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Author

Paul Jespers

Bio: Paul Jespers is an academic researcher from Université catholique de Louvain. The author has contributed to research in topic(s): CMOS & Chip. The author has an hindex of 21, co-authored 109 publication(s) receiving 2650 citation(s). Previous affiliations of Paul Jespers include Katholieke Universiteit Leuven & Catholic University of Leuven.
Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A new design methodology based on a unified treatment of all the regions of operation of the MOS transistor is proposed. It is intended for the design of CMOS analog circuits and especially suited for low power circuits where the moderate inversion region often is used because it provides a good compromise between speed and power consumption. The synthesis procedure is based on the relation between the ratio of the transconductance over DC drain current g/sub m//I/sub D/ and the normalized current I/sub D//(W/L). The g/sub m//I/sub D/ indeed is a universal characteristic of all the transistors belonging to a same process. It may be derived from experimental measurements and fitted with simple analytical models. The method was applied successfully to the design of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) micropower operational transconductance amplifier (OTA).

552 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
J.S. Brugler1, Paul Jespers2Institutions (2)
Abstract: Gate pulses applied to MOS transistors were found to stimulate a net flow of charge into the substrate Investigation of this effect revealed a charge-pumping phenomeonon in MOS gate-controlled-diode structures A first-order theory is given, whereby the injected charge is separated into two components One component involves coupling via fast surface states at the Si-SiO 2 interface under the gate, while the other involves recombination of free inversion-layer charge into the substrate

454 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A 13-b CMOS cyclic A/D converter that does not need trimming nor digital calibration is presented. The effects associated with the error on the gain factor 2 as well as the offset errors are corrected by taking full advantage of the redundant signed digit (RSD) principle. The gain error resulting from mismatches among switched capacitors is corrected by a novel strategy that implements an exact multiplication by four after two cycles. As a result, offset errors do not affect the integral or the differential linearities from the RSD algorithm. The remaining overall shift caused by offsets is reduced under the LSB level by a proper choice of capacitor switching sequence. The converter achieves 1/2 LSB integral and differential linearity at 25 kS/s; harmonic distortion is less than -83 dB. Chip area is 2.9 mm2 in a standard CMOS 3-mu-m technology, including control logic and the serial-to-parallel output shift register. Power consumption is 45 mW under +/-5-V supplies.

205 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
J.P. Eggermont1, D. De Ceuster1, Denis Flandre1, B. Gentinne1  +2 moreInstitutions (1)
Abstract: Design guidelines using two analog parameters (Early voltage and transconductance to drain current ratio) are proposed for correct operation of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) CMOS operational amplifiers (opamp) at elevated temperature up to 300/spl deg/C The dependence of these parameters on temperature is first described A new single-stage CMOS opamp model using only these two parameters is presented and compared to measurements of several implementations operating up to 300/spl deg/C for applications such as micropower (below 4 /spl mu/W at 12 V supply voltage), high gain (65 dB) or high frequency up to 100 MHz Trade-offs among such factors as gain, bandwidth, phase margin, signal swing, noise, matching, slew rate and power consumption are described The extension to other architectures is suggested and the design methodology is valid for bulk as well as SOI CMOS opamps

107 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
01 Sep 1989-
TL;DR: A carry-free division algorithm is described based on the properties of redundant signed digit (RSD) arithmetic to avoid carry propagation and uses the minimum hardware per bit, i.e. one full adder.
Abstract: A carry-free division algorithm is described. It is based on the properties of redundant signed digit (RSD) arithmetic to avoid carry propagation and uses the minimum hardware per bit, i.e. one full adder. Its application to a 1024-b RSA (Rivest, Shamir, and Adelman) cryptographic chip is presented. The features of this new algorithm allowed high performance (8 kb/s for 1024-b words) to be obtained for relatively small area and power consumption (80 mm/sup 2/ in a 2- mu m CMOS process and 500 mW at 25 MHz). >

105 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
Christian Enz1, Gabor C. TemesInstitutions (1)
01 Nov 1996-
Abstract: In linear IC's fabricated in a low-voltage CMOS technology, the reduction of the dynamic range due to the dc offset and low frequency noise of the amplifiers becomes increasingly significant. Also, the achievable amplifier gain is often quite low in such a technology, since cascoding may not be a practical circuit option due to the resulting reduction of the output signal swing. In this paper, some old and some new circuit techniques are described for the compensation of the amplifier's most important nonideal effects including the noise (mainly thermal and 1/f noise), the input-referred dc offset voltage as well as the finite gain resulting in a nonideal virtual ground at the input.

1,765 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Louisa Lam1, Seong-Whan Lee2, Ching Y. Suen1Institutions (2)
TL;DR: A comprehensive survey of thinning methodologies, including iterative deletion of pixels and nonpixel-based methods, is presented and the relationships among them are explored.
Abstract: A comprehensive survey of thinning methodologies is presented. A wide range of thinning algorithms, including iterative deletion of pixels and nonpixel-based methods, is covered. Skeletonization algorithms based on medial axis and other distance transforms are not considered. An overview of the iterative thinning process and the pixel-deletion criteria needed to preserve the connectivity of the image pattern is given first. Thinning algorithms are then considered in terms of these criteria and their modes of operation. Nonpixel-based methods that usually produce a center line of the pattern directly in one pass without examining all the individual pixels are discussed. The algorithms are considered in great detail and scope, and the relationships among them are explored. >

1,757 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A new and accurate approach to charge-pumping measurements for the determination of the Si-SiO 2 interface state density directly on MOS transistors is presented. By a careful analysis of the different processes of emission of electrons towards the conduction band and of holes towards the valence band, depending on the charge state of the interface, all the previously ill-understood phenomena can be explained and the deviations from the simple charge-pumping theory can be accounted for. The presence of a geometric component in some transistor configurations is illustrated and the influence of trapping time constants is discussed. Furthermore, based on this insight, a new technique is developed for the determination of the energy distribution of interface states in small-area transistors, without requiring the knowledge of the surface potential dependence on gate voltage.

1,226 citations


Journal ArticleDOI
Abstract: A new design methodology based on a unified treatment of all the regions of operation of the MOS transistor is proposed. It is intended for the design of CMOS analog circuits and especially suited for low power circuits where the moderate inversion region often is used because it provides a good compromise between speed and power consumption. The synthesis procedure is based on the relation between the ratio of the transconductance over DC drain current g/sub m//I/sub D/ and the normalized current I/sub D//(W/L). The g/sub m//I/sub D/ indeed is a universal characteristic of all the transistors belonging to a same process. It may be derived from experimental measurements and fitted with simple analytical models. The method was applied successfully to the design of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) micropower operational transconductance amplifier (OTA).

552 citations


Posted Content
TL;DR: An exhaustive review of the research conducted in neuromorphic computing since the inception of the term is provided to motivate further work by illuminating gaps in the field where new research is needed.
Abstract: Neuromorphic computing has come to refer to a variety of brain-inspired computers, devices, and models that contrast the pervasive von Neumann computer architecture This biologically inspired approach has created highly connected synthetic neurons and synapses that can be used to model neuroscience theories as well as solve challenging machine learning problems The promise of the technology is to create a brain-like ability to learn and adapt, but the technical challenges are significant, starting with an accurate neuroscience model of how the brain works, to finding materials and engineering breakthroughs to build devices to support these models, to creating a programming framework so the systems can learn, to creating applications with brain-like capabilities In this work, we provide a comprehensive survey of the research and motivations for neuromorphic computing over its history We begin with a 35-year review of the motivations and drivers of neuromorphic computing, then look at the major research areas of the field, which we define as neuro-inspired models, algorithms and learning approaches, hardware and devices, supporting systems, and finally applications We conclude with a broad discussion on the major research topics that need to be addressed in the coming years to see the promise of neuromorphic computing fulfilled The goals of this work are to provide an exhaustive review of the research conducted in neuromorphic computing since the inception of the term, and to motivate further work by illuminating gaps in the field where new research is needed

432 citations


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Performance
Metrics

Author's H-index: 21

No. of papers from the Author in previous years
YearPapers
20172
20151
20105
20083
20071
20061

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Author's top 5 most impactful journals

IEEE Journal of Solid-state Circuits

14 papers, 1.1K citations

Electronics Letters

8 papers, 137 citations

IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices

3 papers, 463 citations

Solid-state Electronics

2 papers, 75 citations

Lecture Notes in Computer Science

1 papers, 1 citations