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Pentti Vattulainen

Bio: Pentti Vattulainen is an academic researcher. The author has contributed to research in topics: Higher education & Legislation. The author has an hindex of 5, co-authored 8 publications receiving 44 citations.

Papers
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The digital revolution of scientific information has changed the paradigm of the libraries from ownership to access, so it is no longer necessary to purchase paper journals and store them within the library building, thus providing academics as well as students with 24/7 access to the material.
Abstract: Purpose – At the beginning of this millennium it was decided to renovate higher education legislation and to restructure the institutions in Finland. The new University Act was passed in the summer of 2009. One important aspect of the new Act means that the formerly state‐owned universities become more autonomous. In addition, the number of universities in Finland will be reduced by merging some of the old universities into new units, like Aalto University and the UEF, which were both inaugurated in 2010. This also has meant the birth of new multi‐campus universities as well as posing new challenges for the management of finances. At the same time, the digital revolution of scientific information has changed the paradigm of the libraries from ownership to access. It is no longer necessary to purchase paper journals and store them within the library building. Instead, the electronic versions are licensed, thus providing academics as well as students with 24/7 access to the material. This digital change has...

9 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The results of the work of a committee that was given the job of making recommendations on the successful implementation of the new legislation are described, especially from the point of view of library and information services.
Abstract: – The entire higher education legislation in Finland has been overhauled with effect from the beginning of 2010. The aim of the restructuring of higher education is to enhance teaching and research quality and increase effectiveness through a streamlined network of institutions coupled with stronger institutional profiling and priorities. University and polytechnic libraries form a key infrastructure in teaching and research, so it is vital for the development of higher education to ensure their operational quality. This paper seeks to describe the results of the work of a committee that was given the job of making recommendations on the successful implementation of the new legislation, especially from the point of view of library and information services., – The paper takes the form of a case study., – The committee suggests an efficient network of local libraries tied in with centralized services, as well as sound funding and legislation that will help fulfill the libraries' main tasks when building digital services for students and academics., – The paper is based on experience in Finland., – The paper gives examples of the action needed in restructuring the library network for the digital age., – The paper provides a model for national cooperation between centralized services and libraries at institutes of higher education.

9 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: This work provides an overview of the National Repository Library in Finland and the Kuopio conferences, and offers some calculations on the economics of access to print materials, with particular focus on Finland.
Abstract: Purpose – To highlight the role of print repositories in accessing print materials.Design/methodology/approach – Highlights the repository library in the professional literature. Provides an overview of the National Repository Library (NRL) in Finland and the Kuopio conferences. Offers some calculations on the economics of access to print materials, with particular focus on Finland.Findings – The role of the repository library creates savings in total storage costs on a national level. The NRL is a vital link in the Finland library network and acts as a bright signpost of cooperation on a national level. Libraries continue to function on local level in universities, polytechnics, research institutions and in communities while the NRL creates savings in space costs. By transferring material to the Repository Library libraries can free space for IT‐services, new acquisitions and active collections. As libraries get access to a growing number of de‐duplicated materials each library has a potential to become ...

8 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors examine current European policies concerning the preservation of printed documents and propose a model to promote European co-operation and planning at the international level, based on the European experience and perspective.
Abstract: Purpose – This paper aims to examine current European policies concerning the preservation of printed documents. Both legal deposits and repositories are discussed. The results are based on an e‐survey that was conducted at the beginning of 2012. In addition, the use and knowledge organization of these depositories and repositories are discussed. The results of the survey are analyzed in the paper with the proposals on ways to develop both national and international policies based on these findings.Design/methodology/approach – The paper takes the form of a survey.Findings – There are many different ways in which printed resources are preserved in Europe. The main motivation has been the desire to preserve the national cultural heritage. There clearly is a need to encourage more co‐operation and planning at the international level.Research limitations/implications – The paper is based on the European experience and perspective.Practical implications – The authors propose a model to promote European co‐ope...

6 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The Finnish libraries have started to implement a new strategy consisting of different elements including a new model of library automation systems, the National Repository which is the hub for the resource sharing of print materials, digitization projects (to be especially implemented by the National Library) and with new policies defining the roles and responsibilities.
Abstract: Purpose – Finland had a legislation-based centralized collection policy until the mid-1990s. The main components were national resource centers (selected higher education libraries) and provincial libraries (selected public libraries). This paradigm changed during the recession of the 1990s when new public management ideologies were adopted by the government. This ended the centralized model and a new policy favoring a decentralized collection management which demanded resource sharing. The models designated for the print-only age became obsolete also when the digital dissemination of especially scientific documents began to be the norm. The Finnish libraries have started to implement a new strategy consisting of different elements including a new model of library automation systems, the National Repository which is the hub for the resource sharing of print materials, digitization projects (to be especially implemented by the National Library) and with new policies defining the roles and responsibilities ...

6 citations


Cited by
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Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: In this article, the authors present an empirical analysis of the micro-dynamics of institutional work in large international law firm partnerships and identify the dyadic relationship that develops between two different types of professionals, the managing partner and management professional.
Abstract: This study presents an empirical analysis of the micro-dynamics of institutional work. Examining the ‘corporatization’ of large international law firm partnerships, the study identifies the dyadic relationship that develops between two different types of professionals, the managing partner and management professional, and demonstrates how their relationship becomes a key mechanism for institutional work. The study shows how, by working together, these individuals take advantage of differences in their relative social positions: specifically their formal authority, specialist expertise, and social capital. The study identifies seven forms of institutional work in which they engage and demonstrates how these multiple forms simultaneously encompass the creation, maintenance, and disruption of the institution of partnership. The study argues that this simultaneous occurrence helps to account for the phenomenon of sedimentation, whereby the gradually emerging institutional logic of the corporatized partnership is being integrated into the traditional partnership form.

95 citations

DissertationDOI
Nora Schmidt1
02 Sep 2020
TL;DR: In this paper, the authors analyse peripherality conceptually and scientometrically: based on a sample, how is Southeast African basic social sciences and humanities (SSH) research integrated in global scholarly communication, and how do local dissemination infrastructures develop under these conditions?
Abstract: A large part of the literature published in the ‘Global South’ is barely covered by bibliographic databases. Institutional policies increasingly require researchers globally to publish in ‘international’ journals, draining local infrastructures. The standard-setting power of ‘Global South’ scholars is minimised further. My main aim is to render visible the ways in which European academic libraries contribute to this situation. It is explained as a consequence of specific features of current world society, referred to as coloniality, social injustice, and quantified communication. The thesis analyses peripherality conceptually and scientometrically: based on a sample, how is Southeast African basic social sciences and humanities (SSH) research integrated in global scholarly communication, and how do local dissemination infrastructures develop under these conditions? Finally, how are professional values, specifically neutrality, and workflows of European academic libraries, interrelated with these developments? The methodological approach of the thesis is multi-faceted, including conceptual analyses, scientometrics, and a short survey of collection managers and an analysis of the corresponding libraries' collection policies. The off-mainstream decolonial scientometric approach required the construction of a database from multiple sources. Southeast Africa was selected as a field for some of the empirical studies included, because out of all rarely studied local communities to which a peripheral status is commonly attributed, the large majority of Southeast African authors use English as their primary academic language. This excludes linguistic reasons for the peripheral attribution.The theoretical and conceptual point of departure is to analyse scholarly communication as a self-referential social system with global reach (Luhmann). In this thesis, an unorthodox understanding of social systems theory is developed, providing it with cultural humility, inspired by decolonial thinking. The value of the approach lies in its in-built capacity for social change: peripheries are constructed communicatively, and culturally humble communication avoids adding to the accumulation of peripheral references attributed to the ‘Global South’, for instance by suspending the incarceration of area studies which tends to subsume any research from and about Africa as African studies, remote from the core of SSH. While centrality serves the necessary purpose of reducing the overwhelming complexity of global research, communicative centres can just as well be constructed as topical, and do not require a spatial attachment to be functional. Another advantage of this approach is its awareness of different levels of observation, differentiating, for instance, between whether the academic librarian's neutrality is imagined as playing out in interaction with the user (passive neutrality), as representing the diversity of the research system (active neutrality), or as balancing social bias running through society at large, and hence furthering social justice (culturally humble neutrality). (Less)

48 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The challenges faced by national libraries regarding the legal deposit of electronic books are explored, and recommendations for issues to consider are made – especially with regard to developing, planning and implementing.
Abstract: Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to explore the challenges faced by national libraries regarding the legal deposit of electronic books, and to make recommendations for issues to consider – especially with regard to developing, planning and implementing. Design/methodology/approach – Literature published from 2000 to 2014 on legal deposit of electronic publications was examined. Key databases covering library and information science were searched, and case studies, general reviews, research papers/reports and view point articles were considered. Findings – National libraries embarking on projects on legal deposit of electronic books need to consider the collection, preservation and accessibility of the legal deposit collection. They face challenges regarding legal deposit legislation and institutional policy, legal considerations such as copyright, environmental factors, established mechanisms for deposit, information retrieval and access, preservation, human resources, financial implications and tru...

34 citations

Dissertation
01 Jan 2014
TL;DR: This dissertation proposes a set of methods that can be deployed throughout the lifecycle of a repository to ensure that metadata generated from content providers are of high quality and validated the MQACP approach by applying it on two cases of a Cultural and a Research Federation of repositories.
Abstract: Metadata lies at the heart of every digital repository project in the sense that it defines and drives the description of digital content stored in the repositories. Metadata allows content to be successfully stored, managed and retrieved but also preserved in the long-term. Despite the enormous importance of metadata in digital repositories, one that is widely recognized, studies indicate that what is defined as metadata quality, is relatively low in most cases of digital repositories. Metadata quality is loosely defined as "fitness for purpose" meaning that low quality of metadata means that metadata cannot fulfill its purpose which is to allow for the successful storage, management and retrieval of resources. In practice, low metadata quality leads to ineffective searches for content, ones that recall the wrong resources or even worse, no resources which makes them invisible to the intended user, that is the "client" of each digital repository. The present dissertation approaches this problem by proposing a comprehensive metadata quality assurance method, namely the Metadata Quality Assurance Certification Process (MQACP). The basic idea of this dissertation is to propose a set of methods that can be deployed throughout the lifecycle of a repository to ensure that metadata generated from content providers are of high quality. These methods have to be straightforward, simple to apply with measurable results. They also have to be adaptable with minimum effort so that they can be used in different contexts easily. This set of methods was described analytically, taking into account the actors needed to apply them, describing the tools needed and defining the anticipated outcomes. In order to test our proposal, we applied it on a Learning Federation of repositories, from day 1 of its existence until it reached its maturity and regular operation. We supported the metadata creation process throughout the different phases of the repositories involved by setting up specific experiments using the methods and tools of the MQACP. Throughout each phase, we measured the resulting metadata quality to certify that the anticipated improvement in metadata quality actually took place. Lastly, through these different phases, the cost of the MQACP application was measured to provide a comparison basis for future applications. Based on the success of this first application, we decided to validate the MQACP approach by applying it on another two cases of a Cultural and a Research Federation of repositories. This would allow us to prove the transferability of the approach to other cases the present some similarities with the initial one but mainly significant differences. The results showed that the MQACP was successfully adapted to the new contexts, with minimum adaptations needed, with similar results produced and also with comparable costs. In addition, looking closer at the common experiments carried out in each phase of each use case, we were able to identify interesting patterns in the behavior of content providers that can be further researched. The dissertation is completed with a set of future research directions that came out of the cases examined. These research directions can be explored in order to support the next version of the MQACP in terms of the methods deployed, the tools used to assess metadata quality as well as the cost analysis of the MQACP methods.

24 citations

Journal ArticleDOI
TL;DR: The development of the National Depository Library in Finland is focused on, but examples in this paper are also drawn from the repositories in Norway, Estonia, and Ile de France, Paris.
Abstract: This paper aims at clarifying the role of repositories in some European countries in preserving research and other library materials in the country. The functional environment of repositories varies from country to country. Typically, the main actor in preserving national literature and national print heritage is the national library institution. The main means of this for national libraries has been legal deposit legislation, which in some countries is almost as old as printing. While the paper focuses on the development of the National Depository Library in Finland, examples in this paper are also drawn from the repositories in Norway, Estonia, and Ile de France, Paris. The driving concept behind participating in these repository programs is cost reduction through the rationalization of storage and access on a regional—and even national—level. In this model, the repository creates one collection, which it owns and maintains. This allows the depository to employ deduplication and other strategies to rationalize storage. The role of the repository then is to keep the material available and serve as the library of last resort for many research materials.

24 citations