based abstract machines can be seen as strategies in lambda calculi with explicit substitutions (ES). Recently, graphical syntaxes and linear logic led to the linear substitution calculus (LSC), a new approach to ES that is halfway between small-step calculi and traditional calculi with ES. This paper studies the relationship between the LSC and environment-based abstract machines. While traditional calculi with ES simulate abstract machines, the LSC rather distills them: some transitions are simulated while others vanish, as they map to a notion of structural congruence. The distillation process unveils that abstract machines in fact implement weak linear head reduction, a notion of evaluation having a central role in the theory of linear logic. We show that such a pattern applies uniformly in call-by-name, call-by-value, and call-by-need, catching many machines in the literature. We start by distilling the KAM, the CEK, and a sketch of the ZINC, and then provide simplified versions of the SECD, the lazy KAM, and Sestoft's machine. Along the way we also introduce some new machines with global environments. Moreover, we show that distillation preserves the time complexity of the executions, i.e. the LSC is a complexity-preserving abstraction of abstract machines.

77 citations

••

08 Jan 2014

TL;DR: This paper focuses on standardization for the linear substitution calculus, a calculus with ES capable of mimicking reduction in lambda-calculus and linear logic proof-nets, and relies on Gonthier, Lévy, and Melliès' axiomatic theory for standardization.

Abstract: Standardization is a fundamental notion for connecting programming languages and rewriting calculi. Since both programming languages and calculi rely on substitution for defining their dynamics, explicit substitutions (ES) help further close the gap between theory and practice.This paper focuses on standardization for the linear substitution calculus, a calculus with ES capable of mimicking reduction in lambda-calculus and linear logic proof-nets. For the latter, proof-nets can be formalized by means of a simple equational theory over the linear substitution calculus.Contrary to other extant calculi with ES, our system can be equipped with a residual theory in the sense of Levy, which is used to prove a left-to-right standardization theorem for the calculus with ES but without the equational theory. Such a theorem, however, does not lift from the calculus with ES to proof-nets, because the notion of left-to-right derivation is not preserved by the equational theory. We then relax the notion of left-to-right standard derivation, based on a total order on redexes, to a more liberal notion of standard derivation based on partial orders.Our proofs rely on Gonthier, Levy, and Mellies' axiomatic theory for standardization. However, we go beyond merely applying their framework, revisiting some of its key concepts: we obtain uniqueness (modulo) of standard derivations in an abstract way and we provide a coinductive characterization of their key abstract notion of external redex. This last point is then used to give a simple proof that linear head reduction --a nondeterministic strategy having a central role in the theory of linear logic-- is standard.

61 citations