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Paola García-Roncallo

Bio: Paola García-Roncallo is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Reproductive health & Mental health. The author has an hindex of 3, co-authored 7 publications receiving 70 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: Mediation analyses indicated that condom use intention mediates the relationship between behavioral precursors and frequency of condom use, according to the TPB, suggesting a high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancies associated to inconsistent condom use.
Abstract: Colombia has one of the highest rates of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and pregnancies - both of which are influenced by lack of condom use -, among adolescent population in Latin America; however, the mechanisms underlying the inconsistent use of condoms in this population are poorly understood. This descriptive and cross-sectional study’s purpose was to examine sexual behavior and its precursors using the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and considering gender-based differences. Another objective was to study the mediating effect of intention in the relationship between behavior precursors and condom use based on the TPB. We recruited 1100 adolescents aged between 14 and 19 years old (M = 15.94, SD = 1.30, 54.4% female) from Bogota and Barranquilla, two of the cities with highest adolescent birth rates among adolescents in Colombia. Sociodemographic variables, knowledge on HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), HIV/AIDS-related attitudes, including attitudes toward the use of condoms, normative beliefs, perceived behavioral control, behavioral intention, and sexual behavior were assessed using self-reports. All analyses were run using SPSS v25. The indirect effect of intention to explain the relationship between precursors and the use of condoms during sexual intercourse was estimated using the PROCESS v3 macro. Descriptive analyses suggest a high risk of contracting sexually transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancies associated to inconsistent condom use, medium-low level of knowledge about sexual health, low normative beliefs regarding peers’ condom use, and a certain perceived difficulty for using condoms. Condoms are used 71% of the times they have sex, but only 22% of the participants use them consistently; girls use condoms more consistently than boys. Sexual risk characteristics differed significantly by gender. Mediation analyses indicated that condom use intention mediates the relationship between behavioral precursors and frequency of condom use, according to the TPB. Findings provide a better understanding of sexual risk and highlight important implications for the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. There is a need of designing and implementing protocolized sexual health promotion programs in schools with the aim of reducing sexual risk behaviors in Colombian adolescents.

28 citations

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TL;DR: The systematic adaptation approach to sexual health intervention for youth can be employed by researchers and community stakeholders in low-resource settings for the promotion of health wellness, linkage to care, and STI and unplanned pregnancy prevention for youth.

23 citations

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TL;DR: In this article, the authors assessed the association between sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts (SOGICE) experiences and lifetime suicide morbidity among sexual and gender minority (SGM) groups.
Abstract: Purpose: We assessed the association between sexual orientation and gender identity change efforts (SOGICE) experiences and lifetime suicide morbidity among sexual and gender minority (SGM) groups ...

8 citations

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TL;DR: A reliable measurement of attitudes toward HIV allows for an improved assessment of the risk associated with exposure to sexually transmitted infections in adolescent populations, and shows significant correlations among the HIV-AS and other similar constructs.
Abstract: The HIV Attitudes Scale (HIV-AS) evaluates attitudes towards different aspects of HIV. In view of the lack of scales measuring this construct in Colombia, this study sought to validate the HIV-AS test for adolescents from Colombia. A total of 867 Colombian students, aged between 14 and 19 years (M = 15.97 years; SD = 1.37) were evaluated. Participants responded to the HIV-AS test and a set of scales used to assess external validity. Content validity analyses reflected good adequacy indices for the items. Exploratory factor analyses revealed a four-factor structure and reliability indices were satisfactory. The structural equation model showed good levels of fit. Most of the items presented a discrimination index above 0.30 and contributed to the reliability of the scale, except for item 9, which was eliminated. Concurrent validity showed significant correlations among the HIV-AS and other similar constructs. A reliable measurement of attitudes toward HIV allows for an improved assessment of the risk associated with exposure to sexually transmitted infections in adolescent populations.

6 citations


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Journal Article
TL;DR: The Social Psychology of Groups as discussed by the authors is a seminal work in the field of family studies, where the authors introduced, defined, and illustrated basic concepts in an effort to explain the simplest of social phenomena, the two-person relationship.
Abstract: The Social Psychology of Groups. J. W Thibaut & H. H. Kelley. New York: alley, 1959. The team of Thibaut and Kelley goes back to 1946 when, after serving in different units of the armed services psychology program, the authors joined the Research Center for Group Dynamics, first at M.LT and then at the University of Michigan. Their continued association eventuated in appointments as fellows at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, 19561957. It is during these years that their collaboration resulted in the publication of The Social Psychology of Groups. The book was designed to "bring order and coherence to present-day research in interpersonal relations and group functioning." To accomplish this aim, the authors introduced, defined, and illustrated basic concepts in an effort to explain the simplest of social phenomena, the two-person relationship. These basic principles and concepts were then employed to illuminate larger problems and more complex social relationships and to examine the significance of such concepts as roles, norm, power, group cohesiveness, and status. The lasting legacy of this book is derived from the fact that the concepts and principles discussed therein serve as a foundation for one of the dominant conceptual frameworks in the field of family studies today-the social exchange framework. Specifically, much of our contemporary thinking about the process of interpersonal attraction and about how individuals evaluate their close relationships has been influenced by the theory and concepts introduced in The Social Psychology of Groups. Today, as a result of Thibaut and Kelley, we think of interpersonal attraction as resulting from the unique valence of driving and restraining forces, rewards and costs, subjectively thought to be available from a specific relationship and its competing alternatives. We understand, as well, that relationships are evaluated through complex and subjectively based comparative processes. As a result, when we think about assessing the degree to which individuals are satisfied with their relationships, we take into consideration the fact that individuals differ in terms of the importance they attribute to different aspects of a relationship (e.g., financial security, sexual fulfillment, companionship). We also take into consideration the fact that individuals differ in terms of the levels of rewards and costs that they believe are realistically obtainable and deserved from a relationship. In addition, as a result of Thibaut and Kelley's theoretical focus on the concept of dependence and the interrelationship between attraction and dependence, there has evolved within the field of family studies a deeper appreciation for the complexities and variability found within relationships. Individuals are dependent on their relationships, according to Thibaut and Kelley, when the outcomes derived from the existing relationship exceed those perceived to be available in competing alternatives. Individuals who are highly dependent on their relationships are less likely to act to end their relationships. This dependence and the stability it engenders may or may not be voluntary, depending on the degree to which individuals are attracted to and satisfied with their relationships. When individuals are both attracted to and dependent on their relationships, they can be thought of as voluntarily participating in their relationship. That is, they are likely to commit themselves to the partner and relationship and actively work for its continuance. Thibaut and Kelley termed those relationships characterized by low levels of satisfaction and high levels of dependence "nonvoluntary relationships. …

1,894 citations

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TL;DR: This book is altogether unlike any other sociological treatise on the family, but neither is it in any sense a popular, practical manual for the guidance of youth in pursuit of marital bliss.
Abstract: This book is altogether unlike any other sociological treatise on the family. There are two generally recognized types of books on marriage and the family. One, theoretical in nature, deals with the family as a social institution. The other deals with the problems of courtship, marriage and parenthood—more or less as a manual for youths in contemporary society. The book at hand does not structure the family as a social institution, but neither is it in any sense a popular, practical manual for the guidance of youth in pursuit of marital bliss!

501 citations

22 Sep 2016
TL;DR: This intervention addresses individual factors by emphasizing the importance of retention in care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence; behavioral factors related to HIV care and adherence by promoting self-efficacy, goal setting, and problem solving; and socialenvironmental factors by promoting social support and trusting relationships with peer navigators and clinicians.
Abstract: Brief Description LINK LA (Linking Inmates to Care in Los Angeles) is a 12-session, 24-week peer-navigation intervention for people with HIV who are scheduled to be released from jail. LINK LA addresses individual factors by emphasizing the importance of retention in care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence; behavioral factors related to HIV care and adherence by promoting self-efficacy, goal setting, and problem solving; and socialenvironmental factors by promoting social support and trusting relationships with peer navigators and clinicians. The intervention also teaches skills to overcome social stigma and discrimination, and facilitates access to care through appointment scheduling, reminders, transportation assistance, and meeting competing subsistence needs. Lay peer navigators are trained to act as role models to assist participants through each stage of the HIV continuum of care (e.g., linkage or re-engagement, retention, and antiretroviral adherence). Prior to the participants’ release from jail, peer navigators meet with participants in a private conference room for 1-2 hours to deliver intervention content. After release, navigators meet with participants in private community settings and provide counseling on retention and adherence behaviors while accompanying participants to 2 HIV care appointments up to 24 weeks after release.

75 citations

Journal Article
TL;DR: A nivel mundial, las ITS ocupan el segundo lugar por orden de importancia en la morbilidad general de las mujeres entre 15 y 44 años.
Abstract: Las infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) constituyen una epidemia en la mayor parte de los países del mundo. Las y los adolescentes y jóvenes constituyen la población más vulnerable para padecer y transmitir las ITS. A nivel mundial, las ITS ocupan el segundo lugar por orden de importancia en la morbilidad general de las mujeres entre 15 y 44 años. S egún la OMS en el año 2016, más de 1 millón de personas contraen una ITS cada día(1). Unos 357 millones de personas contraen al año alguna de las 4 ITS siguientes: clamydias, gonorrea, sífilis o tricomoniasis. Se estima que 500 millones de personas son portadoras del virus herpes 2 causantes de úlceras genitales. Alrededor de 290 millones de mujeres están infectadas con el virus del papiloma humano (VPH). Las ITS pueden tener consecuencias graves y secuelas a largo plazo para quien las padece y para su descendencia.

40 citations