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Author

Paul R. Wilson

Other affiliations: University of Sydney
Bio: Paul R. Wilson is an academic researcher from Bond University. The author has contributed to research in topics: Sunspot & Criminal justice. The author has an hindex of 23, co-authored 129 publications receiving 1698 citations. Previous affiliations of Paul R. Wilson include University of Sydney.


Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, criminal personality profiling has been poorly evaluated as either an investigative aid or a conceptual tool and the authors document some aspects of the development of offender profiling, identifying and differentiating the different styles of profiling and their distinct conceptual orientations.
Abstract: Despite its apparent popularity, criminal personality profiling has been poorly evaluated as either an investigative aid or a conceptual tool. This article documents some aspects of the development of offender profiling. Importantly, it identifies and differentiates the different styles of profiling and their distinct conceptual orientations. The literature is also reviewed to extract what conclusions can be drawn with respect to the validity, utility and ethics of offender profiles in criminal investigations and what this may mean for psychiatry, psychology and the law in general.

74 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, a description of the solar north polar magnetic field reversal during cycle 22 is provided using polar projections which combine the large-scale magnetic fields as inferred from Hα synoptic charts and coronal holes mapped from Hei λ1083 nm spectroheliograms.
Abstract: A description of the reversal of the solar north polar magnetic field during cycle 22 is provided using polar projections which combine the large-scale magnetic fields as inferred from Hα synoptic charts and coronal holes mapped from Hei λ1083 nm spectroheliograms. These plots are supported by polar plots of the magnetic fields derived from synoptic magnetic field data from the Mount Wilson Observatory. The coronal holes showed some unexpected evolutionary patterns in relation to the polarity reversals, and these patterns appear to be coordinated with changes in the global patterns of coronal holes and the heliospheric current sheet, suggesting that the polar reversal originates from global processes rather than from local magnetic flux annihilation. Similar patterns have been observed in the reversal of the southern polar magnetic field in cycle 22 and in both hemispheres in cycle 21. The consequences of these findings for the solar dynamo process are discussed.

56 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors used observations obtained by the National Solar Observatory at Kitt Peak to study the reversals of the polar magnetic fields in Cycle 23 and compared them with corresponding data obtained by Mt Wilson Observatory, when these are available, testing both data sets against the locations of Hα filaments.
Abstract: We have used observations obtained by the National Solar Observatory at Kitt Peak to study the reversals of the polar magnetic fields in Cycle 23 We have compared them with corresponding data obtained by the Mt Wilson Observatory, when these are available, testing both data sets against the locations of Hα filaments Because of the unreliability of the data at extreme latitudes and because the apparent time of reversal varies with the degree of smoothing applied to the data, it is difficult to determine precise reversal time in each hemisphere from direct observations However, we show that it is possible to obtain a better-defined and more precise reversal time using polar maps derived from simulations of the synoptic fields These indirect values, however, depend critically on the diffusivity used in the simulations We applied various tests to confirm an empirical value for the diffusivity parameter of about 600 km2 s−1 and hence determined empirical reversal times of CR 1976 in the northern hemisphere and CR 1981 in the south

51 citations

01 Jan 1989
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors look at crime prevention through environmental design and give an overview of the theory, then examine designing out crime in practice including territoriality, surveillance, access control, target hardening, and practical advice for protecting your home.
Abstract: This publication looks at crime prevention through environmental design. It gives an overview of the theory, then examines designing out crime in practice including territoriality, surveillance, access control, target hardening, and practical advice for protecting your home.

50 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors reviewed existing models for the evolution of sunspots and sunspot groups, describing the subsurface structure of the magnetic fields and their interactions with the convective motions.
Abstract: Existing models for the evolution of sunspots and sunspot groups, describing the subsurface structure of the magnetic fields and their interactions with the convective motions, are briefly reviewed. It is shown that they are generally unable to account for the most recent data concerning the relationship between the large-scale solar magnetic field structures and the magnetic fields of active regions. In particular, it is shown that the former do not arise directly from the decay of the latter, as required by the Babcock model and all other models based on it. Other observations which are not adequately explained by current models are also cited.

49 citations


Cited by
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Book ChapterDOI
15 Mar 2012
TL;DR: Zambaco believes that in cases similar to those submitted to your consideration, one should not hesitate to resort to the hot iron, and at an early hour, in order to combat clitoral and vaginal onanism in the little girls.
Abstract: The time has come to think about sex To some, sexuality may seem to be an unimportant topic, a frivolous diversion from the more critical problems of poverty, war, disease, racism, famine, or nuclear annihilation But it is precisely at times such as these, when we live with the possibility of unthinkable destruction, that people are likely to become dangerously crazy about sexuality Contemporary conflicts over sexual values and erotic conduct have much in common with the religious disputes of earlier centuries They acquire immense symbolic weight Disputes over sexual behaviour often become the vehicles for displacing social anxieties, and discharging their attendant emotional intensity Consequently, sexuality should be treated with special respect in times of great social stress

1,820 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
C. Hale1
TL;DR: The literature on fear of crime has grown rapidly in the last three decades as discussed by the authors, and the reasons for this growth and attempts to put some structure on the work to date are discussed and alternative approaches suggested.
Abstract: The literature on fear of crime has grown rapidly in the last three decades. This paper examines the reasons for this growth and attempts to put some structure on the work to date. The inadequacies of measures of fear of crime are discussed and alternative approaches suggested. Alternative explanatory theories are compared and strategies for reducing fear reviewed.

1,258 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: It is found that reductions in the quality of job performance were consistently associated with increases in Machiavellianism and psychopathy and that CWB was associated with rises in all 3 components of the DT.
Abstract: We reviewed studies of the Dark Triad (DT) personality traits--Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy-and meta-analytically examined their implications for job performance and counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Relations among the DT traits and behaviors were extracted from original reports published between 1951 and 2011 of 245 independent samples (N = 43,907). We found that reductions in the quality of job performance were consistently associated with increases in Machiavellianism and psychopathy and that CWB was associated with increases in all 3 components of the DT, but that these associations were moderated by such contextual factors as authority and culture. Multivariate analyses demonstrated that the DT explains moderate amounts of the variance in counterproductivity, but not job performance. The results showed that the 3 traits are positively related to one another but are sufficiently distinctive to warrant theoretical and empirical partitioning.

886 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This review is aimed at providing readers with a comprehensive reference article about the distribution and function of P2 receptors in all the organs, tissues, and cells in the body.
Abstract: This review is aimed at providing readers with a comprehensive reference article about the distribution and function of P2 receptors in all the organs, tissues, and cells in the body. Each section provides an account of the early history of purinergic signaling in the organ/cell up to 1994, then summarizes subsequent evidence for the presence of P2X and P2Y receptor subtype mRNA and proteins as well as functional data, all fully referenced. A section is included describing the plasticity of expression of P2 receptors during development and aging as well as in various pathophysiological conditions. Finally, there is some discussion of possible future developments in the purinergic signaling field.

773 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This dissociation of emotional and cognitive processing may be the neural basis of the lack of anticipation of aversive events in criminal psychopaths.
Abstract: Context Psychopaths belong to a larger group of persons with antisocial personality disorder and are characterized by an inability to have emotional involvement and by the repeated violation of the rights of others. It was hypothesized that this behavior might be the consequence of deficient fear conditioning. Objective To study the cerebral, peripheral, and subjective correlates of fear conditioning in criminal psychopaths and healthy control subjects. Design An aversive differential pavlovian delay conditioning paradigm with slides of neutral faces serving as conditioned and painful pressure as unconditioned stimuli. Setting The Department of Medical Psychology at the University of Tubingen, Tubingen, Germany. Participants Ten male psychopaths as defined by the Hare Psychopathy Checklist–Revised and 10 age- and education-matched healthy male controls. The psychopaths were criminal offenders on bail and waiting for their trial or were on parole. The healthy controls were recruited from the community. Main Outcome Measures Brain activation based on functional magnetic resonance imaging, electrodermal responses, emotional valence, arousal, and contingency ratings. Results The healthy controls showed enhanced differential activation in the limbic-prefrontal circuit (amygdala, orbitofrontal cortex, insula, and anterior cingulate) during the acquisition of fear and successful verbal and autonomic conditioning. The psychopaths displayed no significant activity in this circuit and failed to show conditioned skin conductance and emotional valence ratings, although contingency and arousal ratings were normal. Conclusion This dissociation of emotional and cognitive processing may be the neural basis of the lack of anticipation of aversive events in criminal psychopaths.

696 citations